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Berkeley pit, Butte Mining District (Summit Valley Mining District), Butte-Silver Bow (Butte; Silver Bow Co.), Montana, USAi
Regional Level Types
Berkeley pitPit
Butte Mining District (Summit Valley Mining District)Mining District
Butte-Silver Bow (Butte; Silver Bow Co.)City
MontanaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 0' 0'' North , 112° 31' 60'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Butte34,190 (2011)0.4km
Walkerville700 (2017)3.8km
Butte-Silver Bow (Balance)33,525 (2013)14.5km
Warm Springs3,000 (2013)28.0km
Anaconda9,417 (2011)34.6km


A copper property owned by Anaconda. The Berkeley Pit consumed these mines during its operation: Rarus Mine, Moonlight Mine (?), Berkeley Mine, Pennsylvainia Mine, Anaconda Mine, South Shaft of The Anaconda Mine, Ramsdell, Parrot Mine, Mountain View Mine, Leonard Mine, Colusa Mine, Never Sweat Mine, East Colusa Mine, Tramway Mine, Dutton Mine, and the Silver Bow Mine. This is not a complete listing.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

67 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Ref.: Dana 7:I:321.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 16:242; USGS Bull. #624: 180.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Colusite (TL)
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Description: The East Colusa Mine is important as being the locality of the only type species found at Butte.
Reference: Can Min 19 (1981), 423; Roberts et al., "Encyclopedia of Minerals". Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. 1974; Dana 7:I:387.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu102)Te4S12S
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Guidebook for the Butte Field Meeting of the Society Of Economic Geologists, 1973
Natrojarosite ?
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Daniel C. Evanich specimen
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Geology and Ore Deposits of Butte District, Montana, W. Weed
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Geology and Ore Deposits of Butte District, Montana, W. Weed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Colusite (TL)2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05(Cu102)Te4S12S
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Boothite7.CB.35CuSO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite ?7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite (TL)3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6(Cu102)Te4S12S
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Boothite29.6.10.2CuSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Natrojarosite ?-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HübneriteMnWO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O UraniniteUO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S CovelliteCuS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
S BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
Cu BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
ZnZinc
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 387.
Guilbert and Zeihen (1964), The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana.
Roberts et al. (1974), "Encyclopedia of Minerals". Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.
Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 423.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 55.
Mineralogial Record (2002): 33: 1.
Mercer, C.N. & Reed, M.H. (2013): Porphyry Cu-Mo Stockwork Formation by Dynamic, Transient Hydrothermal Pulses: Mineralogic Insights from the Deposit at Butte, Montana. Economic Geology 108, 1347-1377.
Mercer, C.N., Reed, M.H. and Mercer, C.M. (2015): Time scales of porphyry Cu deposit formation: insights from titanium diffusion in quartz. Economic Geology 110, 587-602.

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