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Champion lode, Central Schist Belt, Kolar Gold Fields, Kolar District, Karnataka, Indiai
Regional Level Types
Champion lodeLode
Central Schist BeltBelt
Kolar Gold Fields- not defined -
Kolar DistrictDistrict
KarnatakaState
IndiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
12° North , 78° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~27km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Gold-bearing quartz (+/- calcite +/- scheelite) stringers and veins up to 4 m thick. The sulphide content of the lode is very low; sulphide grains are rarely of visually observable dimensions.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

22 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:2155-2172
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Kolarite (TL)
Formula: PbTeCl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:2155-2172
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.; Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.; Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Radhakrishnaite (TL)
Formula: PbTe3(Cl,S)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506; Santosh, M. (1986). Ore fluids in the auriferous Champion reef of Kolar, South India. Economic Geology, 81(6), 1546-1552.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Description: Cadmium-bearing variety.
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Group 3 - Halides
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Kolarite (TL)3.AA.45PbTeCl2
Radhakrishnaite (TL)3.AA.50PbTe3(Cl,S)2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Hawleyite2.8.2.6CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Chlor-sulfides
Kolarite (TL)2.15.3.1PbTeCl2
Radhakrishnaite (TL)2.15.4.1PbTe3(Cl,S)2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
SSulfur
S RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S HawleyiteCdS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl KolaritePbTeCl2
Cl RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
NiNickel
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Ag HessiteAg2Te
CdCadmium
Cd HawleyiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te KolaritePbTeCl2
Te RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te AltaitePbTe
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb KolaritePbTeCl2
Pb RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
BiBismuth
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Fluid evolution in the Kolar Gold Field: evidence from fluid inclusion studies. Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

AsiaContinent

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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