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Muzo Municipality, Boyacá Department, Colombiai
Regional Level Types
Muzo MunicipalityMunicipality
Boyacá DepartmentDepartment
ColombiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
5° 31' 53'' North , 74° 6' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Other Languages:
French:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colombie
German:
Muzo, Departamento de Boyacá, Kolumbien
Italian:
Muzo, Dipartimento di Boyacá, Colombia
Russian:
Мусо, Бояка, Колумбия
Simplified Chinese:
穆索, 博亚卡省, 哥伦比亚
Spanish:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colombia
Asturian:
Muzo, Colombia
Cebuano:
Muzo, Departamento de Boyacá, Colombia
Dutch:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colombia
Georgian:
მუსო, ბოიაკის დეპარტამენტი, კოლუმბია
Malay:
Muzo, Pentadbiran Boyacá, Colombia
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Muzo, Colombia
Portuguese:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colômbia
Swedish:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colombia
Tagalog:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colombia
Ukrainian:
Мусо, Бояка, Колумбія
Vietnamese:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colombia
Waray:
Muzo, Boyacá, Colombia


Famous emerald district located 60 miles north of Bogota.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

18 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Trapiche emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Nassau, K. (1978): Wie Mahlwerke für Zuckerrohr: Trapiche Smaragde von Muzo / Kolumbien. Lapis, 3 (4), 20 (in German).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
'Parisite'
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Parisite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Description: Occurs in intensely folded, carbonaceous shale beds.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 284; NJMM (1992), 258; Lapis 12 (1994), 8; Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Trapiche emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Parisite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Trapiche emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
'Parisite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Trapiche emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pogue, J.E. (1916) Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50, 910-934.
Feininger, T. (1970) Emerald Mining in Colombia: History & Geology. Mineralogical Record, 1(4), 142-149.
Nassau, K. (1978) Wie Mahlwerke für Zuckerrohr: Trapiche Smaragde von Muzo / Kolumbien. Lapis, 3(4), 20 (in German).
Hintze, J. (1979) Die Smaragdlagerstätten Kolumbiens. Der Aufschluss, 30(3), 83-92 (in German).
Nottes, G. (1981) Eine Reise zu den Smaragd-Gruben Kolumbiens. Der Aufschluss, 32(10), 325-334 (in German).
O'Neil, P. (1983) Gemstones (Planet Earth Series). Time Life Education, 176 pages.
Schäfer, W. (1984) Die kolumbianischen Smaragdlagerstätten Chivor und Muzo. Lapis, 9(4), 9-xx (in German).

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muzo
Wikidata ID:Q1431785
GeoNames ID:3674121

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North Andes plateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent

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