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Leoville meteorite (Leoville CV3 chondrite), Decatur Co., Kansas, USA

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 39° 37' 59'' North , 100° 28' 1'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 39.63333,-100.46722
GeoHash:G#: 9z093z40b
Köppen climate type:Dfa : Hot-summer humid continental climate


Carbonaceous chondrite (CV3.0,red; S3; W0)
Find, 1961; 8.1 kg

A stony, carbonaceous chondrite was found as two individual masses (1.6 kg mass found in 1961/62 with a second 6.5 kg individual reported in 1970) having been plowed up during farming. The first segment found was placed under a fence until 1965. Described first as an unusual brecciated carbonaceous chondrite, Leoville is one of the larger CV (Vigarano-like) carbonaceous chondrites. CV meteorites are distinguished by large chondrules, large refractory inclusions and abundant matrix as well as by their oxygen isotope ratios. Leoville belongs to the reduced subgroup of CV meteorites [which also includes Axtell, Efremovka, and Vigarano]. For several decades Leoville’s unusually diverse suite of inclusions have been a matter of continuing interest. Large CAIs (≤200µm) with spinel, fassaite, anorthite, and spinel are common. While most of Leoville’s inclusions are reduced, a few are oxidized inclusions, and one inclusion is marked by CM oxygen isotope rations. Presolar phases have also been detected. In addition, Leoville has also apparently been heated by strong preterrestrial shock (level S3). (vide infra)

Ellipsoidal deformation of the chondrules caused by the heating of the meteorite to a temperature of 1000 to 1200 K and then application of a shear force that elongated one axis of the previously spheroidal chondrules (impact-produced shock).

Key Reference(more below):
Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kracher, A., Keil, K., Kallemeyn, G. W., Wasson, J. T., Clayton, R. N. & Huss, G. I. (1985). The Leoville (CV3) accretionary breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 90: p. D123-D135. (Nov 1985)
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Shows antiphase domains (Cooling T = 1050-1300 °C).; Plagioclase w. composition An99 found in refractory inclusion, Patzer et al. (2012)
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012); Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Description: In a refractory F inclusion.
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Veinlets in melilite.
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, Nr 4, 1–crossref to last page (2005) http://www.unm.edu/~abreu/NAbreu.pdf
Calcite var: Mg-rich Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)CO3
Description: Veinlets in melilite.
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, Nr 4, 1–crossref to last page (2005) http://www.unm.edu/~abreu/NAbreu.pdf
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Muller, W. F. & Wlotzka, F. (1982). Mineralogical Study of the Leoville Meteorite (CV3): Macroscopic Texture and Transmission Electron Microscopic Observations (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII, p. 558-559. (Mar 1982)
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: Diopside — Al-rich Diopside (En36Fs1Wo63) in spinel-rich CAI
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Kracher, A., Keil, K., Kallemeyn, G. W., Wasson, J. T., Clayton, R. N. & Huss, G. I. (1985). The Leoville (CV3) accretionary breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 90: p. D123-D135. (Nov 1985)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Principle matrix component.
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012); Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012)
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Keil, K., G. I. Huss & H. B. Wiik (1969). The Leoville, Kansas, Meteorite: A Polymict Breccia of Carbonaceous Chondrites and Achondrite. Meteorite Researchedited by Peter M. Millman. Astrophysics and Space Science Library: Astrophysics and Space Science Library, Volume 12, 1969, p 217.; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012)
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Simon, S. B. & Grossman, L. (1992). Low-temperature exsolution in refractory siderophile element-rich opaque assemblages from the Leoville carbonaceous chondrite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 110(1-4): P. 67-75. (May 1992)
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: Poorly graphitized carbon surrounding taenite.
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Grossite
Formula: CaAl4O7
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Description: Cr-bearing.
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: Kracher, A., Keil, K., Kallemeyn, G. W., Wasson, J. T., Clayton, R. N. & Huss, G. I. (1985). The Leoville (CV3) accretionary breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 90: p. D123-D135. (Nov 1985)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Minor opaque.
Reference: Kracher, A., Keil, K., Kallemeyn, G. W., Wasson, J. T., Clayton, R. N. & Huss, G. I. (1985). The Leoville (CV3) accretionary breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 90: p. D123-D135. (Nov 1985) ; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Description: In a refractory F inclusion and elsewhere.
Reference: Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012); Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.; Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Description: In a refractory F inclusion.
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Kracher, A., Keil, K., Kallemeyn, G. W., Wasson, J. T., Clayton, R. N. & Huss, G. I. (1985). The Leoville (CV3) accretionary breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 90: p. D123-D135. (Nov 1985) ; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Description: Low-Ni.
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012); Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
'Silica'
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012); Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Description: Troilite — In chondrules with sulfide-rich rims and elsewhere.
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf; Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012); Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Description: In a refractory F inclusion.
Reference: Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Diamond'1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Baddeleyite'4.DE.35ZrO2
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Grossite4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Mg-rich Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mg)CO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Clinoenstatite'9.DA.10MgSiO3
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Goldmanite9.AD.25Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Melilite Group-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Pyroxene Group-
Silica-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)10X14
Grossite7.3.2.1CaAl4O7
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Goldmanite51.4.3b.4Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Calcite
var: Mg-rich Calcite
-(Ca,Mg)CO3
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C Calcite (var: Mg-rich Calcite)(Ca,Mg)CO3
OOxygen
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
O GrossiteCaAl4O7
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Calcite (var: Mg-rich Calcite)(Ca,Mg)CO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
NaSodium
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Mg Calcite (var: Mg-rich Calcite)(Ca,Mg)CO3
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al GrossiteCaAl4O7
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossiteCaAl4O7
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca Calcite (var: Mg-rich Calcite)(Ca,Mg)CO3
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
VVanadium
V GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
CeCerium
Ce Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 2882674
Ogallala Formation

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ogallala Formation; Rexroad Formation; Laverne Formation; Delmore Formation

Description: massive to cross-bedded, generally arkosic sand, silt and gravel, locally cemented with calcium carbonate; also contains limestone, volcanic ash, diatomaceous marl, opaline sandstone and bentonitic clay

Comments: approximate thickness 0-350 ft. in outcrop. May be partly upper Miocene in age Original map source: Ross, Jorgina A., 1992, A digital representation of the Geological map of Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Map M-23, scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{arkose}, Minor:{limestone,alkalic volcanic,marlstone,sandstone,claystone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Paleocene
56 - 66 Ma



ID: 3193162
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleocene (56 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Keil, K., G. I. Huss & H. B. Wiik (1969). The Leoville, Kansas, Meteorite: A Polymict Breccia of Carbonaceous Chondrites and Achondrite. Meteorite Researchedited by Peter M. Millman. Astrophysics and Space Science Library: Astrophysics and Space Science Library, Volume 12, 1969, p 217.
Kracher, A., Keil, K., Kallemeyn, G. W., Wasson, J. T., Clayton, R. N. & Huss, G. I. (1985). The Leoville (CV3) accretionary breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 90: p. D123-D135. (Nov 1985)
Wasson, J. T. (1985): Meteorites: Their Record of Early Solar System History. W.H. Freeman and Company: New York. (Cf. pp.164-165)
Simon, S. B. & Grossman, L. (1992). Low-temperature exsolution in refractory siderophile element-rich opaque assemblages from the Leoville carbonaceous chondrite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 110(1-4): P. 67-75. (May 1992)
Caillet, C. L. V. & Buseck, P. R.. (1992). The "White Angel": A Wollastonite-Bearing Refractory Inclusion in the Leoville Chondrite. Meteoritics 27 (3): p. 208. (July 1992)
Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Komatsu et al. (2001): Mineraloogy and Petrology of Amoedboid Olivine Aggregates from Efremovka, Leoville, Vigarano, and Allende (Abstract). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36 (9-Supplement), page A103, pdf. 5244. (Sept 2001). [Cf. Online reference]
Patzer, A., Hezel, D. C., Bendel, V. & Pack, A. (2012) Chondritic ingredients: I. Usual suspects and some oddballs in the Leoville CV3 meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (1): 142-157. (Jan 2012)
Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.

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