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Live Oak pit (Keystone; Joe Bush; Ox Hide; Thornton; Red Hill; Cyprus Miami), Inspiration Mine, Miami-Inspiration deposit, Inspiration, Miami-Inspiration Mining District, Globe-Miami Mining District, Gila Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Live Oak pit (Keystone; Joe Bush; Ox Hide; Thornton; Red Hill; Cyprus Miami)Pit
Inspiration MineMine
Miami-Inspiration depositDeposit
Inspiration- not defined -
Miami-Inspiration Mining DistrictMining District
Globe-Miami Mining DistrictMining District
Gila Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 24' 17'' North , 110° 54' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Miami1,783 (2017)3.6km
Claypool1,538 (2011)6.0km
Central Heights-Midland City2,534 (2011)8.5km
Top-of-the-World231 (2011)10.0km
Globe7,396 (2017)11.3km


A former surface and underground Cu-Mo-Au-Ag-Pb-Zn-PGE (Rhenium) mine located in secs. 23-26 & 35, T1N, R14E; and in secs. 19 & 30, T1N, R15E, N of Miami, 6 miles WNW of Globe, on private land. Discoverd 1872. First produced 1910. Miami and Inspiration are part of the same orebody, though owned by different companies. Miami is E of Inspiration. Former operators include the Inspiration Copper Co. (1908) on the Joe Bush, Scorpio and Bulldog shafts and Woodson, Columbia, Taylor Clipper, and Bulldog adits; Live Oak Development Co., consolidated in 1912 to form the Inspiration Consolidated Copper Co.; Keystone Copper Co. (1915); Miami Copper Co.; and the Tennessee. Owned and operated by the Cyprus Copper Co. (1991).

Located at the western part of the mineralized area at Inspiration near Miami. The Live Oak Copper Mining and Smelting Co. was organized in 1898 to develop a group of four claims owned by J.J. Marshall. Operations were resumed in 1905 and continued until 1907. Since 1909, the history of this property is concerned with the exploration and development of the Miami-Inspiration orebody.

Mineralization is a copper porphyry deposit hosted in the Precambrian Pinal Schist. The ore zone is 3657.6 meters long, 762 meters wide, 274 meters thick, strikes N55E, dips N and plunges SW. The supergene enriched zone averages 200 feet thick. Higher grade mineralization occurs as bands along the Miami and Pinto faults between the Joe Bush and Bulldog faults. Molybdenite was the last stage of hypogene mineralization. Rhenium occurs in the molybdenite. Ore control involved schistosity (N50E, dipping steeply SE) which controlled intrusion of the Schultze Granite and hydrothermal solutions that deposited primary sulfide minerals. Alteration included silicification, sericitization, biotization, hydration, argillization, and orthoclazation. An associated rock unit is quartz monzonite.

Mineralization also involves the copper silicate Live Oak vein. All outcrops of this vein has long since been obliterated by caving operations of the Inspiration Mine. The vein occupied a fissure in the sill-like body of granite porphyry facies of the Schultze granite that overlies the schist in the western segment of the Miami-Inspiration disseminated copper deposit. The chrysocolla was undoubtedly deposited by supergene solutions that collected in the fissures and contained copper leached from the surrounding rock.

Area structures include an E-trending fault zone through the shaft parallel to the Barney Fault 300 feet NW. The low-angle Bulldog Fault and the Miami Fault both cut the area into distinct pieces.

Workings included the original 160 foot deep shaft sunk by Marshall, the old Miami underground workings; open pit. The workings overall are 762 meters long, 914.4 meters wide and 304.8 meters deep. This deposit is credited with production of 2,890,000 pounds of Cu. Miami East was under development (1980) with planned production of 2000 t/day. In 1989, Miami was an open pit Cu oxide mine with heap and dump leaching, as well as solvent extraction.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite ?
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Photos claim azurite is present, but none is visible
Reference: Van King
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 172; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami District, Arizona, USGS PP 342: 80; Wells, R.C. (1937), Analysis of rocks and minerals from the laboratory of the USGS, 1914-36, USGS Bull. 878: 92-125; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami District, Arizona, USGS PP 342: 137; Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 29.
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Lindgrenite
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Habit: Platy aggregates
Colour: Light apple-green, dark green
Description: Occurs on walls of small fractures in shattered, hydrothermally altered schist with molybdenite & rarely associated with powellite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 77; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Van King
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Blue or bluish-green (copper stained)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 85; MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite ?5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Lindgrenite7.GB.05Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chrysoprase'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite ?16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Lindgrenite48.3.1.1Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chrysoprase'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CuCopper
Cu LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ransome, F.L. (1903) Geology of the Globe Copper District, Arizona, USGS PP 12: 160-161.
University of Arizona Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 29.
Arizona Mining Journal (1919) November, 1919: 43.
Ransome, F.L. (1919), The copper deposits of Ray and Miami, Arizona, USGS PP 115: 96.
Arizona Mining Journal (1922) February 1, 1922: 16.
Elsing and Heineman (1936) Arizona Metal Production. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 140.
Wells, R.C. (1937), Analysis of rocks and minerals from the laboratory of the USGS, 1914-36, USGS Bull. 878: 92-125.
Short and Wilson (1938), Some Arizona Ore Deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 66-72.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 82, 85.
MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.
Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, Arizona, USGS PP 342: 77, 80, 137.
Simmons and Reed (1962) Arizona Geological Society 13th. Field Conference – Mogollon Rim.
Olmstead, H.W., and Johnson, D.W. (1966) Inspiration geology, in Titley, S.R., and Hicks, C.L., eds., Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America: Tucson, University of Arizona Press: 143-150.
Peirce, H.W. (1969), Gem Materials, in USGS & Arizona Bureau of Mines & US Bureau of Reclamation, Mineral and Water Resources of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 180 (USGS Bull.871): 359.
Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources (1989), Directory of active mines in Arizona, incorporating sand and gravel operations 1989-1990, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Directory 36, 14 pp.
Peirce, H. Wesley (1990), Arizona Geological Survey Industrial Minerals card file.
Phillips, K.A., Beard, R.R., Niemuth, N.J., and Bain, D.R. (1991) Active Mines in Arizona – 1992: Arizona Department of Mines and Mineral Resources Directory 39, 20 pp.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 172, 278.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Consolidated Copper Co. file.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027438, MRDS ID #M003084; and Dep. ID #10112449, MAS ID #0040070500; and Dep. ID #10209726, MAS ID #0040070063; Dep. ID #10258500, MAS ID #0040070573; and Dep. ID #10282520, MAS ID #0040070463; and Dep. ID #10186051, MRDS ID #D000316, MAS ID #0040070008.

USGS MRDS Record:10027438

Localities in this Region

  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami Mining District
        • Miami-Inspiration Mining District
          • Inspiration
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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