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Kalem, Birresborn, Vulkaneifel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Kalem- not defined -
BirresbornMunicipality
VulkaneifelDistrict
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 11' 9'' North , 6° 37' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Birresborn1,299 (2011)1.1km
Kopp197 (2011)2.5km
Mürlenbach631 (2011)4.2km
Gerolstein7,664 (2015)5.0km
Büdesheim638 (2011)5.9km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Kalem, Birresborn, Gerolstein, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


Quarries in leucite-bearing nephelinites.
Located on Kalem mountain, 1 km NW of Birresborn and about 5.5 km SSW of Gerolstein.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Description: Potassic amphiboles.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Description: Barium-rich biotite.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: [Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Tschörtner, J., Minerale der Eifelvulkane, CD, published by authors, 2006]
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Hannebachite
Formula: CaSO3 · H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
'Lévyne'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Up to 8.06 wt%BaO.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Phlogopite var: Barium-Phlogopite
Formula: (K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Description: Up to 8.06 wt%BaO.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hannebachite4.JE.10CaSO3 · H2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Gismondine-Ca9.GC.05CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barium-Phlogopite9.EC.20(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Lévyne'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.1CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Hannebachite34.2.5.1CaSO3 · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Gismondine-Ca-CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Phillipsite'-
Phlogopite
var: Barium-Phlogopite
-(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
O HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Al HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lapis (1988) 2, 31-32.
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West. Weise (Munich).

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Germany
Germany/Belgium

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