登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Trench Mine, Trench and Josephine Mine group (Josephine Mines; Trench group of claims; Lunch Cans prospect), Alum Gulch, Harshaw Mining District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Trench MineMine
Trench and Josephine Mine group (Josephine Mines; Trench group of claims; Lunch Cans prospect)- not defined -
Alum GulchGulch
Harshaw Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MountainsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 27' 48'' North , 110° 43' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Patagonia890 (2017)8.9km
Kino Springs136 (2011)13.6km
Beyerville177 (2011)16.4km
Francisco Miguel Cárdenas Valdez (Mascareñas)541 (2014)21.9km
Rio Rico18,962 (2011)23.6km


‡Ref.: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 43-44.

The History of Arizona, 2nd. State legislature, Chap. X: 125

Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 253-254.

Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Economic Geology: 12: 237-269.

Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56.

Kartchner, W.E. (1944) The geology and ore deposits of a portion of the Harshaw district, Patagonia Mountains, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 100 p.

Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 18.

Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 48, 73.

Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4).

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 229, 323, 344, 353.

U.S. Bureau of Mines Coronado National Forest Study.

Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Trench Mill file.

Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10186789, MRDS ID #M899918, MAS ID #0040230083.

A former underground Pb-Zn-Ag-Cu-Au-Mn mine located in the SE¼NE¼ sec. 5, T.23S., R.16E. (protracted), 1¼ miles NW of Harshaw and ¼ mile SE of the Red Bird Mine on an eastern tributary of Alum Gulch just below the 5,000 foot contour, on National Forest land. Discovered in the 1850's or earlier and worked in 1859 by Colonel Titus. Patented prior to 1872 by J.B. Hagan. In the middle and late seventies it was extensively worked by Señor Pádres. In 1880 the owner was the Hearst estate, of California. Worked early by missionaries. Owned at times, or in part, by Messrs Archibald, Gardiner & Hop; Col. Titus; Hogan; Powers; Farrell; Morrison; Richardson; Trench Consolidated Mining Co.; Wilson; Trench Mining Co.; Gold Canyon Mining Co.; and the American Smelting & Refining Co. (ASARCO).

Mineralization is a lensing, banded, porous, and drusy vein containing argentiferous cerussite, smithsonite, manganese carbonate (rhodochrosite) and oxides, and iron oxides with quartz in oxidized zone and base metal and other sulfides and sulfosalts in depth. Wall rock is Cretaceous andesite cut by rhyolite intrusions. Strong pyrite gossan. This vein can be traced for over 20,000 feet (6,400 meters) on surface.

The deposits are contained in a fissure vein which dips 60ºNNE. in diorite that is intruded by rhyolite nearby. The vein ranges from 1 to 5 feet in width. The vein and ore are banded, porous, and drusy.

Workings include a 400 foot deep main shaft (circa 1880) with several levels and 2 tunnels at 200 and 300 feet long (1881). Worked from the late 1850's to the late 1890's, and from 1918 to 1945. The group (including the Josephine Mine) produced some 237,000 tons of ore averaging about 8.5% Pb, 6.3% Zn, 13 oz. Ag/T and minor copper and gold.

TRENCH MINE WORKINGS INCLUDED 700 FT VERTICAL SHAFT

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: rolf luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cerussite var: Argentiferous Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 253-254; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 229, 353; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 254; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 48.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Iridescent; secondary - derived from pyrite.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 254.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Iridescent; secondary - derived from pyrite.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 254.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: rolf luetcke
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: rolf luetcke
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 323; Schrader (1915): 253-254; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 253-254; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 344; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 254; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 73.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Porous and drusy.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 254.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 253-254; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 253-254; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var: Argentiferous Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Cerussite
var: Argentiferous Cerussite
-PbCO3
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O CerussitePbCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S AlabanditeMnS
S PyriteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
AgSilver
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10186789

Localities in this Region

  • Arizona
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mountains
        • Harshaw Mining District
          • Alum Gulch
            • Trench and Josephine Mine group (Josephine Mines; Trench group of claims; Lunch Cans prospect)

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.2.22 14:10:34 Page generated: 2020.1.18 12:45:57
Go to top of page