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Monastery Mine, Clocolan, Thabo Mofutsanyane District, Free State, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Monastery MineMine
Clocolan- not defined -
Thabo Mofutsanyane DistrictDistrict
Free StateProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
28° 49' 13'' South , 27° 25' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Marquard10,839 (2012)17.4km
Clocolan12,318 (2012)17.8km
Ladybrand17,228 (2012)41.8km
Maputsoe32,117 (2012)47.5km
Teyateyaneng5,115 (2012)48.6km


A diamond mine, working a kimberlite pipe located along a kimberlite dyke.

The deposit was discovered in 1876 but already mined earlier by local Bashoto tribesmen for ilmenite.

Large-scale mining commenced in 1886 and continued until the start of the Boer War in 1899.

Since then, the mine was operated and re-evaluated only intermittently.

Located 10 miles NW of Clocolan.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


39 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Inclusions in diamonds.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 213-230.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Dawson, J.B., and Reid, A.M. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 296-301.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dawson, J.B., and Reid, A.M. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 296-301.; Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Enstatite var:
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Dawson, J.B., and Reid, A.M. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 296-301.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Freudenbergite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.; Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Kassite
Formula: CaTi2O4(OH)2
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Khibinskite
Formula: K2ZrSi2O7
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Lakargiite ?
Formula: Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Nahpoite
Formula: Na2(PO3OH)
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Parakeldyshite
Formula: Na2ZrSi2O7
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.; Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.; Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Pitiglianoite
Formula: Na6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Priderite
Formula: K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Inclusions in diamonds.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 213-230.
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Zemkorite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.; Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Freudenbergite4.CC.10Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kassite4.DH.10CaTi2O4(OH)2
Lakargiite ?4.CC.30Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Priderite4.DK.05bK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bradleyite5.BF.10Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Eitelite5.AC.05Na2Mg(CO3)2
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Zemkorite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Nahpoite8.AD.05Na2(PO3OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Khibinskite9.BC.10K2ZrSi2O7
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Parakeldyshite9.BC.10Na2ZrSi2O7
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pitiglianoite9.FB.05Na6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Freudenbergite7.9.3.1Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Priderite7.9.4.1K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Kassite8.3.9.1CaTi2O4(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
A2B(XO3)2
Eitelite14.3.2.1Na2Mg(CO3)2
Zemkorite14.3.3.2Na2Ca(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Nahpoite37.1.5.1Na2(PO3OH)
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Bradleyite43.2.1.1Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Khibinskite55.2.2.2K2ZrSi2O7
Parakeldyshite55.2.2.3Na2ZrSi2O7
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Pitiglianoite76.2.5.11Na6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Lakargiite ?-Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Tetraferriphlogopite-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NahpoiteNa2(PO3OH)
H KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C MoissaniteSiC
C CalciteCaCO3
C BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
C ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2
C EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O MajoriteMg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
O FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
O CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
O ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2
O PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O KalsiliteKAlSiO4
O NahpoiteNa2(PO3OH)
O EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O WitheriteBaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
Na FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Na ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NahpoiteNa2(PO3OH)
Na EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
Na SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Na HaliteNaCl
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg MajoriteMg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Mg EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
Mg TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Al SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Al PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si MoissaniteSiC
Si MajoriteMg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
Si KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Si SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
PPhosphorus
P BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
P NahpoiteNa2(PO3OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
K PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K KalsiliteKAlSiO4
K SylviteKCl
K TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
K PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ca ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ca KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Ti CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ti PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ti KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Fe PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
Fe TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
Zr KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
SnTin
Sn LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
BaBarium
Ba WitheriteBaCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970) Some aspects of the mineralogy and petrology of ultramafic xenoliths in kimberlite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 26, 75-123.
Dawson, J.B. and Reid, A.M. (1970) A pyroxene-ilmenite intergrowth from the Monastery Mine, South Africa. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 26, 296-301.
Moore, R.O. and Gurney, J.J. (1989) Mineral inclusions in diamond from the Monastery kimberlite, South Africa. In Kimberlite and Related Rocks, Volume 2: Their Mantle/Crust Setting, Diamonds and Diamond Exploration; Geological Society of Australia, Special Publication, 14, 1029–1041. Blackwell Scientific, Cambridge, U.K.
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008) Kimberlite-hosted diamond deposits of southern Africa: A review. Ore Geology Reviews, 34, 33-75.
Kamenetsky, V.S., Belousova, E.A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M.B., Goemann, K., and Griffin, W.L. (2014) Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.


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