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Alum Cave Bluff, Sevier Co., Tennessee, USAi
Regional Level Types
Alum Cave Bluff- not defined -
Sevier Co.County
TennesseeState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 38' 21'' North , 83° 26' 50'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Gatlinburg4,184 (2017)10.2km
Pittman Center565 (2017)14.1km
Pigeon Forge6,171 (2017)19.2km
Cherokee2,138 (2017)21.9km
Bryson City1,458 (2017)23.1km


Weathering pyritiferous phyllites form water-soluble oxalates and sulphates protected by an overhang. Collecting at the locality (within a National Park) is not freely allowed. Unauthorized collecting may result in Federal prosecution.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 168.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg 480.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 528l; American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1561.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L.and Jackson,John C.(2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste :Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee,and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey pg #47; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Coskrenite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1999) 37, 1453-1462
Destinezite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 266.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1561.; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Jurbanite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Levinsonite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Semiquantitative EDAX analysis of the levinsonite indicates that the Nd/Y/Ce ratio is 46/28/25.(R&M)
Reference: ROUSE, R.C., PEACOR, D.R., ESSENE, E.J., COSKREN, T.D. & LAUF, R.J. (2001) The new minerals levinsonite-(Y) [(Y,Nd,Ce)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O] and zugshunstite-(Ce) [(Ce,Nd,La,)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O]: coexisting oxalates with different structures and differentiation of LREE and HREE. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65, 1101-1115.Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
'Monazite'
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Nitrocalcite ?
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235; Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C. ( 2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg # 47
Zugshunstite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (2001): 65: 1101-1115; Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Nitrocalcite ?5.NC.10Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammoniojarosite7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Apjohnite7.CB.85Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Botryogen7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jurbanite7.DB.15Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Schwertmannite7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Slavíkite7.DF.30(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Destinezite (TL)8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Coskrenite-(Ce) (TL)10.AB.65(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Levinsonite-(Y) (TL)10.AB.70(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Zugshunstite-(Ce) (TL)10.AB.75(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Monazite'-
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Schwertmannite6.4.10.1Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitrocalcite ?18.2.2.1Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Apjohnite29.7.3.3Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Ammoniojarosite30.2.5.4(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aluminite31.7.4.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Jurbanite31.9.10.1Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Slavíkite31.9.13.1(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Coskrenite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Destinezite (TL)-Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Levinsonite-(Y) (TL)-(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Monazite'-
'Xenotime'-
Zugshunstite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Levinsonite-(Y)(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
C Levinsonite-(Y)(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
C Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
NNitrogen
N Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Levinsonite-(Y)(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al Levinsonite-(Y)(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Levinsonite-(Y)(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S SulphurS8
S SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
S AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Fe SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Fe Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
YYttrium
Y Levinsonite-(Y)(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
LaLanthanum
La Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
CeCerium
Ce Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Ce Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
NdNeodymium
Nd Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 528l.
Flohr, M.J.K., Dillenburg, R.G., and Plumlee, G.S. (1995): Characterization of secondary minerals formed as the result of weathering of the Anakeesta Formation, Alum Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee: USGS Open File Report #95-477, 24 p.
Canadian Mineralogist (1999): 37: 1453-1462.
American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1561.
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record: 31: 163-175.
Rouse, R. C., Peacor, D. R., Essene, E. J., Coskren, T. D. & Lauf R.J. (2001), The new minerals levinsonite-(Y) [(Y,Nd,Ce)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O] and zugshunstite-(Ce) [(Ce,Nd,La,)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O]: coexisting oxalates with different structures and differentiation of LREE and HREE. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 65,: 1101-1115.
Hammarstrom, Jane M. Seal II, Robert R. Meier, Allen L. and Jackson, John C. (2003), Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste: Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina, USA, USGS Staff -- Published Research. Paper 339: 47.
Bernard, Jan H. and Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004), Minerals and their Localities: 480.
Rocks & Minerals (2007): 82: 235.

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