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El Salado, Chañaral Province, Atacama, Chilei
Regional Level Types
El Salado- not defined -
Chañaral ProvinceProvince
AtacamaRegion
ChileCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
26° 25' 19'' South , 70° 19' 11'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Diego de Almagro18,137 (2012)27.6km


A small town with a fluctuating population of about 800 - 1,000, most of which is involved with mining. It serves as a residential and administrative center for numerous small miners and prospectors who sell their production to the Chilean National Mining Company (ENAMI) at the Osvaldo Martínez Carvajal plant, an industrial facility in uninterrupted operation since its founding in 1929. The Manto Verde mining complex belonging to the South African mining company AngloAmerican is located 15 km southwest, and employs a large number of people from the town.
The local fire department has a Mining Rescue Brigade, the first and only one in the country.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific OceanOcean
South America PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

31 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Taylor, G.K. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 377-384.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Zentilli, M., Munizaga, F., Graves, M. C., Boric, R., Wilson, N. S., Mukhopadhyay, P. K., & Snowdon, L. R. (1997). Hydrocarbon involvement in the genesis of ore deposits: an example in Cretaceous stratabound (Manto-Type) copper deposits of central Chile. International Geology Review, 39(1), 1-21.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.; Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: samples were analysed by Robert Jenkins at Arizona State University
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: British Museum online catalogue 2007
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: C. Lemanski collection (7198 & 7201CL).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.; Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Zentilli, M., Munizaga, F., Graves, M. C., Boric, R., Wilson, N. S., Mukhopadhyay, P. K., & Snowdon, L. R. (1997). Hydrocarbon involvement in the genesis of ore deposits: an example in Cretaceous stratabound (Manto-Type) copper deposits of central Chile. International Geology Review, 39(1), 1-21.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.; Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: maurizio dini collection
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.; Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Zentilli, M., Munizaga, F., Graves, M. C., Boric, R., Wilson, N. S., Mukhopadhyay, P. K., & Snowdon, L. R. (1997). Hydrocarbon involvement in the genesis of ore deposits: an example in Cretaceous stratabound (Manto-Type) copper deposits of central Chile. International Geology Review, 39(1), 1-21.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CupriteCu2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O SideriteFeCO3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S SphaleriteZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GalenaPbS
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
CuCopper
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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