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Hemlo gold deposit, Bomby Township, Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Hemlo gold depositDeposit
Bomby TownshipTownship
Thunder Bay DistrictDistrict
OntarioProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
48° 41' 39'' North , 85° 54' 38'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


The model genesis of Hemlo includes premetamorphic porphyry mineralization, syn- to postmetamorphic shear zone-related mineralization, and postmetamorphic multistage replacement mineralization. Large gold deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

112 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ontario MDI Number: MDI42C12NW00002
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 55:497-507; Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 55:497-507
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: http://www.ontariominerals.com
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Harris (1989)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Harris (1989)
'Apophyllite'
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Handbook of Mineralogy
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 39 (1992); Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Reference: Harris, D.C., Roberts, A.C., Laflamme, J.H.G. and Stanley, C.J. (1988): Criddleite, TlAg2Au3Sb10S10, a New Gold-Bearing Mineral from Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 52, 691-697.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Cafarsite
Formula: Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Reference: HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Clerite
Formula: MnSb2S4
Reference: SMITH, D.G.W. & NICKEL, E.H. (2007): A system of codification for unnamed minerals: Report of the subcommittee for unnamed minerals of the IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1038.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Harris (1989); Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Criddleite (TL)
Formula: TlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C., LAFLAMME, J.H.G. & STANLEY, C.J. (1988): Criddleite, TlAg2Au3Sb10S10, a new gold-bearing mineral from Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 52, 691-697. HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Harris (1989)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Dufrénoysite
Formula: Pb2As2S5
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Eva S. Schandl And Michael P. Gorton (2000) Sb-enriched ultramafic lamprophyre in the Hemlo Au-Mo deposit of the Superior Province, Canada Evidence for Post-Archean Sb mobility. Eur J Mineral 12:625-637
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Harris (1989)
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Harris (1989)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Galkhaite
Formula: (Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Reference: G.S.C.Misc.Rep.49, 1991, pp.86-89
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: G.S.C.Misc.Rep.49; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Harris, D.C., Roberts, A.C., Laflamme, J.H.G., Stanley, C.J. (1988) Criddleite, TlAg2Au3Sb10S10, a new gold-bearing mineral from Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine, 52, 691-697.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) The MacLeod Iron Mine, Ontario. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 73-78 [74].; Powell, W.G., Pattison, D.R. (1997) An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Harris (1989); Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Dana's New Mineralogy
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Harris (1989)
Hemloite (TL)
Formula: (Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., HOSKINS, B.F., GREY, I.E., CRIDDLE, A.J. & STANLEY, C.J. (1989): Hemloite, (As,Sb)2(Ti,V,Fe,Al)12O23OH: a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist 27, 427-440. HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
'Hornblende'
Hydroxycalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Harris (1989)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Reference: HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Collection of Robert C. Smith, II from D. Polock collection
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Dana's New Mineralogy
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 39 (1992); Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Harris (1989)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 39 (1992); Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: M. Bonnemaison, J. Delair, F. Tollon, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 81-84.
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Parapierrotite
Formula: TlSb5S8
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Harris (1989)
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Eva S. Schandl And Michael P. Gorton (2000) Sb-enriched ultramafic lamprophyre in the Hemlo Au-Mo deposit of the Superior Province, Canada Evidence for Post-Archean Sb mobility. Eur J Mineral 12:625-637
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Poppiite
Formula: Ca2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: PAN, Y. & FLEET, M.E. (1992) Vanadium-rich minerals of the pumpellyite group from the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 153-162.[“vanadoan pumpelleyite” = UM 1992-34 = poppiite]
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 30, 153
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 39 (1992); Econ Geol (1997) 92:551-568; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Handbook of Mineralogy; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pan, Y. and Fleet, M. (1992) Mineral chemistry and geochemistry of vanadian silicates in the Hemlo gold deposit Ontario, Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 109: 511-525. [some samples were erroneously reported as "V-rich muscovite"]
Routhierite
Formula: Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 39 (1992); Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Harris (1989)
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Harris (1989)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Harris (1989)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Lapis 17(2), 39 (1992); Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Handbook of Mineralogy
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Harris (1989)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Tomichite
Formula: (V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tvalchrelidzeite
Formula: Hg3SbAsS3
Reference: [MinRec 17:340]; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Twinnite
Formula: Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Vaughanite (TL)
Formula: TlHgSb4S7
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83. HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Harris (1989); Yuanming Pan and Michael E. Fleet (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario; mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints, and significance. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 87:1104-1120
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Harris (1989)
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Harris (1989)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aktashite2.GA.30Cu6Hg3As4S12
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Baumhauerite2.HC.05bPb12As16S36
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Clerite2.HA.20MnSb2S4
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Criddleite (TL)2.LA.25TlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dufrénoysite2.HC.05dPb2As2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galkhaite2.GB.20(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Parapierrotite2.HC.05fTlSb5S8
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Pääkkönenite2.DB.05Sb2AsS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Routhierite2.GA.40Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Tvalchrelidzeite2.GC.45Hg3SbAsS3
Twinnite2.HC.05a Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaughanite (TL)2.LA.20TlHgSb4S7
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cafarsite4.JC.05Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hemloite (TL)4.JB.60(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tomichite4.JB.55(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Armenite9.CM.05BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-tschermakite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Poppiite9.BG.20Ca2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalcioroméite-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Pumpellyite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Stibarsen1.3.1.3AsSb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Pääkkönenite2.11.5.1Sb2AsS2
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aktashite3.4.13.2Cu6Hg3As4S12
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Galkhaite3.4.14.1(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Routhierite3.4.11.1Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Dufrénoysite3.5.9.3Pb2As2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Baumhauerite3.6.13.1Pb12As16S36
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Twinnite3.7.8.3 Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
1 < ø < 2
Parapierrotite3.8.14.1TlSb5S8
Tvalchrelidzeite3.8.3.1Hg3SbAsS3
Vaughanite (TL)3.8.15.1TlHgSb4S7
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
ø = 1
Criddleite (TL)3.9.1.1TlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Cafarsite45.1.4.1Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Hemloite (TL)46.2.4.1(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
Tomichite46.2.3.1(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Armenite63.2.1b.1BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Clerite-MnSb2S4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-tschermakite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalcioroméite-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Poppiite-Ca2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
H CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Tomichite(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
O CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O CalciteCaCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Tomichite(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O HematiteFe2O3
O ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KarelianiteV23+O3
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
S VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S StibniteSb2S3
S TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
S AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
S BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S CinnabarHgS
S DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
S Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
S ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
S OrpimentAs2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S GalenaPbS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S PararealgarAs4S4
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S CleriteMnSb2S4
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
Ti CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Tomichite(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
VVanadium
V Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
V Tomichite(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
V PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
V KarelianiteV23+O3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
MnManganese
Mn CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn CleriteMnSb2S4
FeIron
Fe Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Tomichite(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
NiNickel
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
Cu Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Cu RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
As ArsenicAs
As PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
As RealgarAs4S4
As StibarsenAsSb
As TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
As AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
As BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
As CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
As DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
As Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
As OrpimentAs2S3
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Tomichite(V,Fe)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As PararealgarAs4S4
SeSelenium
Se ClausthalitePbSe
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Sb VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
Sb Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
Sb StibarsenAsSb
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Sb CleriteMnSb2S4
TeTellurium
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
CsCaesium
Cs Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
LaLanthanum
La Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Au AurostibiteAuSb2
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
Hg TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
Hg AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
Hg Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Hg RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
TlThallium
Tl CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Tl VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
Tl RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Tl ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
PbLead
Pb BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
Pb Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Archean : 2816 Ma to 2578 ± 3 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Archean
  Neoarchean
ⓘ Titanite (youngest age)2578 ± 3 Ma
ⓘ Rutile (youngest age)2599 Ma
ⓘ Zircon (youngest age)2632 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite2640 Ma
ⓘ Rutile (oldest age)2665 Ma
ⓘ Apatite2672 Ma
ⓘ Titanite (oldest age)2689 Ma
  Mesoarchean
ⓘ Zircon (oldest age)2816 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Harris, D.C., Roberts, A.C., Laflamme, J.H.G., Stanley, C.J. (1988) Criddleite, TlAg2Au3Sb10S10, a new gold-bearing mineral from Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine, 52, 691-697.
Harris, D.C. (1989) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Harris, D.C., Roberts, A.C., Criddle, A.J. (1989) Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine, 53, 79-83.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M. (1991) Vanadian allanite-(La) and vanadian allanite-(Ce) from the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine, 55, 497-507.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M. (1992) Mineral chemistry and geochemistry of vanadian silicates in the Hemlo gold deposit Ontario, Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 109, 511-525.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M. (1992) Vanadium-rich minerals of the pumpellyite group from the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 153-162.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M. (1992) Calc-silicate alteration in the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario: mineral assemblages, P-T-X constraints and significance. Economic Geology, 87, 1104-1120.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., MacRae, N.D. (1993) Oriented monazite inclusions in apatite porphyroblasts from the Hemo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 697-707.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Ray, G.E. (1994) Scapolite in two Canadian gold deposits: Nickel Plate, British Columbia and Hemlo, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 825-837.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1995) The Late Archean Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada: a review and synthesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 9, 455-488.
Fleet, M.E., Seller, M.H., Pan, Y. (1997) Rare earth elements, protoliths and alteration at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada, and comparison with argillic and sericitic alteration in the Highland Valley porphyry district, British Columbia, Canada. Economic Geology, 92, 551-568.
Powell, W.G., Pattison, D.R. (1997) An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.

Localities in this Region

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