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Doughty Mine, Sunbury, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania, USAi
Regional Level Types
Doughty MineMine
Sunbury- not defined -
Northumberland Co.County
PennsylvaniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 49' 57'' North , 76° 49' 22'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hummels Wharf1,353 (2017)1.1km
Shamokin Dam1,706 (2017)1.8km
Sunbury9,652 (2017)4.1km
Selinsgrove5,792 (2017)5.0km
Kratzerville383 (2017)6.9km


An abandoned Pb-Zn mine operated during the mid 19th century, occurring in Helderberg limestone. Located along state route 147, South of Sunbury along the Susquehanna River, across from Selinsgrove.

There are four remaining adits which are unmanaged and considered too hazardous to enter.

Reportedly first discovered in the 1840's, ores recovered had been shipped east via the Pennsylvania canal, but the workings remained secretive until 1882 when Mr. Doughty of Shamokin (also noted as from Tamaqua?), undertook a systematic development of the ores. Ore occurred as "strings" and "pots" mixed with large amounts of muddy deposits, much resembling that deposited by turbid waters. Deposits ran almost directly E-W at nearly the crest of the Selinsgrove arch, about 10' above the base of the Bossardville Limestone. Both Lead and Zinc occurred chiefly as sulphides, minor copper as carbonate.

Analysis of ore conducted by McCreath in 1882 as follows: Metallic Pb - 24.191, Metallic Zn - 31.954, Metallic Cu - 1.389. (Ref. 2nd Geo. Surv., Geology of the Susquehana River Region, 1883, Pgs. 99-100)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
'Calamine'
Description: Calamine should be deleted and replaced by hemimorphite and smithsonite, both confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction.
Reference: Gordon, 1922. Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: White (?), 2nd Geological Survey (1883), Geology of the Susquehanna River Region: 99-100; Gordon, 1922. Mineralogy of Pennsylvania.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977).
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Smith, II R. C. (1977)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: White (?), 2nd Geological Survey (1883), Geology of the Susquehanna River Region: 99-100; Gordon, 1922. Mineralogy of Pennsylvania.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Calamine' ?-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Calamine' ?-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana (1844): 265, 545.
White (?) (1883), 2nd Geological Survey, Geology of the Susquehanna River Region: 99-100.
Gordon (1922), Mineralogy of Pennsylvania.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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