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White Rock Canyon, Los Alamos Co., New Mexico, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 49' 13'' North , 106° 10' 42'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.82043,-106.17856
GeoHash:G#: 9wk7zbgjh
Locality type:Canyon
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?


Mineral List


1 valid mineral.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene - Pleistocene
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2827718
Landslide deposits and colluvium

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Landslide deposits on western flanks of Socorro Mountains not shown for clarity.

Lithology: Major:{unconsolidated colluvium}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Holocene - Early Pleistocene
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3254834
Landslides and other large-scale mass wasting deposits

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Massive slumps on slopes below mesa tops composed of basalt or, less commonly, Bandelier Tuff. Unit mainly exposed along the La Bajada escarpment, White Rock Canyon, north of Chaquehui Canyon, and along Cañada Ancha. Slump blocks commonly contain coherent internal stratigraphy in their upper parts but become progressively more deformed in their lower parts. The lower parts include debris slide, debris slump, and debris flows deposits (as defined by Varnes, 1978) and are characterized by poorly to very poorly sorted and non-stratified rock debris. Dips in massive slump blocks range from 8° to 70° toward head scarps. Surface topography is typically hummocky. Many of the landslide deposits exhibit lobate toes and crescentic headwall scarps. Slide material at most sites overlies Santa Fe Group strata. Limited areas of autochthonous rocks are included in areas mapped as Qls. Slope failures probably initiate in weakly to moderately consolidated sediments beneath the hard strata and propagate upward into the overlyingcliff-forming units. Most slides are inactive. At several locations undisturbed late Pliocene deposits lie stratigraphically above landslide deposits (Section H of Dethier, 1997). Morphology of most failures and inclusion of Bandelier Tuff in some suggest that slides were active in early to middle Pleistocene time but that many became stable in the middle to late Pleistocene (Dethier, 1997). El Cajete tephra (~50-60 ka; Reneau et al., 1996) lies on landslide deposits south of the White Rock area. Some of the older landslide deposits have thick calcic soil horizons with stage III carbonate morphology, with stage IV present at some localities. Soils are generally 0.8-1.4 m (2.5-4.5 ft) thick. Landslide deposits may be prone to continued movement or reactivation due to natural as well as human-induced processes. Maximum thickness possibly 100 m. [Description from Dethier (1997) and Sawyer et al. (2002)].

Reference: Koning, D.J. and A.S. Read. Geologic map of the southern Española Basin. New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources Open-file Report - 531. [169]

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

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