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Falcacci stope (Le Cavacce), Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine), Rio Marina, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Falcacci stope (Le Cavacce)Stope
Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)Mine
Rio MarinaTown
Elba IslandIsland
Livorno ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° North , 10° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~7km
Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Cantiere Falcacci (Le Cavacce), Miniera di Rio (Miniera di Rio Marina), Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba, Livorno, Toscana, Italia


(m. 164-175 on s.l.) - Placed between Antenna and Rosseto is one of the historical stopes of the mine; modern exploitation began in the first years of 1800 and ended in 1962.
The old cutting is well visible from Rio nell'Elba.
The main vein is hematite and limonite with subordinated pyrite; in this stope, the pyrite bed (at sea level at Vigneria) reaches the maximum altitude.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: G. Tanelli, M. Benvenuti, 1998 - Guida ai Minerali dell’Isola d’Elba e del Campigliese – Il Libraio, Portoferraio (Isola d’Elba)
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Mariani & Scaini, 1978. I minerali d'Italia. Rizzoli Ed., Milano.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Cannonite
Formula: Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Rögner, P. (2005) Aufschluss 56, 53-60; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: G. Roster, 1876 - Note mineralogiche sull'Isola d'Elba - Boll. R. Comit. Geol. It.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: L. Rossato, M. Benvenuti, 2002 - Guida al sentiero geo-mineralogico attraverso la Miniera di Rio Marina - Regione Toscana, Firenze
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi, 2000 - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 2: 102-109.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: G. Duchi, P. Orlandi, G. Vezzalini, 1982 - La cosalite del cantiere Falcacci di Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba) - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 89: 141-144.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Daubréeite
Formula: (BiO)(OH,Cl)
Reference: G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: L. Rossato, M. Benvenuti, 2002 - Guida al sentiero geo-mineralogico attraverso la Miniera di Rio Marina - Regione Toscana, Firenze
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: U. Panichi, 1909 - Sulla pirite dell’Elba - Riv. Min. Crist. It., 38: 12-35.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Red Ochre
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Giuliano Bettini Collection
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: P. Roegner - (raggi X, EDS) Ratisbona Univ. ; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Giuliano Bettini collection
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Riomarinaite (TL)
Formula: Bi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rögner, P. (2005) Aufschluss 56, 53-60; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Daubréeite3.DC.25(BiO)(OH,Cl)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Red Ochre4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cannonite7.BD.35Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Riomarinaite (TL)7.DF.75Bi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Daubréeite10.2.1.3(BiO)(OH,Cl)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Cannonite30.2.9.1Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Red Ochre
-Fe2O3
Hydroniumjarosite-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Riomarinaite (TL)-Bi(SO4)(OH) · H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BismocliteBiOCl
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hematite (var: Red Ochre)Fe2O3
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
Cl Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Red Ochre)Fe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi BismuthBi
Bi CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
• Orlandi, P. & Pezzotta, F. (1996): Minerali dell'isola d'Elba. I Minerali dei Giacimenti Metalliferi dell'Elba Orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne.
• Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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