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Birkeland 04 Feldspar Quarry, Birkeland, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Birkeland 04 Feldspar QuarryQuarry
Birkeland- not defined -
IvelandMunicipality
Aust-AgderCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° 32' 8'' North , 7° 55' 28'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Byglandsfjord332 (2014)15.9km
Birkeland2,254 (2010)29.0km
Vennesla10,931 (2014)29.8km
Tveit1,397 (2010)35.5km
Justvik1,630 (2014)38.2km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Birkeland 4 (Røykvartsbruddet; Gadolinittbruddet), Birkeland, Iveland kommune, Aust-Agder fylke, Norge


A granite pegmatite hosted in amphibolite located about 500 m north of the Birkeland farm. A small quarry is worked on the pegmatite, in the eastern part of it.

The quarry was started by Gustav Eftevann in 1906 (Frigstad 1968).

In 1968 it was reported that the quarry had produced about 100 kg of gadolinite and 200 ton of microcline. The quarry is also famous for a find of a large cavity containing very nice and large quartz crystals. The story goes that these crystals initially were discarded and thrown on the dumps.

Several decades later, when mineral tourism was gaining momentum, someone remembered the quartz crystals and the whole dump was emptied.

In the collections of the Evje og Hornnes geomuseum Fennefoss and the Iveland municipality mineral collection, several nice samples can be seen.

The largest specimen at Fennefoss weighs well over 50 kg (!).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


27 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo p. 136 , p. 136; Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 78
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p 342
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p 342; Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 101
Cerianite-(Ce) ?
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Habit: finegrained massive
Colour: yellowish white
Description: Embedded in spessartine-fluorite. Described by Frigstad (1968) as "yttrofluorite", could be cerianite-(Ce) (Frigstad 1999)
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Elbaite ?
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p 342
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p 343; Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Habit: massive
Colour: Brownish-yellow
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite ?
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Description: May be cerianite-(Ce)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 117
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: O.F. Frigstad (1970, pers. com.); Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 117
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73.; Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Colour: Reddish
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
'Monazite'
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Masses to 100 kg
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
'Muscovite-1M'
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73.
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Description: Frigstad describe rhabdophane-(Ce) from Birkeland 4 as small yellow-white masses occuring with garnet.
Reference: Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 117
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo p. 136 , p. 136; Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 78
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Titanite var: Yttrian Titanite
Formula: (Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite ?3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cerianite-(Ce) ?4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Elbaite ?9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Yttrian Titanite9.AG.15(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Monazite'-
'Muscovite-1M'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce) ?4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite ?61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fergusonite'-
Fluorite
var: Yttrofluorite ?
-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Monazite'-
'Muscovite-1M'-
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Titanite
var: Yttrian Titanite
-(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
FFluorine
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
TiTitanium
Ti Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
YYttrium
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
CeCerium
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthBi
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Frigstad, O.F. (1968) Tre nye forekomster av mineralet bismutit. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p. 18.
Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Neumann (1985) Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 101 + 117 [on bismutite, rhabdophane-(Ce)].
Frigstad, O.F. (1999) Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 15: 60-73.
Pedersen, R. (ed.) (2007) Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd.

External Links

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