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Porphyry quarry (CUP quarry), Lessines, Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
Porphyry quarry (CUP quarry)Quarry
LessinesMunicipality
HainautProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 42' 45'' North , 3° 51' 22'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lessines17,687 (2012)1.4km
Geraardsbergen30,807 (2012)7.0km
Silly7,887 (2012)8.5km
Flobecq3,142 (2012)8.7km
Galmaarden7,939 (2011)9.3km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Carrières Unies de Porphyre


The quarry operation started in 1862 as "Société pour l'exploitation des carrières Tacquenier et la construction des routes pavées", in 1919 the name was changed to "Carrières Unies de Porphyre". Carrières Unies de Porphyre (CUP) is nowadays a subsidiary of the French Eurovia, which is, in turn, a subsidiary of the Vinci company.

Porphyry is a variety of igneous rock known for its hardness and durability.
Originally, because of its durability, the Porphyry was used for the production of cobblestones for roads, one can still see them in many old roads in Belgium and France (the annual speed cycling event Paris-Roubaix is an epic event due to the many strips of cobblestones ("pavés" in French or "kasseien" in Dutch) that are very hard physically on the athlete but also ruin many bikes).

Nowadays the main product is gravel for projects where hardness, durability, and resistance of the gravel is of great importance.
Porphyry from the area has been used for instance in the huge Delta Works in Holland, in the "chunnel" (the tunnel under the channel linking France to the United Kingdom) and for the high-speed TGV tracks (they exclusively use Porphyry).

Today four porphyry quarries are operated (in order from east to west): Quenast, Bierghes, and the side by side located quarries of Lessines and Deux-Acren.

The quarry management does not give permits to collect minerals and does not authorise people to enter the site.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
'Apatite' ?
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Brookite ?
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Ilmenite ?
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: A microscopic constituent of igneous rock.
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Marcasite ?
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Rhodochrosite ?
Formula: MnCO3
Rutile ?
Formula: TiO2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite ?2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite ?4.DD.10TiO2
Ilmenite ?4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile ?4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite ?5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite' ?-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite ?2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite ?4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite ?4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile ?4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite ?14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite' ?-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O AnataseTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RutileTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
AlAluminium
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

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