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Summitville Mining District (Summit Mining District), Rio Grande Co., Colorado, USAi
Regional Level Types
Summitville Mining District (Summit Mining District)Mining District
Rio Grande Co.County
ColoradoState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° North , 106° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~40km
Locality type:


The Summitville District is localized in a volcanic dome at the margin of the nested Summitville and Platoro calderas. The country rock is largely quartz latite. Mineral deposition occurred largely in fissure veins and acid-sulphate leached breccias. The geology and ore deposits are discussed in detail by Bethke, et al (2005). On a district wide basis multiple episodes of mining, exploration and mapping have provided a picture of most of the vertical extent of the hydrothermal plumbing system from porphyry stockwork mineralization at depth through shallow base metal-gold deposits to surficial siliceous sinter.

The initial mining in the district focused on base metal sulphide-barite veins that contained significant gold values. In the mid 1970's ASARCO did exploration in the district. Two deep drill holes intersected a quartz monzonite porphyry with very low grade stockwork copper-molybdenum mineralization. It also outlined the low grade gold orebody that was later mined by open pit.

During this phase of work in the district an equipment operator saw a yellow glint coming from a rock just off the side of the road. That rock weighed about 141 pounds, contains an estimated 350 ounces of gold and became known as "the gold boulder of Summitville". Its now in the Denver Museum of Natural History. The rock was a float boulder from one of the sulphide-barite veins and seems to have been hidden in plain sight for decades.

The low grade gold ore body was mined from 1986 - 1991.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

50 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Econ Geol (1985) 80:1467-1514
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Zincobotryogen
Formula: (Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Zincobotryogen7.DC.25(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Zincobotryogen31.9.6.2(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S CovelliteCuS
S PyriteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S MarcasiteFeS2
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
SbAntimony
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Economic Geology (1985): 80: 1467-1514.
Stoffregen, R. (1987). Genesis of acid-sulfate alteration and Au-Cu-Ag mineralization at Summitville, Colorado. Economic Geology: 82: 1575-1591.
Gray, J.E., and Coolbaugh, M.F. (1994). Geology and geochemistry of Summitville, Colorado, an epithermal acid sulfate deposit in a volcanic dome. Economic Geology: 89: 1906-1923.
Eckels, E. B. (1997), Minerals of Colorado.
New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12.
Bethke, P.M., Rye, R.O., Stoffregen, R.E. and Vikre, P.G. (2005): Evolution of the magmatic-hydrothermal acid-sulfate system at Summitville, Colorado: integration of geological, stable isotope and fluid-inclusion evidence; Geochemistry of Sulfate Minerals: A tribute to Robert O. Rye; Paper 6
Bethke, P.M., Ryeb, R.O., Stoffregen, R.E., and Vikre, P.G. (2005). Evolution of the magmatic-hydrothermal acid-sulfate system at Summitville, Colorado: integration of geological, stable isotope, and fluid-inclusion evidence. Chemical Geology: 215: 281–315.

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