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Womobi Mine, Thologolong, Towong Shire, Victoria, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Womobi MineMine
Thologolong- not defined -
Towong ShireShire
VictoriaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 58' 7'' South , 147° 24' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Holbrook1,337 (2017)28.6km
Gerogery979 (2016)39.6km
Lavington12,032 (2016)42.2km
North Albury6,089 (2015)43.4km
Hamilton Valley491 (2015)44.1km


Located approximately 1km N of Flaggy Creek, and approx. 67 east of Albury.
First records of this deposit has 0.45 ton of concentrates being obtained in 1919.
Serious mining at the Womobi Mine occurred from 1939 to 1943 and produced tungsten-bearing ore. Molybdenum was produced as a by-product. The host rocks are quartz reefs and veins within the Lower Devonian Thologolong medium-grained grey biotite granite. The reefs/veins occupy a series of straight fractures which strike at about 80 degrees east of north. Three main orebodies were worked. The East orebody which was about 150 feet in length and averaged 14 inches in width. The middle orebody was 110-165 feet long and averaged 16-18 inches in width. The West orebody was only 45 feet in length and averaged 18 inches in width. Although mined for a few years it was never profitable.
The mine gets its name from the first two letters of the mineral names: wolfram, molybdenum and bismuth.
The following additional minerals have been noted in the 1945 report but no specimens are know to confirm- cassiterite, chlorite, amblygonite, powellite, sphalerite, galena and tetrahedrite.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Central NSW - Omeo Province, Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Van King
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Judy Rowe Collection
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: "Gypsum is quite common throughout the aggregates occurring as colourless prismatic crystals up to 2 mm long that may occur individually or form interlocking crusts and sprays. In some samples, a thin crust of gypsum occurs directly on the matrix granite and may be overlain by any of the three manganese sulfates."
Reference: W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: WDS Museum Victoria
Ilesite
Formula: (Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
Description: "This mineral is very similar to szmikite in appearance and habit, although it tends to be finer-grained and more glistening on broken surfaces of the crusts. It is also slightly harder and more compact. It can also form more open intergrowths of roughly spherical aggregates which appear to have partly dissolved. SEM examination of samples identified as ilesite by XRD does not show any consistent textural features, suggesting it has replaced another sulphate."
Reference: W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Jôkokuite
Formula: MnSO4 · 5H2O
Description: "Jokokuite tends to be the more transparent and vitreous of the three manganese sulfates, and is more irregular in form and slightly harder. It occurs either as interlocking open crusts, or as isolated shapeless grains enclosed in ilesite. The colour ranges from cream to very pale blue, the latter colour being caused by traces of copper. It is likely that bladed crystals showing varying degrees of dissolution are jokokuite, although some may have been pseudomorphed by szmikite or ilesite."
Reference: W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Manganoblödite
Formula: Na2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
Description: "Manganoblodite from the Womobi mine occurs as blocky pale-pink crystals up to 60 micron on edge and have been found on a specimen of szmikite that has replaced jokokuite."
Reference: W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Russellite
Formula: Bi2WO6
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Judy Rowe collection
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Szmikite
Formula: MnSO4 · H2O
Description: "Szmikite is often in contact with the granite matrix. It forms white to very pale pink, opaque globular masses, which resemble billowing cumulus clouds under the microscope, although they tend to be dull and earthy appearance. Outlines of crystal faces seen on the surfaces of the roughly spherical aggregates making up the crusts may represent an earlier more hydrated sulphate, such as jokokuite. On some specimens, aggregates of well-formed tabular monoclinic crystals up to about 50 micron across can be detected by SEM."
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ferberite ?4.DB.30FeWO4
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Koechlinite4.DE.15Bi2MoO6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Russellite4.DE.15Bi2WO6
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ilesite7.CB.15(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
Jôkokuite7.CB.20MnSO4 · 5H2O
Manganoblödite7.00.Na2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Szmikite7.CB.05MnSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ilesite29.6.6.3(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
Jôkokuite29.6.7.4MnSO4 · 5H2O
Szmikite29.6.2.3MnSO4 · H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Saléeite40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite ?48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
A2XO4
Koechlinite48.2.2.1Bi2MoO6
Russellite48.2.1.1Bi2WO6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Manganoblödite-Na2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
H Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
H JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ManganoblöditeNa2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
OOxygen
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KoechliniteBi2MoO6
O RusselliteBi2WO6
O SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
O JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ManganoblöditeNa2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na ManganoblöditeNa2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
AlAluminium
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
S JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ManganoblöditeNa2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
S CovelliteCuS
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
Mn JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
Mn ManganoblöditeNa2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
FeIron
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo KoechliniteBi2MoO6
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W RusselliteBi2WO6
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W HübneriteMnWO4
W FerberiteFeWO4
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi KoechliniteBi2MoO6
Bi RusselliteBi2WO6
UUranium
U SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 795213
colluvium 38491

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Colluvium and/or residual deposits, sheetwash, talus, scree; boulder, gravel, sand; may include minor alluvial or sand plain deposits, local calcrete and reworked laterite

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Silurian
419.2 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3186091
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Silurian (419.2 - 443.8 Ma)

Comments: Lachlan Fold Belt

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Geological Report on The Womobi Wolfram Mine, Record No. 1945/64A, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics.
Birch W.D., (2013) A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.


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