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Chief Mine (Chief group of claims), Flux Gulch, Alum Gulch, Harshaw Mining District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Chief Mine (Chief group of claims)Mine
Flux GulchGulch
Alum GulchGulch
Harshaw Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MountainsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 28' 29'' North , 110° 44' 40'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Patagonia890 (2017)7.3km
Kino Springs136 (2011)13.9km
Beyerville177 (2011)15.8km
Rio Rico18,962 (2011)22.0km
Francisco Miguel Cárdenas Valdez (Mascareñas)541 (2014)22.7km


‡Ref.: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 251, 254 ?.

Kartchner, W.E. (1944) The geology and ore deposits of a portion of the Harshaw district, Patagonia Mountains, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 100 p.: 91-92.

Simons, F.S. (1972) Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Patagonia Mountains and adjoining areas, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, in Mesozoic stratigraphy in southeastern Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 658-E.

Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 243.

USGS Harshaw Quadrangle topo map.

Arizona Bureau of Mines card file Santa Cruz County.

Arizona Department of Mineral Resources file data, Chief Mine.

U.S. Bureau of Mines file data, Chief Mine.

U.S. Bureau of Mines Coronado National Forest Study.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936; and, Dep. ID #10210316, MAS ID #0040230148.

A former small underground Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Mn-Zn-Sb mine located in the center of the SE¼ sec. 31, T22S, R16E, on a group of 12 claims adjoining the World's Fair property on the SW and the Three R group of claims on the NW, ½ mile SW of the World's Fair Mine, in Flux Canyon, 8 miles SE of Patagonia; 2 miles NW of Harshaw, on National Forest land. Discovered in 1875. Owned/operated by E.E. Bethel, of Patagonia; the Calumet and Arizona Copper Co. (1 year lease, early 1900's); the Wonder Mining Co. (R.W. Coleman and Associates); Mr. John Glasson; the Washington Trading Co.; Hosier and W.H. Worthington; A.L Harroun and Associates; Howard E. Davis; Bracey Curtis; and, L. Lindsay.

Mineralization is ore in stringers in a complex system of fisure veins, including the NW-trending Flux vein and NE-trending World's Fair vein. The ore zone is 3.66 meters wide. Alteration includes volcanics locally much altered to quartz, sericite, epidote, pyrite, carbonate, and chlorite and with strong hornfelsitation in places. The surface croppings are heavily stained with Mn and Fe.

Local structures include a N60E-trending silexite dike. A general structure common to regional formations is a sheeting which dips 40NNW.

Tectonic elements include the Alum Gulch Fault Block.

Workings include shallow shafts to depths of 50 feet or more, aggregating about 500 feet of work (circa 1915). Ultimately the workings totaled 243.84 meters in length and 70.1 meters deep. Developments included several shallow shafts, each about 50 feet deep; a 230 foot deep shaft with drifts extending N and S from the 110 foot level; a 600 foot long tunnel; 460 feet of drifts; and the 70 foot deep inclined Kemp shaft, which is located to the NW, across Flux Canyon, on a fault zone which strikes N30-40W and dips 40 SW. Leased to the Calumet & Arizona Copper Co. and was being developed at a substantial rate (circa 1915). No record of production.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 243.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048349, MRDS ID #M899936.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AgSilver
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
SbAntimony
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10048349

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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