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Rainbow No. 4 Mine, Fourmile, Custer District, Custer Co., South Dakota, USA

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 43' 46'' North , 103° 41' 42'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.72970,-103.69527
GeoHash:G#: 9xy2b2erv
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Granite pegmatite. 1 mile west of Fourmile.

Ref.: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.

Roberts and Rapp, "Mineralogy of the Black Hills," South Dakota SMT Bull 18.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Alluaudite-Na□'
Formula: 4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Description: Mn/Mn + Fe = 0.24
Reference: Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Biotite'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Fourmarierite
Formula: Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Frondelite ?
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Description: Mn/Mn + Fe = 0.24
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169; Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Description: Mn/Mn + Fe = 0.24
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169; Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Vandendriesscheite
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Fourmarierite'4.GB.25Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Uraninite'4.DL.05UO2
'Vandendriesscheite'4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Alluaudite'8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
'Autunite'8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
'Ferrisicklerite'8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
'Frondelite' ?8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
'Heterosite'8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
'Rockbridgeite'8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
'Sicklerite'8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
'Triphylite'8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
'Vanadinite'8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Uranophane'9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alluaudite-Na□'-4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
'Biotite'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX7O22·xH2O
Vandendriesscheite5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Fourmarierite5.9.2.1Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite ?41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alluaudite-Na□'-4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
'Biotite'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
LiLithium
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Na Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
MgMagnesium
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
FeIron
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
PbLead
Pb FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2471971
Distal metagraywacke

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Grayish-tan schist and siliceous schist containing considerable garnet, staurolite, and sillimanite. Calc-silicate lenses developed from former concretions. Restricted to area southwest of Grand Junction fault. Includes Mayo Formation and middle part of Bugtown Formation (Redden, 1963). Correlation of Mayo Formation uncertain due to faulting but may be equivalent to upper graywacke (unit Xgw3). Thickness of Mayo part of unit about 3,600 m.

Reference: Redden, J.A., E. DeWitt. Maps Showing Geology, Structure, and Geophysics of the Central Black Hills, South Dakota. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 2777. [73]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2968999
Upper Metagraywacke

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Light- to dark-gray, quartz-mica-feldspar schist, quartz-mica schist, staurolite and garnet-rich schist, metaconglomerate, calc-silicate gneiss, and cummingtonite-quartz schist. Thickness up to 14,000 ft (4,267 m).

Lithology: Major:{schist,metaconglomerate,gneiss}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3191697
Paleoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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