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Copper Flat, Hillsboro District, Sierra Co., New Mexico, USAi
Regional Level Types
Copper FlatFlat
Hillsboro DistrictMining District
Sierra Co.County
New MexicoState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 58' 5'' North , 107° 32' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hillsboro124 (2011)5.8km
Oasis149 (2011)21.5km
Caballo112 (2011)21.8km
Arrey232 (2011)24.6km
Las Palomas173 (2011)25.0km


Porphyry copper deposit.
Deposit: Orig Eval In 6/78. Revised In 3/79. Updated In 5/83. Operational Data Based Partially On Quintana Minerals Feasibility Study Dtd 7/16/76; Other Data Is From Published Sources. Original Operation Came On Line In March 1982 And Was Shut Down In June 1982. See Mas File Sternberg Shaft Mas Seq# 0350510137 (Old Claim Listing-?) This Property Is On The Copper Flat Property But Is Located In Section 35: Also See Mas File Seq 0350510138 For Old Plant Property File. Associated Minerals: apatite, azurite/malachite, biotite, bornite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, chrysocolla, cuprite, epidote, fluorite, galena, magnetite, molybdenite, pyrite, sericite, sphalerite, tetrahedrite, zeolite Associated Rock: breccia, jasperoid, latite, latite porphyry, quartz monzonite, skarn;basalt, conglomerate, dolomite, limestone, mudstone, quartz monzonite porphyry, quartzite, rhyolite pyroclastics, sandstone, schist, shale;andesite flow, andesite pyroclastics

Deposit type: Porphyry Cu-Mo

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

24 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
'Feldspar Group var: Cryptoperthite'
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gold
Formula: Au
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: NMBMMR Bull 10 The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Cryptoperthite'-
'var: Perthite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Cryptoperthite'-
'var: Perthite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O CupriteCu2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O CalciteCaCO3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Dunn, P.G. (1982): Geology of the Copper Flat porphyry copper deposit, in: Titley, S.R. (ed.): Advances in geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America. University of Arizona Press (Tucson), 313–325.
- McLemore, V.T., Munroe, E.A., Heizler, M.T., and McKee, C. (1999): Geochemistry of the Copper Flat porphyry and associated deposits in the Hillsboro mining district, Sierra County, New Mexico, USA. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 67, 167–189.
- Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Kilburn, J., (1996), Alta Gold to develop Copper Flat porphyry; The Northern Miner, June 24 issue, p. 1.
McLemore, V.T., Munroe, E.A., Heizler, M.T. and McKee, C., (2000), Geology and evolution of the Copper Flat porphyry-copper system, Hillsboro mining district, New Mexico; in Geology and Ore Deposits 2000: The Great Basin and Beyond, Geological Society of Nevada, Symposium Program with Abstracts, p. 63.
Dunn P G (1982) - Geology of the Copper Flat Porphyry Copper deposit, Hillsboro, Sierra County, New Mexico: in Titley S R 1983 Advances in Geology of the Porphyry Copper Deposits, Southwestern North America University of Arizona Press, Tucson pp 313-325
Kuellmer, F., (1955), Geology of a Disseminated copper deposit near Hillsboro, New Mexico: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Tech., Circ. 34
Lewis, J.D. and Smith, R.C., Hillsboro-Copper Flats Deposit, New Mexico Sept. 26, (1977).
Bennett, H.J., Et Al. An Economic Appraisal Of The Supply Of Copper From Primary Domestic Sources. Bumines Ic (8598), 1973, 156 P.
Dataquest, Inc. The Equipment Value Guide. Palo Alto, Ca, (1982).
The Mining Record. Rio Gold Completes Acquisition Of. Dec. 6, (1989). Pp. 16,17,18.
Southwestern Pay Dirt. Copper Flat Reopening Apparently High-Centered By Finances. June, (1991). P.14a.
Titley, Spencer R., In "Advances In Geology Of The Porphyry Copper Deposits Southwestern North America", (1982), University Of Arizona Press.
Southwestern Pay Dirt. Three Startup Copper Companies Cranking Up In Southwest. January, (1993). Pp.8a-12a.
North, R.M., and McLemore, V.T., (1988), A classification of the precious metal deposits of New Mexico, in Schafer, R.W., Cooper, J.J., and Vikre, P.G., eds., Bulk mineable precious metal deposits of the western United States: Reno, Nevada Geological Society
McLemore, V.T., Munroe, E.A., Heizler, M.T. and McKee, C., (1999), Geochemistry of the Copper Flat porphyry and associated deposits in the Hillsboro mining district, Sierra County, New Mexico, USA: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 67, p. 167?189.
Long, K.R., (1995), Production and reserves of Cordilleran (Alaska to Chile) porphyry copper deposits, in Pierce, F.W., and Bolm, J.G., eds., Porphyry copper deposits of the American Cordillera: Tucson, Arizona Geological Society Digest 20, p. 35-68.

USGS MRDS Record:10150841

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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