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L'Etoile du Congo Mine (Star of the Congo Mine; Kalukuluku Mine), Lubumbashi, Haut-Katanga, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
L'Etoile du Congo Mine (Star of the Congo Mine; Kalukuluku Mine)Mine (Inactive)
LubumbashiCity
Haut-KatangaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
11° 38' 3'' South , 27° 34' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Inactive) - last checked 2019
Deposit first discovered:
1907
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lubumbashi1,373,770 (2016)11.4km
Kipushi62,332 (2016)38.5km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Abandoned copper mine, located on the outskirts of Lubumbashi, which is worked intermittently and by locals for mineral specimens. Originally named Kalukuluku mine, the mine was later renamed by the Belgians. The first mine to produce cobalt ore in 1907.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


12 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.
Cornetite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176 & 790.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176,790.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 790.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Botryoidal/mammillary masses, stalactitic masses.
Reference: Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: C. Creekmur collection. J. Hartmann collection.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176, 790.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: 7th edition: 510, 652.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Cornetite (TL)8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite (TL)41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
OOxygen
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O TenoriteCuO
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CoCobalt
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176, 790.
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).

External Links

http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf (information on a number of mines in Katanga, in Dutch)

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
DR Congo

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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