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Morefield Mine (Morefield pegmatite), Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USAi
Regional Level Types
Morefield Mine (Morefield pegmatite)Mine
Winterham- not defined -
Amelia Co.County
VirginiaState
USACountry

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Key
09536400014946380207711.jpg
Mine owner Sam Dunaway with pegmatite

Morefield Mine, Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USA
03857200014947172774223.jpg
Face of vertical pegmatite before diabase dike

Morefield Mine, Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USA
09536400014946380207711.jpg
Mine owner Sam Dunaway with pegmatite

Morefield Mine, Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USA
03857200014947172774223.jpg
Face of vertical pegmatite before diabase dike

Morefield Mine, Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USA
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 21' 38'' North , 77° 54' 50'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Amelia Court House1,099 (2011)6.2km
Woodlake7,319 (2011)21.8km
Brandermill13,173 (2011)24.6km
Crewe2,241 (2017)27.9km
Burkeville412 (2017)31.9km


A feldspar-mica and specimen mine in the Morefield pegmatite.
Located near Winterham, near Amelia Court House. Started 1929 and owned by S.V. Morefield.

Note: a for-fee collecting area (primarily for kids), which includes salted minerals brought in from outside of the area, is operated here by the owners.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


78 valid minerals. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.; Catlos, E. J., & Miller, N. R. (2016). Ion microprobe 208Th-208Pb ages from high common Pb monazite, Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Implications for Alleghanian tectonics. American Journal of Science, 316(5), 470-503.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2; Rocks & Min.: 60:165.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: Erroneously reported in a letter to the editor. No data.
Reference: Letter to the Editor, Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Chiolite
Formula: Na5Al3F14
Reference: [L.E. Kearns, 1995 - Mineralogical Record Vol 26 No.6 - "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite"]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: [L.E. Kearns, 1995 - Mineralogical Record Vol 26 No.6 - "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite"]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: [Kearns, 1995 "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite", MinRec 26:551-556]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: [Kearns, 1995 - "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite"
Fluorite var: Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: [Kearns, 1995- "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite", MinRec 26:551-557]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.; Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
Lindbergite
Formula: Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
Masutomilite
Formula: (K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:3 pp198-199
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
'Monazite'
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Catlos, E. J., & Miller, N. R. (2016). Ion microprobe 208Th-208Pb ages from high common Pb monazite, Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Implications for Alleghanian tectonics. American Journal of Science, 316(5), 470-503.
'Moonstone'
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Muscovite var: Leverrierite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Mike Dennis specimens
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Mike Dennis specimens
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: Historical reports of blocky "orthoclase" in virtually every granite pegmatite worldwide are microcline. No data supporting orthoclse from this locality are known.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Pachnolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: [L.E. Kearns, 1995 - Mineralogical Record Vol 26 No.6 - "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite"]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Unbelievable antique report of phlogopite from a pegmatite. No data presented.
Reference: Letter to the Editor, Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Phosphophyllite
Formula: Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: [Kearns, 1995 - "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite", Mineralogical Record 26 551-557]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.; Catlos, E. J., & Miller, N. R. (2016). Ion microprobe 208Th-208Pb ages from high common Pb monazite, Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Implications for Alleghanian tectonics. American Journal of Science, 316(5), 470-503.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Serrabrancaite
Formula: MnPO4 · H2O
Description: Brown, prismatic microcrystals in association with phosphosiderite, bermanite, secondary apatite, other species of the secondary phosphates assemblage (http://www.mindat.org/mesg-99-323183.html).
Reference: Michael Hatskel collection (ID by Dr. Lance Kearns and Betsy Martin)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952); Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.; Catlos, E. J., & Miller, N. R. (2016). Ion microprobe 208Th-208Pb ages from high common Pb monazite, Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Implications for Alleghanian tectonics. American Journal of Science, 316(5), 470-503.
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: [L.E. Kearns, 1995 - Mineralogical Record Vol 26 No.6 - "Alumino-Fluorides from the Morefield Pegmatite"]; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Catlos, E. J., & Miller, N. R. (2016). Ion microprobe 208Th-208Pb ages from high common Pb monazite, Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Implications for Alleghanian tectonics. American Journal of Science, 316(5), 470-503.
'Thorogummite' ?
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Fred E Davis collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Richards, R. P., Kearns, L. E., & Cook, W. R. (1998). Morphology of Chiolite twins from the Morefield mine, Amelia County, Virginia. Canadian mineralogist, 36, 1009-1016.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Weddellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: [Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Chiolite3.CE.05Na5Al3F14
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Elpasolite3.CB.15K2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Chlorophane3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Pachnolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Sussexite6.BA.15Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Fluellite8.DE.10Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Phosphophyllite8.CA.40Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Serrabrancaite8.CB.05MnPO4 · H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite ?9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinoptilolite-Ca9.GE.05Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Masutomilite9.EC.20(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Leverrierite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite ?9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Humboldtine10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Lindbergite10.AB.05Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Weddellite10.AB.40Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
'Thorogummite' ?-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Chiolite11.6.11.1Na5Al3F14
Cryolite11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Elpasolite11.6.2.1K2NaAlF6
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Pachnolite11.6.5.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Thomsenolite11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Sussexite25.2.1.1Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphophyllite40.2.7.1Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fluellite42.6.9.1Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Weddellite50.1.2.1Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite ?51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite' ?51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Masutomilite71.2.2b.12(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite ?71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Clinoptilolite-Ca-Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluorite
var: Chlorophane
-CaF2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lindbergite-Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
Muscovite
var: Leverrierite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Serrabrancaite-MnPO4 · H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Leverrierite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
H WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
H Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
OOxygen
O PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Muscovite (var: Leverrierite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
O WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FFluorine
F ChioliteNa5Al3F14
F CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
F ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
F FluoriteCaF2
F PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
F Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na ChioliteNa5Al3F14
Na CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Na ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
Na PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChioliteNa5Al3F14
Al CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Al ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
Al PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Muscovite (var: Leverrierite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Muscovite (var: Leverrierite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Leverrierite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
K Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Ca ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
Ca Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
VVanadium
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
MnManganese
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Mn SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
Mn Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mn SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2O
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
CeCerium
Ce Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
PbLead
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadPb
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi BismuthBi
ThThorium
Th Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals (1933): 8: 143-144.
USGS Bulletin 248B (1952).
Brown, W.R. (1962) Mica and Feldspar Deposits of Virginia.
Penick, D. Allen, Jr. (1985): Virginia Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals: 60(4): 165.
Sweet, P.C. and Penick, D.A., Jr. (1986), Morefield Pegmatite Mine Reopens - Virginia's only Active Underground Gem Mine.
Kearns, Lance E. (1993), Minerals of the Morefield Pegmatite, Amelia County, Virginia. Rocks & Minerals: 68(4): 232-242.
Kearns, Lance E. (1995), Alumino-fluorides from the Morefield pegmatite, Amelia County, Virginia. Mineralogical Record: 26(6): 551-556.
O’Neill, K. A.; Nowak, B. A.; Johnson, C. B.; Kearns, L. E. (1996), Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy: 22nd Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Mineral Chemistry of Micas and Amazonite: The Morefield Pegmatite, Amelia, Virginia. Rocks & Minerals: 71(3): 198-199.
Virginia Minerals, Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, Charlottesville, Virginia: 32(2).
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Report 3, Charlottesville, Virginia: 59-60, 61-94.
Virginia Geologic Survey Bulletin 33.
Virginia Minerals, Vol. 46.
Catlos, E. J., & Miller, N. R. (2016). Ion microprobe 208Th-208Pb ages from high common Pb monazite, Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Implications for Alleghanian tectonics. American Journal of Science, 316(5), 470-503.

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