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Terlingua Mining District, Texas, USAi
Regional Level Types
Terlingua Mining DistrictMining District
TexasState
USACountry

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Key
Locality type:


A mining district mostly within southwestern Brewster County, Texas, United States. It is located near the Rio Grande and the Texas villages of Lajitas and Study Butte, Texas, as well as the Mexican village of Santa Elena. The discovery of cinnabar, from which the metal mercury is extracted, in the mid-1880s brought miners to the area, creating a city of 2,000 people.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

63 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
'Bitumen'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 27; Mineralogical Record: 21: 233.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Wlotzka, F. (2005) Cr spinel and chromite as petrogenetic indicators in ordinary chondrites: Equilibration temperatures of petrologic types 3.7 to 6. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (11) 1673-1702. (Nov 1905).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).; Wlotzka, F. (2005) Cr spinel and chromite as petrogenetic indicators in ordinary chondrites: Equilibration temperatures of petrologic types 3.7 to 6. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (11) 1673-1702. (Nov 1905).
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).; Fredriksson K., Jarosewich E., and Wlotzka F. (1989) Study Butte: A chaotic chondrite breccia with normal H-group chemistry. Z. Naturforsch. 44a: 945-962.; Krot, A.N., Zolensky, M.E., Wasson, J.T. & Scott, E.R.D., Keil, K. & Ohsumi, K. (1997) Carbide-Magnetite assemblages in type-3 ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61(1): 219-237. (Jan 1997).
Comancheite (TL)
Formula: Hg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 393-396.
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Reference: Mineral News: 13(3): 1, 4, 5.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).; Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).
Edgarbaileyite
Formula: (Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Eglestonite (TL)
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 52.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Description: With ferrosilite component as low as Fs 1 Mol%, enstatite (and/or clinoenttite) sensu stricto is a minor, but significant constituent of the Ca-poor pyroxenes.
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).; Wlotzka, F. (2005) Cr spinel and chromite as petrogenetic indicators in ordinary chondrites: Equilibration temperatures of petrologic types 3.7 to 6. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (11) 1673-1702. (Nov 1905).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).
Gianellaite (TL)
Formula: [(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb. Min., Mh. (1977): 119-131.
'Glass'
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).; Fredriksson K., Jarosewich E., and Wlotzka F. (1989) Study Butte: A chaotic chondrite breccia with normal H-group chemistry. Z. Naturforsch. 44a: 945-962.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Fredriksson K., Jarosewich E., and Wlotzka F. (1989) Study Butte: A chaotic chondrite breccia with normal H-group chemistry. Z. Naturforsch. 44a: 945-962.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).; Krot, A.N., Zolensky, M.E., Wasson, J.T. & Scott, E.R.D., Keil, K. & Ohsumi, K. (1997) Carbide-Magnetite assemblages in type-3 ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61(1): 219-237. (Jan 1997).
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kleinite (TL)
Formula: (Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Reference: Sitzungsber.Akad.Wissensch.,Berlin (1905) 21, 1091-1094; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 55, 88.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Magnetite as single, often euhedral grains in matrix and as components of complex intergrowths. Caveat — magnetite has been partly replaced in some regions by terrestrial weathering.
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).; Fredriksson K., Jarosewich E., and Wlotzka F. (1989) Study Butte: A chaotic chondrite breccia with normal H-group chemistry. Z. Naturforsch. 44a: 945-962.; Krot, A.N., Zolensky, M.E., Wasson, J.T. & Scott, E.R.D., Keil, K. & Ohsumi, K. (1997) Carbide-Magnetite assemblages in type-3 ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61(1): 219-237. (Jan 1997).
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
Montroydite (TL)
Formula: HgO
Reference: American Journal of Science, series 4 (1903): 16: 253; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 52, 90.
Mosesite (TL)
Formula: (Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Reference: American Journal of Science, ser. 4 (1910): 30: 202-208; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 90; Mineralogical Record: 21: 233.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: BEG Min Res Circ 73
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).
Pinchite (TL)
Formula: Hg2+5Cl2O4
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist(1974) 12, 417-418; MinRec 21:233]
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
Silver var: Native Amalgam
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Wlotzka, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1988) Magnetite-Carbide and Al-Rich Inclusions in the Study Butte H3-Chondrite: Meteoritics 23(4): 311-312. (Dec 1988).
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).; Krot, A.N., Zolensky, M.E., Wasson, J.T. & Scott, E.R.D., Keil, K. & Ohsumi, K. (1997) Carbide-Magnetite assemblages in type-3 ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61(1): 219-237. (Jan 1997).
Terlinguacreekite (TL)
Formula: Hg2+3Cl2O2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 43:1055-1060
Terlinguaite (TL)
Formula: (Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Reference: Mining & Scientific Press, San Francisco, 21. July 1900; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 55; Mineralogical Record: 21: 233.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: [MinRec 21:233]
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Clarke Jr., R.S. & Pugh, R. (1984) A new H-3 chondrite from Study Butte, Texas: 47th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, LPI Contribution 537:p. 134. (Sept. 1984).; Fredriksson K., Jarosewich E., and Wlotzka F. (1989) Study Butte: A chaotic chondrite breccia with normal H-group chemistry. Z. Naturforsch. 44a: 945-962.; Krot, A.N., Zolensky, M.E., Wasson, J.T. & Scott, E.R.D., Keil, K. & Ohsumi, K. (1997) Carbide-Magnetite assemblages in type-3 ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61(1): 219-237. (Jan 1997).
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
'Wad'
Reference: R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Native Amalgam1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Corderoite2.FC.15aHg2+3S2Cl2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Calomel3.AA.30(Hg2)2+Cl2
Comancheite (TL)3.DD.65Hg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Eglestonite (TL)3.DD.05(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gianellaite (TL)3.DD.30[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
Kleinite (TL)3.DD.35(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Mosesite (TL)3.DD.30(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Pinchite (TL)3.DD.25Hg2+5Cl2O4
Terlinguacreekite (TL)3.DD.55Hg2+3Cl2O2
Terlinguaite (TL)3.DD.20(Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Montroydite (TL)4.AC.15HgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edgarbaileyite9.BC.25(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Montroydite (TL)4.2.6.1HgO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Calomel9.1.8.1(Hg2)2+Cl2
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Corderoite10.3.3.1Hg2+3S2Cl2
A2(O,OH)Xq
Kleinite (TL)10.4.3.1(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Terlinguaite (TL)10.4.2.1(Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Am(O,OH)pXq
Comancheite (TL)10.5.5.1Hg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Eglestonite (TL)10.5.4.1(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Pinchite (TL)10.5.3.1Hg2+5Cl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Gianellaite (TL)28.2.4.1[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Mosesite (TL)29.3.8.1(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with dimeric cations
Edgarbaileyite55.5.1.1(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bitumen'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Silver
var: Native Amalgam
-(Ag,Hg)
Terlinguacreekite (TL)-Hg2+3Cl2O2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
H ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
H Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
H Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
H Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CoheniteFe3C
C GraphiteC
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
N ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
N Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
N Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
OOxygen
O TerlinguacreekiteHg32+Cl2O2
O Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
O ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
O Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
O Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
O MontroyditeHgO
O Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
O PinchiteHg52+Cl2O4
O Terlinguaite(Hg22+)Hg22+Cl2O2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Edgarbaileyite(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Edgarbaileyite(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
S Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
S Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S MetacinnabarHgS
S TroiliteFeS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl TerlinguacreekiteHg32+Cl2O2
Cl ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Cl Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
Cl Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Cl Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Cl PinchiteHg52+Cl2O4
Cl Terlinguaite(Hg22+)Hg22+Cl2O2
Cl Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Cl CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TetrataeniteFeNi
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe CoheniteFe3C
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IronFe
Fe Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
NiNickel
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni TetrataeniteFeNi
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
AsArsenic
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
BrBromine
Br ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
MoMolybdenum
Mo Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
AgSilver
Ag Silver (var: Native Amalgam)(Ag,Hg)
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg TerlinguacreekiteHg32+Cl2O2
Hg Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
Hg ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Hg Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
Hg Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Hg MontroyditeHgO
Hg Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Hg PinchiteHg52+Cl2O4
Hg Terlinguaite(Hg22+)Hg22+Cl2O2
Hg Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg Edgarbaileyite(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Hg MercuryHg
Hg CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
Hg Silver (var: Native Amalgam)(Ag,Hg)
UUranium
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hillebrand, W.F. and Schaller, W.T. (1909) The Mercury Minerals from Terlingua, Texas. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 405.
Origlieri, M. (1990) Famous mineral localities: Terlingua, Texas. Mineralogical Record, 21(3), 221-234.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, p. 70.

External Links

http://www.archive.org/details/mercuryminerals00schagoog - Hillebrand, W.F. and Schaller, W.T. (1909) The Mercury Minerals from Terlingua, Texas. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 405.

Localities in this Region

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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