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Indian Mountain, Cherokee Co., Alabama, USAi
Regional Level Types
Indian MountainMountain
Cherokee Co.County
AlabamaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
34° 1' 21'' North , 85° 27' 21'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Spring Garden238 (2011)10.6km
Cave Spring1,175 (2017)14.5km
Piedmont4,714 (2017)18.0km
Cedartown9,750 (2018)18.5km
Centre3,570 (2017)25.1km


A feature running from Polk Co., Georgia (see there) into SE Cherokee Co., Alabama.

Note on the mineral list:
Barwood & Hajek (1978) states that XRD analysis showed that all the green to yellow-green fibrous hemispheres of dufrenite from the Indian Mountain locality were mixtures of dufrenite and kidwellite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

21 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Description: Orange and red mineral is now redefined as eleonorite by IMA 2015
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.; Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: IMA new nomenclature
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Description: As pseudomorphs after beraunite or as tiny crystals on strengite
Reference: Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.
Description: The material originally reported as "Laubmannite" showed to consist of an intimate mixture of finely fibrous dufrenite and kidwellite which give an x-ray diffractometer pattern easily confused with laubmannite (Barwood & Hajek 1978)
Reference: Barwood, H. (1974) Iron phosphate mineral locality at Indian Mountain, Alabama. Mineralogical Record, 5, 241-244; Museum Victoria Registration Number: M 33568; Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Natrodufrénite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Henry Barwood
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Description: Dark brown to black radially fibous hemispheres found on the dumps are weathered mixtures of rockbridgeite and goethite (Barwood & Hajek 1979)
Reference: Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
Tinticite
Formula: Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Reference: Henry Barwood - confirmed by Tony Kampf using single crystal X-ray diffraction
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beraunite ?8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Natrodufrénite8.DK.15NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Tinticite8.DC.32Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Natrodufrénite42.9.1.3NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite ?42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Tinticite42.12.4.1Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
OOxygen
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Na NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
CuCopper
Cu Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x ~ 0.1.
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hurst (1957d).
Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurrences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391.
Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 361.
Rocks & Minerals (1989): 64: 203.
Gordon & Hollabaugh (1989).

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