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Enfield Mine (Jerritt Canyon gold mine; Bell mine; Marlboro Canyon; Allchem; Generator Hill pits), Independence Mountains Mining District, Elko Co., Nevada, USAi
Regional Level Types
Enfield Mine (Jerritt Canyon gold mine; Bell mine; Marlboro Canyon; Allchem; Generator Hill pits)Mine
Independence Mountains Mining DistrictMining District
Elko Co.County
NevadaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 24' 31'' North , 115° 59' 42'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Structure: breccia zone, faults, fractures

Alteration: silicification, oxidation of sulphides, bleaching, argillization, decalcification

Commodity: Commodity Info: Ore contains very low to essentially no Ag, is high in Sb, As, Hg, and some samples have Tl. Ore is carbonaceous and contains some barite. Ore Materials: gold Gangue Materials: calcite, quartz, pyrite, oxidation products, limonite, clays, stibnite, barite, realgar, orpiment

Deposit: Fracture zone contains crystals, pods, & veinlets in brecciated footwall limestone. Ore also occurs along bedding planes usually within ten feet of the fracture zone.

Deposit type: Sediment-hosted Au

Development: Historic Sb development consisted of a 29 ft. shaft, 80ft of underground workings, and an open pit. 20 tons of antimony was produced in1918, 12 1/2 tons in 1945. The Sb mine was owned by D. Williams and D. Andrae in 1957. In the mid-1970's, FMC showed an initial interest in the area due to the occurrence of the antimony deposits as described by Lawrence in his Antimony bulletin. When gold was discovered by sampling surface exposures and drilling, FMC asked Freeport Gold Co. (later Independence Mining Co. and still later, Anglo Gold) to joint venture with them. Construction of the mine began in 1980, at a cost of about 105 million dollars. In 1983, the mine and mill together employed about 272 persons. The claim block includes 374 sections along the crest of the Independence Range where additional exploratory drilling was ongoing by 5 rigs in 1982. Producing mine since 1981-see production comments. Eventually the Alchem, Marlboro Canyon, West Generator, and North Generator deposits merged into a single multi-lobed pit area, and when open pit working became less profitable, mining of the higher-grade deeper zones took over. Additional nearby deposits were discovered in windows through the Roberts Mountains thrust. Several of these have also been mined with ore trucked to the Jerritt Canyon mill. Currently (2000) the only remaining surface mining is ongoing from the Dash pit, with most of the deposits developed by underground workings (Murray, Deep, SSX).

Geology: Fracture zone contains crystals, pods, & veinlets in brecciated footwall limestone. Ore also occurs along bedding planes usually within ten feet of the fracture zone. calcite, quartz, pyrite, oxidation products, limonite, clays, stibnite, barite Within the Generator/ marlboro Canyon deposits, ore occurs in a fracture zone 12 to 18" wide containing single crystals, pods, & veinlets of stibnite within the brecciated footwall limestone. Ore also occurs along bedding planes usually within 10' of the fracture zone. A sample of stockpiled ore contained 17% stibnite, and .5 oz silver per ton. Upper plate rocks are exposed in several windows. Jasperoids and jasperoid breccias are abundant and important in prospecting. According to company geologists, there is no way to discern a au-bearing jasperoid from a barren one. The jasperoids above the Marlboro and Generator pits are anomalous in gold as well as Sb and Ba. Outcrops of jasperoid contain abundant barite, stibnite and calcite in pods and vugs. Rocks show open-space textures with many vugs and crosscutting veinlets of drusy quartz. The E-W trending generator jasperoids show multiple brecciation or fracturing and are cut by many quartz veinlets. Barite crystals up to 0.5 in commonly fill iron-stained quartz-encrusted vugs. The Marlboro jasperoids reportedly ran 0.1-0.04 oz/t au. They cover the entire hillside n of the Marlboro pit. Jasperoids occur over, under, adjacent to, and far from the orebodies. In the generator pit, the jasperoids are mined.

Ore(s): fracture zones, bedding planes

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Galkhaite
Formula: (Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
'K Feldspar'
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Lorándite
Formula: TlAsS2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galkhaite2.GB.20(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Lorándite2.HD.05TlAsS2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pumpellyite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Galkhaite3.4.14.1(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
ø = 2
Lorándite3.7.6.1TlAsS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pumpellyite'-
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O RutileTiO2
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S StibniteSb2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
S RealgarAs4S4
S OrpimentAs2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CinnabarHgS
S LoránditeTlAsS2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ArsenicAs
As LoránditeTlAsS2
As Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
CsCaesium
Cs Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
TlThallium
Tl LoránditeTlAsS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Garside, L. J.; Bentz, J.; Smith, P., Brooks, S., (1982), Field examination and mine tour report, 8/13/82.
Hawkins, R. B., (1982), Discovery of the Bell gold mine, Jerritt District, Elko Co., NV: Mining Congress Journal, Feb (1982), P. 28-32.
Birak, D.J., and Hawkins, R.J., (1985), The geology of the Enfield Bell Mine and Jerritt Canyon district, Elko County, Nevada, in Tooker, E.W., ed., Geologic characteristics of sediment- and volcanic-hosted disseminated gold deposits-search for an occurrence model: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1646, p. 95-105. .
Doe, T.C., Birak, D.J., and Dahl, A.R., (1990), Geology and exploration of the Burns Basin and Pattani Springs orebodies, Jerritt Canyon district, Elko County, Nevada [unpub. report]: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology mining district file #79A.
Folger, H.W., Snee, L.W., Mehnert, H.H., and Hofstra, A.H., (1996),Significance of K-Ar and 40Ar/39Ar dates from mica in Carlin-type gold deposits: Evidence from the Jerritt Canyon District, Nevada, in Coyner, A.R., and Fahey, P.L., eds., Geology and Ore Deposits of the American Cordillera: Geological Society of Nevada Symposium Proceedings, Reno-Sparks, Nevada, April 1995, p. 41-60.
Hawkins, R.B., (1984), Discovery of the Bell Mine, Jerritt Canyon district, Elko County, Nevada, in Wilkins, J., Jr., ed., Gold and silver deposits of the Basin and Range province western U.S.A.: Arizona Geological Society Digest, v. XV, p. 53-58.
Hofstra, A.H., (1994), Geology and genesis of the Carlin-type gold deposits in the Jerritt Canyon district, Nevada [Ph.D. thesis]: University of Colorado, Boulder, 719 p.
Hofstra, A.H., and Rowe, W.A., (1987), Sediment-hosted disseminated gold mineralization at Jerritt Canyon, Nevada, II--Jasperoid paragenesis and occurrence of gold: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 19, p. 704.
Hofstra, A.H., Daly, W.E., Birak, D.J., and Doe, T.C., (1991), Geologic framework and genesis of Carlin-type gold deposits in the Jerritt Canyon district, Nevada, U.S.A., in Ladeira, E.A., ed., BRAZILGOLD '91, The economics, geology, geochemistry and genesis of gold deposits: A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, p. 77-87.
Hofstra, A.H., Landis, G.P., Rye, R.O., Birak, D.J., Dahl, A.R., Daly, W.E., and Jones, M.B., (1989), Geology and origin of the Jerritt Canyon sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposits, Nevada, in Schindler, K.S., ed., U.S. Geological Survey Research on Mineral Resources-1989, Programs and Abstracts: Circular 1035, p. 30-32.
Hofstra, A.H., Leventhal, J.S., Northrop, H.R., Landis, G.P., Rye, R.O., Birak, D.J., and Dahl, A.R., (1991), Genesis of sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposits by fluid mixing and sulfidation: chemical reaction path modeling of ore depositional processes documented in the Jerritt Canyon District, Nevada: Geology, v. 19, no. 1, p. 36-40.
Hofstra, A.H., Northrop, H.R., Rye, R.O., Landis, G.P., and Birak, D.J., (1988), Origin of sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposits by fluid mixing: Evidence from jasperoids in the Jerritt Canyon gold district, Nevada, USA, in Goode, A.D.T., and Bosma, L.I., eds., Geological Society of Australia, Proceedings of Bicentennial Gold' 88: Economic Geology, Abstract Series no. 22, p. 284-289.
Northrop, H.R., Rye, R.O., Landis, G.P., Lustwerk, R., Jones, M.B., and Daly, W.E., (1987), Sediment-hosted disseminated gold mineralization at Jerritt Canyon, Nevada, V-Stable isotope geochemistry and a model of ore deposition: Geological Society of America, Annual Meeting, Abstracts with programs, v. 19, p. 791. Phinisey, J.D., 1995, Petrography, alteration, and mineralization of igneous dikes of the Jerritt Canyon District, Elko County, Nevada [M.S. thesis]: University of Nevada, Reno, 173 p.
Phinisey, J.D., Hofstra, A.H., Snee, L.W., Roberts, T.T., Dahl, A.R., and Loranger, R.J., (1996), Evidence for multiple episodes of igneous and hydrothermal activity and constraints on the timing of gold mineralization, Jerritt Canyon district, Elko County, Nevada, in Coyner, A.R., and Fahey, P.L., eds., Geology and Ore Deposits of the American Cordillera: Geological Society of Nevada Symposium Proceedings, Reno, April 1995, p. 15-39.
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USGS MRDS Record:10310527

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