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Friedensville Mine, Friedensville, Saucon Valley, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh Co., Pennsylvania, USAi
Regional Level Types
Friedensville MineMine
Friedensville- not defined -
Saucon ValleyValley
Upper Saucon TownshipTownship
Lehigh Co.County
PennsylvaniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 32' 59'' North , 75° 23' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Coopersburg2,421 (2017)4.4km
Fountain Hill4,629 (2017)5.7km
Hellertown5,824 (2017)6.0km
Emmaus11,368 (2017)8.3km
Bethlehem74,892 (2017)8.8km


A former New Jersey Zinc Co. zinc property mined principally for hemimorphite-rich ore.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania; Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
'Calamine'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 248; Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania.; Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Sauconite (TL)
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: earthy masses, clay-like
Colour: pale yellow
Fluorescence: none
Description: First described in Dana's System of Minerology 5th edition (1868, p.409) as a pale-yellow zinciferous clay discovered in the upper workings of the Uebberoth Zinc Mine by J. M. Blake. (MSP Newsletter, May 1963, p. 5, PM7) analyzed in 1875 by Prof. W. T. Roepper of Lehigh University. Found in large quantity durring mining operations close to the surface, tonnage of the material was shipped to the Oxide furnaces for recovery of it's zinc content (20-30 percent of Zinc Oxide). ref: B. L. Miller, Lehigh Co., PA; Geol. Surv. Bill. C39, 1941, p. 340)
Reference: Arthur Montgomery; The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1922-1965, pg. 52 ; pub#9 Acadamy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA; Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 180.; Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Sauconite (TL)9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Calamine'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite (TL)71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Calamine'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GreenockiteCdS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S PyriteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 180, 248.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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