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McKinney Mine (Power Mill Creek Mine), Spruce Pine, Spruce Pine Mining District, Mitchell Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
McKinney Mine (Power Mill Creek Mine)Mine
Spruce Pine- not defined -
Spruce Pine Mining DistrictMining District
Mitchell Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 55' North , 82° 4' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Spruce Pine2,134 (2017)0.2km
Bakersville452 (2017)13.8km
Crossnore192 (2017)17.0km
Burnsville1,660 (2017)21.1km
Newland686 (2017)22.7km


A feldspar mine in pegmatite located at Little Switzerland near Spruce Pine (1.6 miles South of the Old 20 mine).

Deposit:: FOR ATTACHMENT SEE 37-011-00122. (MRDS fragment - ?)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


36 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Clarence S.Ross,May 1937,Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina,America Mineralogist,Vol.22,No.5
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Lesure, Frank G.,(1968) Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina:USGS Professional Paper 577
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Lumpkin,Gregory R.,and Ribbe,Paul H.,(1979)Chemistry and Physical Properties of Axinite:American Mineralogist Vol.64,p.635-645
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Hoda,Syed N.and Hood,William C.,(1972) Laboratory Alteration of Trioctahedral Micas;Clays and Clay Minerals,Vol.20,(343-358)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Clarence S.Ross,May 1937,Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina,America Mineralogist,Vol.22,No.5
Clarkeite
Formula: (Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: EDS and XRD analysis of specimen in collection of Fred E Davis, collected by Ed McFarland in 1958.University of Delaware Mineralogical Museum specimen (Excalibur Mineral Corporation)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.135124-00
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Eckelmann,W.R.,and Kulp,J.L.,(1957) Uranium-lead method of age determination,Part II:North American Localities:Geological Society of America Bulletin,v.68,p.1117-1140
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Eckelmann,W.R.,and Kulp,J.L.,(1957) Uranium-lead method of age determination,Part II:North American Localities:Geological Society of America Bulletin,v.68,p.1117-1140
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephan and Fleisher,Chris (2008) A Note On Uranium Minerals From The Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina : Carolina Geological Society,2008,Annual Meeting,Spruce Pine Mining District
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Clarence S.Ross,May 1937,Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina,America Mineralogist,Vol.22,No.5
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Description: Garnets are Almandine - Spessertine with Grossular rims.
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Colour: yellow
Fluorescence: Pale yellow under longwave light
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/mind-j.htm
'Gummite'
Reference: Ross,Clarence S.,(1937) Sphalerite from a Pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina:The American Mineralogist,May,1937
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ross,Clarence S.,(1937) Sphalerite from a Pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina:The American Mineralogist,May,1937
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ross,Clarence S.,(1937) Sphalerite from a Pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina:The American Mineralogist,May,1937
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephen and Fleisher,Chris (2008) A Note On Uranium Minerals From The Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina: Carolina Geological Society,2008,Annual Meeting,Spruce Pine Mining District
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephen and Fleisher,Chris (2008) A Note On Uranium Minerals From The Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina: Carolina Geological Society,2008,Annual Meeting,Spruce Pine Mining District
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ross,Clarence S.,(1937) Sphalerite from a Pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina:The American Mineralogist,May,1937
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ross,Clarence S.,(1937) Sphalerite from a Pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina:The American Mineralogist,May,1937
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+) ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: www.tulane.edu/~sanelson/geol212/regional metamorph.htm
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Clarence S.Ross,May 1937,Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina,America Mineralogist,Vol.22,No.5
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 11:57-58.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 11:57-58.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Clarence S.Ross,May 1937,Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina,America Mineralogist,Vol.22,No.5
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Colour: Brownish - Black
Fluorescence: None
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'
Formula: Pb-U-O-H
Reference: Frondel, C. (1956): Mineral composition of gummite. American Mineralogist: 41: 539-568.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com ;Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.171372-00
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.171375-00
Vandendriesscheite
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Reference: Clifford Frondel,July-August,1956,The American Mineralogist,Mineral Composition of Gummite, pg # 559
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Clarkeite4.GC.05(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vandendriesscheite4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+) ?9.BG.20Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var: Thulite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pumpellyite'-
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'-Pb-U-O-H

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX2O7·xH2O
Clarkeite5.4.1.1(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
AX7O22·xH2O
Vandendriesscheite5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+) ?58.2.2.6Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pumpellyite'-
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'-Pb-U-O-H
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite
var: Thulite
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S GreenockiteCdS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MnManganese
Mn Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
CuCopper
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals (1936): 11: 57-58.
Ross, Clarence S. (1937), Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine, North Carolina, America Mineralogist: 22(5)(May).
Rocks & Minerals (1941): 16: 290.
Olson, J. C. (1944), North Ccarolina Department of Conservation & Development Bulletin 43: Pl. 2.
Frondel, Clifford (1956), Mineral Composition of Gummite, The American Mineralogist: 31(July-August): 559.
Lesure, F. G. (1968), Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina: USGS PROFESSIONAL PAPER 577: 12.
Hoda, Syed N. and Hood, William C. (1972), Laboratory Alteration of Trioctahedral Micas;Clays and Clay Minerals: 20: 343-358.
Wilson, W. F. and McKenzie, B. J. (1978), Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina, Information Circular 24.
Lumpkin, Gregory R. and Ribbe, Paul H. (1979), Chemistry and Physical Properties of Axinite: American Mineralogist: 64: 635-645.
Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60: 92.
Wood, K.Y. and Abbott, R.N. (1996), Pumpellyite and Clinozoisite from the McKinney Mine Spruce Pine District North Carolina, Mineralogical Record: 27(4): 289-290.
Warner, Richard, Poterala, Stephan and Fleisher, Chris (2008), A Note On Uranium Minerals From The Spruce Pine Area, North Carolina: Carolina Geological Society, 2008, Annual Meeting, Spruce Pine Mining District.

External Links

www.tulane.edu/~sanelson/geol212/regional metamorph.htm

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