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La Escondida Mine, Escondida, El Loa Province, Antofagasta, Chilei
Regional Level Types
La Escondida MineMine
Escondida- not defined -
El Loa ProvinceProvince
AntofagastaRegion
ChileCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina La Escondida


Recently replaced Chuquicamata as the largest copper mine in the world. 170 km SE of Antofagasta.

A 'super giant' copper deposit.
NOTE: Lecontite, salammonic and blödite sold as coming from "A small pond approximately 2.7 km from the workings" at the "Coronel Manuel Rodriguez Mine" are actually anthropogenic compounds from a tailings pond at the Escondida mine, see https://www.mindat.org/mesg-105-464001.html

The location page for the tailings pond is: https://www.mindat.org/loc-311511.html



Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

53 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 307-324; Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.; Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 307-324
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Fischesserite
Formula: Ag3AuSe2
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 307-324
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.; Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 307-324; Econ Geol (1985) 80:1227-1258; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 307-324
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Alpers, C. N., & Brimhall, G. H. (1988). Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 307-324
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Gibbons, Jack. (2018) "Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution of the pampa escondida porphyry copper deposit northern, chile." PhD diss., The University of Arizona, 2018.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Wad'
Reference: Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Fischesserite2.BA.75Ag3AuSe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Fischesserite2.4.3.2Ag3AuSe2
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O RutileTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S AniliteCu7S4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S DigeniteCu9S5
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
SeSelenium
Se FischesseriteAg3AuSe2
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag FischesseriteAg3AuSe2
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
TeTellurium
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au FischesseriteAg3AuSe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chili Komitee Nederland and Onderzoeksgroep Multinationale Ondernemingen Latijns-Amerika (MOL) (1983) Het koper van Chili. Amsterdam, 55 pp. (in Dutch) (p. 25).
Brimhall, George H., Alpers, Charles N., and Cunningham, Aric B. (1985) Analysis of supergene ore-forming processes and ground-water solute transport using mass balance principles. Economic Geology, 80(5), 1227-1256.
Alpers, C.N. and Brimhall, G.H. (1988) Middle Miocene climatic change in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Evidence from supergene mineralization at La Escondida. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100(10), 1640-1656.
Ortiz, F.J. (1991) Discovery of the Escondida copper-containing porphyry deposit, Region II, Chile. Minerales, 46, 5-18 (in Spanish).
Padilla Garza, Ruben A., Titley, Spencer R., and Pimentel B., Francisco (2001) Geology of the Escondida Porphyry Copper Deposit, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Economic Geology, 96(2), 307-324.
Cooke, David R., Hollings, Peter, and Walshe, John L. (2005) Giant Porphyry Deposits: Characteristics, Distribution, and Tectonic Controls. Economic Geology, 100(5), 801-818.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Fischer, W. (2011) Eine Mineralienreise durch Chile & Argentinien. Mineralien-Welt, 22(2) 38-48 (in German).

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escondida_mine

External Links


Localities in this Region


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