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Stillwater Complex, Montana, USAi
Regional Level Types
Stillwater ComplexComplex
MontanaState
USACountry

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Key
03057740015504271382382.jpg
"Trainload of chrome ore emerging from a mine tunnel", 1942

Benbow Mine, Stillwater Co., Montana, USA
06752700015504271373736.jpg
"Trainload of chrome ore emerging from a mine tunnel", 1942

Benbow Mine, Stillwater Co., Montana, USA
Locality type:
Other Languages:
German:
Stillwater-Komplex, Montana, Vereinigte Staaten
Simplified Chinese:
斯蒂爾沃特綜合體, 蒙大拿州, 美国
Ukrainian:
Стіллвотер, Монтана, Сполучені Штати Америки


An igneous complex rich in Chromium and Platinum-group metals.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

107 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rifai, K.; Özcan, L.-Ç.; Doucet, F.R.; Rhoderick, K.; Vidal, F. (2020) Ultrafast Elemental Mapping of Platinum Group Elements and Mineral Identification in Platinum-Palladium Ore Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Minerals 10, 207.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist; August 2006; v. 44; no. 4; p. 895-903; USGS Bull 1674A
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: McCallum,I.S (1996) The Stillwater Complex: A Review of the Geology: University of Washington,Seattle,WA,U.S.A.,98195 :Developments in Geology 1996 pg.7
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Rifai, K.; Özcan, L.-Ç.; Doucet, F.R.; Rhoderick, K.; Vidal, F. (2020) Ultrafast Elemental Mapping of Platinum Group Elements and Mineral Identification in Platinum-Palladium Ore Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Minerals 10, 207.
Anorthite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Rifai, K.; Özcan, L.-Ç.; Doucet, F.R.; Rhoderick, K.; Vidal, F. (2020) Ultrafast Elemental Mapping of Platinum Group Elements and Mineral Identification in Platinum-Palladium Ore Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Minerals 10, 207.
Anorthite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: McCallum,I.S (1996) The Stillwater Complex: A Review of the Geology: University of Washington,Seattle,WA,U.S.A.,98195 :Developments in Geology 1996
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 999
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
'Apophyllite'
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Reference: www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Atokite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3Sn
Reference: www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1953-1975
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Description: Irregular silver blebs or elongate grains seldom larger than 4mm, rarely exhibits crystal faces. Commonly adjacent or interstitial to silicate grains. Associated with pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist; August 2006; v. 44; no. 4; p. 895-903; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp. 589-594 (1979); Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
'Chabazite'
Reference: Rick Dalrymple Collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1953-1975
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Bart Cannon (cannonmicroprobe) analysis # FP 17, with ore microscopy, 30-12-1995.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985)
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 999
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Enstatite var:
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Bart Cannon analysis, Cannon Microprobe, #FP 51, January 11, 1995.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 1038
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985); Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe, Seattle) analysis # MA121,695-2.
Gold var:
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm; Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe, Seattle) analysis # MA121,695-2.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Hercynite var:
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
'Heulandite'
Reference: No reference listed
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Isoferroplatinum (TL)
Formula: Pt3Fe
Reference: CABRI, L.J. & FEATHER, C.E. (1975): Platinum-iron alloys: a nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. Canadian Mineralogist 13, 117-126. CABRI, L.J., HARRIS, D.C. & WEISER, T.W. (1996): Mineralogy and distribution of platinum-group mineral (PGM) placer deposits of the world. Exploration and Mining Geology 5, 73-167.
Keithconnite (TL)
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Kojonenite (TL)
Formula: Pd7-xSnTe2 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.8)
Type Locality:
Reference: Stanley, C.J. and Vymazalová, A. (2014) Kojonenite, IMA 2013-132. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 552; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe, Seattle) analysis # FP52, January 1995.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1186
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Andersen, A. K., Zientek, M. L. and Parks, H. L.(2018) Base-metal and PGE Distribution in the Iron Mountain Area of the Stillwater Complex, Montana. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6
Menshikovite
Formula: Pd3Ni2As3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine; October 2000; v. 64; no. 5; p. 847-851
Merenskyite
Formula: PdTe2
Reference: Andersen, A. K., Zientek, M. L. and Parks, H. L.(2018) Base-metal and PGE Distribution in the Iron Mountain Area of the Stillwater Complex, Montana. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 694
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe, Seattle) analysis # FP52, January 1995.
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
Muscovite var:
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Palarstanide
Formula: Pd5(Sn,As)2
Reference: www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Palladobismutharsenide (TL)
Formula: Pd2(As,Bi)
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bull 1674A
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
Platarsite
Formula: PtAsS
Reference: Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe) analysis # MR 5-
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1974) 12, 399-403; Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Plumbopalladinite
Formula: Pd3Pb2
Reference: www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Potarite
Formula: PdHg
Reference: www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rhodium (TL)
Formula: (Rh,Pt)
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Rustenburgite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: McCallum,I.S (1996) The Stillwater Complex: A Review of the Geology: University of Washington,Seattle,WA,U.S.A.,98195 :Developments in Geology 1996 pg.7
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Stannopalladinite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Reference: Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe) analysis # MR 5-4.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 999
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1953-1975
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Stillwaterite (TL)
Formula: Pd8As3
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1674E
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Tarkianite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Reference: Kojonen, K.K., Roberts, A.C., Isomäki, O.-P., Knauf, V.V., Johanson, Bo, Pakkanen, L. (2004): Tarkianite, (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8, a new mineral species from the Hitura mine, Nivala, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 539-544
Telargpalite
Formula: (Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/mins-z.htm
Telluropalladinite (TL)
Formula: Pd9Te4
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Temagamite
Formula: Pd3HgTe3
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II, Ph. D., P.G.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985)
'UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd' (FRL)
Formula: ~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
Type Locality:
Reference: Cabri, L.J. (1981): Unnamed platinum-group minerals. In Platinum-Group Elements: Mineralogy, Geology, Recovery (L. J. Cabri, ed.), CIM Spec. Vol.: 23: 175-195; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 409
'UM1981-31-Te:Pd' (FRL)
Formula: Pd8Te3
Type Locality:
Reference: Cabri, L.J. (1981): Unnamed platinum-group minerals. In Platinum-Group Elements: Mineralogy, Geology, Recovery (L. J. Cabri, ed.), CIM Spec. Vol.: 23: 175-195; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 410
'UM1986-51-S:Re' (FRL)
Formula: Re2S3
Type Locality:
Reference: Volborth, A., Tarkian, M., Stumpfl, E.F., Housley, R.H. (1986): A survey of the Pd-Pt mineralization along the 35-km strike of the J-M reef, Stillwater Complex, Montana. Canadian Mineralogist: 24: 329-346
'Unnamed (Pd-Cu-As phase)' (FRL)
Formula: Pd-Cu-As
Type Locality:
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Stewart, J.M., Rowland. J.F., Chen. T.T. (1075): New data on some palladium arsenides and antimonides. Can. Mineral.: 13: 321-335; in: Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Mandarino, J.A., Chao, G.Y. (1977): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 62: 1061
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Bart Cannon analysis, Cannon Microprobe, #FP 40, January 8, 1995.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2038
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: McCallum,I.S (1996) The Stillwater Complex: A Review of the Geology: University of Washington,Seattle,WA,U.S.A.,98195 :Developments in Geology 1996
Zvyagintsevite
Formula: Pd3Pb
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II, Ph. D., P.G.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Atokite1.AG.10(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Isoferroplatinum (TL)1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Plumbopalladinite1.AG.25Pd3Pb2
Potarite1.AD.25PdHg
Rhodium (TL)1.AF.10(Rh,Pt)
Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stannopalladinite1.AG.25(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Zvyagintsevite1.AG.10Pd3Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopalladinite2.AC.10cPd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Keithconnite (TL)2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Menshikovite2.AC.20cPd3Ni2As3
Merenskyite2.EA.20PdTe2
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Mooihoekite2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Palarstanide2.AC.20bPd5(Sn,As)2
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Palladobismutharsenide (TL)2.AC.25fPd2(As,Bi)
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Platarsite2.EB.25PtAsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stillwaterite (TL)2.AC.10aPd8As3
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tarkianite2.DB.30(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Telargpalite2.BC.45(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Telluropalladinite (TL)2.BC.30Pd9Te4
Temagamite2.BC.50Pd3HgTe3
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
Kojonenite (TL)-Pd7-xSnTe2 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.8)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd' (TL)-~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
'UM1981-31-Te:Pd' (TL)-Pd8Te3
'UM1986-51-S:Re' (TL)-Re2S3
'Unnamed (Pd-Cu-As phase)' (TL)-Pd-Cu-As

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Atokite1.2.5.3(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Isoferroplatinum (TL)1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Palladium1.2.1.4(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Plumbopalladinite1.2.11.1Pd3Pb2
Potarite1.2.4.4PdHg
Rhodium (TL)1.2.1.3(Rh,Pt)
Rustenburgite1.2.5.2(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Stannopalladinite1.2.9.1(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Zvyagintsevite1.2.5.4Pd3Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Telargpalite2.1.3.1(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Keithconnite (TL)2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Palarstanide2.3.3.2Pd5(Sn,As)2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Palladoarsenide2.4.14.1Pd2As
Palladobismutharsenide (TL)2.4.15.1Pd2(As,Bi)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Temagamite2.6.5.1Pd3HgTe3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Mooihoekite2.9.8.3Cu9Fe9S16
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4PdTe2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Platarsite2.12.3.6PtAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Arsenopalladinite2.16.5.1Pd8(As,Sb)3
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Stillwaterite (TL)2.16.4.1Pd8As3
Telluropalladinite (TL)2.16.6.1Pd9Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Gold
var: Palladian Gold
-(Au,Pd)
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
Kojonenite (TL)-Pd7-xSnTe2 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.8)
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)
Menshikovite-Pd3Ni2As3
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Tarkianite-(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
'UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd' (FRL)-~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
'UM1981-31-Te:Pd' (FRL)-Pd8Te3
'UM1986-51-S:Re' (FRL)-Re2S3
'Unnamed (Pd-Cu-As phase)' (FRL)-Pd-Cu-As

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O CupriteCu2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S UM1986-51-S:ReRe2S3
S Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S LauriteRuS2
S PyriteFeS2
S CooperitePtS
S Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S PlatarsitePtAsS
S MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe TulameenitePt2CuFe
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Ni MenshikovitePd3Ni2As3
CuCopper
Cu Unnamed (Pd-Cu-As phase)Pd-Cu-As
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu TulameenitePt2CuFe
Cu Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Cu MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
As StillwateritePd8As3
As Unnamed (Pd-Cu-As phase)Pd-Cu-As
As UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
As ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
As PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
As PlatarsitePtAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
As Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
As NickelineNiAs
As PalladoarsenidePd2As
As SperrylitePtAs2
As MenshikovitePd3Ni2As3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RuRuthenium
Ru LauriteRuS2
RhRhodium
Rh Rhodium(Rh,Pt)
Rh Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd KojonenitePd7-xSnTe2 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.8)
Pd KeithconnitePd20Te7
Pd PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
Pd StillwateritePd8As3
Pd TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
Pd Unnamed (Pd-Cu-As phase)Pd-Cu-As
Pd UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
Pd UM1981-31-Te:PdPd8Te3
Pd Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Pd ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
Pd Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)
Pd ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
Pd Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Pd PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
Pd Gold (var: Palladian Gold)(Au,Pd)
Pd PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
Pd PotaritePdHg
Pd Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Pd Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Pd Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd Palladium(Pd,Pt)
Pd PalladoarsenidePd2As
Pd Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Pd TemagamitePd3HgTe3
Pd MerenskyitePdTe2
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd MenshikovitePd3Ni2As3
AgSilver
Ag Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn KojonenitePd7-xSnTe2 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.8)
Sn Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Sn PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
Sn Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Sn Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
SbAntimony
Sb ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
Sb Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te KojonenitePd7-xSnTe2 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.8)
Te KeithconnitePd20Te7
Te TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
Te UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
Te UM1981-31-Te:PdPd8Te3
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)
Te Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
Te TemagamitePd3HgTe3
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te MerenskyitePdTe2
ReRhenium
Re UM1986-51-S:ReRe2S3
Re Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
OsOsmium
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
PtPlatinum
Pt IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Pt UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
Pt Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Pt TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Pt CooperitePtS
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pt TulameenitePt2CuFe
Pt PlatarsitePtAsS
Pt Palladium(Pd,Pt)
Pt Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt PlatinumPt
AuGold
Au Gold (var: Palladian Gold)(Au,Pd)
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
HgMercury
Hg PotaritePdHg
Hg TemagamitePd3HgTe3
PbLead
Pb UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
Pb ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
Pb PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
Bi UM1981-02-Bi:AsPbPd~(Pd,Pb,Pt)3(Bi,As,Te)
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)
Bi Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoarchean : 2701 ± 8 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Archean
  Neoarchean
ⓘ Gabbro2701 ± 8 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cabri, L.J. and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1974), Rhodium, platinum, and gold alloys from the Stillwater Complex. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 399-403.
Cabri, L. J. & Feather, C. E. (1975): Platinum-iron alloys: a nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 117-126.
Cabri, L.J., Clark, A.M., and Chen, T.T. (1977) Arsenopalladinite from Itabira, Brazil, and from the Stillwater Complex, Montana. Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 70-73.
Cabri, L.J., Rowland, J.F., Laflamme, J.H.G., and Stewart, J.M. (1979), Keithconnite, telluropalladinite and other palladium-platinum tellurides from the Stillwater Complex, Montana. Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 589-594.
DePaolo and Wasserburg (1979) Sm-Nd age of the Stillwater complex and the mantle evolution curve for neodymium. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 43(7) (July 1979): 999-1008.
Cabri, L.J. (1981): Unnamed platinum-group minerals. In Platinum-Group Elements: Mineralogy, Geology, Recovery (L. J. Cabri, ed.), CIM Spec. Vol.: 23: 175-195; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 409
Canadian Mineralogist (1986): 24: 329-346.
Talkington and Lipin (1986), Economic Geology: 81.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990), Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume 1.
Cabri, L. J., Harris, D. C. & Weiser, T. W. (1996), Mineralogy and distribution of platinum-group mineral (PGM) placer deposits of the world. Exploration and Mining Geology: 5: 73-167.
Kojonen, K. K., Roberts, A. C., Isomäki, O. -P., Knauf, V. V., Johanson, Bo, Pakkanen, L. (2004): Tarkianite, (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8, a new mineral species from the Hitura mine, Nivala, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 539-544.
Canadian Mineralogist (2006): 44(4) (August 2006): 895-903.
USGS Bulletin 1674A.
USGS Bulletin 1674D.
USGS Professional Paper 1038.
USGS Professional Paper 694.
USGS Professional Paper 999.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stillwater_igneous_complex
Wikidata ID:Q7617317

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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