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Antarcticai
Regional Level Types
AntarcticaContinent

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Key
Area:
14,000,000 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
McMurdo Station1,258 (2012)
Other Languages:
French:
Antarctique
German:
Antarktika
Italian:
Antartide
Russian:
Антарктида
Simplified Chinese:
南极洲
Spanish:
Antártida
Achinese:
Antartika
Afrikaans:
Antarktika
Albanian:
Antarktiku
Alemannic:
Antarktika
Amharic:
አንታርክቲካ
Anglo-Saxon:
Antarctica
Arabic:
القارة القطبية الجنوبية
Aragonese:
Antarctida
Aramaic:
ܐܢܛܐܪܩܛܝܩܐ
Armenian:
Անտարկտիդա
Aromanian:
Antarctica
Assamese:
এন্টাৰ্কটিকা
Asturian:
Antártida
Azeri:
Antarktida
Bashkir:
Антарктика
Basque:
Antartika
Bavarian:
Antarktika
Belarusian:
Антарктыда
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Антарктыда
Bengali:
অ্যান্টার্কটিকা
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
এন্টার্কটিকা
Bislama:
Antarktik
Bosnian:
Antarktik
Breton:
Antarktika
Bulgarian:
Антарктида
Burmese:
အန္တာတိက
Catalan:
Antàrtida
Cebuano:
Antarctica
Central Bikol:
Antartika
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
ئانتارکتیکا
Chechen:
Антарктида
Cherokee:
ᏧᏁᏍᏓᎸ
Church Slavic:
Антарктїка
Chuvash:
Антарктида
Classical Chinese:
南極洲
Cornish:
Antarktika
Corsican:
Antartide
Crimean Tatar (Latin):
Antarktida
Croatian:
Antarktika
Czech:
Antarktida
Danish:
Antarktis
Doteli:
अन्टार्क्टिका
Dutch:
Antarctica
Dzongkha:
ཨེན་ཊཱག་ཊི་ཀ་
Egyptian Arabic:
انتاركتيكا
Esperanto:
Antarkto
Estonian:
Antarktis
Extremaduran:
Antáltia
Faroese:
Antarktis
Farsi/Persian:
جنوبگان
Fiji Hindi:
Antarctica
Finnish:
Etelämanner
Franco-Provençal:
Antartica
Friulian:
Antartic
Galician:
Antártida
Gan:
南極洲
Georgian:
ანტარქტიდა
Gilaki:
نسا توک
Greek:
Ανταρκτική
Greenlandic:
Qalasersuaq Kujalleq
Guarani:
Antártida
Gujarati:
ઍન્ટાર્કટિકા
Haitian:
Antatik
Hakka:
Nàm-khi̍t-chû
Hawaiian:
ʻAneʻālika
Hebrew:
אנטארקטיקה
Hindi:
अंटार्कटिका
Hungarian:
Antarktika
Icelandic:
Suðurskautslandið
Ido:
Antarktika
Igbo:
Antarctica
Iloko:
Antartika
Indonesian:
Antartika
Ingush:
Антарктида
Interlingua:
Antarctica
Interlingue:
Antarctic
Irish Gaelic:
Antartach
Jamaican Patois:
Antaatika
Japanese:
南極大陸
Javanese:
Antartika
Judaeo-Spanish:
Antartika
Kabiye:
Antarɩtiki tɛtʋ wandamm
Kabyle:
Tantarktit
Kalmyk:
Антарктик
Kannada:
ಅಂಟಾರ್ಕ್ಟಿಕ
Kapampangan:
Antartika
Karachay-Balkar:
Антарктида
Karakalpak:
Antarktika
Kashubian:
Antarktida
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Антарктида
Khmer:
អង់តាកទិក
Kinyarwanda:
Antarigitika
Komi-Permyak:
Антарктида
Konkani:
अंटार्क्टिका
Korean:
남극
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Antarktîka
Kyrgyz:
Антарктида
Lao:
ທະວີບອັງຕາກຕິກ
Latin:
Antarctica
Latvian:
Antarktīda
Lezghian:
Антарктида
Ligurian:
Antartigo
Limburgian:
Antarctica
Lingua Franca Nova:
Antartica
Lithuanian:
Antarktida
Livvi-Karelian:
Antarktidu
Lojban:
ziptu'a
Lombard:
Antartid
Low Saxon/Low German:
Antarktis
Lower Sorbian:
Antarktika
Luxembourgish:
Antarktis
Macedonian:
Антарктик
Maithili:
अंटार्कटिका
Malagasy:
Antartika
Malay:
Antartika
Malayalam:
അന്റാർട്ടിക്ക
Manx:
Yn Antarctagh
Maori:
Tiri o te Moana
Marathi:
अंटार्क्टिका
Mazanderani:
جنوبگان
Meadow Mari:
Антарктида
Min Dong Chinese:
Nàng-gĭk-ciŭ
Mingrelian:
ანტარქტიდა
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Lâm-ke̍k Tāi-lio̍k
Mirandese:
Antártica
Mongolian:
Антарктид
Nahuatl:
Antartida
Narom:
Antarctique
Navajo:
Shádiʼááhjí kéyah yistinígíí
Neapolitan:
Antartide
Nepali:
अन्टार्क्टिका
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
एन्टार्टिका
Norfolk:
Antartica
Northern Frisian:
Antarktikaa
Northern Sami:
Antárktis
Northern Sotho:
Antarctica
Norwegian:
Antarktika
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Antarktis
Novial:
Antarktika
Occitan:
Antartida
Odia:
ଆଣ୍ଟର୍କଟିକା
Ossetian:
Антарктидæ
Papiamento:
Antartica
Pashto:
انټارکټيکا
Picard:
Intarktike
Piedmontese:
Antàrtide
Polish:
Antarktyda
Pontic Greek:
Ανταρκτικήν
Portuguese:
Antártida
Punjabi:
ਅੰਟਾਰਕਟਿਕਾ
Quechua:
Antartika
Ripuarian:
Süüdpool
Romanian:
Antarctida
Russia Buriat:
Антарктика
Rusyn:
Антарктіда
Samoan:
Anetatika
Samogitian:
Antarktėda
Sanskrit:
अण्टार्क्टिका
Sardinian:
Antàrticu
Saterland Frisian:
Antarktikoa
Scots:
Antarcticae
Scottish Gaelic:
Antargtaga
Serbian:
Антарктик
Serbo-Croatian:
Antarktik
Shona:
Antarctica
Sicilian:
Antàrtidi
Silesian:
Antarktyda
Sindhi:
انٽارڪٽيڪا
Sinhalese:
ඇන්ටාක්ටිකාව
Slovak:
Antarktída
Slovenian:
Antarktika
Somali:
Antiarktis
South Azerbaijani:
آنتارکتیکا
Sundanese:
Antartika
Swahili:
Antaktiki
Swedish:
Antarktis
Tagalog:
Antartiko
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Антарктида
Tamil:
அந்தாட்டிக்கா
Tarantino:
Antartide
Tatar:
Антарктида
Telugu:
అంటార్కిటికా
Tetum:
Antártida
Thai:
ทวีปแอนตาร์กติกา
Tibetan (Standard):
ལྷོ་མཐའི་གླིང་།
Tongan:
ʻAnetātika
Traditional Chinese:
南極洲
Tsonga:
Antakthika
Tulu:
ಅಂಟಾರ್ಕ್ಟಿಕ
Turkish:
Antarktika
Turkmen:
Antarktika
Ukrainian:
Антарктида
Upper Sorbian:
Antarktika
Urdu:
انٹارکٹکا
Uyghur:
ئانتاركتىدا
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Antarktida
Venetian:
Antartide
Veps:
Antarktid
Vietnamese:
Châu Nam Cực
Volapük:
Lantarkop
Võro:
Antarktis
Walloon:
Antartike
Waray:
Antartika
Welsh:
Yr Antarctig
West Flemish:
Antarctica
West Frisian:
Antarktika
Western Punjabi:
انٹارکٹکا
Wolof:
Goxub Dottub Bëj-saalum
Wu Chinese:
南極洲
Yakut:
Антарктика
Yiddish:
אנטארקטיקע
Yoruba:
Antárktìkà
Zazaki:
Antarktika
Zeelandic:
Antartica
Zhuang:
Namzgigcouh
Zulu:
I-Antatika


A continent that is essentially covered by ice with scattered rock outcrops and mountain exposures.

Because of the contrast, loose rocks on the ice are carefully examined as they may be meteorites.

Antarctica is well known for its numerous meteorite localities.

Stewart (1951) noted that "167 mineral species, subspecies, and varieties, as well as those of questionable occurrence, have been reported from Antarctica" and he provided a list and bibliography.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

369 valid minerals. 18 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

'Adakite'

'Adamellite'

Agglomerate

'Aillikite'

Alkali basalt

Amphibolite

Andesite

Angrite meteorite

'Anomalous CV3 chondrite meteorite'

'Anomalous E3 chondrite meteorite'

'Anomalous ureilite meteorite'

Anorthosite

Anorthositic Lunar meteorite

'Aplite'

Arenite

Aubrite meteorite

Basalt

Basaltic Lunar meteorite

Basaltic and anorthositic Lunar meteorite

Basaltic-andesite

Basanite

Benmoreite

Blueschist

Brachinite meteorite

Breccia

C2 chondrite meteorite

C4 chondrite meteorite

C6 chondrite meteorite

CH3 chondrite meteorite

CI1 chondrite meteorite

CK5 chondrite meteorite

CK6 chondrite meteorite

CM1 chondrite meteorite

'CM1-2 chondrite meteorite'

CO3 chondrite meteorite

'CO3.0 chondrite meteorite'

'CO3.2 chondrite meteorite'

'CO3.6 chondrite meteorite'

CR1 chondrite meteorite

Camptonite

Clinopyroxenite

Coal

Comenditic rhyolite

Conglomerate

Dacite

Diogenite meteorite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

EH chondrite meteorite

EH3 chondrite meteorite

EH5 chondrite meteorite

'EH7 chondrite meteorite'

EL3 chondrite meteorite

EL6 chondrite meteorite

Eclogite

'Essexite'

'Eucrite polymict breccia meteorite'

'Ferrodiorite'

'Foyaite'

Gabbro

'Gabbrodiorite'

Gabbroic Lunar meteorite

Gabbronorite

Glassy igneous rock

Gneiss

Granite

'Granitic gneiss'

Granodiorite

Granulite

'Greywacke'

'H3.3 chondrite meteorite'

'H3.4 chondrite meteorite'

'H3.5 chondrite meteorite'

H4 chondrite meteorite

'H4/5 chondrite meteorite'

H5 chondrite meteorite

H6 chondrite meteorite

Harzburgite

Hawaiite

Hornblendite

IAB complex iron meteorite

IAB-MG iron meteorite

'Ignimbritic tuff'

Ijolite

'Impact melted EH chondrite meteorite'

K chondrite meteorite

K3 chondrite meteorite

L chondrite meteorite

L3 chondrite meteorite

'L3.0 chondrite meteorite'

'L3.1 chondrite meteorite'

'L3.2 chondrite meteorite'

'L3.3 chondrite meteorite'

'L3.4 chondrite meteorite'

'L3.6 chondrite meteorite'

L4 chondrite meteorite

L5 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

'LL3.3 chondrite meteorite'

'LL3.7 chondrite meteorite'

LL6 chondrite meteorite

Lamproite

Lamprophyre

'Lamprophyric-pyroxene-calcite-biotite olivine-melilitite'

Lapilli-tuff

Lapillistone

Leucitite

Lherzolite

Limestone

Lodranite meteorite

'Malignite'

Marble

Mesosiderite meteorite

Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite

Metachert

Metagabbro

Metamudstone

Metatonalite

'Microdiorite'

'Microgabbro'

'Microgranite'

'Microsyenite'

Migmatite

Monzonite

Mudstone

Mugearite

Nakhlite meteorite

Nepheline-syenite

Nephelinite

Norite

Obsidian

'Olivine basalt'

'Ophiolite'

'Orthopyroxene-rich Martian meteorite'

PMG pallasite meteorite

Pantelleritic rhyolite

Paragneiss

'Pegmatite'

'Peperite'

'Peralkaline alkali-feldspar-granite'

'Peralkaline microgranite'

'Peralkaline trachyte'

Phonolite

Phonolitic-tephrite

Phyllite

Picrobasalt

'Pillow lava'

'Polymict ureilite meteorite'

Potassic-trachybasalt

Pumice

Pyroxenite

'Quartz porphyry'

Quartz-diorite

Quartz-monzodiorite

Quartz-trachyte

'R3.6 chondrite meteorite'

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

Rhyolitoid

Sandstone

Sannaite

Schist

Scoria

Shale

Shergottite meteorite

Siltstone

Skarn

'Spinel lherzolite'

Syenite

Tephrite

Tephritic-phonolite

'Tholeiitic basalt'

Tonalite

Trachyandesite

Trachybasalt

Trachyte

Troctolite

Tuff

'Ungrouped iron meteorite'

Ureilite meteorite

'Vitrophyric porphyry'

Websterite

Wehrlite

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Akimotoite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 96 localities in this region.
'Alkali amphibole'
'Alkali Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Am Min 61:5-6 pp 497-499
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Topazolite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Antarcticite (TL)
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
'Aphrosiderite'
Formula: (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Arctowskite'
Formula: Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
Reference: Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol., 3,133-150(1990)
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Reference: Makoto Kimura & Ahmed El Goresy (1989). Discovery of E-Chondrite Assemblages and Silica-Bearing Objects in ALH85085:- Link Between E- and C-Chondrites (Abstract). Abstracts and Program for the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. LPI Contribution 712, p. 112.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Augite var: Ferroaugite
Augite var: Ferrohedenbergite
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Autunite ?
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Han, R. & Zolensky, M. E. (1989) Type I and II chondrules in the B7904 carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics 24 (4), 317-318. (Dec 1989); Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1992). Mineralogy and Petrology of an unusual Belgica-7904 Carbonaceous Chondrite: Genetic Relationships among the Components. Proc. NIPR Symp. Antarct. Meteorites 5: 74-119. (March 1992)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Barrerite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Reference: Liu, T., Bish, D. L., Socki, R. A., Harvey, R. P., & Tonui, E. (2015). Mineralogy and formation of evaporite deposits from the Lewis Cliff ice tongue, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 73-84.
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 44
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Biotite var: Anomite'
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Faure, G.; Felder, R.P. (1984) Lithium-bearing pegmatite and bismuth-antimony-lead-copper-bearing veinlets on Mount Madison, Byrd Glacier area. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 19(5), 13-14.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boggsite
Formula: Ca8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Reference: Galli, E., Quartieri, S., Vezzalini, G., Alberti, A. (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: The natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 687-693.; Valange, S., Gabelica, Z. (1996) Zeolieten. Pages 59-71 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Zanardi, Stefano, Cruciani, Giuseppe, Alberti, Alberto, Galli, Ermanno (2004) Dehydration and rehydration process in boggsite: An in situ X-ray single-crystal study. American Mineralogist, 89(7), 1033-1042.
Boralsilite (TL)
Formula: Al16B6Si2O37
Reference: Grew, E. S. et al. (1998): Boralsilite (Al16B6Si2O37); a new mineral related to sillimanite from pegmatites in granulite-facies rocks . American Mineralogist 83: 638-651
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Fitzpatrick, J.J., Muhs, D.R. (1990) Antarctic Journal of the United States, 24 (5), 63-65.; Liu, T., Bish, D. L., Socki, R. A., Harvey, R. P., & Tonui, E. (2015). Mineralogy and formation of evaporite deposits from the Lewis Cliff ice tongue, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 73-84.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
'Calcic garnet'
Formula: Ca3X3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Yu Sun, Yoshikuni Hiroi (2011) Micro-corona texture of kyanite from Cape Hinode, East Antarctica. Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011. Session ID:R1-P32
'Calcic plagioclase'
Reference: Yu Sun, Yoshikuni Hiroi (2011) Micro-corona texture of kyanite from Cape Hinode, East Antarctica. Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011. Session ID:R1-P32
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Caswellsilverite
Formula: NaCrS2
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Edward S. Grew, et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 29-245
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Crozaz, G., Lundberg, L. L. & McKay, G. (1988) Rare Earth Elements (REE) in the Unique Achondrite LEW 86010. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XIX: p. 231. (March 1988)
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Müller, P., Schmidt-Thomé, M., Kreuzer, H., Tessensohn, F., & Vetter, U. (1991). Cenozoic peralkaline magmatism at the western margin of the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Memorie della Societa Geologica Italiana, 46, 315-336.
Chladniite
Formula: {Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Chloraluminite
Formula: AlCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Chopinite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 229-245(2007)[abstr: Am. Min. 93,255]
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
'Chrysolite'
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinoptilolite'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Cobaltite-Gersdorffite Series'
Reference: Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ohtani, E., Ozawa, S., Miyahara, M., Ito, Y., Mikouchi, T., Kimura, M., ... & Hiraga, K. (2011). Coesite and stishovite in a shocked lunar meteorite, Asuka-881757, and impact events in lunar surface. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(2), 463-466.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1967) Chromite and chromite chondrules in meteorites—I : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(10): 1961-1967. (Oct 1967).
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Kawakami, T., Grew, E. S., Motoyoshi, Y., Shearer, C. K., Ikeda, T., Burger, P. V., & Kusachi, I. (2008). Kornerupine sensu stricto associated with mafic and ultramafic rocks in the Lützow-Holm Complex at Akarui Point, East Antarctica: what is the source of boron?. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 308(1), 351-375.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Harris, C., & Rickard, R. S. (1987). Rare-earth-rich eudialyte and dalyite from a peralkaline granite dyke at Straumsvola, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 755-762.
Darapskite
Formula: Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Diopside var: Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Diopside var: Salite
Reference: Leat, P. T., Riley, T. R., Storey, B. C., Kelley, S. P., & Millar, I. L. (2000). Middle Jurassic ultramafic lamprophyre dyke within the Ferrar magmatic province, Pensacola Mountains, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 64(1), 95-111.
Dissakisite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Grew, E. S., Essene, E. J., Peacor, D. R., Su, S. C. and Asami, M. (1991): Dissakisite-(Ce), a new member of the epidote group and the magnesium analogue of allanite-(Ce), from Antarctica. American Mineralogist 76, 1990-1997.
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 17(1) (1994), JSC, Houston
Donbassite
Formula: Al4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: www.minsocam.org/msa/Handbook/Donbassite.PDF; Bailey S W, Lister J (1989) Structures, compositions, and X-ray diffraction identification of dioctahedral chlorites. Clays and Clay Minerals 37, 193-202
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Habit: brilliant nodules, powders, crust
Colour: White
Reference: Gore, D.B., Creagh, D.C., Burgess, J.S., Colhoun, E.A. Spate, A.P. & Baird, A.S. (1996): Composition, distribution and origin of surficial salts in the Vestfold Hills, East Antartica. Antarctic Science. 8, 73-84
Earlandite (TL)
Formula: Ca3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in ocean bottom sediments.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1106.
Eastonite
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
Eckermannite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Armienti, P., & Tripodo, A. (1991). Petrography and geochemistry of lavas and comagmatic xenoliths of Mt. Rittmann, a volcano discovered during the IV Italian Expedition in Northern Victoria Land (Antarctica). Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, (46), 427-451.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Faure, G.; Felder, R.P. (1984) Lithium-bearing pegmatite and bismuth-antimony-lead-copper-bearing veinlets on Mount Madison, Byrd Glacier area. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 19(5), 13-14.
Elpasolite ?
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Erionite'
Reference: AmMin 82:423; Galli E, Quartieri S, Vezzalini G, Alberti A (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: the natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87, European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 687-693
Erionite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Ernstburkeite (TL)
Formula: Mg(CH3SO3)2 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Sakurai, T., Genceli Güner, F.E. and Hondoh, T. (2011) Ernstburkeite , IMA 2010-059. CNMNC Newsletter No. 8, April 2011, page 292; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 289-294.
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Reference: Ciesielczuk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., & Majka, J. (2015). Comparative mineralogical study of thermally-altered coal-dump waste, natural rocks and the products of laboratory heating experiments. International Journal of Coal Geology, 139, 114-141.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Harris, C., & Rickard, R. S. (1987). Rare-earth-rich eudialyte and dalyite from a peralkaline granite dyke at Straumsvola, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 755-762; Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
'Faujasite'
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666. ; Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Demant, A., Deckart, K., & Torres, T. (2016). Very low-grade secondary minerals as indicators of palaeo-hydrothermal systems in the Upper Cretaceous volcanic succession of Hannah Point, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Applied Clay Science, 134, 246-256.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspathoid'
Reference: Yoshida, Y., Kaminuma, K., & Shiraishi, K. (1992). Recent progress in Antarctic earth science. Tokyo: Terra Sci Pub Com, 257-264
'Ferrierite'
Reference: AmMin 82:423
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferri-kaersutite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: Brown
Description: Ferri-kaersutite occurs as brown euhedral prismatic crystals, up to 200 µm long. Two crystals was identified in a 5cm diameter spinel bearing lherzolite.
Reference: Gentili, S., Biagioni, C., Comodi, P., Pasero, M., McCammon, C. and Bonadiman, C. (2014) Ferri-kaersutite, IMA 2014-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1245; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Gentili, S., Biagioni, C., Comodi, P., Pasero, M., Mccammon, C., Bonadiman, C. (2016): Ferri-kaersutite, NaCa2(Mg3TiFe3+)(Si6Al2)O22O2, a new oxo-amphibole from Harrow Peaks, Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 101, 461-468
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Reference: C. Hejny et al. (2002) Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 957-967
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Ferropseudobrookite'
Formula: Fe2+Ti2O5
Ferrosaponite
Formula: Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Description: Ferrosilite— Pyroxenes include a small component of grains with Fe#>Mg#.
Reference: Graham, A.L. (1979). Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 56. Meteoritics 14 (1): 161-175. (March 1979).
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Description: Six grains reported by Lin & Kimura (1998); Later refinements report that the phlogopite is virtually OH and Cl free.
Reference: Kimura, M., Lin, Y., Floss, C., Suzuki, A., Mikouchi, T. & Ebihara, M. (2008) Fluorophlogopite in the EH Chondrite Y-82189, pdf#5068: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43 (Supplement): A75. (July 2008)
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Wadokski, E. R. Grew, E.S. & Yates, M.G. (2011): Compositional evolution of tourmaline-supergroup minerals from granitic pegmatites in the Larsemann Hills, East Antartica. Canadian Mineralogist. 49: 382-405
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Garronite-Ca
Formula: Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.184.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Gibbsite ?
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Gismondine'
Reference: Nelson, P.H.H. (1975) The James Ross Island volcanic group of north-east Graham Land. British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 54), 62 pages.
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
'Glass var: Common Glass'
'Glass var: Palagonite'
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Bisson, K. M., Welch, K. A., Welch, S. A., Sheets, J. M., Lyons, W. B., Levy, J. S., & Fountain, A. G. (2015). Patterns and processes of salt efflorescences in the McMurdo region, Antarctica. Arctic, antarctic, and alpine research, 47(3), 407-425.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Montenegro, T. (2013). Las zeolitas de los basaltos del Grupo Volcánico Isla James Ross, en las proximidades de Punta Santa Rita, isla James Ross, Antártida. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 70(4), 577-582.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Gottardiite (TL)
Formula: Na3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vezzalini, G., Quartieri, S., Rossi, A., Alberti, A. (1994) Occurrence of zeolites from Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Terra Antarctica, 1, 96-99.; Alberti, A., Vezzalini, G., Galli, E., Quartieri, S. (1996) The crystal structure of gottardiite, a new natural zeolite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 69-75.; Galli, E., Quartieri, S., Vezzalini, G., Alberti, A. (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: The natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 687-693.; Valange, S., Gabelica, Z. (1996) Zeolieten. Pages 59-71 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Grossite
Formula: CaAl4O7
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Grossular var: Tsavorite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Osanai Y, Ueno T, Tsuchiya N, Takahashi Y, Tainosho Y, Shiraishi K (1990) Finding of vanadium-bearing garnet from the Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica. Antarct Rec 34:279–291
Guyanaite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Reference: Li, X., Liu, X., Ju, Y., & Huang, F. (2003). Properties of soils in Grove Mountains, East Antarctica. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 46(7), 683-693.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Description: Very small grains inside Kamacite
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; Scott, E. R. D., Taylor, GJ, Maggiore P., Keil K. & Mckinley S.G. (1981) Three CO3 chondrites from Antarctica — Comparison of carbonaceous and ordinary type 3 chondrites: Meteoritics 16( 4): 385. (Dec 1981).
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Jeffrey N. Grossman, Alan E. Rubin & Glenn J. MacPherson (1988). Allan Hills 85085: an Out-of-the-Ordinary, Enstatite-rich Carbonaceous Chondrite. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, vol. 19, p. 433.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite var: Ferrosalite
Reference: Boudette, E.L., Ford, A.B. (1966) Physical properties of anorthoclase from Antarctica. The American Mineralogist, 51(9-10), 1374-1387. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Eruptive potential of volcanoes in Marie Byrd Land. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 17, 34-36. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and Western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. In: Craddock, C. (ed.) (1977) Antarctic Geoscience, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 725-734.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Henrymeyerite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16
Reference: Kogarko, L.N., Kurat, G., Ntaflos, T. (2007) Henrymeyerite in the metasomatized upper mantle of eastern Antarctica. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45:3, 497-501.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Heulandite-Sr
Formula: (Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Hieratite ?
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Hydrohalite
Formula: NaCl · 2H2O
Reference: Antarctic Science 9(1):92-99 (1997)
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Hydromolysite' ?
Formula: FeCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Description: Breakdown product of Djerfisherite "The Qingzhen Reaction" found in both Qingzhen & Y-691
Reference: El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Ikaite
Formula: CaCO3 · 6H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975). Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure, Vol.3. Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pages.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Textural considerations presumably suggested to Ramdohr that the isocubanite was primary (preterrestrial). However, confirmation from isotopic studies seems needed before confidence in this conclusion would be warranted.
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1967) Chromite and chromite chondrules in meteorites—I : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(10): 1961-1967. (Oct 1967).
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: Lu Feng, Masaaki Miyahara, Toshiro Nagase, Eiji Ohtani, Sen Hu, Ahmed El Goresy, Yangting Lin (2011) Shock Conditions and Formation Mechanism of Akimotoite-Pyroxene Glass Assemblages in the Grove Mountains (GRV) 052082. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Katoite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 11
Keilite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Kenyaite ?
Formula: Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Reference: Museum Victoria (Victoria Australia) Registration Number: M 51899
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Reference: Fitzpatrick, J.J., Muhs, D.R. (1990) Antarctic Journal of the United States, 24 (5), 63-65.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Khmaralite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Description: See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-45471.html for comment on type locality.
Reference: Grew, E. S. (1981). Surinamite, taafeite and beryllian saphirine from pegmatites in graulite-facies rocks of Casey Bay, Enderby Land, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 66, 1022-1033;Barbier, J., Grew, E.S., Moore, P.B., and Su, S.-C. (1999): Khmaralite, a new beryllium-bearing mineral related to sapphirine: A superstructure resulting from partial ordering of Be, Al and Si on tetrahedral sites. American Mineralogist: 84: 1650-1660.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Knorringite
Formula: Mg3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Goodrich, C. A., & Harlow, G. E. (2001). Knorringite-uvarovite garnet and Cr-Eskola pyroxene in ureilite LEW 88774. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 68.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kushiroite (TL)
Formula: CaAl[AlSiO6]
Type Locality:
Reference: Makoto Kimura, Takashi Mikouchi, Akio Suzuki, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, and Ahmed El Goresy (2009): Kushiroite, CaAlAlSiO6: A new mineral of the pyroxene group from the ALH 85085 CH chondrite, and its genetic significance in refractory inclusions. American Mineralogist, 94, 1479-1482.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Laihunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SiO4)2
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Grew, E.S., Armbruster, T., Medenbach, O., Yates, M.G., Carson, C.J. (2006): Tassieite, (Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)6•2H2O, a hydrothermal wicksite-group mineral in fluorapatite nodules from granulite-facies paragneiss in the Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 293-305(2007).
'Lepidolite'
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
'Leucoxene'
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Lévyne'
Reference: AmMin 82:423; Galli E, Quartieri S, Vezzalini G, Alberti A (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: the natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87, European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 687-693
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Lingunite
Formula: (Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Lonsdaleite
Formula: C
Reference: Nature 291:396-398 (1981)
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Buchwald, V. & Clark Jr, R.S. (1989) Corrosion of Fe-Ni alloys by Cl-containing akaganéite (β-FeOOH): The Antarctic meteorite case. American Mineralogist 74(5&6):656-667. (May-June1989).
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Chikami, J., Mikouchi, T., Takeda, H., & Miyamoto, M. (1997). Mineralogy and cooling history of the calcium‐aluminum‐chromium enriched ureilite, Lewis Cliff 88774. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 32(3), 343-348.
Magnesiochromite var: Picrochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Chikami, J., Mikouchi, T., Takeda, H., & Miyamoto, M. (1997). Mineralogy and cooling history of the calcium‐aluminum‐chromium enriched ureilite, Lewis Cliff 88774. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 32(3), 343-348.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: MinMag 58:621
Magnesiohögbomite-2N4S (TL)
Formula: (Mg8.43Fe2+1.57)sum=10Al22Ti4+2O46(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Toshiaki Shimura, Junji Akai, Biljana Lazic, Thomas Armbruster, Masaaki Shimizu, Atsushi Kamei, Kazuhiro Tsukada, Masaaki Owada and Masaki Yuhara (2012) Magnesiohoegbomite-2N4S; a new polysome from the central Sor Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica American Mineralogist, 97(2-3):268-280
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S
Formula: Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Aluminous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Righter, K., Keller, L.P., Rahman, Z., and Christoffersen, R. (2012) Exsolution of iron-titanium oxides in magnetite in Miller Range (MIL) 03346 Nakhlite: Evidence for post crystallization reduction in the nakhlite cumulate pile. 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Malladrite ?
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marićite
Formula: NaFe2+(PO4)
Reference: Meteoritics 25,357(1990)
'Maskelynite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mélonjosephite
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Reference: Grew, E.S., Armbruster, T., Medenbach, O., Yates, M.G., Carson, C.J. (2006): Tassieite, (Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)6•2H2O, a hydrothermal wicksite-group mineral in fluorapatite nodules from granulite-facies paragneiss in the Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 293-305(2007).
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Meridianiite
Formula: MgSO4 · 11H2O
Reference: Genceli, F.E., Horikawa, S., Iizuka, Y., Toshimitsu, S., Hondoh, T., Kawamura, T., Witkamp, G.-J. (2009): Meridianiite detected in ice. Journal of Glaciology, 189, 117-122.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Meta-autunite ?
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Meteoritic Iron'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Microperthite'
Reference: Davies, T. G. (1984). The geology of part of northern Palmer Land (Vol. 103). British Antarctic Survey, 1-46
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Damourite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Mutinaite (TL)
Formula: Na3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 907–910, 1998; Galli E, Vezzalini G, Quartieri S, Alberti A, Franzini M (1997) Mutinaite, a new zeolite from Antarctica: the natural counterpart of ZSM-5, Zeolites 19, 318-322
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Fitzpatrick, J.J., Muhs, D.R. (1990) Antarctic Journal of the United States, 24 (5), 63-65.; Liu, T. and Bish, D.L. (2010) MINERALOGICAL COMPOSITIONS OF THE EVAPORITES AT LEWIS CLIFF ICE TONGUE, ANTARCTICA: A POTENTIAL MARTIAN ANALOG. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010); Liu, T., Bish, D. L., Socki, R. A., Harvey, R. P., & Tonui, E. (2015). Mineralogy and formation of evaporite deposits from the Lewis Cliff ice tongue, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 73-84.
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: Liu, T., Bish, D. L., Socki, R. A., Harvey, R. P., & Tonui, E. (2015). Mineralogy and formation of evaporite deposits from the Lewis Cliff ice tongue, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 73-84.
Natroalunite ?
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Liu, T. and Bish, D.L. (2010) MINERALOGICAL COMPOSITIONS OF THE EVAPORITES AT LEWIS CLIFF ICE TONGUE, ANTARCTICA: A POTENTIAL MARTIAN ANALOG. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010); Liu, T., Bish, D. L., Socki, R. A., Harvey, R. P., & Tonui, E. (2015). Mineralogy and formation of evaporite deposits from the Lewis Cliff ice tongue, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 73-84.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Vennum, W. (1986) Unusual magnesium- and iron-bearing salts from West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 21(5), 55-57.
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Smith, W. C. (1959). The Volcanic Rocks of Cape Adare, South Victoria Land. order of the Trustees of the British Museum; sold by B. Quaritch [and others].
'Nickel-iron'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Nickelphosphide
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Reference: Danielson, L.R., Righter, K. & Humayun, M. (2009) Trace element chemistry of Cumulus Ridge 04071 pallasite with implications for main group pallasites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44 (7):1019-1032. (July 2009)
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.184.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Óskarssonite ?
Formula: AlF3
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Reference: Ellis, D.J., Sheraton, J.W., England, R.N., Dallwitz, W.B. (1980) Osumilite-Sapphirine-Quartz Granulites from Enderby Land Antarctica — Mineral Assemblages and Reactions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 72:2, 122-143. Grew, E.S. (1982) Osumilite in the sapphirine-quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica: implications for osumilite petrogenesis in the granulite facies. American Mineralogist, 67 (7-8), 762-787.
'Osumilite Group'
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Oxo-pargasite'
Formula: NaCa2(Mg2Al3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
Reference: Gentili, Silva (2015) mineralogical and petrological study of mantle xenoliths from Victoria Land (Antarctica)- extended abstract PLINIUS n. 41, 7 pages
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Petrified Wood'
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Vennum, W. (1986) Unusual magnesium- and iron-bearing salts from West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 21(5), 55-57.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Pinite'
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
'Plessite'
Potassic-ferro-pargasite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: (Analysis corresponding to this species, although the species had not yet been officially described.) The specimens of Potassic-ferro-pargasite in the study by Shiraishi [[1]] were from Cape Omega and Daruma Rock.
Reference: [[1]] Shiraishi, K., Oba, T., Suzuki, M., Ishikawa, K. (1994) Subsilicic magnesian potassium-hastingsite from the Prince Olav Coast, East Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 58:4, 621-627. Yasuyuki BANNO, Ritsuro MIYAWAKI, Satoshi MATSUBARA, Eriko SATO, Izumi NAKAI, Gen-ichiro MATSUO, Shigeo YAMADA (2009) Potassic-ferropargasite, a new member of the amphibole group, from Kabutoichiba, Mie Prefecture, central Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 104, 374-382.
Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Shiraishi, K., Oba, T., Suzuki, M., Ishikawa, K. (1994) Subsilicic magnesian potassium-hastingsite from the Prince Olav Coast, East Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 58:4, 621-627.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Prismatine
Formula: (◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Pseudorutile
Formula: Fe2Ti3O9
Reference: Edward S. Grew, et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 29-245
'Pumpellyite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Pyroxferroite
Formula: (Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Qilianshanite
Formula: NaHCO3 · H3BO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Liu, T., Bish, D. L., Socki, R. A., Harvey, R. P., & Tonui, E. (2015). Mineralogy and formation of evaporite deposits from the Lewis Cliff ice tongue, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 73-84.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Rasvumite
Formula: KFe2S3
Reference: Ling, Z., & Wang, A. (2015). Spatial distributions of secondary minerals in the Martian meteorite MIL 03346, 168 determined by Raman spectroscopic imaging. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 120(6), 1141-1159.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: AmMin 44:439
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Ringwoodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Roedderite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Rosenbergite
Formula: AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Reference: 1. Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, volcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 73, 855-860; 2. Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2004): Italian Type Minerals. Felici, Ed., Pisa, CD-ROM.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Li, X., Liu, X., Ju, Y., & Huang, F. (2003). Properties of soils in Grove Mountains, East Antarctica. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 46(7), 683-693.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite var: Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Reference: Grew, E.S., Yates, M.G., Beane, R.J., Floss, C. and Gerbi, C. (2010) Chopinite-sarcopside solid solution, [(Mg,Fe)3vac](PO4)2, in GRA95209, a transitional acapulcoite: Implications for phosphate genesis in meteorites. American Mineralogist, 95, 260-272
'Saussurite'
Reference: Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
'Scapolite'
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Elvevold, S., & Ohta, Y. (2010). Nature environment map: HU Sverdrupfjella, Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica, 1: 150 000.
Schöllhornite
Formula: Na0.3CrS2 · H2O
Description: Whether Schöllhornite is an original (pre-terrestrial) constituent of the meteorite or a product of terrestrial weathering is not clear.
Reference: Nakamura-Messenger et al., (2011) The Formation of Wassonite: A New Titanium Monosulfide Mineral in the Yamato 691 Enstatite Chondrite: Workshop on Formation of the First Solids in the Solar System: LPI Contribution No. 1639, p. 9091. (Nov 2011)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Gyollai, I., Kereszturi, A., Chatzitheodoridis, E. (2016): Analysis of altered mineral phases in Yamato 593 Martian meteorite. 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: pdf no. 1911
'Silica'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Description: In low Temperature sulfide patches
Reference: El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Souzalite ?
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: (Listed as a "souzalite-like" phase.)
Reference: Edward S. Grew, et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 29-245
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Spheniscidite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Derived from chloritic phyllites in an ornithogenetic soil associated with a penguin rookery.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1986) 50, 291-293
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Ceylonite
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Habit: Crystals to 10cm.
Reference: Faure, G.; Felder, R.P. (1984) Lithium-bearing pegmatite and bismuth-antimony-lead-copper-bearing veinlets on Mount Madison, Byrd Glacier area. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 19(5), 13-14.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Li, X., Liu, X., Ju, Y., & Huang, F. (2003). Properties of soils in Grove Mountains, East Antarctica. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 46(7), 683-693.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stercorite
Formula: Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ohtani, E., Ozawa, S., Miyahara, M., Ito, Y., Mikouchi, T., Kimura, M., ... & Hiraga, K. (2011). Coesite and stishovite in a shocked lunar meteorite, Asuka-881757, and impact events in lunar surface. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(2), 463-466.
Stornesite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: {(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Reference: Grew, E., Armbruster, Th., Medenbach, O., Yates, M.G., Carson, C.J. (2006): Stornesite-(Y), (Y,Ca)[]2Na6(Ca,Na)8(Mg,Fe)43(PO4)36, the first terrestrial Mg-dominant member of the fillowite group, from granulite-facies paragneiss in the Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 91, 1412-1424; Grew, E.S., Armbruster, T., Medenbach, O., Yates, M.G., Carson, C.J. (2006): Tassieite, (Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)6•2H2O, a hydrothermal wicksite-group mineral in fluorapatite nodules from granulite-facies paragneiss in the Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 293-305(2007).
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Suessite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3Si
Reference: Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Nehru, C. E. & Delaney, J. S. (1987) EET 83309, A Polymict Ureilite: Recognition of a New Group: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XVIII: 802-803. (Mar 1987).; Herrin, J. S., Mittlefehldt, D. W., Downes, H. & Humayun, M. (2007) Diverse Metals and Sulfides in Polymict Ureilites EET 83309 and EET 87720: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII. LPI Contribution No. 1338, p.2404. (March 2007).; Beard, A. D., Downes, H. & Howard, K. (2009) Hydrated Silica (Opal) in a Polymict Ureilite, EET 83309: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44 (7, Supplement): page. A31. (Sept 2009).
Sulphohalite ?
Formula: Na6(SO4)2FCl
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Surinamite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol., 3,133-150(1990); Tatur, A., & Barczuk, A. (1985). Ornithogenic phosphates on King George Island in the maritime Antarctic. In Antarctic nutrient cycles and food webs (pp. 163-168). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Tassieite (TL)
Formula: (Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 45,293(2007); Grew, E.S., Armbruster, T., Medenbach, O., Yates, M.G., Carson, C.J. (2006): Tassieite, (Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)6•2H2O, a hydrothermal wicksite-group mineral in fluorapatite nodules from granulite-facies paragneiss in the Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 293-305(2007).
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: AmMin 44:439
Terranovaite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vezzalini, G., Quartieri, S., Rossi, A., Alberti, A. (1994) Occurrence of zeolites from Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Terra Antarctica, 1, 96-99.: Valange, S., Gabelica, Z. (1996) Zeolieten. Pages 59-71 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Galli, E., Quartieri, S., Vezzalini, G., Alberti, A., Franzini, M. (1997) Terranovaite from Antarctica: A new ‘pentasil’ zeolite. American Mineralogist, 82, 423-429.
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Luttinen, A. V., Zhang, X., & Foland, K. A. (2002). 159 Ma Kjakebeinet lamproites (Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica) and their implications for Gondwana breakup processes. Geological Magazine, 139(5), 525-539.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
'Thomsonite'
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Lapis 1/99
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Tranquillityite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Reference: Semenova, A. S., Nazarov, M. A., & Guseva, E. V. (1992, March). Lunar Meteorite MAC 88105: Petrology of Igneous Rock Clasts. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 23).
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Tridymite var: Christensenite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barth, T.F.W. and Kvalheim, A. (1944): Christensenite, a solid solution of nepheline in tridymite. Det norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Scientific Results of the Norwegian Antartic expeditions 1927-1928 et sqq, instituted and financed by Consul Lars Christensen 22: 1-9
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Tsangpoite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
Reference: Hwang, S. L., Shen, P., Chu, H. T., Yui, T. F., Varela, M. E., & Iizuka, Y. (2016, March). Tsangpoite: The Unknown Calcium Silico Phosphate Phase in the Angrite D'Orbigny. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1466).
Tschernichite
Formula: (Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Reference: Valange, S., Gabelica, Z. (1996) Zeolieten. Pages 59-71 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Galli, E., Quartieri, S., Vezzalini, G., Alberti, A. (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: The natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 687-693.; Jambor, J.L. (1998) New mineral names: mutinaite. American Mineralogist, 83(7-8), 907–910 [909].
Tuite
Formula: Ca3(PO4)2
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1983-16-SO:CaHNa'
Formula: Na2Ca2(SO4)3•3H2O
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'
Formula: Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'
Formula: Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'
Formula: Ca-Al-S-O-H
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
'Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)'
Formula: (NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'
Formula: NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
Vashegyite
Formula: Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Vlasovite
Formula: Na2ZrSi4O11
Reference: Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
'Wad'
Wadsleyite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
'Wagnerite-Ma5bc'
Reference: Ren, L., Grew, E.S., Xiong, M. & Ma, Z. (2003): Wagnerite-Ma5bc, a new polytype of Mg2(PO4)(F,OH), from granulite-facies paragneiss, Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Canadian Mineralogist 41, 393-411
Wassonite (TL)
Formula: TiS
Type Locality:
Reference: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110405151612.htm; Nakamura-Messenger et al., (2011) The Formation of Wassonite: A New Titanium Monosulfide Mineral in the Yamato 691 Enstatite Chondrite: Workshop on Formation of the First Solids in the Solar System: LPI Contribution No. 1639, p. 9091. (Nov 2011)
Weberite
Formula: Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Weddellite (TL)
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs as isolated crystakls in bottom muds.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1102.
Werdingite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Reference: Wadokski, E. R. Grew, E.S. & Yates, M.G. (2011): Compositional evolution of tourmaline-supergroup minerals from granitic pegmatites in the Larsemann Hills, East Antartica. Canadian Mineralogist. 49: 382-405; Maas, R., Grew, E. S., & Carson, C. J. (2015). Isotopic Constraints (Pb, Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd) on the Sources of Early Cambrian Pegmatites with Boron and Beryllium Minerals in the Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, Antarctica. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53:249-272
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Semenova, A. S., Nazarov, M. A., & Guseva, E. V. (1992, March). Lunar Meteorite MAC 88105: Petrology of Igneous Rock Clasts. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 23).
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Description: Within troilite-taenite aggregate of Mg-rich chondrule
Reference: Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1992). Mineralogy and Petrology of an unusual Belgica-7904 Carbonaceous Chondrite: Genetic Relationships among the Components. Proc. NIPR Symp. Antarct. Meteorites 5: 74-119. (March 1992)
Wüstite var: Magnesiowüstite
Formula: FeO
Description: Within troilite-taenite aggregate of Mg-rich chondrule
Reference: Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1992). Mineralogy and Petrology of an unusual Belgica-7904 Carbonaceous Chondrite: Genetic Relationships among the Components. Proc. NIPR Symp. Antarct. Meteorites 5: 74-119. (March 1992)
'Xenotime'
Reference: e, including sapphirine-bearing metapelites, quartzofeldspathic gneisses and ultramafic rocks. In addition, I collected samples of intrusive rocks, including lamproite, late Archean pegmatites containing orthopyroxene, sillimanite, wagnerite, (Mg,Fe)2PO4(F,OH), and a distinctive suite of beryllium minerals, and of Early Paleozoic pegmatites containing beryl, tourmaline, dumortierite, kyanite and muscovite.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Xieite
Formula: Fe2+Cr2O4
Reference: Kato, Y., Sekine, T., Kayama, M., Miyahara, M., & Yamaguchi, A. (2017). High‐pressure polymorphs in Yamato‐790729 L6 chondrite and their significance for collisional conditions. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 52(12), 2570-2585.
'Zeolite Group'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: AmMin 36:361-367
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Barringerite1.BD.10(Fe,Ni)2P
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Lonsdaleite1.CB.10bC
Nickelphosphide1.BD.05(Ni,Fe)3P
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Perryite1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Suessite1.BB.05(Fe,Ni)3Si
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Caswellsilverite2.FB.05NaCrS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Keilite2.CD.10(Fe2+,Mg)S
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rasvumite2.FB.20KFe2S3
Schöllhornite2.FB.05Na0.3CrS2 · H2O
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Antarcticite (TL)3.BB.30CaCl2 · 6H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chloraluminite3.BC.05AlCl3 · 6H2O
Elpasolite ?3.CB.15K2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hieratite ?3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Hydrohalite3.BA.05NaCl · 2H2O
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Malladrite ?3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Rosenbergite3.CD.05AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Weberite3.CB.25Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Akimotoite4.CB.05(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Armalcolite4.CB.15(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S4.00.[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite ?4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossite4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Guyanaite4.FD.10CrO(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Henrymeyerite4.DK.05bBa(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
var: Picrochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S4.FC.25Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Aluminous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pseudorutile4.CB.25Fe2Ti3O9
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Ceylonite4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
var: Christensenite4.DA.10SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
var: Magnesiowüstite4.AB.25FeO
Xieite4.BB.25Fe2+Cr2O4
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dypingite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ikaite5.CB.25CaCO3 · 6H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite6.DB.05Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Qilianshanite6.H0.55NaHCO3 · H3BO3 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Darapskite7.DG.05Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Khademite7.DB.10Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Meridianiite7.CB.90MgSO4 · 11H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natroalunite ?7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Sulphohalite ?7.BD.05Na6(SO4)2FCl
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite ?8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Chladniite8.AC.50{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Chopinite (TL)8.AB.15(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Marićite8.AC.20NaFe2+(PO4)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Meta-autunite ?8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Minyulite8.DH.05KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Mélonjosephite8.BG.10CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Newberyite8.CE.10Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Sarcopside8.AB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Souzalite ?8.DC.45(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Spheniscidite (TL)8.DH.10(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Stercorite8.CJ.05Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Stornesite-(Y) (TL)8.AC.50{(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Tassieite (TL)8.CF.05(Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
Tuite8.AC.45Ca3(PO4)2
Vashegyite8.DB.10Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Aerinite9.DB.45(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Topazolite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Ferroaugite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferrohedenbergite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Barrerite9.GE.15(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Boggsite9.GC.30Ca8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Boralsilite (TL)9.BD.30Al16B6Si2O37
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chabazite-K9.GD.10(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dalyite9.EA.25K2ZrSi6O15
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Salite9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dissakisite-(Ce) (TL)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Donbassite9.EC.55Al4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eastonite9.EC.20KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Eckermannite9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Na9.GD.20(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Esseneite9.DA.15CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferri-kaersutite (TL)9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
'Ferrierite'9.G0.
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrosaponite9.EC.45Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Garronite-Ca9.GC.05Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
'Gismondine'9..
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Gottardiite (TL)9.GF.10Na3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
var: Ferrosalite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Heulandite-Sr9.GE.05(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Katoite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kenyaite ?9.HA.10Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Khmaralite (TL)9.DH.50(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Knorringite9.AD.25Mg3Cr2(SiO4)3
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kushiroite (TL)9.DA.15CaAl[AlSiO6]
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laihunite9.AC.05Fe2+Fe3+2(SiO4)2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lingunite9.FA.70(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Damourite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mutinaite (TL)9.GF.35Na3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Potassic-ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Prismatine9.BJ.50(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyroxferroite9.DO.05(Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ringwoodite9.AC.15(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Roedderite9.CM.05(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Surinamite9.DH.55(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Terranovaite (TL)9.GF.05(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tranquillityite9.AG.90(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschernichite9.GF.30(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Vlasovite9.DM.25Na2ZrSi4O11
Wadsleyite9.BE.02(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Werdingite9.BD.35(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Earlandite (TL)10.AC.10Ca3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
Weddellite (TL)10.AB.40Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Alkali amphibole'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Aphrosiderite'-(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Apophyllite'-
'Arctowskite'-Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var: Anomite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calcic garnet'-Ca3X3+2(SiO4)3
'Calcic plagioclase'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chrysolite'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Cobaltite-Gersdorffite Series'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Erionite'-
Ernstburkeite (TL)-Mg(CH3SO3)2 · 12H2O
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Feldspathoid'-
'Ferropseudobrookite'-Fe2+Ti2O5
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'var: Common Glass'-
'var: Palagonite'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hydromolysite' ?-FeCl3 · 6H2O
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lévyne'-
Magnesiohögbomite-2N4S (TL)-(Mg8.43Fe2+1.57)sum=10Al22Ti4+2O46(OH)2
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
'Nickel-iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Osumilite Group'-
'Oxo-pargasite'-NaCa2(Mg2Al3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Pinite'-
'Plessite'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tsangpoite-Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
'UM1983-16-SO:CaHNa'-Na2Ca2(SO4)3•3H2O
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'-
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'-Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'-Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'-Ca-Al-S-O-H
'Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)'-(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'-NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
'Wad'-
'Wagnerite-Ma5bc'-
Wassonite (TL)-TiS
'Xenotime'-
Óskarssonite ?-AlF3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Barringerite1.1.21.1(Fe,Ni)2P
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Perryite1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Suessite1.1.23.1(Fe,Ni)3Si
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Lonsdaleite1.3.6.3C
Sinoite1.3.9.1Si2N2O
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Caswellsilverite2.9.17.1NaCrS2
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Rasvumite2.9.11.1KFe2S3
Schöllhornite2.9.17.2Na0.3CrS2 · H2O
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Eskolaite4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Guyanaite6.1.2.3CrO(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite ?6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S7.2.12.1Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)10X14
Grossite7.3.2.1CaAl4O7
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
AB2X5
Armalcolite7.7.1.2(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
A2B3O9
Pseudorutile8.4.2.1Fe2Ti3O9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Hydrohalite9.1.2.1NaCl · 2H2O
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Antarcticite (TL)9.2.6.1CaCl2 · 6H2O
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Chloraluminite9.3.3.1AlCl3 · 6H2O
'Hydromolysite' ?9.3.2.1FeCl3 · 6H2O
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Rosenbergite9.3.6.1AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Hieratite ?11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite ?11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Elpasolite ?11.6.2.1K2NaAlF6
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Weberite11.6.13.1Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Ikaite15.1.4.1CaCO3 · 6H2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Northupite16a.3.9.1Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dypingite16b.7.2.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Qilianshanite17.1.13.1NaHCO3 · H3BO3 · 2H2O
Group 20 - COMPOUND NITRATES
Miscellaneous
Darapskite20.1.1.1Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite26.4.5.1Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Meridianiite29.6.6.8MgSO4 · 11H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Sulphohalite ?30.1.7.1Na6(SO4)2FCl
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Khademite31.9.11.1Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Marićite38.1.2.1NaFe2+(PO4)
(AB)5(XO4)3
Chladniite38.2.5.3{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Sarcopside38.3.1.1(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Tuite38.3.4.6Ca3(PO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Newberyite39.1.6.1Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Stercorite39.3.1.1Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite ?40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite ?40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Tassieite (TL)40.2.16.3(Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mélonjosephite41.10.5.1CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Souzalite ?42.9.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Minyulite42.11.5.1KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Spheniscidite (TL)42.11.6.3(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Vashegyite42.12.2.1Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Weddellite (TL)50.1.2.1Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Mellitates, Citrates, Cyanates, Acetates and Formates
Earlandite (TL)50.2.2.1Ca3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Laihunite51.3.1.5Fe2+Fe3+2(SiO4)2
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Ringwoodite51.3.3.1(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Wadsleyite51.3.4.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Katoite51.4.3d.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Knorringite51.4.3a.4Mg3Cr2(SiO4)3
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Lawsonite56.2.3.1CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Werdingite56.3.2.1(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dissakisite-(Ce) (TL)58.2.1a.5{CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Osumilite63.2.1a.6(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Roedderite63.2.1a.14(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Esseneite65.1.3a.6CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kushiroite (TL)65.1.3.8CaAl[AlSiO6]
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxferroite65.6.1.2(Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Eckermannite66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Vlasovite66.2.2.1Na2ZrSi4O11
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Aerinite68.1.3.1(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Surinamite69.2.1b.2(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Donbassite71.4.1.1Al4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings
Dalyite72.2.1.1K2ZrSi6O15
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Barrerite77.1.4.5(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Boggsite77.1.6.7Ca8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Garronite-Ca77.1.3.3Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Tschernichite77.1.8.2(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Kenyaite ?78.7.7.1Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Tranquillityite78.7.16.1(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Akimotoite-(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Alkali amphibole'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Topazolite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Aphrosiderite'-(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Arctowskite'-Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Ferroaugite-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferrohedenbergite-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var: Anomite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Boralsilite (TL)-Al16B6Si2O37
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calcic garnet'-Ca3X3+2(SiO4)3
'Calcic plagioclase'-
'Chabazite'-
Chabazite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chopinite (TL)-(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chrysolite'-
Clinochlore
var: Diabantite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Cobaltite-Gersdorffite Series'-
'Copper Stain'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
var: Diallage-CaMgSi2O6
var: Salite-CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Eastonite-KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Erionite'-
Erionite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Ernstburkeite (TL)-Mg(CH3SO3)2 · 12H2O
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Feldspathoid'-
Ferri-kaersutite (TL)-NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
'Ferrierite'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S-[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
'Ferropseudobrookite'-Fe2+Ti2O5
Ferrosaponite-Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'var: Common Glass'-
'var: Palagonite'-
'Gmelinite'-
Gottardiite (TL)-Na3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Grossular
var: Tsavorite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite
var: Ferrosalite
-CaFe2+Si2O6
Henrymeyerite-Ba(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Heulandite-Sr-(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydroniumjarosite-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Iron-Fe
var: Martensite-Fe
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Keilite-(Fe2+,Mg)S
Khmaralite (TL)-(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
'Lepidolite'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lingunite-(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesiochromite
var: Picrochromite
-MgCr2O4
Magnesiohögbomite-2N4S (TL)-(Mg8.43Fe2+1.57)sum=10Al22Ti4+2O46(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Aluminous Magnetite
-Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Maskelynite'-
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Microperthite'-
Mogánite-SiO2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Damourite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mutinaite (TL)-Na3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
Natrite-Na2CO3
Natroalunite ?-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Nickel-iron'-
Nickelphosphide-(Ni,Fe)3P
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Osumilite Group'-
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
'Oxo-pargasite'-NaCa2(Mg2Al3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Pinite'-
'Plessite'-
Potassic-ferro-pargasite-{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite-{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Prismatine-(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
Saponite
var: Bowlingite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Saussurite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
var: Manganoan Siderite
-(Fe,Mn)CO3
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spinel
var: Ceylonite
-MgAl2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Stornesite-(Y) (TL)-{(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Terranovaite (TL)-(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetraferriphlogopite-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tridymite
var: Christensenite
-SiO2
Tsangpoite-Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
'UM1983-16-SO:CaHNa'-Na2Ca2(SO4)3•3H2O
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'-
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'-Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'-Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'-Ca-Al-S-O-H
'Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)'-(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'-NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
'Wad'-
'Wagnerite-Ma5bc'-
Wassonite (TL)-TiS
Wüstite
var: Magnesiowüstite
-FeO
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Xieite-Fe2+Cr2O4
'Zeolite Group'-
Óskarssonite ?-AlF3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
H Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
H Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
H Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
H MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
H Tassieite(Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
H EarlanditeCa3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
H ErnstburkeiteMg(CH3SO3)2 · 12H2O
H Magnesiohögbomite-2N4S(Mg8.43Fe2+1.57)sum=10Al22Ti24+O46(OH)2
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
H BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Aphrosiderite(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H HydrohaliteNaCl · 2H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
H Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
H Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H UM1983-16-SO:CaHNaNa2Ca2(SO4)3•3H2O
H MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
H FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
H KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H QilianshaniteNaHCO3 · H3BO3 · 2H2O
H Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
H NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
H TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
H EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
H Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Be Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B BoralsiliteAl16B6Si2O37
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
B QilianshaniteNaHCO3 · H3BO3 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
C EarlanditeCa3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
C ErnstburkeiteMg(CH3SO3)2 · 12H2O
C LonsdaleiteC
C DiamondC
C CoheniteFe3C
C GraphiteC
C DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
C Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C VateriteCaCO3
C NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
C NatriteNa2CO3
C QilianshaniteNaHCO3 · H3BO3 · 2H2O
NNitrogen
N Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
N StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
N SinoiteSi2N2O
N OsborniteTiN
N DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
N Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
OOxygen
O AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
O Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
O Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
O Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
O MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
O Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
O BoralsiliteAl16B6Si2O37
O Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
O Tassieite(Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
O Chopinite(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2
O EarlanditeCa3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
O KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]
O ErnstburkeiteMg(CH3SO3)2 · 12H2O
O Magnesiohögbomite-2N4S(Mg8.43Fe2+1.57)sum=10Al22Ti24+O46(OH)2
O Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
O Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
O BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O RutileTiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Aphrosiderite(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O BrookiteTiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AnataseTiO2
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Spinel (var: Ceylonite)MgAl2O4
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Andradite (var: Topazolite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HydrohaliteNaCl · 2H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O AragoniteCaCO3
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
O RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
O MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
O MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
O PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9
O CelestineSrSO4
O GrossiteCaAl4O7
O Tridymite (var: Christensenite)SiO2
O Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O FerropseudobrookiteFe2+Ti2O5
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2O
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
O MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
O Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O TuiteCa3(PO4)2
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Sinoite