SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

The Geysers, West Mayacmas Mining District, Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts), Sonoma Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
The Geysers- not defined -
West Mayacmas Mining DistrictMining District
Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)Mountain Range
Sonoma Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 48' 6'' North , 122° 48' 11'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cobb1,778 (2011)7.3km
Geyserville862 (2011)13.6km
Middletown1,323 (2011)17.2km
Clear Lake Riviera3,090 (2017)18.3km
Cloverdale8,811 (2017)18.6km


A geothermal/evaporite deposit located about 12 miles due E of Cloverdale.

The Geysers geothermal area consists of a series of steam vents along Geyser Creek Canyon where high sulfuric acid waters have deposited a variety of sulfate minerals. The area is now not active and minerals are not being formed.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

34 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: In 3-9 cm thick veins near Lemonade Springs where it appeared hard and porcelaneous with a smooth fracture, and nearby in veins with greater witdth- where it appeared soft and resembled white clay. (Dunning & Cooper 1993)
Reference: Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 247; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 290; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265; Dunning, G.S. & Cooper, J.F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record (1993): 24(5): 339-352.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Habit: Fine fibrous silky tufts & thick incrustation
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539; Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 45; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 290; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263; Mineralogica Record (1993): 24(5): 349.
Ammonioalunite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Colour: grayish white
Description: Discovered and described by Altaner et al (1988) from a single specimen in the Smithsonian Museum (NMNH 145596)
Reference: American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 145-152.; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24 (5): 339-352
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: brownish orange
Description: Found on wall rock at Devil's Pulpit
Reference: American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 145-152; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24 (5): 339-352
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Description: Occurs particulary abundant under the overhanging rock in the main creek about 70 meters S of Devil's Pulpit. Occurs as crusts and stalactites with other sulphate minerals.
Reference: Goldsmith, E. (1877), On boussingaultite and other minerals from Sonoma County, California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 28: 264; Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 45;Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 289; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 399; Smith, Robert Leland (1958), Some new occurrences of sassolite in the United States: American Mineralogist: 43: 1204-1205; Dunning, Gail E. and J.F. Cooper (1969a) Letovicite from The Geysers, Sonoma County, California. California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 135; American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 2103-2104; Mineralogical Record (1993): 24: 349.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: American Mineralogist (1970), 55:2103-2104; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24 (5): 339-352
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Habit: powdery
Colour: white; pale green
Description: Occurs as incrustations and stalactites.
Reference: Goldsmith, E. (1877), On boussingaultite and other minerals from Sonoma County, California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 28: 265; Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 39, 45; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 247, 267; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 290; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 492; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record (1993): 24(5): 339-352.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Habit: Long fibers & small poorly terminated crystals
Description: Found only once in an open fissure with opal, cinnabar and a yellow iron sulphate
Reference: Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24 (5): 339-352
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Colour: yellowish white
Description: Reportedly rich in Ni; occurs sparingly.
Reference: Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 290; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 264; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24(5): 339-352.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 68; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 248; Brookins, D.G. (1973), X-ray investigation of chromiferous kaolinite (miloschite) from The Geysers, Sonoma County, California: Clays and Clay Minerals: 21: 421-422; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 438.
Kaolinite var: Chrome-Kaolinite
Formula: (Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 248; Brookins, D.G. (1973), X-ray investigation of chromiferous kaolinite (miloschite) from The Geysers, Sonoma County, California: Clays and Clay Minerals: 21: 421-422; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 438.
Letovicite
Formula: (NH4)3H(SO4)2
Habit: masses of pseudohexagonal crystals 0,03 by 0,05 mm and 0.0005mm thick
Colour: Colourless
Description: Occurs as platy micro-crystals on massive mascagnite from Boric Acid Springs along Geyser Creek Canyon.
Reference: Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246, 279; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 288; Dunning, Gail E. and J.F. Cooper (1969a) Letovicite from The Geysers, Sonoma County, California. California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 135; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24(5): 339-352.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Habit: As incrustations and nodules (some with a coarse fibrous interior)
Description: Occurs as incrustations and nodules during early summer months in the upper part of Geyser Creek Canyon.
Reference: Palache et al (1951), Dana's System of Mineralogy, seventh ed., vol. II: 399; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246, 279; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 288; Smith, Robert Leland (1958), Some new occurrences of sassolite in the United States: American Mineralogist: 43: 1205; Dunning, Gail E. and J.F. Cooper (1969a) Letovicite from The Geysers, Sonoma County, California. California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 135; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 239; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record: 24(5): 339-352
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Occurs sparingly.
Reference: Irelan, William, Jr. (1888b), Eighth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 8, 946 pp.: 633; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 247, 267; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 291; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record: 24(5): 339-352.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Description: Native Hg was the only ore here.
Reference: Eggleston, Thomas (1874-75), Notes on the treatment of mercury in north California: A.I.M.E. Transactions: 3: 273-274; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 377; Bradley, W.W. (1918), Quicksilver resources of California, with a section on metallurgy and ore dressing: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 78, 389 pp.: 192; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 260.
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Crawford, James John (1894), Twelfth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 12: 371; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 263.
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Description: As red coatings in cracks in siliceous sinter restricted to the area known as "the Big Geysers"
Reference: Anonymous (1955), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 31: 462 (426 ?) (on metastibnite); Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 263; American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 2103-2104; Dunning, G.S. & Cooper, J.F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record (1993): 24(5): 339-352.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Occurs as crusts of delicate capillary fibers.
Reference: Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 247; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 291; 87-293; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 590; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 356; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record (1993): 24(5): 339-352.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Description: Widely distributed in narrow veins.
Reference: Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 248; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 410.
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Description: Granular pseudomorphs of pentahydrite after epsomite
Reference: Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 39, 45; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246, 247; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 290; 87-293; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 492.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526; Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 45; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 264.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: smears
Colour: brass-yellow
Reference: Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24 (5): 339-352
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Habit: Tiny transparent flakes
Description: One specimen of tiny, transparent flakes.
Reference: Smith, Robert Leland (1958), Some new occurrences of sassolite in the United States: American Mineralogist: 43: 1204; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 239; Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record: 24(5): 339-352.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: http://www.mineralsocal.org
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Laizure, Clyde McK (1926), Sonoma County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 22): 22: 365; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 247; American Mineralogist (1970), 55: 2103-2104; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 53.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399, 476.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Habit: crusts
Colour: Black, dark green
Description: Occurs sparingly.
Reference: Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 40; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Description: Occurs lining cavities and fractures of graywacke erupted from a steam well.
Reference: Steiner, A. (1958), Occurrence of wairakite at The Geysers, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 781; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 590; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 371; Tschernich, R. (1975), Zeolites of the world, 1975; Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695; http://www.mineralsocal.org.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammonioalunite (TL)7.BC.10(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniojarosite7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Boussingaultite7.CC.60(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Letovicite7.AD.20(NH4)3H(SO4)2
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
var: Chrome-Kaolinite9.ED.05(Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Anhydrous Acid Sulfates
Letovicite28.1.3.1(NH4)3H(SO4)2
A2XO4
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Boussingaultite29.3.7.2(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammonioalunite (TL)30.2.4.6(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniojarosite30.2.5.4(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
var: Chrome-Kaolinite-(Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Kaolinite (var: Chrome-Kaolinite)(Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
BBoron
B SassoliteH3BO3
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
N Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
N Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
N Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
OOxygen
O Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Kaolinite (var: Chrome-Kaolinite)(Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
NaSodium
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Kaolinite (var: Chrome-Kaolinite)(Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Kaolinite (var: Chrome-Kaolinite)(Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MetastibniteSb2S3
S PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S MetacinnabarHgS
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Kaolinite (var: Chrome-Kaolinite)(Al,Cr)2(Si2O5)(OH)4
FeIron
Fe Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SbAntimony
Sb MetastibniteSb2S3
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg MetacinnabarHgS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Goldsmith, E. (1877), On boussingaultite and other minerals from Sonoma County, California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 28: 264-266.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 68.
Irelan, William, Jr. (1888b), Eighth annual report of the State Mineralogist [includes mineral resources of the State, with contributions by W.A. Goodyear, H.A. Whiting, and Stephen Bowers]: California Mining Bureau. Report 8, 946 pp.: 633.
Laizure, Clyde McK (1926), Sonoma County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 22): 22: 314-365.
Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378; [(abstract) Geol. Zentralbl. (1928), Band 38: 176-177; Neues Jahrb., Referate 2: 634-636; Scottish Geog. Mag (1928): 44: 230-231]: 39, 40, 45.
Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 245-248.
Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 287-293.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 399, 476, 492.
Anonymous (1955), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 31: 462 (on metastibnite).
Smith, Robert Leland (1958), Some new occurrences of sassolite in the United States: American Mineralogist: 43: 1204-1205.
Steiner, A. (1958), Occurrence of wairakite at The Geysers, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 781.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62, 63, 113, 179, 214, 258, 263, 282, 285, 288, 293, 327, 356, 382, 383.
White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 590.
Dunning, Gail E. and J.F. Cooper (1969a) Letovicite from The Geysers, Sonoma County, California. California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 135.
American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 2103-2104.
Tschernich, R. (1975), Zeolites of the world, 1975.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 53, 239, 263, 264, 265, 356, 371, 410.
Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 145-152.
Dunning, G. S. & Cooper, J. F. (1993): History and minerals of The Geysers Sonoma County, California. Mineralogical Record 24 (5): 339-352.

External Links


Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2019年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2019.12.6 17:48:56 Page generated: 2019.8.15 18:36:59
Go to top of page