SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo GalleriesSearch by Color今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

U.S. Borax open pit (Boron pit), U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Kramer Mine; Baker Mine), Kramer Borate deposit, Boron, Kern Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
U.S. Borax open pit (Boron pit)Pit
U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Kramer Mine; Baker Mine)Mine
Kramer Borate depositDeposit
BoronTown
Kern Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 2' 39'' North , 117° 41' 39'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Boron2,253 (2011)6.4km
North Edwards1,058 (2011)13.0km
Edwards Air Force Base2,063 (2013)26.2km
California City13,277 (2017)28.0km
Johannesburg172 (2011)36.9km


The primary mineralization is borax, precipitated in a permanent shallow lake, fed from thermal (volcanic) springs rich in sodium & boron. Kernite was formed later upon deep (+1500 ft.) burial and temperatures above 53°C (Christ and Garrels, 1959). The sodium borates together with claystone are hosted as a core facies within the Middle Miocene (16 mybp) Kramer beds (Barnard & Kistler, 1967) and are completely enveloped by ulexite-bearing shales (Gale, 1946). Stratigraphic and structural studies indicate the Kramer borates were deposited in a small structural, nonmarine basin, elongated in an east-west direction and limited on the south by the Western Borax fault.
[Joe Siefke 2010]

The open pit mine of the U.S. Borax Mine located in secs. 14 & 23, T11N, R8W, SBM, N of the town of Boron. A borate mine removing 10,000 tons/day during 1984. Owned by U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp.

In 1913 a borate mining claim was registered by O. Suckow, following identification of colemanite nodules during well drilling in the Kramer area of Kern Co. California.

This discovery claim was later bought out by the Pacific Coast Borax Company, whose subsequent exploration drilling in the district discovered the Na-borate deposit in 1925.

Their first exploitation was underground, via the shaft known as the Baker mine, which lies near the eastern end of the Na-borate ore body. During 1926 & 1927, two other companies, Suckow Borax Mines and the Western Borax Co., began working further west in the deposit. Both of these operations were taken over within the next few years by Pacific Coast Borax [Western Borax in 1933].

In the late 1940s, the former Western Borax property was bought by the California Borate Co. which since seems to have faded from the scene, although I can find no reference to its demise. In 1956 Pacific Coast Borax merged with United States Potash Corporation, to become US Borax, and in 1957 changed from underground to opencast working.

The Jenifer Mine was a shaft located about halfway between the Western Borax and Suckow Borax mines and is now included within the US Borax property. In 1968 US Borax became part of the Rio Tinto Group.

Zeolites occur in basalt underlying the borate deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


29 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: trapazohedra to 3mm, some with cubic faces
Colour: glass clear
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311.; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 147; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 137; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Have collected them in the mine-Rock Currier; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Richard Dale Collection; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
'Clinoptilolite'
Formula: (Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Richard Dale Collection; Speckels, M.L. (1965) Minerals for everyone: the complete guide to micromounts. Gembooks, Mentone, California.; Wise, W.S. and Kleck, W.D. (1988) Sodic clay-zeolite assemblage in basalt at Boron, California. Clays and Clay Minerals, 36(2), 131-136.
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Habit: 1mm rosettes of thin-bladed monoclinic crystals
Colour: clear
Description: Found in saponite covered vesicles in Saddleback Mountain basalt samples originated from the pit decades ago. Associated with octahedral-like dipyramidal calcite and gmelinite-Na.
Reference: MarekC (2018) collection, Raman & XRD verified.
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
'Heulandite'
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.311; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Habit: short, well-terminated; radiating groups.
Description: Occurs as radiating crystals > 5 cm long; also a singlr large mass of a ton or mkore containing tunellite. Short, well-terminated crystals numerous in the vugs.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 241.
Inderite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Description: Occurs abundantly with kurnakovite in teh hanging wall of the main Na-borate4 ore body, in a thin, discontinuous zone 1 to 2 feet (0.3 to 0.6 meters) above the ore.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 228.
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Description: Occurs as unaltered crystals to 3.75 cm on a side; as intergrown masses; as small, rough crystals found in clay adjacent to the deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 246.
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Reference: Boslough, M. B., Weldon, R. J., & Ahrens, T. J. (1980). Impact-induced water loss from serpentine, nontronite and kernite. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference Proceedings (Vol. 11).
Kurnakovite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 228.
Mazzite-Na (TL)
Formula: Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Acicular
Colour: White
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World: 64.; Valange, S., Gabelica, Z. (1996) Zeolieten. Pages 59-71 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Arletti, R., Galli, E., Vezzalini, G., Wise, W.S. (2005) Mazzite-Na, a new zeolite from Boron, California: Its description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 90(7), 1186-1191.
Meyerhofferite
Formula: Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Colour: White
Description: Occurs as small white euhedral crystals disseminated in a green claystone near the base of the upper ulexite layers.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Soc. of California, Montebello, CA): 27; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 265; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 246.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Description: Occurs included within borate minerals.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Soc. of California, Montebello, CA): 33; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 283.
Phillipsite-Na
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (2005): 90: 1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.311; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: P Haas collection; Have collected them in the mine-Rock Currier
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Richard Dale Collection
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Saponite var. Iron-bearing Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Colour: green, brownish, black
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
Searlesite
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Richard Dale Collection; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Reference: Have collected them in the mine-Rock Currier
Tunellite
Formula: SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 241, 255.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 246; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Colemanite6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Hydroboracite6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite6.CA.15MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kernite6.DB.05Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Kurnakovite6.CA.20MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite6.CA.30Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Probertite6.EB.15NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Tunellite6.FC.05SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Gaidonnayite9.DM.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Heulandite-Na9.GE.05(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Mazzite-Na (TL)9.GC.20Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Phillipsite-Na9.GC.10(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var. Iron-bearing Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Searlesite9.EF.15Na(H2BSi2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinoptilolite'-(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite26.3.1.3MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kurnakovite26.3.3.1MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite26.3.2.1Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite26.4.5.1Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Probertite26.5.12.1NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Hexaborates
Tunellite26.6.6.2SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Gaidonnayite59.2.2.3Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Searlesite71.3.5.4Na(H2BSi2O7)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Clinoptilolite'-(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na-Na6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
'Gmelinite'-
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
'Heulandite'-
Heulandite-Na-(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Mazzite-Na (TL)-Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
Phillipsite-Na-(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Saponite
var. Iron-bearing Saponite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
H GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
H KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
H Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
H InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
H KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
H InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
H MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
BBoron
B ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
B KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
B SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
B HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
B InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
B KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
B InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
B MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
O GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
O KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
O Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
O InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
O KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
O InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
O MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
NaSodium
Na Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Na GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Na Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Na Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Na Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Na Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Mg Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Mg InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Al Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Al Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
SiSilicon
Si Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Si GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
Si Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Si Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
SSulfur
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S RealgarAs4S4
S OrpimentAs2S3
KPotassium
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
K Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
K Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Ca Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ca Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Ca Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Ca HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Ca InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Ca MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As OrpimentAs2S3
SrStrontium
Sr Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Sr TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960) The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, California): 27, 29, 33, 34.
Erd, R.C., V. Morgan & J.R. Clark (1961) Tunellite, a new hydrous strontium borate from the Kramer borate district, California. USGS PP 424-C, article No. 255: 294-297.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966) Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966). California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 102, 221, 228, 265, 283.
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district. California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 152.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983) Minerals of California. Van Nostrand Reinhold Press: 246, 255.
Mining Annual Review (1985) 127.
Wise, W.S. and Kleck, W.D. (1988) Sodic clay-zeolite assemblage in basalt at Boron, California. Clays and Clay Minerals, 36(2), 131-136.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World: 64, 311.
American Mineralogist (2005) 90: 1186-1191.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.9.23 02:21:26 Page generated: 2020.9.17 07:59:40
Go to top of page