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Borax Lake (Big Borax Lake), Clear Lake Oaks, Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District), Lake Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Borax Lake (Big Borax Lake)Lake
Clear Lake Oaks- not defined -
Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)Mining District
Lake Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 59' 18'' North , 122° 40' 36'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 38.98833,-122.67667
GeoHash:G#: 9qbvb3ted
Locality type:Lake
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Clearlake Oaks2,359 (2011)4.2km
Clear Lake Riviera3,090 (2017)5.4km
Clearlake15,182 (2017)5.5km
Soda Bay1,016 (2011)9.8km
Lower Lake1,294 (2011)10.4km


A borate-halite deposit located in sec. 7, T13N, R7W, MDM.

This was the first California record of borax (1865) as crystals in lake mud; however, it was found and reported by Dr. John A. Veatch as early as March, 1857.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs as crystals in lake mud.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 340; Harris, R.P. (1864), On borax in California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 9: 450; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 109.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Description: Occurs in lake mud.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 233, 235; Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 22; Vonsen, Magnus & G.D. Hanna (1936), Borax Lake, California: California Division Mines Report 32: 103; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 197, 280, 289, 374; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 207, 208.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Habit: Thin, flattened.
Description: Occurs in blue clay 40 feet (13 meters) below surface.
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 182; Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1868b), On the occurrence of glauberite at Borax Lake, California: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 399; Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 22; Vonsen, Magnus & G.D. Hanna (1936), Borax Lake, California: California Division Mines Report 32: 103; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 197, 200; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 285.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Habit: Slender, square prismatic
Description: Occurs as crystals with interspaced thermonatrite crystals.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 373; Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 212, 359, 365; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 191.
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 231.
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Description: Occurs in lake mud.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 233, 235; Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 22; Vonsen, Magnus & G.D. Hanna (1936), Borax Lake, California: California Division Mines Report 32: 103; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 197, 280, 289, 374; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 207, 208.
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 233, 235; Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 22; Vonsen, Magnus & G.D. Hanna (1936), Borax Lake, California: California Division Mines Report 32: 104; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 280, 289, 359, 374; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 207, 208.
Teepleite (TL)
Formula: Na2[B(OH)4]Cl
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in pools of brine remaining after a period of extreme desiccation.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 373; Bradley, W.W. (1938), Thirty-fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 34: 297; Gale, William Alexander, W.F. Foshag & Magnus Vonsen (1939), Teepleite, a new mineral from Borax Lake, California: American Mineralogist: 24: 48-52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 359; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 261, 262.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Habit: Platy needles
Description: Occurs as crystals between halite crystals.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 365; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 205.
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Reference: Pabst, A., & Sawyer, D. L. (1948). Tincalconite crystals from Searles Lake, San Bernardino County, California. American Mineralogist, 33, 472-481.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 139, 235, 373; Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 22, 24; Vonsen, Magnus & G.D. Hanna (1936), Borax Lake, California: California Division Mines Report 32: 103; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 280, 289; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 208.
Tychite
Formula: Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 233.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Korbel & Novak (1999), Mineral Encylopaedia: 133.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Pirssonite5.CB.30Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Tychite5.BF.05Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Teepleite (TL)6.AC.40Na2[B(OH)4]Cl
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Pirssonite15.2.1.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Northupite16a.3.9.1Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Tychite17.1.1.1Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Teepleite (TL)25.1.4.1Na2[B(OH)4]Cl
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TeepleiteNa2[B(OH)4]Cl
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
BBoron
B TeepleiteNa2[B(OH)4]Cl
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
CCarbon
C PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
OOxygen
O TeepleiteNa2[B(OH)4]Cl
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
NaSodium
Na TeepleiteNa2[B(OH)4]Cl
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
MgMagnesium
Mg NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Mg TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
SSulfur
S TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
ClChlorine
Cl TeepleiteNa2[B(OH)4]Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
CaCalcium
Ca PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 2765198
water

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3190324
Mesozoic tectonic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Franciscan Complex

Comments: metamorphic protolith: mafic volcanics

Lithology: Shale

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Harris, R.P. (1864), On borax in California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 9: 450.
Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1868b), On the occurrence of glauberite at Borax Lake, California: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 399.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 182.
Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 3-4, 21-25.
Vonsen, Magnus & G.D. Hanna (1936), Borax Lake, California: California Division Mines Report 32: 103, 104.
Bradley, W.W. (1938), Thirty-fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 34: 297.
Gale, William Alexander, W.F. Foshag & Magnus Vonsen (1939), Teepleite, a new mineral from Borax Lake, California: American Mineralogist: 24: 48-52.
Pabst, A., & Sawyer, D. L. (1948). Tincalconite crystals from Searles Lake, San Bernardino County, California. American Mineralogist, 33, 472-481.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 340, 373.
California Journal of Mines and Geology (1944): 40(3): 304 (July 1944).
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 109, 197, 200, 212, 280, 289, 359, 365, 374.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 191, 205, 207, 208, 261, 262, 285.
Korbel & Novak (1999), Mineral Encylopaedia: 133.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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