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Morning Star Mine (Curtz Mine; Ardis Mine), Mogul Peak, Monitor - Mogul Mining District, Alpine Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Morning Star Mine (Curtz Mine; Ardis Mine)Mine
Mogul PeakPeak
Monitor - Mogul Mining DistrictMining District
Alpine Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 40' 58'' North , 119° 41' 57'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Markleeville210 (2014)7.3km
Topaz Lake157 (2011)13.5km
Alpine Village114 (2011)14.4km
Mesa Vista200 (2011)16.2km
Topaz Ranch Estates1,501 (2017)18.2km


A former lode Au-Cu-Ag-Sb-Pb-Zn-As-baryte mine located in the W½ sec. 29, T10N, R21E, MDM, 1.7 km (5,500 feet) ESE of Mogul Peak and 2.0 km (6,400 feet) N of Loope, along Mogul Gulch (3 miles NW from Heenan Lake), on National Forest land. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 100 meters.

Mineralization is hosted in Pliocene andesitic rhyolite. Geologic structures involve a shear zone. Alteration is local (silicification). This deposit is on the E side of the major alteration/silicification of the district. The shear zone appears to trend SW through the Curtz & Georgiana Mines, and then SE along the S side of Monitor Canyon near the Zaca mill. The mine dump has white, silicified rock that contains mostly fine- to medium-grained minerals. The silicified hilltop stands out from surrounding unaltered andesite. The silicified rock is iron oxide-stained in places. This mine resembles other district producers except that enargite is more abundant. Enargite (or other copper-arsenic-antimony sulfosalts) is the most important copper ore mineral (Burchard 1883). A body of enargite mixed with pyrite was found in the late 19th century, measuring 10 to 15 feet thick and 20 to 30 feet long. Local rocks include Tertiary pyroclastic and volcanic mudflow deposits, unit 9 (Cascade Range).

From Wachter (1971): Jasperoid outcrop is mostly quartz and has silver and gold with high trace elements. Hydrothermal alteration at the Morningstar deposit was caused by fluids with a low K+/H+ ratio (orthoclase is almost absent). The "clay" associated with enargite is quartz, kaolinite, and pyrite. The "clay" associated with massive pyrite is quartz with lesser sericite and dickite. Sericitic alteration and quartz-jasperoid present at Morningstar and Mogul Peak.

Also from Wachter (1971): A sample of enargite yielded 16% copper, 50 ounces per ton silver, and 0.5 ounce per ton gold. Similar material showed blebs of an unknown silver mineral in enargite, and possible cylindrite was intergrown with enargite. A sample of porous pyrite (with no other visible sulfides) yielded 0.2% copper, 5 ounces per ton silver, and 0.08 ounce per ton gold.

Workings include underground openings. A 1,200 foot main adit, trending SSE, is known as the 148 foot level. A 480 foot deep shaft connected 922 feetN from the portal. There are also 220, 280 and 480 foot levels. Crosscuts extend to the ore zone. Also stopes and winzes. The main adit & shaft were still open in 1971. Workings of the Georgiana & Curtz Mines were for a time driven for ore bodies in the same zone.

Production data are found in: Clark (1977).

Some enargite ore (carrying $400 (period values) per ton in Cu, Au & Ag) was shipped as far as Swansea, Wales, for smelting. The mine produced fairly steadily during the period 1863 - 1904 on a fairly large scale. Minor exploration was done in 1951, 1952 & 1957.

1882: Over a six month and 16 day period, an average of 3.5 tons of ore per day was processed in the Exchequer mill with the Hunt, Douglass, and Stewart Process. The total output for this period was 70,895 pounds of copper and $18,172 (period values) of Au & Ag.

1901: 22 tons of ore yielded 17% copper, $32.00 (period values) in Au, and 49 ounces of Ag per ton.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Kyle Buecke sample
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Vikre, P.G. and C.D. Henry ( 2011) Quartz-alunite alteration cells in the southern segment of the Ancestral Cascades Magmatic Arc. in Steininger, Roger, and Pennell, Bill, eds., Great Basin Evolution and Metallogeny Proceedings Geological Society of Nevada 2010 Symposium, Reno, Nevada.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: Well-formed crystals.
Reference: Nichols, J.B. (1946), Collecting minerals in Alpine County, California, The Mineralogist: 14: 172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 75; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: A gangue mineral.
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 78; Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York: 1095; Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 33; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 291; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Kyle Buecke sample
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Kyle Buecke sample
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: Principal Cu ore mineral here.
Reference: Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York.: 1095; Root, E.W. (1868) On enargite from the Morning Star Mine, California. American Journal of Science, 2nd. Series: 46: 201; Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1873b), Mineralogical notes on Utah, California, and Nevada, with a description of priceite a new borate of lime: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 6: 126; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1908), Notes on some California minerals: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 5: 232; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 12; Harcourt, George Alan (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite): American Mineralogist: 22: 521; Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 17, 19, 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 135; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 12; Harcourt, George Alan (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite): American Mineralogist: 22: 521; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 135; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Kyle Buecke sample
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 23; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24; Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines: 53(3&4): 413-414; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 101; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 23; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24; Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines: 53(3&4): 413-414; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 101; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu102)Te4S12S
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Kyle Buecke sample
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Kyle Beucke Collection
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Description: Occurs as microscopic crystals.
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 311; ; Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York.: 1095; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 13; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 138; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York.: 1095; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 13; Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 23; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 140; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York.: 1095.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York.: 1095.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 33; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 131; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 19, 45; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 82.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 371; Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York: 1095; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 13; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 140; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 13; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 108.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Kyle Buecke sample
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Kyle Buecke sample
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Description: An important ore here.
Reference: Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York: 148, 1095; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 16; Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines: 53(3&4): 413-414; Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 33; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 132; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05(Cu102)Te4S12S
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6(Cu102)Te4S12S
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S RealgarAs4S4
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
S SulphurS8
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
CuCopper
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As RealgarAs4S4
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
AgSilver
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
SbAntimony
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
TeTellurium
Te Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A) In-text Citation No.
Browne, J.R. (1868), Mineral resources of the states and territories west of the Rocky Mountains: 40th. Cong. 2nd. sess., H. Ex. Doc. 202, 674 pp. [1867]: 170-172.
Burchard, H.C. (1883) Report of the Director of the Mint upon the statistics of the production of the precious metals in the United States. Government Printing Office, Washington.
Root, E.W. (1868) On enargite from the Morning Star Mine, California. American Journal of Science, 2nd. Series: 46: 201.
Raymond, Rossiter Worthington (1872), Mines and mining in the states and territories west of the Rocky Mountains (for 1870): 42nd. Congress, 3rd. session, H. Ex. Doc. 210, 550 pp.: 53.
Raymond, R. W. (1873a), Statistics of Mines and Mining in the States and Territories West of the Rocky Mountains (for 1871): U.S. Treasury Department, Washington: 95..
Raymond, R. W. (1873b), Statistics of Mines and Mining in the States and Territories West of the Rocky Mountains (for 1872): House of Representatives Executive Document No. 210, 42nd. Congress, 3rd. Session: 15.
Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1873b), Mineralogical notes on Utah, California, and Nevada, with a description of priceite a new borate of lime: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 6: 126-133; […Engineering & Mining Journal: 16: 82, 98-99]: 126.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 78, 311, 371.
Dana, Edward Salisbury (1892), System of mineralogy, 6th. ed., 1134 pp., Wiley & Sons, New York: 148, 1095.
Aubury, Lewis E. (1902), The copper resources of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 23: 199.
Aubury, L.E. (1905), The Copper Resources of California: California Division of Mines and Geology, Bulletin 27.
Aubury, Lewis E. (1908), The copper resources of California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 50: 246.
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1908), Notes on some California minerals: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 5: 232.
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 12, 13, 16-23.
Logan, Clarence August (1921), Auburn field division: California Mining Bureau. Report 17: 403.
Logan, Clarence August (1922), California Mining Bureau. Report 18: 362.
Logan, Clarence August (1931), Alpine County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau. (Report 27): 27: 489.
Harcourt, George Alan (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite): American Mineralogist: 22: 521.
Nichols, J.B. (1946), Collecting minerals in Alpine County, California, The Mineralogist: 14: 171-175.
Eric, J.C. (1948), Tabulation of Copper Deposits in California in: Copper in California: California Division of Mines Bulletin 144: 213.
Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines: 53(3&4): 413-414.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 86, 96, 175, 180, 292, 300, 347.
Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 23.
Wachter, B.G. (1971) Rapid fresh and altered rock-analysis for exploration reconnaissance: infrared absorption applications in the Monitor district, California. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University.
Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 13, 17, 19, 20-21, 24, 33, 45, map.
Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 75, 82, 101, 108, 131, 132, 135, 138, 140, 291.
Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10006814 & 10114590.
Vikre, P.G. and C.D. Henry (2011), Quartz-alunite alteration cells in the southern segment of the Ancestral Cascades Magmatic Arc. in Steininger, Roger, and Pennell, Bill, eds., Great Basin Evolution and Metallogeny Proceedings Geological Society of Nevada 2010 Symposium, Reno, Nevada.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0060030029.

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10006814

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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