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Four Metals Mine (Guajolote Mine; Frisco Mine; Red Hill crosscut; Red Mountain Mine; Phoenix claims; Hillside claims), Red Hill, Providencia Canyon, Patagonia Mining District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Four Metals Mine (Guajolote Mine; Frisco Mine; Red Hill crosscut; Red Mountain Mine; Phoenix claims; Hillside claims)Mine
Red HillHill
Providencia CanyonCanyon
Patagonia Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MountainsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 23' 51'' North , 110° 44' 10'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kino Springs136 (2011)8.0km
Beyerville177 (2011)13.5km
Francisco Miguel Cárdenas Valdez (Mascareñas)541 (2014)14.7km
Patagonia890 (2017)15.9km
Nogales20,252 (2017)19.8km


A former small underground Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Zn-Mo-Sb-W mine located on 35 (33 ?) unpatented claims in West-central sec. 29, T.23S., R.16E., near Providencia Canyon on the south flank of Red Hill, 1 mile east of the Proto Mine, in the head of Providencia Canyon on its north side, on the south edge of Guajolote Flat, at an elevation of about 5,400 feet, on National Forest land. It is 3 miles NW of Washington and 2½ miles SW of Mowry. Discovered in the 1860's or earlier by pioneers. Produced 1937-1941. Owned at times, or in part, by Mr. George Gross ( -1904); and the Four Metals Mining Co. (1904- ); Coronado Mines Inc.; the Kino Copper Co.; and, the West Range Co. (Subsidiary Of Noranda Mines Inc.). Additional names apply: Guajolote lode; Bacon; Gualota; Quajolote.

Mineralization is comprised of deposits of copper-bearing ores (sulfides and copper carbonates) near the surface in a banded quartz vein cutting the mineralized intrusive Laramide quartz monzonite.
A strong fault zone is located nearby. The deposits occur in the form of subordinate veins, lenses, stringers, and seams in the fissures, joints, sheeting planes, and other fractures in the rock, and also to a large extent as metasomatic replacement deposits in the body of the rock itself, notably in the walls of the fissures and fractures, where solid bodies or pockets of relatively pure metallic minerals are of common occurrence. The ore zone is a breccia pipe 1.83 meters wide. The principal gangue mineral is quartz which only sparingly present.

The deposit occurs in a stocklike body of the younger quartz monzonite or 'porphyry,' which forms Four Metals Hill and intrudes the older quartz monzonite. The intrusive quartz monzonite is the usual reddish-gray granitoid rock. It is granular and medium-grained and is composed mainly of oligoclase and orthoclase in about equal amounts, with considerble biotite, magnetite, some hornblende, and quartz. It is intruded in the south fault zone of the Guajolote block, where it, together with some of the adjoining older quartz monzonite, has since been profoundly sheeted, shattered, crushed, and mineralized. It is sliced by a dominant east-west vertical sheeting about parallel with the fault scarp. Underground it is shattered and traversed by fissures, seams, and fractures trending in almost every direction, and these are largely filled by pyrite and chalcopyrite to such an extent that the rock mass as a whole forms a sort of breccia cemented by the iron content. The resulting breccia pipe is 1200 by 900 feet, plunging SSW. It is stained a brilliant red on the weathered surface. Alteration is potassic, phyllic and argillic.

Mineralization is mostly low-grade.

Tectonic elements are the Guajolote Block. The inferred Guajolote Fault lies to the east of the deposit and trends NW, downthrow to the east.

Workings total over 3,000 feet (914 meters) of openings, including extensive tunnel operations, achieving a depth of 149.35 meters. The Red Hill 712 foot lower crosscut tunnel was driven in 1907. There is a 185 foot tunnel on the 5360 foot level; a 600 foot tunnel on the 5400 foot level; a 750 foot adit on the 5260 foot level; a 1187 foot adit on the 5090 foot level; and a 140 foot high raise between the 5260 and the 5400 foot levels. The Red Hill lower crosscut tunnel is 712 feet long. Only a few tons of picked ore were shipped, which ran about 7% Cu, 40 oz. Ag/T and 0.1 oz. Au/T. A breccia pipe has been developed on 3 levels and was drilled by the West Range Co., which proved 3 million tons of 0.82% Cu ore.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037102, MRDS ID #M030400.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Habit: Large crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Some secondary material occurs.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 319; Baker (1961); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 319; Baker (1961); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037102, MRDS ID #M030400.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 317-320; Baker (1961); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037102, MRDS ID #M030400.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Dennis Tryon
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: A component of host rocks (quartz monzonite).
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 319 & 320.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dennis Tryon collection, personally collected 2009
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037102, MRDS ID #M030400.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Striated crystals to 2 cm on an edge
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 317-320; Baker (1961); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 341; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 319; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: James R. Mitchell, Gem Trails of Arizona, pg 202
Sphalerite ?
Formula: ZnS
Description: Occurrence possible.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 317-320; Baker (1961); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite ?2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite ?2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GalenaPbS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 317-320.
Baker, R.C. (1961) The geology and ore deposits of the southeast portion of the Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, Ph.D. dissertation.
Hinton, R.J. (1878) 1000 Old Arizona Mines (revised 1970).
Graybeal, F.T. (1972) The partition of trace elements among co-existing minerals in some Laramide intrusive rocks in Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 220 p.
Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 80 (Table 4).
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 16 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 341.
U.S. Bureau of Mines field notes, CU65.
U.S. Bureau of Mines file data, Four Metals Mine.
U.S. Bureau of Mines file data-cluster #22, Guajolote Mine.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Coronado National Forest Study.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology production file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037102, MRDS ID #M030400; and, Dep. ID #10048329, MRDS ID #M899910; and, Dep. ID #10161869, MAS ID #0040230211; and, Dep. ID #10234778, MAS ID #0040230193.

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10037102

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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