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Sunnyside & Volcano Mines (Sunnyside Mine group; Volcano-Sunnyside Mine; Sunnyside Mine), Alum Gulch, Harshaw Mining District, Patagonia Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Sunnyside & Volcano Mines (Sunnyside Mine group; Volcano-Sunnyside Mine; Sunnyside Mine)Group of Mines
Alum GulchGulch
Harshaw Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MtsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 27' 4'' North , 110° 44' 46'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Patagonia890 (2017)9.9km
Kino Springs136 (2011)11.5km
Beyerville177 (2011)14.2km
Francisco Miguel Cárdenas Valdez (Mascareñas)541 (2014)20.1km
Nogales20,252 (2017)21.7km


A former small surface and underground Cu-Ag-Pb-Zn-Au-As mine on a group of 8 unpatented claims (Sunnyside, Volcano, Climax, Horseshoe, Farrell, Union Leader, Lucky Strike, and Old Man) located in east-central (SW¼SE¼) sec. 6, and in the center E½NE¼ sec. 7, T.23S., R.16E. (protracted) (Lochiel 15 minute topo map), 1¼ miles SW of the January Mine and 2½ miles west of Harshaw, on the upper part of Alum Gulch, just N of the Thunder and Standard Mine group, at an elevation of about 5,800 feet, on National Forest land. Located in 1897 by R. Farrell. Produced 1897-1954. Owned/operated at times, or in part, by Farrell (1897- ); L.D. Ricketts of Cananea (early 1912- ); Lenon & Vasquez; the Santa Cruz Copper Co.; Lee Farrell and A. Olander; J.W. Wingfield; Cananea Copper Co.; and, Strong & Harris. Diamond Drilling was under contract to the Metler Brothers Drilling Co. The Volcano Mine is the principal mine of the group.

The deposits are contained mainly in a NW-trending mineralized shear zone about 200 feet (60.9 meters) wide in granite porphyry, which trends N.50ºW. across the claims, and dips 70SW. This zone consists of belts of sheared and silicified country rock containing copper carbonates and minor tenorite and sulfides along a fault cutting the Laramide rhyolite conglomerate and porphyry. Monzonite (?) porphyry intrudes Mt. Wrightson Formation and is locally much al tered to quartz, sericite, kaolinite, alunite, pyrite and tourmaline. Minor gold occurs in malachite ore. A small pocket of black oxidized copper ore was encountered at a depth of 80 feet. Sulfide ores might exist below the oxidation zone, but mining has not penetrated to that depth.

To a depth of 40 feet the mineralized zone is composed largely of quartz carrying considerable copper carbonates, but below this depth the shaft passes through soft, earthy material containing a few small masses of siliceous rock and a larger amount of iron oxide than is seen at the surface. In all, surface ozidation is over 80 feet in depth. An associated rock unit is the Mt. Wrightson Formation.

Tectonic elements include the Thunder Mine Fault Block.

Workings are several shallow shafts to about 90 feet (36.5 meters) of depth (the inclined Volcano shaft [about 30 feet, dipping to the SW] and the Sunnyside shaft [90 feet]), and open cuts. Various stopes and drifts; shallow open cuts. The Volcano claim workings also include a 50-foot deep vertical shaft, a 550 foot long adit with crosscuts totaling 350 feet in length, a 77 foot raise from the adit up to the vertical shaft bottom. Diamond drilling, conducted on the property in 1954, reached a depth of 608 feet on the incline. Worked in the late 1890's and sporadically through 1953. Some 1,600 tons of picked ore averaged about 8% Cu, 1.6 oz. Ag/T, and minor Pb, Zn, and Au.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: As an enrichment blanket.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 254-256; Karchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Description: 1.5 cm masses in goethite & pseudomorphs after cuprite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: Rare vein mineral with pyrite under a chalcocite enrichment blanket.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 254-256; Karchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: A little native gold in malachite ore.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 256.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Well crystallized, individuals to 1/8 inch diameter; fibrous rosettte forms prevalent in more massive parts of the ore.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 256.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 254-256; Karchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 254-256; Karchner (1944); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O TenoriteCuO
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S PyriteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
CuCopper
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 254-256.
Kartchner, W.E. (1944) The geology and ore deposits of a portion of the Harshaw district, Patagonia Mountains, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 100 p.: 96-97.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 27;
Simons, F.S. (1972) Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Patagonia Mountains and adjoining areas, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, in Mesozoic stratigraphy in southeastern Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 658-E, p. E1-E23 (E9).
Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4).
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 16 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): Porphyry Copper Deposits of the World: Database, Map, and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 05-1060.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Rodriguez, B.D., and Sampson, J.A. (2010): Magnetotelluric Survey to Characterize the Sunnyside Porphyry Copper System in the Patagonia Mountains, Arizona. USGS Open-File Report 10-1171.
Lenon's map of Santa Cruz County.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology file data.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Coronado National Forest Study.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048335, MRDS ID #M899919; and, Dep. ID #10186399, MAS ID #0040230375.

USGS MRDS Record:10048335

Localities in this Region


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