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Basin Mine group, Wieland group (Wieland group claims), Harshaw, Harshaw Mining District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Basin Mine group- not defined -
Wieland group (Wieland group claims)- not defined -
Harshaw- not defined -
Harshaw Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MountainsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 28' 52'' North , 110° 42' 56'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Patagonia890 (2017)7.5km
Kino Springs136 (2011)15.9km
Beyerville177 (2011)18.4km
Sonoita818 (2015)22.7km
Francisco Miguel Cárdenas Valdez (Mascareñas)541 (2014)24.1km


‡Ref.: Schrader, F.C. (1915) Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, with contributions by J.M. Hill: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 582, 373 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:125,000: 275-276.

Simons, F.S. (1972) Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Patagonia Mountains and adjoining areas, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, in Mesozoic stratigraphy in southeastern Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 658-E: E22.

Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.

Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4).

Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 16 (Table 1).

U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology file data.

U.S. Bureau of Mines Coronado National Forest Study Report.

Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048356, MRDS ID #M899944; and, Dep. ID #10234866, MAS ID #0040230443.

A former small underground Ag-Zn-Pb-Cu-Au mine group located in the center & East-center of sec. 33, T.22S., R.16E. (Harshaw 15 minute topo map), on the ridge between Harshaw and Alum Creeks, 1½ miles NW of Harshaw, on National Forest land. Discovered in 1885 by George F. Wieland and Associates. Produced 1882-1949. Owned by Mumme Mining Co. Other owner/operators included Mr. George Wieland and Theodore Gebler; Mr. George Willard; Mr. F.E. Thayer and Mr. Gus Jaeger; Mr. W.R. Johnson; Mr. J.W. Wilson; and, Mr. T.G. Dunham.

Mineralization is deeply oxidized, siliceous, lensing, quartz NW-trending shear veins/fault fissure containing argentiferous galena and other sulfides, cutting crushed and altered Cretaceous andesite volcanics with interbedded silicated limestone and shale with rhyolite intrusives. The ore zone is 6.1 meters long, 0.76 meters wide, strikes N64W and dips 70-80SSW. The lenses and shoot apparently pitch westward on the vein. Ore concentration was secondary enrichment. Surface oxidation exists to great depth.

Local structures include NW- and NE-trending fissure systems cutting thick-bedded, very fine-grained volcanics of Red Mountain; and, porphyritic to fine-grained thin to very thick trachyandesite flows. Older silicated limestone and altered shale occur locally.

Tectonic elements include Red Mountain and Corral Canyon Fault Blocks.

Workings include shafts, adits, tunnels, and open cuts (see individual mine files for details). These mines were worked in the 1880's and early 1900's. They produced some 100 tons of ore averaging about 15 oz. Ag/T, 5.5% Pb, and 4.5% Cu. Early 1900's assay values averaged 7% Cu, 1-1.5 oz/t Au, 5.5% Pb, 15 oz/t Ag.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 275-276; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 275-276; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 275-276; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 276.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 56 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 275-276; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CupriteCu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GalenaPbS
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
PbLead
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb GalenaPbS

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10048356

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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