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Kongsberg silver mining district, Buskerud, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Kongsberg silver mining districtMining District
BuskerudCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude:
60° North , 9° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~123km
Locality type:
Other Languages:
French:
mines d'argent de Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norvège
German:
Silberbergwerk Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norwegen
Norwegian:
Kongsberg Sølvverk, Buskerud, Norge
Spanish:
minas de plata de Kongsberg, Buskerud, Noruega
Danish:
Kongsberg Sølvværk, Buskerud, Norge
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Kongsberg Sølvverk, Buskerud fylke, Noreg
Swedish:
Kongsbergs silververk, Buskerud fylke, Norge


The silver mines in Kongsberg were in operation from 1623 until 1958. At its peak, more than 4000 people worked in the mining industry in Kongsberg (1770). German mining engineers were used from the start and for more than two centuries, and are the cause for all the German names on mines and streets in Kongsberg.

A total of more than 1,3 million kg silver were taken out of the mountain west and northwest of the town of Kongsberg.

The Kongsberg silver mines are now protected as historical sites, collecting inside the mines and outside on the dumps is illegal.

NOTE: Most of the Kongsberg silver mining district is located within the Kongsberg municipality, but some mines, for example, the Vinoren silver mines are located outside the Kongsberg municipality in the Flesberg municipality. See therefore also the entry Flesberg municipality.

Note:
Most of the Kongsberg silver mining district is located within the Kongsberg municipality, but some mines are located outside in the neigbour Flesberg municipality. These are listed below. For the rest of the Kongsberg silver mining district, please confer Kongsberg municipality.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

78 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen; Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162. 133p + pl.I-VIII
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Van der Wel, D. (1972): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 51. Asbestos minerals from Kongsberg silver deposit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 287-294
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17 : 19-35
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
Alloclasite ?
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Description: As microscopic inclusions in arsenic.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, p. 54; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 10.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Arsenic
Formula: As
Description: Known from Vinoren and the mines at Helgevann (a lake). Neumann (1944) describe arsenic formed from a homogenous gel that with decreasing temperatures have formed arsenic with inclusions of antimony, silver, dyscrasite and proustite/pyrargyrite.
Reference: Cronstedt, A.F. (1758): Forsök til en Mineralogie, eller Mineral Rikets Uppstälning. Stockholm 1758; Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem , p. 77 ; Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162 p. 54
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Garmo, T.T. & Selbekk, R. (2017): Norsk mineralbok. Fossheim Steinsenter, Lom. 351p. (p.200)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen. p 107, 108, 110 and 111; Vogt (1908): 24; Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162. 133p
Baryte var: Hepatite
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
'Bitumen'
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Aksel Österlöf photo & specimen photo id 270687; Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
'Coal blend'
Reference: Dons, J.A. (1956): Coal Blend and uraniferous hydrocarbon in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift.36, 247-265
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Bugge C. (1917): Kongsbergfeltets geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse82, 272pp [p. 100]
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, p. 54 - 55; Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, p. 13 + Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 8.; Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Erythrite is found in several of the mines. It's probably a secondary mineral after the cobalt-arsenides occuring together with the silver.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, p. 88
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 49
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda, R. (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Gahnite ?
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Kjerulf, Th. & Dahll(1861): Om Kongsbergs Ertsdistrikt. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben, 11, 173-207; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Halotrichite ?
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Description: Schumacher (1801) described a mineral he called "haarsalz", that's probably halotrichite.
Reference: Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen ( p. 5); Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen, p. 110
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
'Hornblende'
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162 pp. 71-73
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Van der Wel, D. (1972): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 51. Asbestos minerals from Kongsberg silver deposit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 287-294
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2000). Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 1997-1998. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14:55-58
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162 p. 62
'Nickelskutterudite-Skutterudite Series'
Description: Neumann describe "smaltite-chloanthite" as common as 0,001-0,01 mm thick coatings on silver, together with safflorite-rammelsbergite.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
'Orthochrysotile'
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Van der Wel, D. (1972): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 51. Asbestos minerals from Kongsberg silver deposit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 287-294
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Pearceite ?
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Description: Neumann (1944,1985) suspect that some of the Kongsberg polybasites might be wrongly identified, and be pearceite instead.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, p. 67
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Lietz, J. (1939): Mikroskopische und chemische Untersuchungen an Kongsberger Silbererzen. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mineralogie. 2: 65-113 ; Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, pp. 67-68
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Proustite ?
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Description: Neumann (1944) have not positively identified proustite from Kongsberg, but suppose it occures.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162 p. 68-70
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, pp 16 and 19; Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, 68-70; Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Aksel Österlöf photo & specimen, photo id 270687; Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162 p. 63
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 79
Rammelsbergite ?
Formula: NiAs2
Description: Rammelsbergite dominated coating on silver have not been found (see safflorite), but Neumann assume it occure in the silver bearing veins in the Kongsberg field.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, pp. 74 -
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Description: Mineral of the safflorite-rammelsbergite serie is common as 0,001 mm to 0,01 mm thick coating on silver. The coatings are safflorite dominant.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162 pp. 74-
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Van der Wel, D. (1972): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 51. Asbestos minerals from Kongsberg silver deposit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 287-294; Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Often containing minor Sb.
Reference: Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Clark, Andrew, Stokman, A.H.W. (1985) Mineralen. Alphen aan den Rijn: Atrium.; Johnsen, O. (1987) Sølv fra Kongsberg. Om bergverkshistorie og mineralrikdom. Bode Verlag, Germany, 48 pp. (in Norwegian).; Kullerud, K., Kotková, J., Škoda (2016) Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.; Kåre Kullerud, Jana Kotková, Vladimír Šrein, Bjørn Ivar Berg (2018) Electrum from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p. 79.
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Pisani 1872, p. 1274, Neumann 1985, p. 8.
Silver var: Native Amalgam
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162. p. 47
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162. p. 57
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35; Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 53-59.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
Wulfenite ?
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Description: Bugge (1917) list " gul blyerts" (yellow leadore), this may be wulfenite
Reference: Bugge,C. (1917): Kongsbergfeltetes geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse.82. 272p. (p. 139)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Kongsbergite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
var: Native Amalgam1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite ?2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pearceite ?2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite ?2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite ?2.EB.15aNiAs2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gahnite ?4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Hepatite7.AD.35BaSO4
Halotrichite ?7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite ?7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Coal blend'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Nickelskutterudite-Skutterudite Series'-
'Orthochrysotile'-
'Synchysite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Allargentum2.2.1.2(Ag1-xSbx)
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite ?2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite ?2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite ?3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite ?3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite ?7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite ?29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite ?48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Baryte
var: Hepatite
-BaSO4
'Bitumen'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Coal blend'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Nickelskutterudite-Skutterudite Series'-
'Orthochrysotile'-
Silver
var: Kongsbergite
-(Ag,Hg)
var: Native Amalgam-(Ag,Hg)
'Synchysite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C CerussitePbCO3
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O SideriteFeCO3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O Baryte (var: Hepatite)BaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
SiSilicon
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S AcanthiteAg2S
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SternbergiteAgFe2S3
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S SulphurS8
S PyriteFeS2
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S Baryte (var: Hepatite)BaSO4
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
KPotassium
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SternbergiteAgFe2S3
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
NiNickel
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As ArsenicAs
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag Silver (var: Native Amalgam)(Ag,Hg)
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag Silver (var: Kongsbergite)(Ag,Hg)
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag SilverAg
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag SternbergiteAgFe2S3
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
Ag Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb AntimonySb
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Baryte (var: Hepatite)BaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg Silver (var: Native Amalgam)(Ag,Hg)
Hg Silver (var: Kongsbergite)(Ag,Hg)
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Readwin, T. A. (1877): V. —Notes on Some Norwegian Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 1: 229-233. [on silver and argentite]
Morton, C. (1884): Några goniometriska bestämningar å kalkspat från Arendal, Kongsberg, Utö och Bamle. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola nr 34. Översigt af K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Förhandlingar 1884 No.8, 16 pp. + plate. [includes goniometric measures of a calcite from Kongsberg]
Bugge, C. (1916): Kort oversigt over de sølvførende ganger paa Kongsberg. Norsk Gelogisk Tidsskrift 4, 139-146.
Bugge, C. (1917): Kongsbergfeltets geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 82, 272 pp.
Bugge, A. (1931): Gammel og ny geologi ved Kongsberg sølvverk. 12(-): Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 12: 123-148.
Lietz, J. (1939): Mikroskopische und chemische Untersuchungen an Kongsberger Silbererzen. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mineralogie 2: 65-113.
Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, 133 pp + pl. I-VIII.
Bugge, A. (1967): Kongsberg Sølvverk. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 250C, 65-84.
Van der Wel, D. (1972): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 51. Asbestos minerals from Kongsberg silver deposit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 287-294.
Nordrum, F. S.(1979): Kongsberg Sølvverk. NAGS-nytt 6 (3), 4-15.
Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17(1), 19-35.
Johnsen, O. (1987): Silber aus Kongsberg. Zur Bergbaugeschichte und über die Mineralienschätze. Emser Hefte 8(2), 1-48 (in German).
Johnsen, O. (1987): Sølv fra Kongsberg. Om bergverkshistorie og mineralrikdom. Bodeverlag, 48 pp.
Heltzen, A. M. (1987): Sammenhengen mellom amfibolittene og sølvets opptreden på Kongsberg. NAGS-nytt 14 (1), 16-23.
Nordrum, F. S. (1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 9, 42-47.
Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P. (2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205.
Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A. O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Ba,Sr-mineraler i Kongsberg sølvforekomster- en foreløpig rapport. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 43-50.
Berg, B. I. and Nordrum, F. S. (2003): Omsetning av sølvstuffer ved Kongsberg Sølvverk på 1600- og 1700 tallet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 69-81.
Selbekk, R. S. (2011): Mineraler forteller om dannelsen av sølvet på Kongsberg. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter: 46: 99-100.
Segalstad, T. V. (2012): Hvordan ble Kongsberg-sølvet dannet? Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter: 49, 101-116.
Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda, R. (2015) Silver and Co-Ni sulphoarsenides from the Kongsberg silver deposit, Norway. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 17, EGU2015-7542-1, 2015 (EGU General Assembly 2015).
Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda, R. (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016: 53-59.
Kullerud, K., Kotková, J., Šrein, V., Drábek, M., Škoda, R. (2018): Solid solutions in the system acanthite (Ag2S)–naumannite (Ag2Se) and the relationships between Ag-sulfoselenides and Se-bearing polybasite from the Kongsberg silver district, Norway, with implications for sulfur–selenium fractionation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Article 173, 71. [NOTE: This study characterised samples from the Vinoren mines; minerals have been added there, not here.]

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kongsberg_Silver_Mines
Wikidata ID:Q59046

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