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Great Dividing Range, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Great Dividing RangeMountain Range
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Wollongong292,190 (2018)
Cairns153,075 (2018)
Toowoomba131,258 (2013)
Wodonga31,605 (2013)
Kirwan21,416 (2017)
Booval20,540 (2015)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Eastern Highlands
Other Languages:
French:
Cordillère australienne, Australie
German:
Great Dividing Range, Australien
Italian:
Grande Catena Divisoria, Australia
Russian:
Большой Водораздельный хребет, Австралия
Simplified Chinese:
大分水岭, 澳大利亚
Spanish:
Gran Cordillera Divisoria, Australia
Afrikaans:
Great Dividing Range, Australië
Arabic:
غريت ديفايدينغ, أستراليا
Armenian:
Մեծ Ջրբաժան լեռնաշղթա
Asturian:
Gran Cordal Divisoriu
Azeri:
Böyük Suayırıcı sıra dağları
Bashkir:
Ҙур Һыу айырғыс һырт
Basque:
Mendikate Banatzaile Handia
Belarusian:
Вялікі Водападзельны хрыбет, Аўстралія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Вялікі Водападзельны хрыбет
Bulgarian:
Голяма вододелна планина, Австралия
Catalan:
Serralades Australianes, Austràlia
Cebuano:
Great Dividing Range
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
ھایلەندزی ڕۆژھەڵات
Classical Chinese:
大分水嶺
Croatian:
Veliko razvodno gorje
Czech:
Velké předělové pohoří, Austrálie
Danish:
Great Dividing Range, Australien
Dutch:
Groot Australisch Scheidingsgebergte, Australië
Esperanto:
Granda Disiganta Montaro
Estonian:
Suur Veelahkmeahelik, Austraalia
Farsi/Persian:
هایلندز شرقی, استرالیا
Finnish:
Australian Kordillieerit, Australia
Georgian:
დიდი წყალგამყოფი ქედი
Greek:
Οροσειρά Γκρέιτ Ντιβάιντινγκ, Αυστραλία
Hebrew:
ההרים המחלקים הגדולים, אוסטרליה
Hindi:
महान विभाजक पर्वतमाला, ऑस्ट्रेलिया
Hungarian:
Nagy-Vízválasztó-hegység, Ausztrália
Indonesian:
Pegunungan Pemisah Besar, Australia
Irish Gaelic:
Deighiltraon Mór, An Astráil
Japanese:
グレートディヴァイディング山脈, オーストラリア
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Үлкен Суайрық жотасы
Korean:
그레이트디바이딩산맥, 호주
Latvian:
Lielā Ūdensšķirtnes grēda, Austrālija
Lithuanian:
Didysis Vandenskyros kalnagūbris, Australija
Macedonian:
Големи Разводни Планини, Австралија
Mongolian:
Их ус хагалбарын нуруу
Nepali:
विशाल विभाजक हिमश्रृङ्खला
Norwegian:
Great Dividing Range, Australia
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Great Dividing Range
Polish:
Wielkie Góry Wododziałowe, Australia
Portuguese:
Cordilheira australiana, Austrália
Serbian:
Велике разводне планине, Аустралија
Serbo-Croatian:
Veliki razvodni masiv
Slovak:
Veľké predelové vrchy, Austrália
Swedish:
Great Dividing Range, Australien
Tamil:
பெரும் பிரிக்கும் மலைத்தொடர்
Thai:
เทือกเขาเกรตดิไวดิง, ออสเตรเลีย
Traditional Chinese:
大分水嶺
Ukrainian:
Великий вододільний хребет, Австралія
Vietnamese:
Great Dividing Range, Úc


The Great Dividing Range streches over a distance of approximately 3,500 kms along the east coast of Australia.

In the north it begins at Dauan Island off the northeastern tip of Queensland and runs down to the Grampians in western Victoria.

The width of the Great Dividing Range varies from approximately 160 kms (100 miles) to over 300 km (186 miles).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

456 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

'Adamellite'

'Albitite'

Alluvial deposit

Alluvium

Amphibolite

Andesite

'Anomalous IIIAB iron meteorite'

'Aplite'

Arenite

'Argillite'

Basalt

Breccia

Calcrete

Caliche

Chert

Chromitite

Clay

Claystone

Coal

Conglomerate

'Corundite'

'Crystal tuff'

Dacite

Diamictite

Diatomite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

Dolostone

Dunite

Eclogite

'Endoskarn'

'Exoskarn'

'Feldspathic-sandstone'

'Felsite'

Gabbro

Gneiss

Gossan

Granite

Granodiorite

Granulite

Gravel

Greenschist

Greisen

'Greywacke'

Guano

Harzburgite

Hornfels

'Iron ore'

Ironstone

Lamprophyre

Latite

'Leucogranite'

'Leucomonzogranite'

Limestone

'Lithic tuff'

Lithic-arenite

Lithic-wacke

Marble

Meta-andesite

'Meta-argillite'

Metabasalt

'Metadolerite'

Metagabbro

Metagreywacke

Metaharzburgite

Metalithic-wacke

Metamudstone

Metasandstone

Metasiltstone

'Microgranite'

'Microgranodiorite'

Minette

Monzogranite

Monzonite

Mudstone

Mylonite

Ooid-limestone

Orthoconglomerate

Orthoquartzite

Pebbles

'Pegmatite'

'Pegmatitic granite'

Phyllite

Picrite

'Porphyry'

Pumice

Pyroxenite

Quartzite

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

'Rhyolitic tuff'

Sand

Sandstone

Schist

Serpentinite

Shale

'Silexite'

Siltstone

Skarn

Slate

Soil

Syenite

'Teschenite'

Tonalite

Trachyte

Travertine

Tuff

Tuffaceous-sandstone

Vogesite

Wacke

Wehrlite

'tectonite'

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Birch, W. D. (2017). Mineralogy of the Silver King deposit, Omeo, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 129(1), 41-52.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Poblete, 2016
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Martin, D.J. (1984) Titanian aegirine in a teschenite sill. 48: 529-531
Aegirine var:
Formula: Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Reference: Martin, D.J. (1984) Titanian aegirine in a teschenite sill. 48: 529-531
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Carr, Phillips & Williams - Mineralogical Magazine 1976 40,853-6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy; Stolz 1986
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 14(3): 213–222.
Albite var:
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222.
Albite var:
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: part of list University of Queensland
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 14(3): 213–222.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Dr. Bill Birch - Museum Victoria
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Leverett, P., & Williams, P. A. (2007). Unusual post-mining sulfates from the Peelwood and Lloyd mines, New South Wales, and a comment on wattevilleite. Australian Journal of Mineralogy.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Wray, R.A.L. (2001): Alunite formation within silica stalactites from the Sydney Region, South-eastern Australia. International Journal of Speleology 40, 109-116.
'Alunite Group'
Reference: R Bottrill, 2015, unpub rept
Amamoorite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+2Mn3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Townend, R., Grey, I.E., Mumme, W.G., Kampf, A.R., Roberts, M., Gable, R.W. and Dale, R. (2018) Amamoorite, IMA 2018-105. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx; Townend, R., Grey, I.E., Mumme, W.G., Kampf, A.R., Roberts, M.P., Gable, R.W., Dale, R. (2019): Amamoorite, CaMn2+2Mn3+(Si2O7)O(OH), a new ilvaite-related mineral from the Mary Valley, southeastern Queensland. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 20(2), 7-14.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: McQueen, K. G., & Larson, R. A. (1985) The Occurrence of Wittichenite and Sulfide Exsolution Textures at the Glen Deposit, Wee Jasper, New-south-wales. Neues Jahrbuch Fur Mineralogie-monatshefte, (10), 469-480.
Aminoffite
Formula: Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Vickery, N., Leigh, J., & Oates, M. (2010) Attunga skarn project: Latest exploration findings and interpretations. New England Orogen 2010, 351.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: '
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat, Victoria (unpublished).
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryan Eagle - Collection
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: W. D. Birch (1981) Silver Sulphosalts from the Meerschaum Mine, Mt. Wills, Victoria, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 44:73-78.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Vickery, N., Leigh, J., & Oates, M. (2010) Attunga skarn project: Latest exploration findings and interpretations. New England Orogen 2010, 351.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Found associated with columbite and autunite.
Reference: Ryan Eagle
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Vickery, N., Leigh, J., & Oates, M. (2010) Attunga skarn project: Latest exploration findings and interpretations. New England Orogen 2010, 351.
Anorthite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Dunn, T. L., H. Y. McSween Jr., and P. R. Christensen (2007), Thermal emission spectra of terrestrial alkaline volcanic rocks: Applications to Martian remote sensing, Journal of Geophysical Research,112
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO 2 in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates. Chemical Geology, 358, 156-169.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO₂ in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Description: Gilligan et.al. reports the occurrence of native antimony here.
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
'Apatite var: '
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Graham, I. T., Pogson, R. E. and Colchester, D. (2002): Cowlesite and associated minerals from the Barrington Tops area, New South Wales. Australian J. Mineral. 8, 3-8.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: England, B.M., Sutherland, F.L. (1988) Volcanic Zeolites and Associated Minerals from New South Wales. The Mineralogical Record,19(6), 397. Tschernich, R.W. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press Inc., Phoenix, Arizona, 563 pages, at p.48.
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: de Keyser, F. (1966): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 12, 315-324.
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.; Birch, W. D. (2018) Rare phosphate minerals in granite pegmatite dykes, northeastern Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 238
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Ashley, P.M. & Lottermoser, B. G. (1999): Arsenic contamination at the Mole River mine, northern New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 46, 861-874. ; Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 643 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Qld Dept of mines
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Duggan, et al., Canadian Mineralogist 28,125-131(1990); Duggan, M. B., Jones, M. T., Richards, D. N., & Kamprad, J. L. (1990). Phosphate minerals in altered andesite from Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 125-131.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Augite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L. (1990) Occurrence and significance of aurosibite in the Au-Sb ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Vol. 12, pp. 539-551.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Ashley, P. M., & Brownlow, J. W. (1993). Silica-carbonate alteration zones in the Great Serpentinite Belt, southern New England Orogen: their nature and significance. New England Orogen. University of New England, Armidale, Australia, 197-214.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Axinite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Reference: [MinRec 11:13; DHZ Rock-forming minerals 2nd ed. vol. 1B (1986), p.608]
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Description: "In 1993 a boulder was discovered by the road adjacent to the small excavations on the deposit. The surface of the boulder contained some free-standing, wedge shaped, lustrous dark brown crystals up to 5mm across, which had been exposed by etching of the enclosing rock. X-ray diffraction and microprobe analysis determined the dark brown crystals to be manganaxinite set within a fine-grained matrix composed largely of diopside and calcite."
Reference: Henry, D.A., Birch, W.D. & MacRae, C.M. (2005): Manganaxinite from Pyle's limestone near Benambra, and ferroaxinite from Corop, Victoria. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 11, 27-33.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 93 localities in this region.
Reference: Judy Rowe
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp.269-277 (1981)
'Bariopharmacosiderite-Q'
Colour: Pale yellow
Description: The crystals changed from pale yellow to green when left exposed to the atmosphere (2 weeks) color was restored upon heating at 100°C for 24 hours
Reference: Hager, S.L., Leverett, P., Williams, P.A., Mills, S.J., Hibbs, D.E., Raudsepp, M., Kampf, A.R., Birch, W.D. (2010): The single-crystal X-ray structures of bariopharmacosiderite-C, bariopharmacosiderite-Q and natropharmacosiderite, Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 1477-1485.
'Barringtonite'
Formula: MgCO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 370-372
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: Herbert, H.K. & Mumme, W.G. (1981): Unsubstituted benjaminite from the AW mine, New South Wales: a discussion of metal substitutions and stability. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh., 69-80.; Handbook of Mineralogy
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Duggan, M. B., Jones, M. T., Richards, D. N., & Kamprad, J. L. (1990). Phosphate minerals in altered andesite from Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 125-131.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Bertossaite
Formula: (Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
Description: Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection #M 51170
Reference: Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Description: Beryls to 2cms and generally pale to opaque
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Beryl var:
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Beryl var:
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Betpakdalite Group'
Reference: Stuart Mills
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Birch, W. D. (2017). Mineralogy of the Silver King deposit, Omeo, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 129(1), 41-52.
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 188 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
'Biotite var: '
Reference: Martin, D.J. (1984) Titanian aegirine in a teschenite sill. 48: 529-531
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Description: Poorly-crystalline bismite containing tellurium.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (intergrown with zavaritskite, on catalogued zavaritskite specimen; EDS-analysed)
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 197 localities in this region.
Habit: Rhombohedra and prisms
Colour: pinkish white metallic on fresh surface, brown grey on xl faces
Fluorescence: none
Description: Crystals to several cm in white quartz are some of the best Bismuth specimens.
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. and Markham, N.L. (1962) A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.; England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (SEM image of scorodite on quartz from the "Kingsgate molybdenite-bismuth mines, near Glen Innes, New South Wales" on p. 128).; Clissold, M.E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. Ph.D. Thesis University of Sydney, Australia, 162 pp.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Leverett, P., McKinnon, A.R. & Williams, P.A. (2004) - New data for Boothite, CuSO4.7H2O, from Burraga, New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.; Leverett, P., & Williams, P. A. (2007). Unusual post-mining sulfates from the Peelwood and Lloyd mines, New South Wales, and a comment on wattevilleite. Australian Journal of Mineralogy.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.amonline.net.au/geoscience/minerals/localities.htm
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Anderson, J.L., Peterson, R.C., Swainson, I. (2012) The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Brooks, J.H. (1962) Mary Valley Manganese Deposits. Geological Survey of Queensland, Publication No 308, 32 pages and map; Townend, R., Grey, I.E., Mumme, W.G., Kampf, A.R., Roberts, M.P., Gable, R.W., Dale, R. (2019): Amamoorite, CaMn2+2Mn3+(Si2O7)O(OH), a new ilvaite-related mineral from the Mary Valley, southeastern Queensland. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 20(2), 7-14.
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection
Breithauptite ?
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Stevens, B.P.J. (1972) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bathurst 1:250,000 Sheet, Department of Mines, Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Michael Hirst Collection;
Bromellite
Formula: BeO
Reference: Henley, H.F., Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Barnes, R.G., Stroud, W.J. (2001) Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-6 and SH/56-7: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney 292 pages.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Description: "Brookite if found only in a quartz vug at the Little Comet mine. About 10 specimens have been recognized, most of them unfortunately being broken. They are associated with either quartz or albite. The colour may vary from sky blue to honey-yellow, sometimes with a slight reddish tinge. The crystals are striated. Brookite forms delicate, thin plates between 0.5 and 0.3 mm thick and up to 1 cm in length. The crystals show a consistent habit although a few are unusually thick. Some of the darker crystals are a mixture of brookite and rutile."
Reference: Bussat, F. (1980) Minerals from some mines in the Woods Point district, Victoria. The Australian Mineralogist No.31 July 1980, pp. 147-152.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.; Turvey, C. C., Wilson, S. A., Hamilton, J. L., Tait, A. W., McCutcheon, J., Beinlich, A., ... & Southam, G. (2018). Hydrotalcites and hydrated Mg-carbonates as carbon sinks in serpentinite mineral wastes from the Woodsreef chrysotile mine, New South Wales, Australia: Controls on carbonate mineralogy and efficiency of CO2 air capture in mine tailings. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 79, 38-60.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 279 localities in this region.
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Calcite var:
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Keith Compton collection
Calcite var:
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud.
Calcite var:
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Cannonite
Formula: Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 699 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Bernie & Margaret Day collection
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Anderson, C., 1909. Mineralogical notes. No. VIII. Topaz, anglesite, and other Australian minerals. Records of the Australian Museum 7(4): 274–282, plates lxxix–lxxxi. [30 August 1909].
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Van King. Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222.
'Chabazite var: '
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.48
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: England, B.M. (2000) Additonal Na-rich zeolite species and their associations from Ardglen, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 6(1), 33-40.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: specimen collected by Brian England.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 556-8
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 391 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var:
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: part of list University of Queensland
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
'Chevkinite Group'
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 390 localities in this region.
Reference: Barnes R.G., Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W., Henley H.F., and Stroud W.J. (2001) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Wagga Wagga Mine Data Sheets, 1982
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Chromite var:
Formula: Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Ashley, P. M., & Brownlow, J. W. (1993). Silica-carbonate alteration zones in the Great Serpentinite Belt, southern New England Orogen: their nature and significance. New England Orogen. University of New England, Armidale, Australia, 197-214.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Michael Hirst Collection;
'Chrysolite'
Reference: English, P., Ashley, P. (2010) The Doonba dunite deposit, Barraba, NSW. New England Orogen 2010, NEO 2010 Conference Proceedings, University of New England, 388 pages, at 146-149.
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: MR 04316
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO₂ in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.; Turvey, C. C., Wilson, S. A., Hamilton, J. L., Tait, A. W., McCutcheon, J., Beinlich, A., ... & Southam, G. (2018). Hydrotalcites and hydrated Mg-carbonates as carbon sinks in serpentinite mineral wastes from the Woodsreef chrysotile mine, New South Wales, Australia: Controls on carbonate mineralogy and efficiency of CO2 air capture in mine tailings. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 79, 38-60.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Hebbard, E.R., Wilson, S.A., Jowitt, S.M., Tait, A.W., Turvey, C.C., Wilson, H.L. (2017): Regrowth of arsenate-sulfate efflorescences on processing plant walls at the Ottery arsenic-tin mine, New South Wales, Australia: Implications for arsenic mobility and remediation of mineral processing sites. Applied Geochemistry 79, 91-106.
'Clays'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.48
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var:
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222.
Clinochlore var:
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences (2006) 53, (377 – 405)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Poblete, 2016
Coalingite
Formula: Mg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO₂ in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.; Turvey, C. C., Wilson, S. A., Hamilton, J. L., Tait, A. W., McCutcheon, J., Beinlich, A., ... & Southam, G. (2018). Hydrotalcites and hydrated Mg-carbonates as carbon sinks in serpentinite mineral wastes from the Woodsreef chrysotile mine, New South Wales, Australia: Controls on carbonate mineralogy and efficiency of CO2 air capture in mine tailings. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 79, 38-60.
'Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Description: The Grafton-Maclean publication only list a "cobalt mineral" and not cobalt.
Reference: GM 2009
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Ryan Eagle, Kim Dowling, Stafford McKnight (2018) Lithium mineralogy and petrogenetic differentiation of granitic pegmatites of the Dorchap Dyke Swarm, NE Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 496
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: B. G. Lottermoser: P. M. Ashley, M. Muller and B. D. Whistler (1997) Metal contamination at the abandoned Halls Peak massive sulfide deposits, New South Wales. Tectonics and Metallogenesis o/the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 19, 290-299. ; Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Paix, J.G. (1970) Field Geology of the Shoalhaven District NSW Australia. Council of the Shire of Shoalhaven, 95 pages (upated 2013).
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryan Eagle, Kim Dowling, Stafford McKnight (2018) Lithium mineralogy and petrogenetic differentiation of granitic pegmatites of the Dorchap Dyke Swarm, NE Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 496
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood P.G (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science U.N.E. Australia.; Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Corundum var: (FRL)
Formula: Al2O3
Type Locality:
Reference: Liversidge, A. (1896) On some New South Wales and other minerals. The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science, Volume 74:113-114 Sept. 4.
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Reference: W. D. Birch (1981) Silver Sulphosalts from the Meerschaum Mine, Mt. Wills, Victoria, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 44:73-78.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Graham, I. T., Pogson, R. E. and Colchester, D. (2002): Cowlesite and associated minerals from the Barrington Tops area, New South Wales. Australian J. Mineral. 8, 3-8.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: "Crandallite-Millisite were interpreted by IMC (1967) to occur with quartz and collophane in the phosphatic lenticles.
Reference: W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Cuprite var:
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Qld Dept of mines
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: Cu2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Jim Sharpe, coll.
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: M. B. Duggan (1988): Cuprotungstite from the Cordillera mine, Crookwell, New South Wales. Australian Mineralogist 3 (2), 61-64. ; Donald H. McColl (1973) A New Occurrence of Raspite at the Cordillera Mine, New South Wales, Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics Record 1973/152
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Sydney 1:500
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1962 33 : 315-319
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Loughnan, F. C., & Steggles, K. R. (1976). Cookeite and diaspore in the Back Creek pyrophyllite deposit near Pambula, New South Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 40(315), 765-772.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Poblete, 2016
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Warwick – Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Michael Hirst Collection;
Dolomite var:
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Ashley, P. M., & Hartshorn, G. K. (1988). Geological and geochemical characteristics of lode gold deposits in the Nundle Goldfield, northeastern New South Wales. New England Orogen—Tectonics and Metallogenesis, 249-263.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: "The iron phosphate mineral originally reffered to as dufrenite by Howitt (1913) has been identified as rockbridgeite by X-ray diffractionand microprobe analysis. Seams of dufrenite occurring with turquoise were said by IMC (1967) to be widespread, however no evidence for this exists on Museum specimens."
Reference: W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(2),89(2007)
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Stevens, B.P.J. (1972) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bathurst 1:250,000 Sheet, Department of Mines, Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Description: Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection #M 51168
Reference: Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.; Vickery, N., Leigh, J., & Oates, M. (2010) Attunga skarn project: Latest exploration findings and interpretations. New England Orogen 2010, 351.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO₂ in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
'Epsomite Group'
Formula: MSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Leverett, P., & Williams, P. A. (2007). Unusual post-mining sulfates from the Peelwood and Lloyd mines, New South Wales, and a comment on wattevilleite. Australian Journal of Mineralogy.
'Erionite'
Reference: Van King
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:402-407
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Carr, Phillips & Williams - Mineralogical Magazine 1976 40,853-6
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 29: 164.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Faustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Description: "At Phosphate Hill faustite occurs as pale green crystal aggregates up to 0.2mm across, enclosed in wavellite forming thin seams in dark grey chert. Microprobe analysis shows the faustite to contain significant copper."
Reference: W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 200 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
'Feldspar Group var: '
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Ferrierite-Mg
Formula: (Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Reference: England, B.M., Oswald, J. (1978) Ferrierite: an Australian occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine, 42, 385-389.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.amonline.net.au/geoscience/minerals/localities.htm
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gole (1981)
'Ferrohortonolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2SiO4
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.; Birch, W. D. (2018) Rare phosphate minerals in granite pegmatite dykes, northeastern Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 238
Fluorapatite var:
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: Ryan Eagle collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 90 localities in this region.
Reference: Alan Melbourne pers comm. Paix, J. G. (1968) Field Geology of the Shoalhaven District NSW Australia. Council of the Shire of Shoalhaven. Lewis, R. (1966) Geological Report on the Tolwong Mine, N.S.W. Prepared for Placer Prospecting Pty Ltd. Geological Survey Report, GS1966/166.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO₂ in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.
Francoanellite
Formula: K3Al5(PO4)2(HPO4)3 · 12H2O
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: The Tolwong Mines, Australian Gems and Crafts Magazine, Aug/Sept 1974
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Degeling, P.R. (1982) Wagga Wagga 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI 55-15) Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 404 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Gatumbaite
Formula: CaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Duggan, et al., Canadian Mineralogist 28,125-131(1990); Duggan, M. B., Jones, M. T., Richards, D. N., & Kamprad, J. L. (1990). Phosphate minerals in altered andesite from Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 125-131.
Gelosaite
Formula: BiMo6+(2-5x)Mo5+6xO7(OH)·H2O (0 <= x <= 0.4)
Reference: Orlandi, P., Demartin, F., Pasero, M., Leverett, P., Williams, P. A., & Hibbs, D. E. (2011). Gelosaite, BiMo6+ (2–5x) Mo5+ 6xO7 (OH)· H2O (0≤ x≤ 0.4), a new mineral from Su Senargiu (CA), Sardinia, Italy, and a second occurrence from Kingsgate, New England, Australia. American Mineralogist, 96(2-3), 268-273.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
'Gmelinite'
Reference: England, B.M., Sutherland, F.L. (1988) Volcanic Zeolites and Associated Minerals from New South Wales. The Mineralogical Record,19(6), 399-400. Tschernich, R.W. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press Inc., Phoenix, Arizona, 563 pages, at p.48.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Judy Rowe
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 1445 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Zeolites of the World, R. Tschernich, 1992, p.221
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: B. G. Lottermoser: P. M. Ashley, M. Muller and B. D. Whistler (1997) Metal contamination at the abandoned Halls Peak massive sulfide deposits, New South Wales. Tectonics and Metallogenesis o/the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 19, 290-299. ; Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Goyazite var:
Formula: (Sr,Ba)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Description: Encrusts zircon in montebrasite.
Reference: Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Poblete, 2016
Grossular var:
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: part of list University of Queensland
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Guildite
Formula: CuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Description: "Gypsum at Phosphate Hill appears to have formed as a post-mining mineral and is found in near-spherical masses of small, colourless to white crystals forming coatings on black slate."
Reference: W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: England, B.M., Sutherland, F.L. (1988) Volcanic Zeolites and Associated Minerals from New South Wales. The Mineralogical Record,19(6), 397. Tschernich, R.W. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press Inc., Phoenix, Arizona, 563 pages, at p.48.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rattigan, J. H. (1967): Phenomena about Burning Mountain, Wingen, N.S.W.. Aust. J. Earth Sciences 30, 183-184.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: B. G. Lottermoser: P. M. Ashley, M. Muller and B. D. Whistler (1997) Metal contamination at the abandoned Halls Peak massive sulfide deposits, New South Wales. Tectonics and Metallogenesis o/the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 19, 290-299. ; Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Hastingsite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: de Keyser, F. (1966): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 12, 315-324.
Hastingsite var: ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: de Keyser, F. (1966): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 12, 315-324.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Hechtsbergite
Formula: Bi2(VO4)O(OH)
Reference: Museum Victoria Collection
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Poblete, 2016
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 81 localities in this region.
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222.
Hematite var:
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: part of list University of Queensland
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Description: Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection #M 517
Reference: Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection
'Heulandite'
Reference: England, B.M., Oswald, J. (1978) Ferrierite: an Australian occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine, 42, 385-389.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
'Hiortdahlite I'
Formula: Na4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
Reference: Eggleton, R. A.; Halford, G. E.; Beams, S. D. (1979): Hiortdahlite from Jingera, New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 26, 81-85.
Hisingerite ?
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Ashley, P. M. (1980): Geology of the Ban Ban zinc deposit, a sulfide-bearing skarn, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology 75, 15-29.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Poblete, 2016
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Henley, H.F., Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Barnes, R.G., Stroud, W.J. (2001) Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-6 and SH/56-7: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney 292 pages.
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Habit: Anhedral. Included by minute galena grains. Has rimmed diagenetic pyrite.
Description: Found in metapelite, directly adjacent to an aplite-pegmatite dyke in drill core close to the United Brothers workings. Identified by electron microprobe, identity confirmed by Stuart Mills.
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Reference: Williams, P.A., Leverett, J. L., Sharpe, L. & Colchester, D. M. (2005). Elsmoreite, Cubic WO3 0.5H20, A new mineral species from Elsmore, New South Wales, Australia. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol 43. pp. 1061-1064
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Turvey, C. C., Wilson, S. A., Hamilton, J. L., Tait, A. W., McCutcheon, J., Beinlich, A., ... & Southam, G. (2018). Hydrotalcites and hydrated Mg-carbonates as carbon sinks in serpentinite mineral wastes from the Woodsreef chrysotile mine, New South Wales, Australia: Controls on carbonate mineralogy and efficiency of CO2 air capture in mine tailings. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 79, 38-60.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Colour: colourless, white
Description: Apophyllite KOH description: “The faces are wavy though brilliant and give distorted and multiple signals. The crystals are suspended among natrolite needles and are also penetrated by them. They are doubly terminated and the prisms are striated slightly parallel to the edge a:c. The forms c(001), a(010) and p(I11) are present.” (Ref: Hodge Smith)
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222. Tschernich, R.W. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press Inc., Phoenix, Arizona, 563 pages, at p.48. England, B.M., Sutherland, F.L. (1988) Volcanic Zeolites and Associated Minerals from New South Wales. The Mineralogical Record,19(6), 397.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: ROSS, J., ROSS, A., & ROSS, G. (1987). Geology of the Mount Gillies rhyolitic vents, southeastern Queensland, Australia. Current science, 56(11), 589-595.
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Ilesite
Formula: (Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
Description: "This mineral is very similar to szmikite in appearance and habit, although it tends to be finer-grained and more glistening on broken surfaces of the crusts. It is also slightly harder and more compact. It can also form more open intergrowths of roughly spherical aggregates which appear to have partly dissolved. SEM examination of samples identified as ilesite by XRD does not show any consistent textural features, suggesting it has replaced another sulphate."
Reference: W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Yang, K., Seccombe, P.K. (1993) Platinum-group minerals in the chromitites from the Great Serpentinite Belt, NSW, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47:2, 263-286.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Iron var:
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages. ; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: University of California Press.
Iron var:
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: University of California Press.
'Iron oxide'
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Isocubanite was labelled as 'chalcopyrrhotite' in a number of early reports
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Stillwell, F.L., Edwards, A.B. (1950) Jacobsite form the Tamworth district of New South Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 29:212, 538-541.
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Reference: Dr. Bill Birch - Museum Victoria
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Warwick – Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: B. G. Lottermoser: P. M. Ashley, M. Muller and B. D. Whistler (1997) Metal contamination at the abandoned Halls Peak massive sulfide deposits, New South Wales. Tectonics and Metallogenesis o/the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 19, 290-299. ; Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Jôkokuite
Formula: MnSO4 · 5H2O
Description: "Jokokuite tends to be the more transparent and vitreous of the three manganese sulfates, and is more irregular in form and slightly harder. It occurs either as interlocking open crusts, or as isolated shapeless grains enclosed in ilesite. The colour ranges from cream to very pale blue, the latter colour being caused by traces of copper. It is likely that bladed crystals showing varying degrees of dissolution are jokokuite, although some may have been pseudomorphed by szmikite or ilesite."
Reference: W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Qld Dept of Mines,- mines records ; Den, B. E. (1977) Lady Elliot Island Fraser Island. Field Conference Geological Society of Australia Incorporated, Queensland Division
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Martin, D.J. (1984) Titanian aegirine in a teschenite sill. 48: 529-531
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Keckite
Formula: CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Reference: Dr. Bill Birch - Museum Victoria
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
'K Feldspar var: '
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Barnes R.G., Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W., Henley H.F., and Stroud W.J. (2001) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Kingsgateite (TL)
Formula: ZrMo6+2O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Elliott, P., Kampf, A.R. (2019) Kingsgateite, IMA 2019-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 51; European Journal of Mineralogy: 31, https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2894
Kingsmountite
Formula: Ca3MnFeAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
Reference: R Bottrill, 2015, unpub rept
Krautite
Formula: Mn(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Lacroixite
Formula: NaAl(PO4)F
Description: Good XRD pattern fit of montebrasite material as "natromontebrasite", now known to be a mixture of montebrasite and lacroixite.
Reference: Eagle, R., Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of granitic pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Leverett, P., McKinnon, A.R. & Williams, P.A. (2004) - New data for Boothite, CuSO4.7H2O, from Burraga, New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: England, B.M., Oswald, J. (1978) Ferrierite: an Australian occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine, 42, 385-389.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
'Lepidolite'
Colour: Lavender - purple of various intensity
Description: Purple mica with ball-peen habit occurs both on the dumps and in outcrop. Grain size varies from a few mm to ~1.5cm. Maximum birefringence at 30 microns in thin section is second order, fitting with lepidolite and unlike the third order colours of muscovite at the same thickness. Pale green muscovite coexists with the lepidolite in some specimens. XRD analysis to distinguish from muscovite was inconclusive, however the association of habit, colour, and occurrence in a fractionated pegmatite, along with petrographic information indicates that the species is lepidolite.
Reference: Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Rabone, G. (2010) Recent advances in understanding the Wild Cattle Creek Antimony Deposit Dorrigo, NSW. New England Orogen 2010, NEO 2010 Conference Proceedings, University of New England, 388 pages, at 282-290.
'Lévyne'
Reference: Stevens, N. C. (1965): The volcanic rocks of the southern part of the main range, SE Queensland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 11(3)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 645 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dieter Mylius collection
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Ryan Eagle, Kim Dowling, Stafford McKnight (2018) Lithium mineralogy and petrogenetic differentiation of granitic pegmatites of the Dorchap Dyke Swarm, NE Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 496
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO₂ in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Henley, H.F., Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Barnes, R.G., Stroud, W.J. (2001) Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-6 and SH/56-7: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney 292 pages.
Luinaite-(OH)
Formula: Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: IMA approvals - Sept. 2009
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 125 localities in this region.
Reference: Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222.
Magnetite var:
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Martin, D.J. (1984) Titanian aegirine in a teschenite sill. 48: 529-531
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 175 localities in this region.
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: part of list University of Queensland
Mambertiite
Formula: BiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
Reference: John Haupt collection
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Matthew Goodwin collection; Goodwin M.P. 1998. Manganese minerals from the southern New England district. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol 4, No 2, 101–107
Manganilvaite
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Plimer, I.R. and Ashley P.M. (1978): Manganoan ilvaite from Broken Hill, N.S.W. and Ban Ban, Queensland, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 42, 82-85.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Manganoblödite
Formula: Na2Mn(SO4)2·4H2O
Description: "Manganoblodite from the Womobi mine occurs as blocky pale-pink crystals up to 60 micron on edge and have been found on a specimen of szmikite that has replaced jokokuite."
Reference: W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Manganogrunerite
Formula: ☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
'Manganomelane'
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: part of list University of Queensland
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Warwick – Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Degeling P.R. (1982) Wagga Wagga 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI 55-15) Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: part of list University of Queensland
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: B. G. Lottermoser: P. M. Ashley, M. Muller and B. D. Whistler (1997) Metal contamination at the abandoned Halls Peak massive sulfide deposits, New South Wales. Tectonics and Metallogenesis o/the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 19, 290-299. ; Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Description: "Ore samples shows that mercury almost always occurs associated with the quart-dolomite veins and patches. Within the veins these are small cavities, from a few millimetres up to about 15mm across, that commonly contain globules of mercury. Those globules less than about 0.5mm across are generally spherical but larger globules up to 3mm across, are irregular. One cavity contained a continuous film up to 10mm across. As well, mercury may infill gaps between quartz crystals. Tiny spherical globules may also be found scattered across the surface of fractures along very thin quartz veinlets."
Reference: W.D. Birch., The Jamieson mercury deposit, Victoria. -Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.9, No.1, June 2003; McQueen, K. (2011). Mercury mining: A quick history of quicksilver in Australia. Journal of Australasian Mining History, 9, 74.
Merenskyite
Formula: PdTe2
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Description: "Dark grey varieties of cinnabar have been recorded and it is possible that these incorporate very thin alteration films of metacinnabar that may be very difficult to detect optically or by X-ray defraction."
Reference: W.D. Birch., The Jamieson mercury deposit, Victoria. -Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.9, No.1, June 2003
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Alan Melbourne collection, http://www.mindat.org/article.php/2151/Metastibnite+from+Hillgrove+NSW+Australia
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009; Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.); Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
'Microlite Group var: '
Reference: Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009; Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Brown, R.E., H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud: Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS2001/087).
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 250 localities in this region.
Reference: Anderson, C., 1909. Mineralogical notes. No. VIII. Topaz, anglesite, and other Australian minerals. Records of the Australian Museum 7(4): 274–282, plates lxxix–lxxxi. [30 August 1909].
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryan Eagle - Collection
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
'Monazite Group'
Formula: MTO4, where M = REE, Th, Ca, Bi; T = P, As
Reference: Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Montanite
Formula: Bi2(TeO6) · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 637.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Eagle, R., Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of granitic pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.; Frost, R. L., Xi, Y., Palmer, S. J., & Pogson, R. E. (2012). Identification of montgomeryite mineral [Ca 4 MgAl 4 (PO 4) 6·(OH) 4· 12H 2 O] found in the Jenolan Caves—Australia. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 94, 1-5.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Mrázekite
Formula: Bi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 29: 164.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 493 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Muscovite var:
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Muscovite var:
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Hertzberger, G.A., Barnes, R.G. (1978) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bega 1:125 000 Sheet (SJ-55-4). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mines, 345 pages.
Muscovite var:
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 400 localities in this region.
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Habit: isolated hemispheres and coatings of very thin tabular xls
Colour: pistachio-green to black
Reference: Dunning, G.E. & Cooper, J.F. (1998): Namibite. A summary of World Occurrences. Mineralogical Record 29, 163-166; Frost, R. L., Henry, D. A., Weier, M. L., & Martens, W. (2006). Raman spectroscopy of three polymorphs of BiVO4: clinobisvanite, dreyerite and pucherite, with comparisons to (VO4) 3‐bearing minerals: namibite, pottsite and schumacherite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 37(7), 722-732.
Natroalunite ?
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Wray, R.A.L. (2001): Alunite formation within silica stalactites from the Sydney Region, South-eastern Australia. International Journal of Speleology 40, 109-116.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: "Variscite is often associated with yellowish brown crusts of natrojarosite."
Reference: Birch, W.D. & Henry D.A. (1993) Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special publication No.3 (192p) pp.83-90.