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Silver Bill Mine, Costello Mine group (Costello claims), Gleeson, Turquoise Mining District (Courtland-Gleeson Mining District), Cochise County, Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Silver Bill MineMine
Costello Mine group (Costello claims)- not defined -
Gleeson- not defined -
Turquoise Mining District (Courtland-Gleeson Mining District)Mining District
Cochise CountyCounty
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 44' 33'' North , 109° 49' 19'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Elfrida459 (2011)14.3km
McNeal238 (2011)21.3km
Sunizona281 (2011)22.2km
Tombstone1,312 (2017)23.5km
Bisbee5,208 (2017)34.3km


A former small underground Pb-Zn-Ag-Cu-Au-Mo-Mn-Gemstone mine located in the North-central sec. 32, T.19S., R.25E. (Outlaw Mountain 7.5 minute topo map), on the west slope of Gleeson Ridge, immediately north of the Tom Scott Mine, approximately 100 yards (95 meters) SE of the Defiance Mine, ¾ mile (1.2 km) NE of Gleeson, and about 25 km East of Tombstone. Discovered 1890. Produced 1893-1978. Owned/Operated by the Gleeson Heights Minerals Co. (1978).

Mineralization is irregular, small stringers, pockets, and replacement bodies of oxidized base metal sulfides in Pennsylvanian-Permian Naco Group limestone adjacent to a quartz monzonite porphyry contact. Ore control was faults and fractures in the limestone; also along the dike perpendicular to bedding, and the contact of the limestone and intrusive bodies. Ore concentration was strong oxidation, resulting in the redeposition of malachite and azurite. Associated rock units are the Gleeson Quartz Monzonite and the Sugarloaf Quartz Latite Porphyry.

Workings are within a relatively elevated block bounded on the north and south by two subparallel faults which strike N.65º to 80ºS. This block ranges in width from approximately 50 feet at the surface to 80 feet on the 200 level.

Local structures include an eastward-dipping fault, possibly a segment of the Tom Scott fault zone, extending northward through the collar of the shaft. The limestone near the quartz monzonite contact strikes N30W, 40-50NE, N50-80E with a 40-80 dip. Faults cut by another fault system at right angles.

Workings are 160 meters long and 53.34 meters deep and include an inclined shaft 271 feet deep, together with several hundred feet of drifts, winzes, and stopes. The bottom or 200 level connects with the Mystery adit. A large tonnage was mined during the late 1800's. 6,570 tons were produced during the periods 1922-1930 and 1938-1941.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 58; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10088878, MRDS ID #M800140.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 122, 357; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1993) 24:381-395
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 157; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: Yaiba Sakaguchi
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 226, 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132.
Fraipontite var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 226, 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10088878, MRDS ID #M800140.; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Incrustations and druses.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 247; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 101; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 265; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 108.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Occurs as pseudomorphs after azurite to 3 cm diameter.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 285; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10088878, MRDS ID #M800140.; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Large specimens of botryoidal crusts on manganese oxides with associated minerals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 122, 357; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Rocks & Min.: 65:17,20,24.
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Mixed with cuprian fraipontite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Rocks & Min.: 65:17, 20 & 24.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 357, 374; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331, 425; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 17; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 80.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Fraipontite
var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite
-(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Fraipontite var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PlattneritePbO2
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Fraipontite var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O TenoriteCuO
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al Fraipontite var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Fraipontite var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Fraipontite var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
ZnZinc
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Fraipontite var. Copper-bearing Fraipontite(Zn,Al,Cu)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wilson, E.D. (1927) Geology and ore deposits of the Courtland-Gleeson region, Arizona: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 123, 79 p.: 74-75.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951) Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158: 15-17.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 58, 80, 101, 108.
Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960) Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, Arizona Geological Society Digest: 3: 53-56.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 84 (Table 4).
Foord, E.E., et al (1983) Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill mines, Gleeson, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 14: 131-132.
Knudson, H.P. (1983) The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 14: 127-131.
Rocks & Minerals (1990) 65: 17, 20, 24.
Blair, Gerry (1992) The Rockhound's Guide to Arizona: Helena, MT, Falcon Press.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992) Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 6 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 122, 157, 188, 226, 247, 265, 285, 331, 357, 361, 374, 425.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology file data.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
USGS MRDS database (2005) Dep. ID file #10088878, MRDS ID #M800140; and, Dep. ID #10256774.
Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0040030682.

Other Databases

Link to USGS MRDS:10088878

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