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Diamond Hill Quartz Mine, Antreville, Abbeville Co., South Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Diamond Hill Quartz MineMine (Active)
Antreville- not defined -
Abbeville Co.County
South CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
34° 16' 13'' North , 82° 34' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Active) - last checked 2017
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lake Secession1,083 (2011)2.4km
Antreville140 (2011)4.7km
Iva1,278 (2017)9.1km
Lowndesville123 (2017)9.5km
Starr191 (2017)16.3km


The Diamond Hill Quartz Mine/Prospect is located in the northwestern part of South Carolina, near the town of Antreville. The rock type at the prospect is a granitoid gneiss, formed by the metamorphism of the Antreville Pluton approximately 400 ma during the Ordovician (Jacquot and Karwoski, 2009, p. 66).

Later, the rock was fractured by tectonic fault movement along the Lowdnesville sheer zone and finally hydrothermal fluids moved through the fractures and deposited silica (Jacquot and Karwoski, 2009, p. 68).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Bill Kohout
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bill Kohout
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bill Kohout
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bill Kohout
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2009) 84:66-68
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bill Kohout
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2009) 84:66-68
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2009) 84:66-68
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Bill Kohout

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Zodac, P. (1959) World news on mineral occurrences. Rocks and Minerals: 34 (11-12), 499.
Griffin, V.S. (1979) Geology of the Abbeville East, Abbeville West, Latimer and Lowndesville quadrangles, South Carolina. South Carolina Geological Survey, MS-24.
Horton, J.W., Zullo, V.A. (1991) The geology of the Carolinas. Carolina Geological Survey fiftieth-anniversary volume. Knoxville. University of Tennessee Press, Carolina Geological Survey, 424.
Horton, J W., Zullo, V.A. (1991) The Geology of the Carolinas. Carolina Geological Society Fiftieth Anniversary Volume. Knoxville, University of Tennessee Press, 406 pages.
Streeter, M. (2005) Adventure at Diamond Hill: Quartz mine collecting yields big results. Rock and Gem, 35:3, 96-97 & 106.
Jacquot, R. (2006) Phenomenal phantom quartz. Rock and Gem, 36:5, 72-75.
Jacquot, R., Karwoski, C. (2009) Spectacular amethyst: From the Diamond Hill Quartz Prospect, Abbeville County, South Carolina. Rocks and Minerals, 84:1, 66-68.
Karwoski, C. (2015) The Diamond Hill Mine, Abbeville County, South Carolina. The Mineralogical Record, 46:2, 249-263.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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