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Bustee meteorite, Gorakhpur, Basti District, Basti Division, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 26° 45' North , 82° 42' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 26.75000,82.70000
GeoHash:G#: tufb1vsq1
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Aubrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Aubrite
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate


Enstatite achondrite (aubrite).

This meteorite fell 2 December 1852 about six miles south of Basti at about 10:10 AM. At nearby Gorakhpur the sound was reported to approach in a direction from NNW. At Basti the sound was reported to come from zenith and proceed somewhat easterly.

One fragment, 1267g in weight, is in the collection at the Natural History Museum, London, England (32100). From that fragment, oldhamite and osbornite were described.

A 75g slice is housed at the Smithsonian, USNM 5622 and may be on display.

Heidite was also first described from this meteorite, but the specimen that it was found in is not described.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Description: Ti-rich alabandite.
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 502.; Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: G. Kurat, E. Zinner & F. Brandstatter (1992). An Ion Microprobe Study of a Unique Oldhamite-Pyroxenite Fragment from the Bustee Aubrite. Meteoritics 27, #3, p. 246.
'Aubrite meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: G. Kurat, E. Zinner & F. Brandstatter (1992). An Ion Microprobe Study of a Unique Oldhamite-Pyroxenite Fragment from the Bustee Aubrite. Meteoritics 27, #3, p. 246.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 502.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 502.; Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 502.; Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Heideite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Reference: Am Min 59 (1974), 465
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Wai, C. M., & Knowles, C. R. (1972). The metal phase of the Bustee enstatite achondrite. Mineralogical Magazine, 38(297), 627-629.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Wai, C. M., & Knowles, C. R. (1972). The metal phase of the Bustee enstatite achondrite. Mineralogical Magazine, 38(297), 627-629.
Joegoldsteinite
Formula: MnCr2S4
Reference: Keil, K., Brett, R. (1974): Heideite, (Fe,Cr)1+x(Ti,Fe)2S4, a new mineral in the Bustee enstatite achondrite. American Mineralogist: 59: 465-470
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Reference: T. J. McCoy (1996). A Pyroxene-Oldhamite Clast in Bustee: Igneous Aubritic Oldhamite and the TI Enrichment in Aubritic Troilite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31, p. A86.
Oldhamite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Min Mag 37 (1969), 144
Osbornite (TL)
Formula: TiN
Reference: Min Mag 26 (1941), 36
Roedderite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: C. M. Wai & C. R. Knowles (1972). The metal phase of the Bustee enstatite achondrite. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 38, p. 627 - 629.; Wai, C. M., & Knowles, C. R. (1972). The metal phase of the Bustee enstatite achondrite. Mineralogical Magazine, 38(297), 627-629.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 502.; Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Description: Ti-rich troilite.
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 502.; Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite (TL)1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Daubréelite'2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
'Heideite' (TL)2.DA.15(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite (TL)2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 9 - Silicates
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Roedderite9.CM.05(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Aubrite meteorite'-
'Joegoldsteinite'-MnCr2S4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite (TL)1.1.19.1TiN
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Heideite (TL)2.10.2.3(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Roedderite63.2.1a.14(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Aubrite meteorite'-
Iron-Fe
Joegoldsteinite-MnCr2S4
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite (TL)-(Ca,Mg)S

List of minerals for each chemical element

NNitrogen
N OsborniteTiN
OOxygen
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
NaSodium
Na Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
SiSilicon
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
S JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4
S Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S TroiliteFeS
KPotassium
K Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
TiTitanium
Ti Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Ti OsborniteTiN
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Cr Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Cr JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Maskelyne, N.S. (1870) On the mineral constituents of meteorites. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 18: 146-157.
Wai, C. M., & Knowles, C. R. (1972). The metal phase of the Bustee enstatite achondrite. Mineralogical Magazine, 38(297), 627-629.
Keil, K., Brett, R. (1974) Heideite, (Fe,Cr)1+x(Ti,Fe)2S4. a new mineral in the Bustee enstatite achondrite. American Mineralogist: 59: 465-470.
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: 693 p.

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