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North Pennines Area, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
North Pennines AreaArea of Outstanding Natural Beauty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Alston1,105 (2018)
Allendale Town709 (2017)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

141 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.; Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine: 52: 552.
Adamite var:
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Habit: crystals to about 0.1 mm, in crusts growing on azurite (itself sometimes on malachite) in cavities in baryte.
Colour: pale green
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 367, 552-553.
Alstonite (TL)
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Habit: Bipyramidal crystals
Colour: White
Description: Occurance restricted to a small area at Holmes Rise on High Cross Vein
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 219; Lithos 8 (1975), 199; BMS Collection
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: BMS Collection
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Colour: White to creamy
Description: Ankerite is the most common constituent of the metasomatic deposits in this mine and many others in the orefield. The colour is white-creamy in unoxidized specimens showing typical saddle shaped crystals to 1cm. Oxidised examples from the Nenthead mines varies in colour from pale creamy brown and yellow to black.
Reference: Dunham Sir K C, Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield, Vol 1, Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: [Russell Society Newsletter 35 Sep 1999 p 35]
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 106, 115-116.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 317-324
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Neall, T., Leppington, C. M., Green, D., Rumsey, M. S. (2013): The first British occurrences of ianbruceite from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 34, 8-12.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Lloyd Llewellyn collection (visual identification)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K C. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1. Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Description: Large, tabular, white and translucent crystals.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9. Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2,114-121.
Barytocalcite (TL)
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: BMS Collection
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: Yellow to brown
Description: Usually as a yellow powdery crust to seveal cms, and as pustules to 4mm dia. Very rarely forms sparkling vitreous crystal druses composed of minute yellow to yellow-brown micro-crystals
Reference: S.Rust Collection
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Bridges T. F., Young B. (2007): Geology and mineralogy of Pike Law Mines, Newbiggin, Teesdale, Co. Durham. Journal of the Russell Society, 10, 18-26.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: BMS Collection
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Reference: R. A. Ixer, C. J. Stanley and D. J. Vaughan (1979) Cobalt-, Nickel-, and Iron-Bearing Sulpharsenides from the North of England. Mineralogical Magazine 43:389-395.
Blixite
Formula: Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Reference: Norman Wilson personal collection
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Colour: Light blue-green
Description: Bottinoite from the Smallcleugh Mine is comparable with the same mineral from Hendra Fellen Mine in Mid-Wales in terms of crystal form, although only found on 7 specimens from Smallcleugh Mine.
Reference: Nat Hist Museum London and S.Rust collection
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Habit: Massive
Reference: GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Brianyoungite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Livingstone, A., Champness, P.E. (1993) Brianyoungite, a new mineral related to hydrozincite, from the north of England orefield. Mineralogical Magazine, 57(389), 665-670.; BMS Collection
Bridgesite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rumsey, M.S., Hawthorne, F., Spratt, J. (2019): Bridgesite-(Ce), IMA 2019-034. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine, 83, https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Colour: Translucent white to colourless
Description: A common mineral throughout the mine, forming crystals to 3 cms in diameter displaying major shallow pyramid faces with minor development of the prism faces. Commonly forming crystals richly scattered over an ankerite matrix. An area near the Bogg Shaft, from a brecciated area has in the past furnished cabinet size specimens of typical calcite crystals to 2.5cm dia.
Reference: Collected by many collectors over many years .
Calcite var:
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Habit: Spherules to .5mm
Colour: Sky blue
Description: First Northern Pennine Occurance
Reference: Natural History Museum film 7431F
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 317-324
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection
'Chabazite'
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bridges T F and Young B Y. Supergene minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield-A Review. In Journal of the Russell Soc. Vol 7(1) 1998
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: R. A. Ixer, C. J. Stanley and D. J. Vaughan (1979) Cobalt-, Nickel-, and Iron-Bearing Sulpharsenides from the North of England. Mineralogical Magazine 43:389-395.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 239.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 119, 124.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Bridges T F and Young B Y. Supergene minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield-A Review. In Journal of the Russell Soc. Vol 7(1) 1998
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: B Young,, E K Hyslop and R A Fairbairn . Journal of the Russell Soc 6(2), 97 (1996)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: R. A. Ixer, C. J. Stanley and D. J. Vaughan (1979) Cobalt-, Nickel-, and Iron-Bearing Sulpharsenides from the North of England. Mineralogical Magazine 43:389-395.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Bridges T F and Young B Y. Supergene minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield-A Review. In Journal of the Russell Soc. Vol 7(1) 1998
Cuprite var:
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Bridges, T,F.(1987): Serpierite and develline from the North Pennine Orefield. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geo Soc. 46, 169.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 232, 235-237.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 106, 116-117.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson personal collection; Norman Wilson collection
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Rocks & Minerals 82:402-407; R. A. Ixer, C. J. Stanley and D. J. Vaughan (1979) Cobalt-, Nickel-, and Iron-Bearing Sulpharsenides from the North of England. Mineralogical Magazine 43:389-395.
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: From Groverake Vein in the New Firestone Level.
Reference: Smith, F.W. (1973) Supergene Native Copper in the Northern Pennine Orefield. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 39, n° 302, 244.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177. (referring to Smith); Bridges TF and Young B. Supergene Minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield - A Review. Journal of the Russell Soc. 7(1). 3-14(1998)
Fiedlerite
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: BMS Collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Habit: cubic, twins
Colour: yellow, amber
Fluorescence: medium, purplish
Description: Good undamaged twins are scarce and much sought after. Regarded as a classic locality by fluorite collectors.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9 Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121. Fisher, J. (2004) Fluorite from the Northern Pennines Orefield, England. Rocks and Minerals, 79:6, 378-398.
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 135 localities in this region.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: R. A. Ixer, C. J. Stanley and D. J. Vaughan (1979) Cobalt-, Nickel-, and Iron-Bearing Sulpharsenides from the North of England. Mineralogical Magazine 43:389-395.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; R. A. Ixer, C. J. Stanley and D. J. Vaughan (1979) Cobalt-, Nickel-, and Iron-Bearing Sulpharsenides from the North of England. Mineralogical Magazine 43:389-395.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham Sir K C. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1. Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Gold ?
Formula: Au
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Manchester University Museum
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 232, 235-237.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 239.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Gypsum var:
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Collected H Wilkinson 1999 Visual id (see photo uploaded)
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Paul Render
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 90.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Colour: White
Description: Forms white balls to 1mm and botryoidal area to several mm.
Reference: NHM London & S.Rust Collection;
Hydroniumjarosite ?
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: Light Yellow
Reference: SEM image on Mineral Paradice Webb Site. This appears to be Hydroniumjarosite (priv com David Green);
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Colour: White
Description: Many so called hydrozincite specimens from this mine should be tested to confirm that it is not brianyoungite.
Reference: No reference listed
Ianbruceite
Formula: [Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Reference: Neall, T., Leppington, C. M., Green, D., Rumsey, M. S. (2013): The first British occurrences of ianbruceite from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 34, 8-12.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Brian Young (2011) MILLERITE FROM COLDBERRY GUTTER AND GREAT EGGLESHOPE, TEESDALE, COUNTY DURHAM. NHSN-Transactions-Vol-71-part-2 pp111-114
Ktenasite
Formula: ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Colour: Blue-green
Description: All of the ktenasite from this mine should be tested to see if it is ktenasite or the Zn analog of ktenasite.
Reference: Livingstone, A. (1991): The zinc analogue of ktenasite from Smallcleugh and Brownley Hill mines, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russel Soc. 4, 13-15.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Braithwaite, Lamb and Nattrass, Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61 (2006)
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Lenaite ?
Formula: AgFeS2
Reference: Ixer, R.A., Stanley, C.J. (1987): A silver-nickel-cobalt mineral association at Tynebottom Mine, Garrigill, near Alston, Cumbria. Proc. Yorkshire Geol. Soc.: 46: 133-139; in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J., Ercit, T.J., Grice, J.D. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 1497
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 106, 112.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Steve Rust collection
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 239.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir KC. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1. Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Colour: Pale green to almost white
Description: All though no analysis has been found to confirm that melanterite occurs at the Smallcleugh mine it is probably a very good bet that it dose.
Reference: No reference listed
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Colour: Light blue-green
Description: Found in one restricted area in the mine, in the Second Sun Vein.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols. Livingstone, A., Bridges, T. F. and Bevins, R. E. (1990): Schulenbergite and namuwite from Smallcleugh Mine, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russell Soc. 3, 23-24.; American Mineralogist, Volume 81, pages 238-243, 1996
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Plattnerite ?
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Protopartzite'
Formula: Cu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p566]
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.; Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir KC. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1. Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: BMS Database
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir KC. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1. Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir KC. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1. Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 223.
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [J.Ralph Collection]
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Ryback, G. and Tandy, P.C. (1992) Eighth supplementary list of British Isles minerals (English). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 56, n° 383, 261-275.; Cotterell, T.F. and Jenkins, D.A. (2008) Ranciéite from Mynydd Parys, Amlwch, Anglesey, Wales. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 59-63.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.; Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Bridges, T,F.(1987): Serpierite and develline from the North Pennine Orefield. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geo Soc. 46, 169.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K C. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield, Vol 1, Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Norman Wilson personal collection
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Young B, Styles M T, and Berridge N G. Niccolite-magnetite mineralization from Upper Teesdale, North Pennines. Min Mag. Sept 1985, Vol. 49, pp. 555-559
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Smolyaninovite
Formula: Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Reference: [Russell Society Newsletter 35 Sep 1999 p 35]
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Colour: Black, dark brown
Description: Specimens are dark brown to black due to the presence of iron in solid solution. Small crystals less than 2mm are sometimes of the ruby variety. Of particular interest and great rarity are specimens from the replacement deposit above the Hydraulic Shaft, which have fossils coated by white calcite and sprinkled with black sphalerite crystals to 1cm. The deposit was originally discovered by David Lloyd, and Richard Barstow in the 1970's. David was testing the level wall for hollow sounds indicating a possible cavity, when part of the wall collapsed in leading to this remarkable deposit.
Reference: Dunham K C, Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield , Vol 1, Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: BMS Database
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Norman Wilson personal collection
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Young B, Styles M T, and Berridge N G. Niccolite-magnetite mineralization from Upper Teesdale, North Pennines. Min Mag. Sept 1985, Vol. 49, pp. 555-559
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Description: Braithwaite (1988): "A sample of the grey sulphide mineral was analysed by Ian Brough of the Metallurgy Department, UMIST and the University of Manchester, using a Philips SEM 505 scanning electron microscope fitted with an EDAX 9100/60 energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, and using a standardless analysis procedure. The average of four analyses with good reproducibility gave a composition: Cu 35.2; Zn 5.3; Fe 1.3; As 9.8; Sb 2.9; S 45.6 atom %, corresponding to a formula (Cu0.84Zn0.13Fe0.03)12(As0.77Sb0.23)3.6S13.1; the mineral is, therefore, a zincian tennantite."
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 367, 552-553.; Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals Of Britain and Ireland. 496.
'Tennantite var: '
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Description: Braithwaite (1988): "A sample of the grey sulphide mineral was analysed by Ian Brough of the Metallurgy Department, UMIST and the University of Manchester, using a Philips SEM 505 scanning electron microscope fitted with an EDAX 9100/60 energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, and using a standardless analysis procedure. The average of four analyses with good reproducibility gave a composition: Cu 35.2; Zn 5.3; Fe 1.3; As 9.8; Sb 2.9; S 45.6 atom %, corresponding to a formula (Cu0.84Zn0.13Fe0.03)12(As0.77Sb0.23)3.6S13.1; the mineral is, therefore, a zincian tennantite."
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 367, 552-553.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Description: Braithwaite (1988): "Goodchild (1881-2) mentions tetrahedrite from 'east of Harcla, Kirkby Stephen', probably meaning east of Hartley Birkett, which would fit Higher Longrigg mine."
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1881-2) Trans. Cumb. and Westm. Assoc. Lit. Sci. 7, 101-26.; Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 367, 552-553.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Description: Crusts of soft, white spherules up to 0.25 mm
Reference: young B, Hyslop E K, Bridges T F and Hubbard N. Thaumasite from High Sedling Mine, Weardale, Co Durham and from Shap, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Soc. 7(1), 40 (1998)
'Ugrandite'
Formula: Ca3X2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 239.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Young B, Styles M T, and Berridge N G. Niccolite-magnetite mineralization from Upper Teesdale, North Pennines. Min Mag. Sept 1985, Vol. 49, pp. 555-559
'UM1987-10-S:AgFe'
Formula: Ag2Fe15S20
Reference: Ixer, R.A., Stanley, C.J. (1987): A silver-nickel-cobalt mineral association at Tynebottom Mine, Garrigill, near Alston, Cumbria. Proc. Yorkshire Geol. Soc.: 46: 133-139; in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J., Ercit, T.J., Grice, J.D. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 1497
'Unnamed (Cu-Sb Oxide)'
Formula: CuSb2O6
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection
'Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)'
Formula: Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Colour: White
Reference: Livingstone, A. (1991) The zinc analogue of ktenasite from Smallcleugh and Brownley Hill mines, Nenthead, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society. 4, 13-15
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 232, 235-237.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Witherite (TL)
Formula: BaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 13:168]
Zincolivenite
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W, Green, D.I., and Tindle, A.G. (2009) The distribution of adamite and zincolivenite in Britain and Ireland. Journal Of The Russell Society, Volume 12: 3-9.
Zlatogorite
Formula: NiCuSb2
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold ?1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cuprostibite2.AA.20Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Lenaite ?2.CB.10aAgFeS2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'var: Zincian Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Zlatogorite2.CC.05NiCuSb2
Group 3 - Halides
Blixite3.DC.50Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fiedlerite3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bottinoite4.FH.05Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Fougèrite4.FL.05Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Plattnerite ?4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite (TL)5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite (TL)5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Brianyoungite (TL)5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Witherite (TL)5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite ?7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ktenasite7.DD.20ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Orthoserpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ianbruceite8.DA.50[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Smolyaninovite8.CH.55Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Zincolivenite8.BB.30CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mattheddleite9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Blaubleibender Covellite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Bridgesite-(Ce) (TL)-CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Protopartzite'-Cu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'UM1987-10-S:AgFe'-Ag2Fe15S20
'Ugrandite'-Ca3X2(SiO4)3
'Unnamed (Cu-Sb Oxide)'-CuSb2O6
'Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)'-Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold ?1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Cuprostibite2.4.11.1Cu2(Sb,Tl)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Argentopyrite2.9.13.2AgFe2S3
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Lenaite ?2.9.1.5AgFeS2
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Plattnerite ?4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Bottinoite6.3.9.1Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Fougèrite6.4.6.2Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Blixite10.2.4.1Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Fiedlerite10.3.2.1Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Boleite10.6.6.1KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite (TL)14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite (TL)14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite (TL)14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Carbonatecyanotrichite16b.7.7.1Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Namuwite31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Orthoserpierite31.6.7.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Smolyaninovite40.5.8.1Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Zincolivenite41.6.5.6CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Ianbruceite42.6.11.[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
-(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Blaubleibender Covellite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Brianyoungite (TL)-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Bridgesite-(Ce) (TL)-CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite ?-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Protopartzite'-Cu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tennantite
var: Zincian Tennantite'
-Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'UM1987-10-S:AgFe'-Ag2Fe15S20
'Ugrandite'-Ca3X2(SiO4)3
'Unnamed (Cu-Sb Oxide)'-CuSb2O6
'Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)'-Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zlatogorite-NiCuSb2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H Bridgesite-(Ce)CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
H BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
H Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H ProtopartziteCu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C GraphiteC
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O Bridgesite-(Ce)CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
O WitheriteBaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LithargePbO
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
O Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O ProtopartziteCu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O UgranditeCa3X2(SiO4)3
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MassicotPbO
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
O CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O Unnamed (Cu-Sb Oxide)CuSb2O6
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlattneritePbO2
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F MatlockitePbFCl
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
NaSodium
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si UgranditeCa3X2(SiO4)3
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S Bridgesite-(Ce)CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S CinnabarHgS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S CovelliteCuS
S GreenockiteCdS
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
S Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SternbergiteAgFe2S3
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S UM1987-10-S:AgFeAg2Fe15S20
S KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S MilleriteNiS
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S SulphurS8
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S LenaiteAgFeS2
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
KPotassium
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
CaCalcium
Ca AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Bridgesite-(Ce)CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca UgranditeCa3X2(SiO4)3
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Fe ProtopartziteCu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
Fe SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Fe ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
Fe Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Fe Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe SternbergiteAgFe2S3
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe UM1987-10-S:AgFeAg2Fe15S20
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe LenaiteAgFeS2
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CoCobalt
Co Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Co Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Co Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2
CuCopper
Cu Bridgesite-(Ce)CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Cu Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ProtopartziteCu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
Cu ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2
Cu BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu Unnamed (Cu-Sb Oxide)CuSb2O6
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
ZnZinc
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Zn ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Zn ProtopartziteCu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
As Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ProtopartziteCu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
As Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As NickelineNiAs
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SternbergiteAgFe2S3
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag UM1987-10-S:AgFeAg2Fe15S20
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Ag LenaiteAgFeS2
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb ProtopartziteCu(Sb,As,Fe,Zn)1.3(O,OH)6.8
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
Sb ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2
Sb CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
Sb Unnamed (Cu-Sb Oxide)CuSb2O6
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
BaBarium
Ba AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
CeCerium
Ce Bridgesite-(Ce)CaCe2Cu6(SO4)4(OH)12·8H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
TlThallium
Tl CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LeadPb
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LithargePbO
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb PlattneritePbO2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Fossils

There are 11 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences351
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed458 Ma (Late Ordovician)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 10 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Chaetetes
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Chaetetidae : Chaetetes336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Favosites
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Favositidae : Favosites452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Rugosa
subclass
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Rugosa445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Actinocyathus
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Axophyllidae : Actinocyathus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Aulophyllum
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Aulophyllidae : Aulophyllum336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Diphyphyllum
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Lithostrotionidae : Diphyphyllum336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Siphonodendron
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Lithostrotionidae : Siphonodendron336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Lepidocoleus
genus
Animalia : Annelida : Polychaeta : Phyllodocida : Lepidocoleidae : Lepidocoleus449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Cornulites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cornulitidae : Cornulites449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Tentaculites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Tentaculitidae : Tentaculites449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Sinuites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sinuitidae : Sinuites449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Tropidodiscus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Tropidodiscus449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Holopea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Holopeidae : Holopea449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Reticycloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Pseudorthoceratidae : Reticycloceras336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Nuculopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculida : Nuculidae : Nuculopsis336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Parallelodon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Parallelodontidae : Parallelodon336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Actinopteria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Pterineidae : Actinopteria336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Aviculopecten
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myalinida : Myalinidae : Aviculopecten336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Caneyella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Pterineidae : Caneyella336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Leptodesma (Leiopteria)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Pterineidae : Leptodesma : Leptodesma (Leiopteria)336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Limipecten
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Aviculopectinidae : Limipecten336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Myalina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Bakevelliidae : Myalina336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Pernopecten
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Entoliidae : Pernopecten336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Posidonia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Posidonia336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Streblopteria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Deltopectinidae : Streblopteria336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Schizodus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Schizodidae : Schizodus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Cypricardella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Cypricardella336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Cosmomya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Sanguinolitidae : Cosmomya326.4 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Sanguinolites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Grammysiidae : Sanguinolites336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Wilkingia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Sanguinolitidae : Wilkingia336 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Trilobita
class
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Onnia
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Asaphida : Trinucleidae : Onnia452 - 449.5 Ma
Late Ordovician
Remopleurides
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Asaphida : Remopleurididae : Remopleurides452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Tretaspis
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Asaphida : Trinucleidae : Tretaspis449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Atractopyge
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Encrinuridae : Atractopyge452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Brongniartella
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Homalonotinae : Brongniartella449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Dalmanites
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Dalmanitidae : Dalmanites449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Dalmanitina
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Dalmanitidae : Dalmanitina449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Diacalymene
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Calymenidae : Diacalymene449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Duftonia
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Dalmanitidae : Duftonia449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Gravicalymene
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Calymenidae : Gravicalymene449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Paracybeloides
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Encrinuridae : Paracybeloides452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Pseudosphaerexochus
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Cheiruridae : Pseudosphaerexochus452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Ostracoda
class
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Ulrichia
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Palaeocopida : Bolliidae : Ulrichia449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Bryozoa
phylum
Animalia : Bryozoa445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Fenestella
genus
Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata : Fenestrida : Fenestellidae : Fenestella336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Brachiopoda
phylum
Animalia : Brachiopoda445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Paracraniops
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Craniata : Craniopsidae : Paracraniops445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Orthida
order
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Dinorthis
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Plaesiomyidae : Dinorthis449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Glyptorthis
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Glyptorthidae : Glyptorthis445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Onniella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Dalmanellidae : Onniella449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Oxoplecia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Orthotetida : Triplesiidae : Oxoplecia445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Platystrophia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Platystrophiidae : Platystrophia449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Skenidioides
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Protorthida : Skenidiidae : Skenidioides445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Strophomenida
order
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida452 - 449.5 Ma
Late Ordovician
Chonetoidea
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Chonetoidea449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Latiproductus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Monticuliferidae : Latiproductus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Leptaena
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Rafinesquinidae : Leptaena449.5 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Leptagonia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Rafinesquinidae : Leptagonia336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Linoproductus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Linoproductidae : Linoproductus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Productus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Aulostegidae : Productus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Ptychoglyptus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Sowerbyellidae : Ptychoglyptus452 - 449.5 Ma
Late Ordovician
Pugilis
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productidae : Pugilis336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Rafinesquina
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Rafinesquinidae : Rafinesquina449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Rugosochonetes
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Rugosochonetidae : Rugosochonetes336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Sampo
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Leptestiidae : Sampo449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Sowerbyella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Sowerbyellidae : Sowerbyella449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Tornquistia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Anopliidae : Tornquistia455.8 - 326.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Propriopugnus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Pugnacidae : Propriopugnus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Sphenotreta
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Sphenotretidae : Sphenotreta445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Hindella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Athyridida : Meristellidae : Hindella445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Punctospirifer
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Spiriferinida : Punctospiriferidae : Punctospirifer336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Cyclospira
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Atrypida : Cyclospiridae : Cyclospira445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Crinoidea
class
Animalia : Echinodermata : Crinoidea452 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Ristnacrinus
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Crinoidea : Iocrinidae : Ristnacrinus455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Climacograptus
genus
Animalia : Hemichordata : Pterobranchia : Diplograptidae : Climacograptus449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Dicellograptus
genus
Animalia : Hemichordata : Dicranograptidae : Dicellograptus449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Glyptograptus
genus
Animalia : Hemichordata : Graptolithina : Bireclinata : Retiolitidae : Glyptograptus443.4 - 433.4 Ma
Silurian
Pseudoclimacograptus
genus
Animalia : Hemichordata : Graptolithina : Pseudoclimacograptus443.4 - 433.4 Ma
Silurian
Allorisma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadomyidae : Allorisma326.4 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Polyzoa
unranked clade
Animalia : Polyzoa449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Carinaropsis maccoyi
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pterothecidae : Carinaropsis : Carinaropsis maccoyi457.5 - 455.8 Ma
Late Ordovician
Globonema carinata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochonematidae : Globonema : Globonema carinata455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Palaeomphalus obtusangulus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Euomphalina : Helicotomidae : Palaeomphalus : Palaeomphalus obtusangulus455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Sinuites pusgillensis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sinuitidae : Sinuites : Sinuites pusgillensis457.5 - 455.8 Ma
Late Ordovician
Euconospira trochiformis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Murchisoniina : Gosseletinidae : Euconospira : Euconospira trochiformis326.4 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Cyclonema rupestre
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Euomphalina : Platyceratidae : Cyclonema : Cyclonema rupestre455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Retispira elegans
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Bellerophontida : Bellerophontidae : Retispira : Retispira elegans336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Anthraconeilo
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculanida : Malletiidae : Anthraconeilo336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Girvanella
genus
Bacteria : Cyanobacteria : Cyanophyceae : Porostromataceae : Girvanella445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Sowerbyella (Sowerbyella) sericea
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Sowerbyellidae : Sowerbyella : Sowerbyella (Sowerbyella) sericea452 - 449.5 Ma
Late Ordovician
Chaenocardiola
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lunulicardiidae : Chaenocardiola336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Strophomena (Strophodonta)
subgenus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Strophodontidae : Strophomena (Strophodonta)449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Myofossa (Myofossa)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Sanguinolitidae : Myofossa : Myofossa (Myofossa)326.4 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Orthoceras elongatocinctum
species
Orthoceras elongatocinctum449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Lingula squamiformis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Lingulata : Lingulida : Lingulidae : Lingula : Lingula squamiformis336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Productus concinnus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productidae : Productus : Productus concinnus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Gigantoproductus giganteus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Monticuliferidae : Gigantoproductus : Gigantoproductus giganteus336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Edmondia sulcata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadomyida : Edmondiidae : Edmondia : Edmondia sulcata336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Sinuatella sinuata
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Aulostegidae : Sinuatella : Sinuatella sinuata336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Hirnantia sagittifera
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Draboviidae : Hirnantia : Hirnantia sagittifera445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Hindella crassa
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Athyridida : Meristellidae : Hindella : Hindella crassa445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Pseudosphaerexochus conformis
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Cheiruridae : Pseudosphaerexochus : Pseudosphaerexochus conformis455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Tropidostropha punctata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pleurotomariida : Gosseletinidae : Tropidostropha : Tropidostropha punctata326.4 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Onniella broeggeri
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Dalmanellidae : Onniella : Onniella broeggeri452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Holotrachelus punctillosus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Aulacopleurida : Holotrachelidae : Holotrachelus : Holotrachelus punctillosus455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Lichas laciniatus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Lichida : Lichidae : Lichas : Lichas laciniatus455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Cheirurus glaber
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Cheiruridae : Cheirurus : Cheirurus glaber455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Sphaerexochus calvus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Cheiruridae : Sphaerexochus : Sphaerexochus calvus455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Sphaerocoryphe punctata
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Cheiruridae : Sphaerocoryphe : Sphaerocoryphe punctata455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Eostropheodonta hirnantensis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Leptostrophiidae : Eostropheodonta : Eostropheodonta hirnantensis445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Graptoloida
unranked clade
Animalia : Hemichordata : Graptolithina : Graptoloida443.4 - 433.4 Ma
Silurian
Diplograptus hughesi
species
Animalia : Hemichordata : Graptolithina : Diplograptoidea : Diplograptidae : Diplograptus : Diplograptus hughesi443.4 - 433.4 Ma
Silurian
Lonchodomas pennatus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Asaphida : Raphiophoridae : Lonchodomas : Lonchodomas pennatus452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Platylichas laxatus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Lichida : Lichidae : Platylichas : Platylichas laxatus452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Calyptaulax norvegicus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Pterygometopidae : Calyptaulax : Calyptaulax norvegicus452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Tretaspis ceriodes
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Asaphida : Trinucleidae : Tretaspis : Tretaspis ceriodes452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Glyptorthis crispa
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Glyptorthidae : Glyptorthis : Glyptorthis crispa449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Dicoelosia indenta
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Dicoelosiidae : Dicoelosia : Dicoelosia indenta455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Hibbertia costatus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Harpida : Harpetidae : Hibbertia : Hibbertia costatus455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Dolerorthis praeclara
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Hesperorthidae : Dolerorthis : Dolerorthis praeclara445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Reuschella inexpectata
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Harknessellidae : Reuschella : Reuschella inexpectata445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Skenidioides scoliodus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Protorthida : Skenidiidae : Skenidioides : Skenidioides scoliodus445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Toxorthis proteus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Wangyuiidae : Toxorthis : Toxorthis proteus445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Chonetoidea iduna
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Chonetoidea : Chonetoidea iduna452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Tretaspis kiaeri
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Asaphida : Trinucleidae : Tretaspis : Tretaspis kiaeri449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Rorringtonia scanica
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Aulacopleurida : Rorringtoniidae : Rorringtonia : Rorringtonia scanica445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Flexicalymene onniensis
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Calymenidae : Flexicalymene : Flexicalymene onniensis452 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Toxochasmops (Schmidtops) maxima
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Pterygometopidae : Toxochasmops : Toxochasmops (Schmidtops) maxima449.5 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Loxonema striatissimum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Loxonematidae : Loxonema : Loxonema striatissimum455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Holopea concinna
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Euomphalina : Holopeidae : Holopea : Holopea concinna455.8 - 445.6 Ma
Late Ordovician
Mucronaspis mucronata
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Dalmanitidae : Mucronaspis : Mucronaspis mucronata445.2 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Tetrao urogallus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Galliformes : Phasianidae : Tetrao : Tetrao urogallus2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Stephanocrinus ramsbottomi
species
Animalia : Echinodermata : Coronoidea : Coronata : Stephanocrinidae : Stephanocrinus : Stephanocrinus ramsbottomi445.2 - 440.8 Ma
Paleozoic
Palaeolima simplex
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Limidae : Palaeolima : Palaeolima simplex336 - 326.4 Ma
Carboniferous
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 11 fossil localities

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Brown, G.C., Ixer, R.A., Plant, J.A., and Webb, P.C. (1987) Geochemistry of granites beneath the north Pennines and their role in orefield mineralization. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 96, B65-76.

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Localities in this Region