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Sydney coalfield, Cape Breton Co., Nova Scotia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Sydney coalfieldCoal Field
Cape Breton Co.County
Nova ScotiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Glace Bay19,968 (2008)
Sydney Mines7,312 (2010)


Coal was gathered here in the 1600s. Organized coal mining began in 1620 for the construction of the nearby Fortress of Louisbourg and exports to Boston began in 1724. Coal mining continues to this day, but on a very limited scale. Some of the mines extend underwater for kilometers under the Gulf of St Lawrence.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1980) Hydrated sulfates from Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada: the copiapite group. American Mineralogist: 65(9-10): 961-967.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Amarillite
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1980) Hydrated Sulfates from Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada: The Copiapite Group. American Mineralogist: 65: 961-967.
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., Wiltshire, J. and McCandlish, K. (1979) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. II. Pyrite and its Alteration Products. The Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 63-70.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1980) Hydrated Sulfates from Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada: The Copiapite Group. American Mineralogist: 65: 961-967.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Melanterite var. Kirovite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L., Wiltshire, J. and McCandlish, K. (1979) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. II. Pyrite and its Alteration Products. Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 63-70.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Amarantite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Amarillite7.CC.75NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Dietrichite7.CB.85(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hohmannite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var. Kirovite7.CB.35(Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Amarillite29.5.3.2NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Dietrichite29.7.3.4(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Amarantite31.9.3.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Hohmannite31.9.4.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Melanterite
var. Kirovite
-(Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
H AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
H Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
H Melanterite var. Kirovite(Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
OOxygen
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
O AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
O Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
O Melanterite var. Kirovite(Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
NaSodium
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg Melanterite var. Kirovite(Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Al Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
S AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
S Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
S Melanterite var. Kirovite(Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
KPotassium
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Fe AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Fe CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Fe Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Fe Melanterite var. Kirovite(Fe,Mg)SO4·7H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O

Fossils

There are 7 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences54
Youngest Fossil Listed2.59 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed458 Ma (Middle Ordovician)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 9 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Arthropoda
phylum
Animalia : Arthropoda314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Mucronaspis
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Dalmanitidae : Mucronaspis449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Dalmanella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Dalmanellidae : Dalmanella449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Epitomyonia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Dicoelosiidae : Epitomyonia449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Platystrophia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Platystrophiidae : Platystrophia449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Tyronella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Tyronellidae : Tyronella449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Gunnarella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Strophomenidae : Gunnarella449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Leptaena
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Rafinesquinidae : Leptaena449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Parastrophinella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Pentamerida : Parastrophinidae : Parastrophinella449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Plectothyrella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Trigonorhynchiidae : Plectothyrella449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Hindella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Athyridida : Meristellidae : Hindella449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Climacograptus
genus
Animalia : Hemichordata : Pterobranchia : Diplograptidae : Climacograptus449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Diplograptus
genus
Animalia : Hemichordata : Pterobranchia : Diplograptidae : Diplograptus449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Glyptograptus
genus
Animalia : Hemichordata : Graptolithina : Bireclinata : Retiolitidae : Glyptograptus458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Cochleosaurus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Amphibia : Cochleosauridae : Cochleosaurus314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Carbonoherpeton
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Temnospondyli : Eogyrinidae : Carbonoherpeton314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Clepsydrops
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Cotylosauria : Ophiacodontidae : Clepsydrops314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Odobenus rosmarus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Odobenidae : Odobenus : Odobenus rosmarus2.588 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Dalmanella testudinaria
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Dalmanellidae : Dalmanella : Dalmanella testudinaria449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Limnostygis relictus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Cotylosauria : Limnoscelidae : Limnostygis : Limnostygis relictus314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Archaeothyris florensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Cotylosauria : Ophiacodontidae : Archaeothyris : Archaeothyris florensis314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Echinerpeton intermedium
species
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Pelycosauria : Echinerpeton : Echinerpeton intermedium314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Alethopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Pachytestaceae : Alethopteris314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Palaeodictyoptera
order
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Palaeodictyoptera314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Paleothyris acadiana
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Testudines : Protorothyrididae : Paleothyris : Paleothyris acadiana314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Phyloblatta
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Blattodea : Archimylacridae : Phyloblatta314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Meganeurinae
subfamily
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Meganisoptera : Meganeuridae : Meganeurinae314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Mylacridae
family
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Blattodea : Mylacridae314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Archimylacridae
family
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Blattodea : Archimylacridae314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Haplophlebium barnesii
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Palaeodictyoptera : Haplophlebium : Haplophlebium barnesii314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Orthomylacris heeri
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Blattodea : Mylacridae : Orthomylacris : Orthomylacris heeri314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Cochleosaurus florensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Amphibia : Cochleosauridae : Cochleosaurus : Cochleosaurus florensis314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Sphenophyllum
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Sphenophyllaceae : Sphenophyllum314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Euproops amia
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Xiphosura : Xiphosurida : Euproopidae : Euproops : Euproops amia306.95 - 298.9 Ma
Carboniferous
Hirnantia sagittifera
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Draboviidae : Hirnantia : Hirnantia sagittifera449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Plectothyrella crassicosta
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Trigonirhynchiidae : Plectothyrella : Plectothyrella crassicosta449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Xyloiulus
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Myriapoda : Spirobolida : Xyloiulidae : Xyloiulus314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Mylacris morienensis
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Blattodea : Mylacridae : Mylacris : Mylacris morienensis314.6 - 306.95 Ma
Carboniferous
Spirigerina (Eospirigerina)
subgenus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Atrypida : Atrypinidae : Spirigerina : Spirigerina (Eospirigerina)449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Eostropheodonta hirnantensis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Leptostrophiidae : Eostropheodonta : Eostropheodonta hirnantensis449.5 - 433.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Chonetoidea radiatula
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Aegiromenidae : Chonetoidea : Chonetoidea radiatula449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Amplexograptus manitoulinensis
species
Animalia : Hemichordata : Graptolithina : Diplograptoidea : Diplograptidae : Amplexograptus : Amplexograptus manitoulinensis458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Plectambonites sericea
species
Plectambonites sericea449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Orthograptus quadrimucronatus
species
Animalia : Hemichordata : Graptolithina : Diplograptoidea : Diplograptidae : Orthograptus : Orthograptus quadrimucronatus449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Mucronaspis mucronata
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Dalmanitidae : Mucronaspis : Mucronaspis mucronata449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Brongniartella robusta
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Phacopida : Homalonotidae : Brongniartella : Brongniartella robusta449.5 - 443.7 Ma
Paleozoic
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 7 fossil localities

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gregory, D.J., Richardson, J.M., Bisson, L.M. (1978) A history of coal in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Mines, Information Series No. 2. https://novascotia.ca/natr/meb/data/pubs/is/is02.pdf
Zodrow, E.L., McCandlish, K. (1978) Hydrated sulfates in the Sydney coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 17-22.
Zodrow, E.L., Wiltshire, J., McCandlish, K. (1979) Hydrated sulfates in the Sydney coalfield of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; II, Pyrite and its alteration products. The Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 63-70.
Zodrow, E.L. (1980) Hydrated sulfates from Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada: the copiapite group. American Mineralogist: 65(9-10): 961-967.
Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.

External Links

http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/8c12b521-5b47-5758-bf7b-41e1f3589c89 - Geological map of the Sydney Coal-Field, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Charles Robb and Hugh Fletcher, Geological Survey or Canada, 1874-1875.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

North America PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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