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Mescla Cave, Malaussène, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Francei
Regional Level Types
Mescla CaveCave
MalaussèneCommune
Alpes-MaritimesDepartment
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'AzurRegion
FranceCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 54' 46'' North , 7° 10' 46'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
La Tour314 (2016)3.5km
Tournefort148 (2016)3.6km
Revest-les-Roches167 (2016)4.0km
Malaussène179 (2016)4.2km
Utelle505 (2016)5.2km


The cave opens in a gorge in the Southern Alps at 184 m a.s.l., ca. 30 km upstream of the mouth of Var River in Nice. The cave contains 3.5 km of passage developed along strike, in the limb of an anticline showing strong dip (45°), in Portlandian (Upper Jurassic) cherty limestone. The cave displays a looping profile typical of phreatic and epiphreatic flow. Upper passages are dry, whereas the lower level corresponds to the active part of the river outflow. The upstream sump has been explored down to -267 m below the entrance, ranking it among the deepest explored phreatic caves in the world.

Calcite speleothems are present in the first sump, down to -12 m, demonstrating a recent rise of the water table due to sediment aggradation of the nearby Var River. Currently bats and guano deposits are not frequent in the cave. However, the divers identified accumulations of bat bones in the second sump, at about 5 m depth, further confirming the recent rise of the water table.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


3 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.


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