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Palmetto Mining District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Palmetto Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MountainsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° North , 110° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~8km
Locality type:


A Cu-Pb-Ag-Au-Zn-Mn-Mo-alunite mining area located in T22-23S, R15E, G&SRM, on the western slope of the Patagonia Mountains between Sonoita Creek to the North and Cañada de la Paloma to the South. It adjoins the Harshaw District on the west, lying between the Tyndall District and the Patagonia District and extending from Sonoita Creek southward for 6 miles to the divide north of Paloma Canyon, It is about 4 miles wide, being bounded on the west by a north-south line crossing Estrada's Ranch.

The topography is rough. The western ¾ of the district is a deeply scored plain sloping from an elevation of 4,500 feet at the base of the Patagonia Mountains on the east to 4,000 feet on the west. The closely spaced arroyos, entrenched from 20 to 60 feet below the general level, trend a little south of west. The highest part of the district is the main ridge of the Patagonia Mountains, which extends along its eastern border.

The oldest rocks are seemingly hornfels and quartzites which occur in a small area in the northeastern part of the district, ¼ mile east of the Gray camp. These rocks dip steeply to the west. They are apparently cut off on the north and west by faults and on the east by an acidic intrusive rock which is probably a phase of the granite porphyry. They are dull gray and brown in color, are thinly bedded, and are cut by numerous east-west and north-south joints or shear lines. Except these sediments and a small body of Tertiary rhyolite in the NE corner, and of andesite in the NW corner, both of which belong to larger areas of similar rocks in the Tyndall District on the north, the hard rocks of this district consist principally of Mesozoic granular intrusives occurring in teh SE part and containing practically all the deposits. Beginning with the oldest, these rocks are quartz monzonite, diorite, and granite porphyry.

The quartz monzonite, which occupies almost the whole of the SE part of the district, is a coarse-granular rock composed of orthoclase, plagioclase, quartz, and biotite, locally with some hornblende. In composition it ranges from a rock near syenite to granodiorite.

The diorite occurs in a narrow, tongue-like belt about 2 miles long north of the quartz monzonite, which it intrudes as dikes, sills, and larger masses. It is a dark, granular rock composed of andesine and hornblende, with very minor amounts of quartz.

Granite porphyry occurs in a lens 3 miles wide occupying the middle-eastern part of the border, which is high and rugged and culminates in Three R Mountain. It belongs to the larger area of this rock in the Harshaw District, on the east. It is seemingly intrusive into both the quartz monzonite and the diorite. It is sliced by a sheeting which dips 40º NW. In generakl it is light gray or whitish, medium- to coarse-grained rock, with phenocrysts of greasy-lustered quartz and whitish kaolinized orthoclase resting in a finer-grained groundmass composed mainly of the same minerals. It contains a little pyrite and chalcopyrite widely disseminated in both the feldspar and the quartz, also as accessory minerals considerable apatite and a little zircon. The feldspar is highly altered to muscovite.

Mineralization is varied: (1) Irregular, tabular, and lensing orebody of oxidized copper mineralization along an fault zone cutting altered and locally mineralized Jurassic granite; (2) Narrow, lensing, quartz-fissure veins of argentiferous lead ore in the contact zone of Jurassic granitic intrusive and Precambrian metamorphic rocks; (3) Disseminated and extensively oxidized, pyrite-chalcopyrite mineralization in shear zones cutting Jurassic granitic intrusive and in intruded Precambrian metamorphic rocks; and, (4) Minor gold placers in stream gravel.

Workings include numerous, but mostly small and shallow, operations. Prospected and mined since the mid-1800's.

Total estimated and recorded production would be some 132,000 tons of ore containing about 5,500 tons of copper, 225 tons of lead, 75,000 ounces of silver, 240 ounces of gold, and one ton of zinc. Only a few ounces of Au came from placer workings.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

36 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Description: An accessory mineral in granite porphyry.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 426; Schrader, F.C. (1913), Alunite in Patagonia, AZ, and Bovard, NV, Econ.Geol.: 8: 752-767.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144.
Calderónite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Colour: Red-brown
Description: Calderonite was first listed as Brackebuschite but testing at the University of Arizona showed them to be Calderonite.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Description: An alteration product of country rocks near contacts.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 290.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Apparently derived from chalcocite. Occurs as beads, films, or thin sheets, facing the sheeting or shear planes.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 186; Schrader & Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 285; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Schrader & Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: As placer gold in stream gravels.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 236; Wilson, E.D. (1927), AZ gold placers, 2nd. ed. (revised), Univ. AZ Bull. 124: 56; AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 135 (1933), AZ gold placers and placering: 79.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 243.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 283; Bayliss, P. & D. Atencia (1985), X-ray powder diffraction data and cell parameters for copiapite group minerals, Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 53.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Colour: Brownish-red
Description: Ocherous material.
Reference: Schrader & Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 284-285, 286; Probert, F.R. (1914), The Three R mine, Patagonia district, Ariz.: Min. and Sci. Press: 109(5): 176.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10009276, MRDS ID #D002154.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 283; Bayliss, P. & D. Atencia (1985), X-ray powder diffraction data and cell parameters for copiapite group minerals, Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 53.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: An accessory mineral in intrusive diorite.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 289.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: rolf luetcke
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037098, MRDS ID #M030395.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Colour: Pink
Description: A significant component of quartz monzonite.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 289.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 340; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 291; Schrader (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 26.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10009276.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037098, MRDS ID #M030395.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037098, MRDS ID #M030395.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6911CL).
'Wad'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 417; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 32.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Calderónite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brackebuschite40.2.8.1Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Calderónite-Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AcanthiteAg2S
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
V CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
FeIron
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SbAntimony
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Pb CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schrader, F.C. (1913), Alunite in Patagonia, Arizona, and Bovard, Nevada, Economic Geology: 8: 752-767.
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 279-292.
Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Economic Geology: 12: 237-269.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 80.
Moger, S.R. (1970) Geology of the west central portion of the Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Davis, University of California, M.S. thesis, 60 p.
Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 73 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 117, 426.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

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