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Monte Brugiana north slope, Carrara, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Monte Brugiana north slopeMountain
CarraraCommune
Massa-Carrara ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bedizzano797 (2014)
Other Languages:
Italian:
Versante nord del Monte Brugiana, Carrara, Provincia di Massa-Carrara (Provincia di Massa e Carrara), Toscana, Italia


Monte Brugiana (984 m) is the westernmost mountain of the ridge that divides the Carrione stream basin (Carrara) from the Frigido stream basin (Massa). Monte Brugiana is located inside a NW-SE trending belt made of rocks of the Massa Unit.

To the NE of Monte Brugiana, in the area including the summit of La Rocchetta (898 m) and the valleys of Fosso del Fossatello and Rio Artana, different rocks of the Apuan ("Autochthon Auctt.") Unit crop out. These rocks include Triassic dolomite (Grezzoni formation), Liassic marble and dolomitic marble (the typical Carrara marbles), and Dogger-Oligocene cherty limestone, radiolarian chert, schists and turbiditic flysch. In this area a Mn mineralisation occur (see Monte Brugiana manganese mineralisation).

The Massa Unit is composed of a Paleozoic basement unconformably overlain by a thick Triassic metasedimentary sequence characterised by the presence of Ladinian basic metavolcanic rocks. The Mesozoic sequence includes quartz metaconglomerates in association with metasandstone, metasiltstone and black phyllite which can be interpreted as continental and/or coastal siliciclastic deposits. They are followed upwards by mainly calcareous rocks, i.e. marbles (originally crinoidal limestones with intercalated clay levels - see Fossa Combratta quarry), metabreccias, calcareous schists and carbonate phyllites, with alkaline metabasites (prasinites and greenschists). The sequence ends with Carnian phyllites of continental-coastal origin and levels of quartz-rich anagenites. The Triassic sequence has been affected by Alpine greenschist facies metamorphism (kyanite-chloritoid-phengite), while the rocks of the Paleozoic basement experienced also deformations and pre-Alpine greenschist facies metamorphism.

Kyanite is the most typical mineral of Monte Brugiana, which forms fasciculated crystal aggregates up to 15 cm long in quartzite towards its contact with phyllite. Associated minerals are pyrophyllite, chlorite, hematite, and muscovite. Significant specimens are mainly found in the little valley of Fosso dei Montecchio, SE of Bedizzano (Di Giovanni, 1981).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Orlandi, P. (1984) Segnalazione di nuove specie mineralogiche da località italiane. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 8, 2 (2-1984), 33-40.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33; Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:bJh91ZKhMEMJ:www.parcapuane.it/actapuana/ACTA_APUANA_2.pdf+giovanni+brugiana
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:bJh91ZKhMEMJ:www.parcapuane.it/actapuana/ACTA_APUANA_2.pdf+giovanni+brugiana
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Reported as tourmaline in Orlandi & Bianchi (1976).
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Bianchi, G. (1976) Nota di mineralogia toscana. I minerali delle geodi dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 83, 220-229; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Orlandi, P. (1984) Segnalazione di nuove specie mineralogiche da località italiane. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 8, 2 (2-1984), 33-40.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Description: In association with chlorite and dravite.
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colour: Deep red.
Description: REE-rich piemontite with total amount of rare earth elements ranging from 2.85 to 8.06 (oxides) wt% (La is the prevaling element). It appears as bended veinleits, about 1 cm thiek, cuttinga quartzite matrix. Associated minerals are braunite, Mn-oxides, titanite, apatite and mica.
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.; Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 242-253.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70; Orlandi, P. (1984) Segnalazione di nuove specie mineralogiche da località italiane. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 8, 2 (2-1984), 33-40.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S SphaleriteZnS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
MnManganese
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CeCerium
Ce Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Repetti, E. (1820) Sopra l'Alpe Apuana e i marmi di Carrara. Dalla Badia Fiesolana, Fiesole, 231 pp.
Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70.
Molli, G., Giorgetti, G., and Meccheri, M. (2000) Structural and petrological constrains on the tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Massa Unit (Alpi Apuane, NW Tuscany, Italy). Geological Journal, 35, 251-264.
Molli, G., Giorgetti, G., and Meccheri, M. (2002) Tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Alpi Apuane Metamorphic Complex: new data and constraints for geodynamic models. Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 1, 789-900.

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