SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Central Americai
Regional Level Types
Central AmericaRegion

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
00938060015264780682026.jpg
Fumarole activity in the crater

Poás Volcano, Alajuela Province, Costa Rica
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Guatemala City994,938 (2017)
Managua973,087 (2010)
Tegucigalpa850,848 (2010)
San Salvador525,990 (2015)
San Pedro Sula489,466 (2013)
Mixco473,080 (2015)


A region covering the land area bordered by Mexico on the north and Colombia on the south. In some uses of the term Mexico is included in Central America.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

267 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Harlow, G. E. (1994). Jadeitites, albitites and related rocks from the Motagua Fault Zone, Guatemala. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 12(1), 49-68.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Harlow, G. E., Sisson, V. B., & Sorensen, S. S. (2011). Jadeitite from Guatemala: new observations and distinctions among multiple occurrences. Geologica Acta, 9(3). 363-387
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: YAMANA GOLD INC. ANNUAL INFORMATION FORM FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008
'Alunite Supergroup'
Formula: AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
Reference: I. Corral, E. Cardellach, A. Canals, M. Corbella, T. Martín-Crespo and E. Vindel (2010): Environment of Ore Deposition in the Cerro Quema Gold-Copper Deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Macla 13, 69-70
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Venable, M. E. (1994). A geologic, tectonic and metallogenic evaluation of the Siuna terrane. PhD thesis. University of Arizona.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Williams-Jones, A. E., Samson, I. M., Ault, K. M., Gagnon, J. E., & Fryer, B. J. (2010). The genesis of distal zinc skarns: Evidence from the Mochito deposit, Honduras. Economic Geology, 105(8), 1411-1440.; Samson, I. M., Williams-Jones, A. E., Ault, K. M., Gagnon, J. E., & Fryer, B. J. (2008). Source of fluids forming distal Zn-Pb-Ag skarns: Evidence from laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry analysis of fluid inclusions from El Mochito, Honduras. Geology, 36(12), 947-950.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Gray, F., Hammarstrom, J.M., Ludington, S., Zürcher, L., Nelson, C.E., Robinson, G.R., Jr., Miller, R.J., and Moring, B.C., 2014, Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5090–I, 81 p.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,255,323,458
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Walter R. Kellogg (M&W Minerals) specimens
Arsenic
Formula: As
Description: Found by Daniele Trogolo Got in 1988
Reference: Paolo Bosio Collection
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Description: Found by Daniele Trogolo Got in 1988
Reference: Paolo Bosio Collection
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
Attakolite
Formula: CaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Bannermanite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Dana 7:I:137.
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Blossite (TL)
Formula: α-Cu2(V2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1987) 72, 397-400; HB3 (1997)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Halbach, P.; Gursky, H. J.; Gursky, M. M.; Schmidt-Effing, R.; Maresch, W. V. (1992): Composition and formation of fossil manganese nodules in Jurassic to Cretaceous radiolarites from the Nicoya Ophiolite Complex (NW Costa Rica). Mineralium Deposita 27, 153-160.
'Brewsterite'
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Reference: Harlap, A. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Buddingtonite: A Gold Vector In Disguise. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1223-1231
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 272-273
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Sedimentology Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 117–138, February 2002
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Walter R. Kellogg (M&W Minerals) specimens
Carobbiite
Formula: KF
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Habit: twinned crystals to 3mm in diameter
Colour: colorless
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.100,323,493; Micro Probe Vol 7 No. 7 Spring 1993
'Chabazite var. Phacolite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.101
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 36
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Gray, F., Hammarstrom, J.M., Ludington, S., Zürcher, L., Nelson, C.E., Robinson, G.R., Jr., Miller, R.J., and Moring, B.C., 2014, Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5090–I, 81 p.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 36
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Dana 6:159.
Chlorargyrite var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Dana 6:159.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr Fritz Berndt collection
Chromite var. Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Clays'
Reference: Sedimentology Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 117–138, February 2002
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
Clinochlore var. Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Nelson, C.E. (1990): Bulk mineable epithermal precious metal deposits of the Circum-Carribean region. In: Hausen, D.M., Halbe, D.N., Petersen, E.U., Tafuri, W.J., eds., Gold ’90 – Symposium Proceedings. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Littleton, Colorado, pages 149-161.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Vol. 7 No. 7 Spring 1993
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: [Clark, 1993 -
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Richard Dale collection
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: I. Corral, E. Cardellach, A. Canals, M. Corbella, T. Martín-Crespo and E. Vindel (2010): Environment of Ore Deposition in the Cerro Quema Gold-Copper Deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Macla 13, 69-70; Corral, I., Griera, A., Gras, D. M. G., Corbella, M., i Sabaté, À. C., Piineda-Falconett, M., & i López, E. C. (2011). Geology of the Cerro Quema Au-Cu deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Geologica acta: an international earth science journal, 9(3), 481-498.; Corral, I., Cardellach, E., Corbella, M., Canals, À., Gómez-Gras, D., Griera, A., & Cosca, M. A. (2016). Cerro Quema (Azuero Peninsula, Panama): Geology, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochronology of a Volcanic Dome-Hosted High-Sulfidation Au-Cu Deposit. Economic Geology, 111(2), 287-310.
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Gray, F., Hammarstrom, J.M., Ludington, S., Zürcher, L., Nelson, C.E., Robinson, G.R., Jr., Miller, R.J., and Moring, B.C., 2014, Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5090–I, 81 p.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Sedimentology Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 117–138, February 2002
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Alunno S, Nazzareni S, Zaccarini F, Mattioli M, Renzulli A (2014) Gold nuggets and associated minerals from the Murcielago placer deposit, Lepaguare valley (Honduras). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 91
Drugmanite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Eldfellite
Formula: NaFe3+(SO4)2
Reference: Stoiber, R.E. & Rose, W.I., Jr. (1969): Recent volcanic and fumarolic activity at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala. Bulletin of Volcanology, 33, 475-502.
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Description: Material originally called "Durdenite."
Reference: Dana and Wells (1890) American Journal of Science: 40: 78; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 641.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: I. Corral, E. Cardellach, A. Canals, M. Corbella, T. Martín-Crespo and E. Vindel (2010): Environment of Ore Deposition in the Cerro Quema Gold-Copper Deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Macla 13, 69-70; Corral, I., Griera, A., Gras, D. M. G., Corbella, M., i Sabaté, À. C., Piineda-Falconett, M., & i López, E. C. (2011). Geology of the Cerro Quema Au-Cu deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Geologica acta: an international earth science journal, 9(3), 481-498.; Corral, I., Cardellach, E., Corbella, M., Canals, À., Gómez-Gras, D., Griera, A., & Cosca, M. A. (2016). Cerro Quema (Azuero Peninsula, Panama): Geology, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochronology of a Volcanic Dome-Hosted High-Sulfidation Au-Cu Deposit. Economic Geology, 111(2), 287-310.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Description: Large crystals (up to 60 cm!).
Reference: USGS Bulletin 1034
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
'Erionite'
Reference: Zeledón, L. A. (2004). Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central. 31: 67-80
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Euchlorine
Formula: KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Reference: http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/fumar.html; Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 193-196; Hughes J M, Christian B S, Finger L W, Malinconico L L (1987) Mcbirneyite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new sublimate mineral from the fumaroles of Izalco volcano, El Salvador. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 33, 183-190
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Fingerite (TL)
Formula: Cu11(VO4)6O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 193-196; HB4 (2000); Hughes J M, Christian B S, Finger L W, Malinconico L L (1987) Mcbirneyite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new sublimate mineral from the fumaroles of Izalco volcano, El Salvador. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 33, 183-190
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Goff, F., Shevenell, L., Kelkar, S., Smith, D., Meert, J., Heiken, G., ... & Stallard, M. (1987). Stratigraphy, temperature profiles, and flow test data from the PLTG-1 and PLTG-2 coreholes, Platanares geothermal system, Honduras (No. LA-UR-87-1919; CONF-871024-7). Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Florida Univ., Gainesville (USA). Dept. of Geology; Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA); Empresa Nacional de Energia Electrica, Tegucigalpa (Honduras).
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Tavchandjian, O., P. Golightly (2010) Technical Report on an Update to the Fenix Project, Izabal, Guatemala. Report Number: 09-1117-6013
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4X2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Drobe, J., & CANN, R. M. (2000). Cu-Au Skarn Mineralization, Minas de Oro District, Honduras, Central America. Exploration and Mining Geology, 9(1), 51-63.
Garronite-Ca
Formula: Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993; Zeledón, L.A. (2004) Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central, 31: 67-80 [in Spanish].
Geffroyite ?
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Reference: Raymond, J., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Clark, J. R. (2005). Mineralization associated with scale and altered rock and pipe fragments from the Berlin geothermal field, El Salvador; implications for metal transport in natural systems. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 145(1), 81-96.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Tavchandjian, O., P. Golightly (2010) Technical Report on an Update to the Fenix Project, Izabal, Guatemala. Report Number: 09-1117-6013
'Gismondine'
Reference: Zeledón, L. A. (2004). Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central. 31: 67-80
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Gobbinsite
Formula: Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Mining Ann. Review(1985):359.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Goosecreekite
Formula: Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Reference: Zeledón, L.A. (2004) Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central, 31: 67-80 [in Spanish].
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Venable, M. E. (1994). A geologic, tectonic and metallogenic evaluation of the Siuna terrane. PhD thesis. University of Arizona.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Corral, I., Griera, A., Gras, D. M. G., Corbella, M., i Sabaté, À. C., Piineda-Falconett, M., & i López, E. C. (2011). Geology of the Cerro Quema Au-Cu deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Geologica acta: an international earth science journal, 9(3), 481-498.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Heulandite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.262.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Halbach, P.; Gursky, H. J.; Gursky, M. M.; Schmidt-Effing, R.; Maresch, W. V. (1992): Composition and formation of fossil manganese nodules in Jurassic to Cretaceous radiolarites from the Nicoya Ophiolite Complex (NW Costa Rica). Mineralium Deposita 27, 153-160.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Prosser, J.T., Carr, M.J. (1987) Poás volcano, Costa Rica: Geology of the summit region and spatial and temporal variations among the most recent lavas. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 33(1-3), 131-146.
Howardevansite (TL)
Formula: NaCuFe2(VO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1988) 73, 181-186
Huangite
Formula: Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Reference: (E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
Irarsite ?
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Description: The impure (Jd61-75Aug16-24Ae0-18) jadeite of the eclogite facies is recrystallized to retrograde jadeite (Jd74-87Aug9-16Ae0-11) + omphacite.
Reference: Harlow, G. E. (1994). Jadeitites, albitites and related rocks from the Motagua Fault Zone, Guatemala. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 12(1), 49-68.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Müller-Kahle, E. (1962): Deposit of the Montecristo Mine, El Salvador, and its geological character. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaeontologie, Abhandlungen 115, 289-334.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
'K-alum'
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Kogarkoite
Formula: Na3(SO4)F
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Corral, I., Griera, A., Gras, D. M. G., Corbella, M., i Sabaté, À. C., Piineda-Falconett, M., & i López, E. C. (2011). Geology of the Cerro Quema Au-Cu deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Geologica acta: an international earth science journal, 9(3), 481-498.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Lausenite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3·5H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Lecontite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 439; American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 180; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
'Lévyne'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Habit: thin hexagonal plates
Colour: colorless
Description: crystals completely covered by a thick epitaxial growth of Offretite on the {0001} pinacoid
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.101,301,323,362,386,415,494; Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Nelson, C.E. (1990): Bulk mineable epithermal precious metal deposits of the Circum-Carribean region. In: Hausen, D.M., Halbe, D.N., Petersen, E.U., Tafuri, W.J., eds., Gold ’90 – Symposium Proceedings. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Littleton, Colorado, pages 149-161.
Lishizhenite
Formula: ZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Lyonsite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Type Locality:
Description: Fumarolic sublimate.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1987) 72, 1000-1005
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Venable, M. E. (1994). A geologic, tectonic and metallogenic evaluation of the Siuna terrane. PhD thesis. University of Arizona.
'Magnesium'
Formula: Mg
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Mandarinoite
Formula: Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64:48.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Marinellite
Formula: (Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Mcbirneyite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(VO4)2
Type Locality:
Description: From the "Y" fumarole
Reference: Hughes J M, Christian B S, Finger L W, Malinconico L L (1987) Mcbirneyite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new sublimate mineral from the fumaroles of Izalco volcano, El Salvador. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 33, 183-190
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Mercallite
Formula: KHSO4
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Mereiterite
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Meta-alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Microcline var. Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Monazite'
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Habit: thin needles to 10mm long
Colour: colorless
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.255,282,342,458
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Gray, F., Hammarstrom, J.M., Ludington, S., Zürcher, L., Nelson, C.E., Robinson, G.R., Jr., Miller, R.J., and Moring, B.C., 2014, Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5090–I, 81 p.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: I. Corral, E. Cardellach, A. Canals, M. Corbella, T. Martín-Crespo and E. Vindel (2010): Environment of Ore Deposition in the Cerro Quema Gold-Copper Deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Macla 13, 69-70; Corral, I., Griera, A., Gras, D. M. G., Corbella, M., i Sabaté, À. C., Piineda-Falconett, M., & i López, E. C. (2011). Geology of the Cerro Quema Au-Cu deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Geologica acta: an international earth science journal, 9(3), 481-498.; Corral, I., Cardellach, E., Corbella, M., Canals, À., Gómez-Gras, D., Griera, A., & Cosca, M. A. (2016). Cerro Quema (Azuero Peninsula, Panama): Geology, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochronology of a Volcanic Dome-Hosted High-Sulfidation Au-Cu Deposit. Economic Geology, 111(2), 287-310.
Muscovite var. Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Gray, F., Hammarstrom, J.M., Ludington, S., Zürcher, L., Nelson, C.E., Robinson, G.R., Jr., Miller, R.J., and Moring, B.C., 2014, Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5090–I, 81 p.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
'Natroalunite-2c'
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Habit: compact masses
Description: coverd by thin colorless mesolite needles
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.101,301,323,362,386,415,493; Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Habit: epitaxial growths
Colour: white
Description: Levyne crystals completely covered by a thick epitaxial growth of Offretite on the {0001} pinacoid
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.101,301,323,362,386,415,494; Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993; Zeledón, L.A. (2004) Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central, 31: 67-80 [in Spanish].
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Omphacite var. Titanian Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fTi4+gFe2+hMgj)Si2O6
Reference: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003AM/finalprogram/abstract_65497.htm.; Harlow, G. E. (1994). Jadeitites, albitites and related rocks from the Motagua Fault Zone, Guatemala. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 12(1), 49-68.; Harlow, G. E., Sisson, V. B., & Sorensen, S. S. (2011). Jadeitite from Guatemala: new observations and distinctions among multiple occurrences. Geologica Acta, 9(3). 363-387
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Opal var. Black Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wayne Osborne Collection
Opal var. Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:8:8.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Soto, G.S. (2004) Meteoritos y Meteoros en Costa Rica (Verdaderos, Posibles y Falsos) [In Spanish]: Revista Geológica de América Central 31: 7-23.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Description: Found by Daniele Trogolo Got in 1988
Reference: Paolo Bosio Collection
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Pertlikite
Formula: K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Petedunnite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Habit: blocky morvenite twins to 5mm long
Colour: colorless to milky white
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.101,301,323,362,386,415,493; Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Specimen in the Robal Ontario Museum
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.
Poughite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64:48.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Preiswerkite
Formula: NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Nelson, C.E. (1990): Bulk mineable epithermal precious metal deposits of the Circum-Carribean region. In: Hausen, D.M., Halbe, D.N., Petersen, E.U., Tafuri, W.J., eds., Gold ’90 – Symposium Proceedings. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Littleton, Colorado, pages 149-161.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Reference: Dana 7:I:137.
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Nelson, C.E. (1990): Bulk mineable epithermal precious metal deposits of the Circum-Carribean region. In: Hausen, D.M., Halbe, D.N., Petersen, E.U., Tafuri, W.J., eds., Gold ’90 – Symposium Proceedings. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Littleton, Colorado, pages 149-161.
Quartz var. Eye Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var. Fortification Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Collection of Alex Earl
Quartz var. Moss Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Collection of Alex Earl
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Description: Found by Daniele Trogolo Got in 1988
Reference: Paolo Bosio Collection
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 272-273
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Ruarsite ?
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Samaniite
Formula: Cu2Fe5Ni2S8
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Raymond, J., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Clark, J. R. (2005). Mineralization associated with scale and altered rock and pipe fragments from the Berlin geothermal field, El Salvador; implications for metal transport in natural systems. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 145(1), 81-96.
Sassolite ?
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Quisefit, J.P., Toutain, J.P., Bergametti, G., Javoy, M., Cheynet, B., Person, A. (1989): Evolution versus cooling of gaseous volcanic emissions from Momotombo Volcano, Nicaragua: Thermochemical model and observations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta: 53: 2591-2608
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Alunno S, Nazzareni S, Zaccarini F, Mattioli M, Renzulli A (2014) Gold nuggets and associated minerals from the Murcielago placer deposit, Lepaguare valley (Honduras). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 91
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Farrington, O.C. (1915). Catalogue of the meteorites of North America: Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 13: Washington. 545 pages.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.262.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Description: Fumarolic deposition on sulphates.
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens, 2007
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Dr Fritz Berndt collection
Shcherbinaite
Formula: V5+2O5
Reference: http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/fumar.html; Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641 ; Hughes, J. M., & Finger, L. W. (1983). The crystal chemistry of shcherbinaite, naturally occurring V 2 O 5. American Mineralogist, 68(11-12), 1220-1222.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
'Silica'
Reference: Venable, M. E. (1994). A geologic, tectonic and metallogenic evaluation of the Siuna terrane. PhD thesis. University of Arizona.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Bill and Carol Smith collection; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: I. Corral, E. Cardellach, A. Canals, M. Corbella, T. Martín-Crespo and E. Vindel (2010): Environment of Ore Deposition in the Cerro Quema Gold-Copper Deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Macla 13, 69-70; Corral, I., Griera, A., Gras, D. M. G., Corbella, M., i Sabaté, À. C., Piineda-Falconett, M., & i López, E. C. (2011). Geology of the Cerro Quema Au-Cu deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Geologica acta: an international earth science journal, 9(3), 481-498.; Corral, I., Cardellach, E., Corbella, M., Canals, À., Gómez-Gras, D., Griera, A., & Cosca, M. A. (2016). Cerro Quema (Azuero Peninsula, Panama): Geology, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochronology of a Volcanic Dome-Hosted High-Sulfidation Au-Cu Deposit. Economic Geology, 111(2), 287-310.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Sofiite
Formula: Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.262.
Stoiberite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(VO4)2O2
Type Locality:
Reference: AM 64 (1979), 941; HB3 (1997); Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Müller-Kahle, E. (1962): Deposit of the Montecristo Mine, El Salvador, and its geological character. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaeontologie, Abhandlungen 115, 289-334.
Sugakiite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
'Taramite Root Name Group'
Formula: A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Dana 6:980.
Tellurium var. Selen-tellurium
Formula: (Te,Se)
Reference: Dana 7:I:137; http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM76/AM76_257.pdf
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
'Thallium'
Formula: Tl
Reference: Quisefit, J.P., Toutain, J.P., Bergametti, G., Javoy, M., Cheynet, B., Person, A. (1989): Evolution versus cooling of gaseous volcanic emissions from Momotombo Volcano, Nicaragua: Thermochemical model and observations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta: 53: 2591-2608; vide in: Zelensky, M., Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy: 17: 107-118
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Am Min 70:1-2 pp 193-196; Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 193-196; Hughes J M, Christian B S, Finger L W, Malinconico L L (1987) Mcbirneyite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new sublimate mineral from the fumaroles of Izalco volcano, El Salvador. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 33, 183-190
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Zeledón, L. A. (2004). Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central. 31: 67-80
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Habit: radiating fan like groups of thin bladed crystals up to 4mm in diameter; Radial groups of prisms with the forms {100}, {010}, {001} and {110}
Colour: colorless to gray
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.100,323,493; Micro Probe Vol 7 No. 7 Spring 1993
Tinsleyite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065; Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993; Zeledón, L.A. (2004) Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central, 31: 67-80 [in Spanish].
Tolbachite
Formula: CuCl2
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: https://www.royalroadminerals.com/res/img/headers/Los_Andes.pdf
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Farrington, O.C. (1915). Catalogue of the meteorites of North America: Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 13: Washington. 545 pages.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Tschernichite
Formula: (Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Reference: Dana VIII
Tychite
Formula: Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
'UM1963-02-PO:AlCaH'
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
Reference: Cowgill, U.M., Hutchinson, G.E., Joensuu, O. (1963): An apparently triclinic dimorph of crandallite from a tropical swamp sediment in El Petén, Guatemala. American Mineralogist: 48: 1154-1157.
'UM1980-18-VO:Cu'
Formula: Cu4V2O9
Reference: Hughes, J.M., Birnie, R.W. (1980): Ziesite, β-Cu2V2O7, a new copper vanadate and fumarole temperature indicator. American Mineralogist: 65: 1146-1149
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Raymond, J., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Clark, J. R. (2005). Mineralization associated with scale and altered rock and pipe fragments from the Berlin geothermal field, El Salvador; implications for metal transport in natural systems. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 145(1), 81-96.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Raymond, J., Williams-Jones, A. E., Clark, J. R. (2005). Mineralization associated with scale and altered rock and pipe fragments from the Berlin geothermal field, El Salvador; implications for metal transport in natural systems. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 145 (1), 81-96.
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Wupatkiite
Formula: (Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
Reference: Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Tavchandjian, O., P. Golightly (2010) Technical Report on an Update to the Fenix Project, Izabal, Guatemala. Report Number: 09-1117-6013
Yugawaralite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Reference: Zeledón, L.A. (2004) Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central, 31: 67-80 [in Spanish].
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
Ziesite (TL)
Formula: β-Cu2(V2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1980) 65, 1146-1149; MinRec 18:339]; Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: https://www.royalroadminerals.com/res/img/headers/Los_Andes.pdf

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var. Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
'Magnesium'1.AB.Mg
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
var. Selen-tellurium1.CC.10(Te,Se)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aguilarite2.BA.55Ag4SeS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
'Freibergite Subgroup'2.GB.05([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4X2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geffroyite ?2.BB.15(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Irarsite ?2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Ruarsite ?2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Samaniite2.BB.Cu2Fe5Ni2S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sugakiite2.BB.15Cu(Fe,Ni)8S8
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Carobbiite3.AA.20KF
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Tolbachite3.AB.05CuCl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Bannermanite (TL)4.HF.05(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var. Ferrian Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var. Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Emmonsite4.JM.10Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ilsemannite4.FJ.15Mo3O8 · nH2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mandarinoite4.JH.15Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Black Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Poughite4.JN.10Fe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var. Eye Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Fortification Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var. Moss Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Shcherbinaite4.HE.10V5+2O5
Sofiite4.JG.15Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Tychite5.BF.05Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite ?6.AA.05H3BO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alpersite7.CB.35(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Alum-(Na)7.CC.20NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Apjohnite7.CB.85Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Aplowite7.CB.15(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boyleite7.CB.15(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocyanite7.AB.10CuSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Cyanochroite7.CC.60K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dietrichite7.CB.85(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Eldfellite7.AC.15NaFe3+(SO4)2
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Euchlorine7.BC.30KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Ferrinatrite7.CC.35Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Huangite7.BC.10Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Khademite7.DB.10Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Kogarkoite7.BD.15Na3(SO4)F
Lausenite7.CB.70Fe2(SO4)3·5H2O
Lecontite (TL)7.CD.15(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Lishizhenite7.CB.75ZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Mercallite7.AD.10KHSO4
Mereiterite7.CC.55K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Meta-alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Natroalunite-2c'7.BC.10(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pertlikite7.CC.25K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rostite7.DB.10Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Siderotil7.CB.20FeSO4 · 5H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Wupatkiite7.CB.85(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Attakolite8.BH.60CaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
Blossite (TL)8.FA.05α-Cu2(V2O7)
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Drugmanite8.BH.15Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Fingerite (TL)8.BB.80Cu11(VO4)6O2
Howardevansite (TL)8.AC.05NaCuFe2(VO4)3
Lyonsite (TL)8.AB.40Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Mcbirneyite (TL)8.AB.35Cu3(VO4)2
Stoiberite (TL)8.BB.75Cu5(VO4)2O2
Tinsleyite8.DH.10KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Ziesite (TL)8.FA.10β-Cu2(V2O7)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aerinite9.DB.45(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Buddingtonite9.FA.30(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var. Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ferro-glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Garronite-Ca9.GC.05Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'9..
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Gobbinsite9.GC.05Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Goosecreekite9.GB.25Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Marinellite9.FB.05(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline
var. Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var. Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Offretite9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var. Titanian Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fTi4+gFe2+hMgj)Si2O6
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petedunnite9.DA.15Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Preiswerkite9.EC.20NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tschernichite9.GF.30(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Yugawaralite9.GB.15CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var. Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Brewsterite'-
'Chabazite'-
'var. Phacolite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'K-alum'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lévyne'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Taramite Root Name Group'-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Thallium'-Tl
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1963-02-PO:AlCaH'-CaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
'UM1980-18-VO:Cu'-Cu4V2O9
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var. Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Aguilarite2.4.1.3Ag4SeS
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Jalpaite2.4.4.1Ag3CuS2
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Geffroyite ?2.7.1.6(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Samaniite2.7.2.4Cu2Fe5Ni2S8
Sugakiite2.7.2.2Cu(Fe,Ni)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Irarsite ?2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite ?2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
'Freibergite Subgroup'3.3.6.3([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4X2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Miscellaneous
Ilsemannite4.6.3.1Mo3O8 · nH2O
Shcherbinaite4.6.1.1V5+2O5
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Carobbiite9.1.1.4KF
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Tolbachite9.2.8.2CuCl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Tychite17.1.1.1Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite ?24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Anhydrous Acid Sulfates
Mercallite28.1.1.1KHSO4
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Chalcocyanite28.3.3.1CuSO4
Eldfellite28.3.4.2NaFe3+(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Mereiterite28.4.3.3K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2XO4·xH2O
Lecontite (TL)29.2.1.1(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Cyanochroite29.3.6.2K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Ferrinatrite29.4.4.1Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(Na)29.5.5.2NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Mendozite29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Aplowite29.6.6.4(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Boyleite29.6.6.5(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Retgersite29.6.9.1NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Siderotil29.6.7.2FeSO4 · 5H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Apjohnite29.7.3.3Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Dietrichite29.7.3.4(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Lishizhenite29.7.2.2ZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Wupatkiite29.7.3.7(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Lausenite29.8.1.1Fe2(SO4)3·5H2O
Meta-alunogen29.8.7.1Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Pertlikite29.9.1.3K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Kogarkoite30.1.6.1Na3(SO4)F
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Huangite30.2.4.8Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Natroalunite-2c'30.2.4.5(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Euchlorine30.3.1.1KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Khademite31.9.11.1Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Rostite31.9.11.2Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Emmonsite34.3.3.1Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Mandarinoite34.3.4.1Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Anhydrous Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Sofiite34.6.5.1Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Compound Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites
Poughite34.8.1.1Fe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Mcbirneyite (TL)38.3.10.1Cu3(VO4)2
Miscellaneous
Blossite (TL)38.5.6.1α-Cu2(V2O7)
Howardevansite (TL)38.5.3.1NaCuFe2(VO4)3
Lyonsite (TL)38.5.2.1Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Ziesite (TL)38.5.5.2β-Cu2(V2O7)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Stoiberite (TL)41.4.5.1Cu5(VO4)2O2
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Drugmanite41.10.11.1Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Fingerite (TL)41.11.3.1Cu11(VO4)6O2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tinsleyite42.11.6.2KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Attakolite43.4.13.1CaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 47 - VANADIUM OXYSALTS
Hydrated Normal Vanadium Oxysalts
Bannermanite (TL)47.3.5.1(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Lawsonite56.2.3.1CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Petedunnite65.1.3a.5Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Aerinite68.1.3.1(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Preiswerkite71.2.2b.15NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Buddingtonite76.1.2.1(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Microcline
var. Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Brewsterite'77.1.7.1
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Garronite-Ca77.1.3.3Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Gobbinsite77.1.3.4Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Goosecreekite77.1.7.3Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Tschernichite77.1.8.2(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Yugawaralite77.1.7.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alpersite-(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var. Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Calcite
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chabazite'-
'var. Phacolite'-
Chlorargyrite
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
Chromite
var. Ferrian Chromite
-Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
'Clays'-
Clinochlore
var. Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cuprite
var. Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-glaucophane-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'K-alum'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Magnesium'-Mg
Magnetite
var. Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Marinellite-(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var. Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Omphacite
var. Titanian Omphacite
-(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fTi4+gFe2+hMgj)Si2O6
Opal
var. Black Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
var. Precious Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Agate
-SiO2
var. Chalcedony-SiO2
var. Eye Agate-SiO2
var. Fortification Agate-SiO2
var. Jasper-SiO2
var. Moss Agate-SiO2
var. Rock Crystal-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Taramite Root Name Group'-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Tellurium
var. Selen-tellurium
-(Te,Se)
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Thallium'-Tl
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1963-02-PO:AlCaH'-CaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
'UM1980-18-VO:Cu'-Cu4V2O9
'Xenotime'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
H MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
H PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
H LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
H UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
H Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
H DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
H KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
H Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2O
H Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
H AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
H PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
H Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
H Opal var. Black OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
H CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
H CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2O
H LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
H MercalliteKHSO4
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SassoliteH3BO3
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C GraphiteC
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
C TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
N Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
OOxygen
O LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6
O Ziesiteβ-Cu2(V2O7)
O Blossiteα-Cu2(V2O7)
O FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2
O McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2
O StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2
O Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
O HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
O Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ShcherbinaiteV25+O5
O EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O UM1980-18-VO:CuCu4V2O9
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
O PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
O Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O Omphacite var. Titanian Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
O IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CupriteCu2O
O Chromite var. Ferrian ChromiteFe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TridymiteSiO2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O Quartz var. Moss AgateSiO2
O Quartz var. Fortification AgateSiO2
O Quartz var. Eye AgateSiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
O UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
O Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
O DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
O KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
O Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2O
O Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Cuprite var. ChalcotrichiteCu2O
O DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O AnataseTiO2
O ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
O Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
O PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O SofiiteZn2(SeO3)Cl2
O Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
O Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Opal var. Black OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O TenoriteCuO
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
O CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
O CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2O
O LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
O MercalliteKHSO4
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O SassoliteH3BO3
FFluorine
F Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F CarobbiiteKF
F KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
NaSodium
Na Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Na HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
Na Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Na EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Na Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Na BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Omphacite var. Titanian Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Na GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Na Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Na Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Na Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Omphacite var. Titanian Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Mg Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Mg Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg MagnesiumMg
Mg PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Mg TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Al Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Omphacite var. Titanian Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Al UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
Al MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Al KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
Al Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Al AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Al PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Al Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Al Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Si Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si Omphacite var. Titanian Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Si PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Clinochlore var. PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si Quartz var. Moss AgateSiO2
Si Quartz var. Fortification AgateSiO2
Si Quartz var. Eye AgateSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Si Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Si Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Si Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Si Opal var. Black OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2O
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
P BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2O
P DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
P AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
P TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
S EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S PararealgarAs4S4
S CovelliteCuS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AguilariteAg4SeS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O