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Okhotsk Platei
Regional Level Types
Okhotsk PlateTectonic Plate

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Tokyo8,336,599 (2017)
Yokohama3,574,443 (2018)
Sapporo1,883,027 (2018)
Kawasaki1,306,785 (2018)
Saitama1,193,350 (2017)
Yono1,077,730 (2018)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

1174 valid minerals. 208 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abramovite (TL)
Formula: Pb2SnInBiS7
Type Locality:
Reference: Yudovskaya, M.A. et al (2007) Zapiski RMO, 136 (5),37-43.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
Achyrophanite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)3(Fe3+,Ti,Al,Mg)5O2(AsO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Agakhanov, A.A., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Achyrophanite, IMA 2018-011. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 783; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Hiroaki Tano specimen
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Yamada, T. (2005) Suisyou, 17, 2-4.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.; Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Aegirine var. Vanadium-bearing Aegirine
Formula: Na(Fe,V)Si2O6
Reference: Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kurosawa, M. and Suzuki, Y. (2003): Watatsumiite, KNa2LiMn2V2Si8O24, a new mineral from the Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences. 98: 142-150.; http://www.mineralogicalassociation.ca/doc/Watatsumiite.pdf
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Aegirine-augite var. Urbanite
Reference: Watanabe, T. (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 6, 408-421
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Grapes, R., Yagi, K., and Okumura, K. (1979) Aenigmatite, sodic pyroxene, arfvedsonite and associated minerals in syenites from Morotu, Sakhalin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 69, 97–103.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1415-1424
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: ISHIYAMA, D., MATSUEDA, H., & MATSUBAYA, O. (1990). Copper-lead-zinc mineralization at the Hayakawa and Shakako deposits, Jokoku-Katsuraoka mining area, southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. JOURNAL OF MINERALOGY, PETROLOGY AND ECONOMIC GEOLOGY, 85(7), 341-353.
Ajoite
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Numao et al (2005) Chigaku Kenkyu, 53, 213-220.
Akaganeite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mackay, A.L. (1962) β-Ferric oxyhydroxide—akaganéite. Mineralogical Magazine: 33(259): 270-280.; Clark (1993) Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition.
Akhtenskite
Formula: ε-Mn4+O2
Reference: Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Takahashi, R., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., & Ono, S. (2006). Polymetallic and Au‐Ag Mineralizations at the Mutnovskoe Deposit in South Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 56(2), 141-156.; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Description: occurs on surface of realgar
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; 松原聰, & 宮脇律郎. (2005). 群馬県西ノ牧鉱山産パラ鶏冠石とアラクラン石. Bulletin of the National Science Museum. Series C, Geology & paleontology, 31, 1-6.
Alarsite (TL)
Formula: AlAsO4
Reference: [DAN,(1994) 338, n4, 501-505; MinRec 27:201]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Chudoba & Engels analysis, 1937 (in DHZ)
Albite var. Anorthoclase
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Miyashiro, A. (1958) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Tokyo University, sec.II, 11, 219.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Fedotov, S.A. (1942) Bolshoe treshinnoe Tolbachinskoe izverkhenie, p. 242
'Albite-Anorthite Series var. Barium-Albite'
Reference: No reference listed
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Aleutite (TL)
Formula: [Cu5O2](AsO4)(VO4) · (Cu,K,Pb,Rb,Cs,)Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yury S. Polekhovsky, Y.S. (2019) Aleutite [Cu5O2](AsO4)(VO4)·(Cu0.5□0.5)Cl, a new complex salt-inclusion mineral with Cu2+ substructure derived from Kagome-net. Mineralogical Magazine: 83(6): 847-853.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Kushiro, I. (1964). Petrology of the Atumi dolerite, Japan: Tokyo Univ. Fac. Sci. Section II, 15, 135 - 202.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Hasegawa (1957), Sci. Rept. Tohoku University, Third series: 5: 345-371; Hoshino, et al (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 45-62.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Analyses by Dr Kazumi Yokoyama, National Science Museum, Tokyo
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Yamada et al (2004) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kouen-Youshi, 123.; Sueno, S., Matsuura, S., Bunno, M., & Kurosawa, M. (2002). Occurrence and crystal chemical features of protoferro-anthophyllite and protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite from Cheyenne Canyon and Cheyenne Mountain, USA and Hirukawa-mura, Suisho-yama, and Yokone-yama, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 127-136.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Allochalcoselite (TL)
Formula: Cu+PbCu2+5(SeO3)2Cl5O2
Type Locality:
Reference: P. Vergasova et al.: Proc. Russ. Min. Soc. 134(3):70-73 (2005)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Description: Slightly yttrian bearing
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Sueno, S., Matsuura, S., Bunno, M., & Kurosawa, M. (2002). Occurrence and crystal chemical features of protoferro-anthophyllite and protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite from Cheyenne Canyon and Cheyenne Mountain, USA and Hirukawa-mura, Suisho-yama, and Yokone-yama, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 127-136.
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Reference: No reference listed
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: Gordeev, E. I., Karpov, G. A., Anikin, L. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Filatov, S. K., Antonov, A. V., & Ovsyannikov, A. A. (2014, January). Diamonds in lavas of the Tolbachik fissure eruption in Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, pp. 47-49). Pleiades Publishing.
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Matsubara & Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Alumoedtollite (TL)
Formula: K2NaCu5AlO2(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Sidorov, E.G., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017) Alumoedtollite, IMA2017-020. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1034; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1033–1038.
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Description: Also a chromium rich variety
Reference: Hori; H., Nagashima, K., Yamada, M., Miyawaki, R., Marubashi , T. (1986) Ammonioleucite, a new mineral from Tatarazawa, Fujioka, Japan. American Mineralogist: 71(7-8): 1022-1027.
Alumohydrocalcite var. Chromium-bearing Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: Ca(Al,Cr)2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Alumoklyuchevskite (TL)
Formula: K3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2
Description: From thesecond cone of the Northern Breakthrough.
Reference: [AmMin 84:685]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhitova, E. S., Siidra, O. I., Belakovsky, D. I., Shilovskikh, V. V., Nuzhdaev, A. A., & Ismagilova, R. M. (2018). Ammoniovoltaite,(NH 4) 2 Fe 2+ 5 Fe 3+ 3 Al (SO 4) 12 (H 2 O) 18, a new mineral from the Severo-Kambalny geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-40.
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Ammonioleucite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi2O6)
Type Locality:
Reference: Hori; H., Nagashima, K., Yamada, M., Miyawaki, R., Marubashi , T. (1986) Ammonioleucite, a new mineral from Tatarazawa, Fujioka, Japan. American Mineralogist: 71(7-8): 1022-1027.
Ammoniovoltaite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18
Type Locality:
Reference: Zhitova, E.S., Siidra, O.I., Shilovskikh, V.V., Belakovsky, D.I., Nuzhdaev, A.A. and Ismagilova, R.M. (2017) Ammoniovoltaite, IMA 2017-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1035; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.; Zhitova, E.S., Siidra, O.I., Belakovsky, D.I., Shilovskikh, V.V., Nuzhdaev, A.A., Ismagilova, R.M. (2018) Ammoniovoltaite, (NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18, a new mineral from the Severo-Kambalny geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 1057-1077.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Obushkov, A. V., Struzhkov, S. F., Natalenko, M. V., Ryzhov, O. B., Kryazhev, S. G., & Radchenko, Y. I. (2010). Geology and mineralogy of ore at the hidden Engteri Au-Ag deposit, the Magadan Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(6), 459–478. doi:10.1134/s1075701510060036
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
Anatolyite (TL)
Formula: Na6(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe3+)3Al(AsO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Scheidl, K.S. (2019) New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. XI. Anatolyite, Na6(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe3+)3Al(AsO4)6. Mineralogical Magazine: 83(5): 633-638.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Andalusite var. Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Seki, Y., and Yamasaki, M. (1957): American Mineralogist 42, 506-520.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Yamada, T. & Kosuge, Y. (1999) Suisyou, 12, #1, 30-33.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Andradite var. Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Specimens on sale at TIMA show, Tokyo, 2012.
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Japan Assoc. Min. Petr. Economic Geology 89:227-232; Uchida, E., & Iiyama, J. T. (1981) On Kamaishilite, Ca2Al2Si06(OH)2, a New Mineral Dimorphous (Tetragonal) with Bicchulite from the Kamaishi Mine, Japan. Proc. Japan. Acad.(1981) 57B, 239-243
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Anglesite var. Copper-bearing Anglesite
Formula: (Pb,Cu)SO4
Reference: Bykova E Y, Berlepsch P, Kartashov P M, Brugger J, Armbruster T, Criddle A J (1998) Vergasovaite Cu3O[(Mo,S)O4][SO4], a new copper-oxy-molybdate-sulfate from Kamchatka, Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 78, 479-488
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
Anilite (TL)
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1256-1269
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.; Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hori, H. et al (2006): J. Min.Petrol. Sci. 100,170-177
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at Geological Survey museum, Japan)
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Ansermetite
Formula: Mn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
Reference: Yamada et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 88
Anthophyllite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bamba, Takeo (1978) The Alpine Chrome Ores from Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. lV, vol. 18, nos. 1-2, Feb., 1978, 167-179
Antimonselite
Formula: Sb2Se3
Reference: Tolstykh, N. D., Palyanova, G. A., Bobrova, O. G. V., & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Mustard Gold of the Gaching Ore Deposit (Maletoyvayam Ore Field, Kamchatka, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 489.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Yamada, T. (2005) Suisyou, 17, 2-4.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
Antofagastaite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Kovrugin, V.M., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Koshlyakova, N.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Turchkova, A.G., Möhn, G. (2019) Antofagastaite, Na2Ca(SO4)2·1.5H2O, a new mineral related to syngenite. Mineralogical Magazine: 83 (in press).
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
'Aquacreptite (of Harada)'
Formula: Mg3Si4O10 · 5H2O or near
Reference: Shimoda, S. (1965) Clay Sci., 2, 138.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Go Ito specimens
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Diederik Visser List #39, July 2006
'Ardennite'
Reference: Ohe Rikosha specimens
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Ardennite-(V)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1987): Ardennite from Sanbagawa in Sanbagawa metamorphic terrain,. Kanto Mountains, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Series C, 13, 1-11.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Bamba, T. (1980). Quartz-keratophyre including arfvedsonite-trachyte from the Tokoro Belt, Central Axial Zone of Hokkaido. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 86, 195-202. Bamba, T., Iguchi, K., & Tanabe, K. (1979). A Large Scale Feeder Dyke Associated with Arfvedsonite Diabase and its Bearing on the Basement of the Tokoro Belt, Central Axial Zone of Hokkaido, Japan. 北海道大学理学部紀要= Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy, 19(1-2), 169-178.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
Argentotennantite-(Zn)
Formula: Ag6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12S
Reference: Palyanova, G.A., Savva, N.E., Zhuravkova, T.V., Kolova, E.E. (2016): Gold and silver minerals in low-sulfidaton ores of the Julietta deposit (northeastern Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics: 57: 1171-1190; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12972 (2016)
Argentotetrahedrite-(Fe)
Formula: Ag6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Palyanova, G.A., Savva, N.E., Zhuravkova, T.V., Kolova, E.E. (2016): Gold and silver minerals in low-sulfidaton ores of the Julietta deposit (northeastern Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics: 57: 1171-1190
Argentotetrahedrite-(Zn)
Formula: Ag6(Cu4Zn2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Obushkov, A. V., Struzhkov, S. F., Natalenko, M. V., Ryzhov, O. B., Kryazhev, S. G., & Radchenko, Y. I. (2010). Geology and mineralogy of ore at the hidden Engteri Au-Ag deposit, the Magadan Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(6), 459–478. doi:10.1134/s1075701510060036
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Shimizu, M., Matsubara, S., Shimizu, M., Kyouno, Y., Harada, A., & Cook, N. J. (2007). High-grade Ag–Cu–Sn–In mineralization in the Nishizawa-Ashio area, Tochigi Prefecture, central Japan. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71(suppl 1).
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: (KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Arsenatrotitanite (TL)
Formula: NaTi(AsO4)O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Yapaskurt, V.O., Sidorov, R.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2019) New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. IX. Arsenatrotitanite, NaTiO(AsO4). Mineralogical Magazine: 83(3): 453-458.
'Arsenian Renierite'
Formula: Cu11GeAsFe4S16
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Renierite, Cu10ZnGe2Fe4S16- Cu11GeAsFe4S16: a coupled solid solution series. American Mineralogist: 71: 210-221.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]; Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Arseniopleite
Formula: NaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Reference: Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kato, A., Matsuyama, F., Mouri, T. and Suzuki, Y. (2001): Arseniopleite from the Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C, 27, 51-62; The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: University of Tokyo collection
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Arsenopyrite var. Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
Arsenowagnerite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(AsO4)F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Arsenowagnerite, IMA 2014-100. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 251; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2017): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. VIII. Arsenowagnerite, Mg2(AsO4)F. Mineralogical Magazine, 82, 877-888.
'Arsenpolybasite'
Reference: Ishiyama, D., Matsueda, H., & Nakamura, T. (1989) Manganese, lead, zinc and silver mineralization at the Matahachi deposit of Jokoku mine, southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology, 39(218), 403-416.
Arsenudinaite (TL)
Formula: NaMg4(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Agakhanov, A.A., Turchkova, A.G., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Arsenudinaite, IMA 2018-067. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14984
Arsmirandite (TL)
Formula: Na18Cu12Fe3+O8(AsO4)8Cl5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Koshlyakova, N.N., Polekhovsky, Yu.S., Göttlicher, J., Chukanov, N.V., Vigasina, M.F., Krivovichev, S.V., Turhkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G. (2020) Arsmirandite, Na18Cu12Fe3+O8(AsO4)8Cl5, and lehmannite, Na18Cu12TiO8(AsO4)8FCl5, new minerals from fumerole exhalations of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Zapiski RMO: 149: 1-17., Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Krivovichev, S.V., Vigasina, M.F. and Sidorov, E.G. (2015) Arsmirandite, IMA 2014-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 57; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58. ; Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42; Chukanov, N. V., Murashko, M. N., Zadov, A. E., & Bushmakin, A. F. (2007). Avdoninite, K 2 Cu 5 Cl 8 (OH) 4· H 2 O, a new mineral species from volcanic exhalations and the technogenic zone at volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(7), 505-508.
Atlasovite (TL)
Formula: K(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3Cl
Reference: Popova, V.I., Popov, V.A., Rudashevskiy, N.S., Glavatskikh, S.F., Polyakov, V.O., Bushmakin, A.F. (1987) Nabokoite Cu7TeO4(SO4)5·KCl and atlasovite Cu6Fe3+Bi3+O4(SO4)5·KCl. New minerals of volcanic exhalations. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 116(3): 358-367.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Description: Magnesium-rich. Occurs in host picrite phenocrysts.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.; Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Anikin, L. P., Morales, L., & Schreiber, A. (2016). Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Lithos, 265, 222-236.
Augite var. Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Kushiro, I. (1964). Petrology of the Atumi dolerite, Japan: Tokyo Univ. Fac. Sci. Section II, 15, 135 - 202.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Koji Koseki & Hanzo Gohara (1956) On the Pegmatite Deposits at Nekonaki Ishikawa Town, Fukushima Prefecture. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan
Avdoninite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42
Averievite (TL)
Formula: Cu6(VO4)2O2Cl2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1997) 61, 441-446
Axelite (TL)
Formula: Na14Cu7(AsO4)8F2Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017) Axelite, IMA 2017-015a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1038; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038. ; Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Badalovite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg2Fe(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Badalovite, IMA 2016-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1140; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144; Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.; Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Kato, A. & Matsubara, S. (1991): Geikielite, baddeleyite and zirconolite in dolomitic marble from the Neichi mine, Miyako City, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Series C, 17, 11-20.; The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Baghdadite
Formula: Ca6Zr2(Si2O7)2O4
Reference: Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R. (1999). Baghdadite from the Akagana Mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C., 25 (3-4): 65-72.
Balyakinite (TL)
Formula: Cu(TeO3)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: Tokyo University collection; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Zelenski, M. E., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Fadeeva, O. A., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2 (VO4) 4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(1), 107-116.
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
Barrerite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Reference: Okrugin, V. M., Andreeva, E. D., Kim, A. U., Moskaleva, S. V., Okrugina, A. M., Filosofova, T. M., ... & Kudaeva, S. S. (2015). Zeolites of the Modern and Paleo-Hydrothermal Systems on Kamchatka. Zeolites, 19, 25.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 110 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
Baryte var. Hokutolite
Formula: (Ba,Pb)SO4
Description: Crust deposited by hot spring.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Reference: Koubutsu Jouhou, # 131 (15-4-2002)
Baumstarkite
Formula: Ag3Sb3S6
Reference: Kitakaze, A., Itoh, H., Komatsu, R., & Higuchi, Y. (2012) Baumstarkite from the Koryu Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(1), 101-109.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Yamada, T. (2005) Suisyou, 17, 2-4.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals in Japan, p. 251 (Field Best Encyclopedia, vol. 15)
Beaverite-(Zn) (TL)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Eriko SATO, Izumi NAKAI, Yasuko TERADA, Yukiyasu TSUTSUMI, Kazumi YOKOYAMA, Ritsuro MIYAWAKI and Satoshi MATSUBARA (2008): Study of Zn-bearing beaverite Pb(Fe2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6 obtained from Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 103, 141-144; Sato, E., Nakai, I., Terada, Y., Tsutsumi, Y., Yokoama, K., Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S. (2011): Beaverite-(Zn), Pb(Fe2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6, a new member of the alunite group, from Mikawa Mine, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 375-378.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Dr Yohachiro Okamoto (1876-1960) collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Belloite
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42; Chukanov, N. V., Murashko, M. N., Zadov, A. E., & Bushmakin, A. F. (2007). Avdoninite, K 2 Cu 5 Cl 8 (OH) 4· H 2 O, a new mineral species from volcanic exhalations and the technogenic zone at volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(7), 505-508.
Belomarinaite (TL)
Formula: KNa(SO4)
Reference: Filatov, S.K., Shablinskii, A.P., Vergasova, L.P., Saprikina, O.Y., Bubnova, R.S., Moskaleva, S.V., Belousov, A.B. (2019) Belomarinaite KNa(SO4): A new sulfate from 2012–2013 Tolbachik Fissure eruption, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 83(4): 569-575.
Belousovite (TL)
Formula: KZn(SO4)Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Kayukov, R.A., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Karpov, G.A. and Shilovskikh, V.V. (2016) Belousovite, IMA 2016-047. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1139; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144; Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Lukina, E.A., Zaitsev, A.N., Shilovskikh, V.V. (2018): Belousovite, KZn(SO4)Cl, a new sulphate mineral from the Tolbachik volcano with apophyllite sheet-topology. Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 1079-1088.
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: N. Aikawa (1987) Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 30, 1-13.
Benavidesite
Formula: Pb4MnSb6S14
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Benitoite
Formula: BaTi(Si3O9)
Description: (Multi-mm spots, shortwave fluorescent bright blue, embedded in metasedimentary manganese ore, were being sold at the Tokyo shows in June and December 2010.)
Reference: Ohe Rikosha specimens, and collector labels.; http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=1969#a02; photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.; Eijun Ohta (1991) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Toyoha Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology 41:279-295
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: 矢島淳吉, & 太田英順. (1979). Two-stage mineralization and formation process of the Toyoha deposits, Hokkaido, Japan. 鉱山地質, 29(157), 291-306.; Eijun Ohta (1991) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Toyoha Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology 41:279-295
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Hidemichi Hori (2006) Suisyou, 18, April, 21-23 (reprint of a 1987 article).
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Kyoto University collection
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Bezsmertnovite (TL)
Formula: (Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)
Type Locality:
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Bicchulite
Formula: Ca2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
Reference: Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982) Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology: 32: 141-150.; Shimazaki, H., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., & Bunno, M. (2008) Occurrence and new data of dellaite from the Akagane mine, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences: 103(6): 385-389.
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Bilibinskite (TL)
Formula: PbCu2Au3Te2
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Billingsleyite
Formula: Ag7AsS6
Reference: Ishiyama, D., Matsueda, H., & Nakamura, T. (1989) Manganese, lead, zinc and silver mineralization at the Matahachi deposit of Jokoku mine, southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology, 39(218), 403-416.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
'Biotite var. Manganophyllite'
Formula: K(Fe,Mg,Mn)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Watanabe, T. (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 6, 408-421
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Zelenski, M. & Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 107-118.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p; Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'
Reference: Hayase, K. (1955) Mineralogical Journal, 1, #4, 189-197.
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series var. Horobetsuite'
Formula: (Bi,Sb)2S3 to (Sb,Bi)2S3
Reference: Hayase, K. (1955): Minerals of bismuthinite-stibnite series with special reference to horobetsuite from the Horobetsu Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mineralogical Journal (Japan), 1, 189-197.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Matsubara & Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Kabalov, Y.K., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Zadov, A.E., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012): Krasheninnikovite, KNa2CaMg(SO4)3F, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. American Mineralogist, 97, 1788-1795
Blossite
Formula: α-Cu2(V2O7)
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Zelenski, M. E., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Fadeeva, O. A., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2 (VO4) 4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(1), 107-116.
Bobjonesite
Formula: (V4+O)(SO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Siidra, O. I., Vergasova, L. P., Kretser, Y. L., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Filatov, S. K., & Krivovichev, S. V. (2014). Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. III. Evdokimovite, Tl4 (VO) 3 (SO4) 5 (H2O) 5. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1711-1724.
Bogdanovite (TL)
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Type Locality:
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Fujii, N., & Inoue, H. (1971). Geologic Features and Classification of the Pyrophyllite Deposits in the Hokushin District, Central Japan. Mining Geology, 21(110), 407-417.
Bolivarite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
Description: in chalcopyrite ore
Reference: Matsubara et al. (1986) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 12, 35-39.
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/minerals/boothite.htm.
Borisenkoite (TL)
Formula: Cu3[(V,As)O4]2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2020) A new mineral borisenkoite, Cu3[(V,As)O4]2, and the isomorphous series borisenkoite–lammerite-β in fumarolic exhalations of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 47: 17.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Bosoite (TL)
Formula: SiO2 · nCxH2x+2
Type Locality:
Reference: Momma, K., Ikeda, T., Nagase, T., Kuribayashi, T., Honma, C., Nishikubo, K., Takahashi, N., Takada, M., Matsushita, Y., Miyawaki, R. and Matsubara, S. (2014) Bosoite, IMA 2014-023. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 800; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804. ; Daisuke Nishio-Hamane (2018) Compression behavior of chibaite and bosoite. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 468
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Bradaczekite (TL)
Formula: NaCu4(AsO4)3
Reference: Filatov, S. K., Vergasova, L. P., Gorskaya, M. G., Krivovichev, S. V., Burns, P. C., & Ananiev, V. V. (2001). Bradaczekite, NaCu4 (AsO4) 3, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(4), 1115-1119.
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Mikon specimen
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Matsubara, S. (2000); R. Marumoto collection; Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kato, A., Matsuyama, F., Mouri, T. and Suzuki, Y. (2001): Arseniopleite from the Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C, 27, 51-62.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Satoshi Matsubara (1981) Taneyamalite, (Na, Ca)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)12Si12 (O,OH)44, a New Mineral from the Iwaizawa Mine, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 44:51-53.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Britholite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res., Tokyo, 34, 1018-1023.; Sueno, S., Matsuura, S., Bunno, M., & Kurosawa, M. (2002). Occurrence and crystal chemical features of protoferro-anthophyllite and protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite from Cheyenne Canyon and Cheyenne Mountain, USA and Hirukawa-mura, Suisho-yama, and Yokone-yama, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 127-136.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals in Japan, p. 251 (Field Best Encyclopedia, vol. 15)
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Terashima, Y., Ushiyama, N., Shimizu, K. (2004) Chigaku Kenkyu, 53, 1, 29-32.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Brushite
Formula: Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Bubnovaite (TL)
Formula: K2Na8Ca(SO4)6
Reference: found in volcanic fumaroles of the 2012–2013 Tolbachik fissure eruption, Kamchatka peninsula, on the new cinder Naboko cone
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kimbara, K., & Nishimura, T. (1982). Buddingtonite from the Toshichi Spa, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. J. Min. Soc. Jpn, 15, 207-216.
Burnsite (TL)
Formula: KCdCu2+7(SeO3)2O2Cl9
Type Locality:
Reference: Krivovichev S V, Vergasova L P, Starova G L, Filatov S K, Britvin S N, Roberts A C, Steele I M (2002) Burnsite, KCdCu7O2(SeO3)2Cl9, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1171-1175. Burns, P.C., Krivovichev, S.V. & Filatov, S.K. (2002) New Cu2+ coordination polyhedra in the crystal structure of burnsite, KCdCu7O2(SeO3)2Cl9. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1587-1595. ; Mandarino, J. A. (2003). New minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 803-828.
'Buserite'
Formula: Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Reference: Bilinski, et al. (2002) Am. Min. 87, 580-591
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Geological Survey of Japan, 1960.; Akira Kato (2011) Reference informations on distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 1 (April, 2011).
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Esaka collection; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Cadmoindite (TL)
Formula: CdIn2S4
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm; Chaplygin, I. V., Mozgova, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., & Mokhov, A. V. (2004). Cadmoindite, CdIn2S4, a new mineral from Kudriavy volcano, Iturup Isle, Kurily Islands. In Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society (Vol. 133, No. 4, pp. 21-27).; Yudovskaya, M. A., Distler, V. V., Chaplygin, I. V., Mokhov, A. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Gorbacheva, S. A. (2006). Gaseous transport and deposition of gold in magmatic fluid: evidence from the active Kudryavy volcano, Kurile Islands. Mineralium Deposita, 40(8), 828.
Cadwaladerite
Formula: Al5(H2O)3(OH)12 · n(Cl,H2O)
Reference: ZVMO,(1997) 126, n2, 104-110
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Tolstykh, N. D., Vymazalová, A., Petrova, E. A., & Stenin, N. (2017). The Gaching Au mineralization in the Maletoivayam ore field, Kamchatka, Russia. In Materials 14th SGA Biennial Meeting Quebec Citi, Canada (Vol. 1, pp. 195-198).; Tolstykh, N. D., Palyanova, G. A., Bobrova, O. G. V., & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Mustard Gold of the Gaching Ore Deposit (Maletoyvayam Ore Field, Kamchatka, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 489.
Calciojohillerite (TL)
Formula: NaCaMg3(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Calciojohillerite, IMA 2016-068. CNMNC Newsletter No. 34, December 2016, page 1317; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1315–1321; Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.; Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
Calciolangbeinite (TL)
Formula: K2Ca2(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2011) Calciolangbeinite, IMA 2011-067. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893.; Pekov, I. V., Zelenski, M. E., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2012). Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2 (SO4) 3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 673-682.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 146 localities in this region.
Reference: Satoshi Matsubara (1981) Taneyamalite, (Na, Ca)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)12Si12 (O,OH)44, a New Mineral from the Iwaizawa Mine, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 44:51-53.
Calcite var. Glendonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Miyajima, Y., Koike, H., & Matsuoka, H. (2014). First fossil occurrence of a filefish (Tetraodontiformes; Monacanthidae) in Asia, from the Middle Miocene in Nagano Prefecture, central Japan.
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Calcite var. Mg-rich Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)CO3
Reference: Derkachev, A.N., Bohrmann, G., Greinert, J., and Mozherovskii, A.V. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(6), 504-508.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Ohnishi, M., & Shimobayashi, N. (2011). Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(1), 51-56.
Calomel
Formula: [Hg2]2+Cl2
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy; Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p; Sidorov, A. A., & Eremin, R. A. (1994). Metallogeny and gold lode deposits of northeastern Russia. ICAM-94 proceedings, 247-256.
Canfieldite var. Tellurocanfieldite
Formula: Ag8Sn(S,Te)6
Reference: Palyanova, G.A., Savva, N.E., Zhuravkova, T.V., Kolova, E.E. (2016): Gold and silver minerals in low-sulfidaton ores of the Julietta deposit (northeastern Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics: 57: 1171-1190; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12972 (2016)
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 21-–28, 2006
Cannonite
Formula: Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Yamada and Terashima (2003) Suisyou, 16, 31-36.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Kikukawa, M., Kojiro, T. & Yamada, T. (1999): Carbonate-cyanotrichite and cyanotrichite from Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture. Chigaku Kenkyu 47, 241-244. (in Japanese)
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Carobbiite
Formula: KF
Reference: Matsubara, S. (2002) The Mineral Species of Japan. (116pp)
Carrollite
Formula: CuCo2S4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.; Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Yamada et al. (2004) [cited in Hori et al. (2006): Iwashiroite-(Y), YTaO4, a new mineral from Suishoyama, Kawamata Town, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 101, 170-177.]
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: [MinRec 32:419]; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals in Japan, p. 251 (Field Best Encyclopedia, vol. 15)
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Cesiodymite (TL)
Formula: CsKCu5O(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Cesiodymite, IMA 2016-002. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 694; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 691–697; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N. (2018): Cryptochalcite, K2Cu5O(SO4)5, and cesiodymite, CsKCu5O(SO4)5, two new isotypic minerals and the K-Cs isomorphism in this solid-solution series. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30: 593-607
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Chiba et al (1995) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 21, 61-69.
Chabournéite
Formula: Tl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Reference: Johan, Z., Mantienne, J., Picot, P. (1981): La chabournéite, un nouveau minéral thallifère. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 104, 10-15. [with EPM analyses of chabournéite from the Toya mine]; Shimizu, M., Matsuyama, F. and Shimizu, M. (1999): Hutchinsonite, TlPb(As,Sb)5S9 chabournéite, Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17 and unnamed (Tl,Ag)2Pb6(As,Sb)16S31 from the Toya-Takarada mine, Hokkaido, Japan -Tl mineralisation in the Kuroko deposits. Resource Geology, Special Issue no. 20, 31-37.; American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 621-624, 1982
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Zelenski, M. E., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Fadeeva, O. A., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2 (VO4) 4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(1), 107-116.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Kojiro, T. et al (1999) Suisyou, 12, #1, 9-14.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Nambu & Kitamura (1969) Chigaku Kenkyu, 20, 131-137.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Suzuki et al (2004) Chigaku Kenkyu, 52, 215-219.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 228 localities in this region.
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Chalcopyrite var. Stannian Chalcopyrite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Sn)S2
Reference: Kase, K. (1987). Tin-bearing chalcopyrite from the Izumo vein, Toyoha mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 9-13.
Challacolloite
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pautov, L.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): Chubarovite,KZn2(BO3)Cl2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 273-284.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Chamosite var. Thuringite
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Seki, Y., and Yamasaki, M. (1957): American Mineralogist 42, 506-520.
'Charcoal'
Formula: C
Reference: Katsu, Y. and Satoh, H. (1963) Explanatory text of the geological map of Japan, scale 1:50,000, Mokoto-yama (Abashiri-49) (Geological Survey of Japan)
Chatkalite
Formula: Cu6FeSn2S8
Reference: CHIMIZU, M. (1993). On nekrasovite, chatkalite, kuramite-stannite, colusite and stannoidite from the Suttsu mine, Hokkaido. A Study on Ore Textures by Optical Microscopy and EPMA.
Chengdeite
Formula: Ir3Fe
Reference: Dr Daisuke Nishio-Hamane, SEM analysis, University of Tokyo Electron Microprobe Section.
Chesterite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Reference: Konishi, et al (1991) Abstract of the Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 101.
Chibaite (TL)
Formula: SiO2 · n(CH4, C2H6, C3H8, i-C4H10) (n = 3/17 (max))
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website - approvals March 2009; Daisuke Nishio-Hamane (2018) Compression behavior of chibaite and bosoite. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 468
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Harada et al (1971) Am. Min., 56, 1507-1518.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Chlorartinite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Serafimova, E.K., and Sergeyeva, S.V. (1998) Chlorartinite Mg2(CO3)ClOH·3H2O — a new mineral from exhalations. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 127(2): 55-59 (in Russian).; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
Reference: Narita, E. (1963). Geology and Ore Deposits of the Onikobe-Hosokura District, Northeastern Houshu, Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy= 北海道大學理學部紀要, 11(4), 651-681.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Chloromenite (TL)
Formula: Cu9(SeO3)4O2Cl6
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy(1999) 11, 119-123; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chlorothionite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zelenski, M. E., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2012). Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2 (SO4) 3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 673-682
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Dr Kazumi Yokoyama analyses, National Science Museum, Tokyo.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia[i]. Minerals: 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14995
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Reference: Yudovskaya, M. A., Distler, V. V., Chaplygin, I. V., Mokhov, A. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Gorbacheva, S. A. (2006). Gaseous transport and deposition of gold in magmatic fluid: evidence from the active Kudryavy volcano, Kurile Islands. Mineralium Deposita, 40(8), 828.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
Chrysothallite (TL)
Formula: K6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Chrysothallite, IMA 2013-008. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2702; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Alfredo Petrov, field observations, May 2011.
Chubarovite (TL)
Formula: KZn2(BO3)Cl2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pautov, L.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Chubarovite, IMA 2014-018. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 799; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pautov, L.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): Chubarovite,KZn2(BO3)Cl2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 273-284
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Satoshi Matsubara (1981) Taneyamalite, (Na, Ca)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)12Si12 (O,OH)44, a New Mineral from the Iwaizawa Mine, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 44:51-53.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Kemkina, R. A. (2007). Fahlores of the Prasolovka Au-Ag volcanogenic deposit, Kunashir Island, Russian Far East. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 1(2), 130-143.
'Clays'
Reference: Katsui, Yoshio (1962) Explanatory text of the Geological map of Japan, scale 1:50,000 - Kutcharo-ko (Abashiri-60), Abstract.
'Clinochesterite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Reference: Konishi, et al (1992) Abstract of the Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 166.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection, PXRD by John Attard, 27-2-2015.
Clinochlore var. Chromium-bearing Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: Bamba, Takeo (1978) The Alpine Chrome Ores from Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. lV, vol. 18, nos. 1-2, Feb., 1978, 167-179
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: H. Okada (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 23-38.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
'Clino-ferro-suenoite'
Formula: ◻{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Watanabe et al (1963) Kotoite, Mg3(BO3)2, from the Neichi mine, Iwate prefecture, Japan. Proceedings of the Japan Academy, series B, 39, 164-169.
Clinojimthompsonite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2
Reference: Sato & Akai (1981) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 174.
'Clinoptilolite'
Formula: M3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Shikazono, N., Hoshino, M., Utada, M., Nakata, M., and Ueda, A. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 346-358.
Clinoptilolite-Ca (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Z. Kristallogr. 145, 216; Can. Mineral. (1997) 35, 1571
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Minato & Takano (1964) Nendo Kagaku, 4, 12-22.
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Kato, A. (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, #27, 416-417.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Clino-suenoite
Formula: ◻{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Clintonite
Formula: CaAlMg2(SiAl3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Shimazaki, H., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., & Bunno, M. (2008). Occurrence and new data of dellaite from the Akagane mine, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 103(6), 385-389.; Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982). Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology, 32, 141-150
Coalingite
Formula: Mg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Cobaltite var. Iron-bearing Cobaltite
Formula: (Co,Fe)AsS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
'Cobaltite-Gersdorffite Series'
Reference: Voroshin, S.V., Tyukova, E.E., and Gibsher, N.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 215-236.
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Okada et al (1994) Abstracts, IMA General Meeting, 1994, 307-308.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Yamada et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 88
Cochromite
Formula: CoCr2O4
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Gordeev, E. I., Karpov, G. A., Anikin, L. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Filatov, S. K., Antonov, A. V., & Ovsyannikov, A. A. (2014, January). Diamonds in lavas of the Tolbachik fissure eruption in Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, pp. 47-49). Pleiades Publishing.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Koji Koseki & Hanzo Gohara (1956) On the Pegmatite Deposits at Nekonaki Ishikawa Town, Fukushima Prefecture. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Coparsite (TL)
Formula: Cu4(AsO4,VO4)O2Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Starova, G.L., Krivovichev, S.V., Filatov, S.K., and Ananiev, V.V. (1999) Coparsite, Cu4O2[(As,V)O4]Cl, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 911-914.; Starova, G.L., Krivovichev, S.V., Filatov, S.K. (1998) Crystal chemistry of inorganic compounds based on chains of oxocentered tetrahedra. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 213: 650-653.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., & Zelenskii, M. E. (2005). Hydrogeochemistry of thermal springs at Ebeco volcano (Kuril Islands). In Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2005. Antalia, Turkey, 24-29 April.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Gordeev, E. I., Karpov, G. A., Anikin, L. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Filatov, S. K., Antonov, A. V., & Ovsyannikov, A. A. (2014, January). Diamonds in lavas of the Tolbachik fissure eruption in Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, pp. 47-49). Pleiades Publishing.
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Reference: Sakurai, K., Kato, A., Fujiyama, I., Imayoshi, T. (1958) Coquimbite from Konomai mine, Hokkaido (北海道鴻ノ舞鉱山産コキンボ石 ). Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan: 3(6): 772-777.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Nambu, M., Tanida, K., Kano, S. (1964) Corkite from the Osarizawa Mine, Akita Prefecture. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists: 52(4): 113-121.; Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan).
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Sakurai, K. (1970) Chigaku Kenkyu, 21, 393-396.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Tanida et al. (1983) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 1.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: INOUE, A., & UTADA, M. (1991). Hydrothermal Alteration in the Kamikita Kuroko Mineralization Area. Mining Geology, 41(228), 203-218.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Gordeev, E. I., Karpov, G. A., Anikin, L. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Filatov, S. K., Antonov, A. V., & Ovsyannikov, A. A. (2014, January). Diamonds in lavas of the Tolbachik fissure eruption in Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, pp. 47-49). Pleiades Publishing.
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Yokoro, Y. and Nakashima, K. (2010): Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-S Minerals Newly Discovered from the Ohori Base Metal Deposit, Yamagata Prefecture, NE Japan: Implications for Bi-metallogenesis in the Green-Tuff Region. Resource Geology, 60, 1-17.
Costibite ?
Formula: CoSbS
Description: (Chemistry only, no x-ray data, so might possibly be paracostibite.)
Reference: Ichikawa and Matsueda (1980) Kouzan Chishitsu, 30, 37.
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Matsubara, S. et al (1998) Mineralogical Journal, 20, 1-8.; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 1 pp 1-8
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Reference: Matsubara, S., Kato, A., Hashimoto, E., Sekiuchi, K. (1994) Crednerite from the Gozaisho mine, Iwaki City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal 17, 21-27; Matsubara, S., Kato, A., Shimizu, M., Sekiuchi, K., and Suzuki, M. (1996) Romeite from the Gozaisho mine, Iwaki, Japan. Mineralogical Journal 18, 155-160; Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kato, A., Matsuyama, F., Mouri, T. and Suzuki, Y. (2001) Arseniopleite from the Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C, 27, 51-62;
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Large Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, S.A. Fedotov, Moscow 1984 p340, states that Cristobalite does not occur as independent mineral, but as inclusions in high temp sublimates. After dissolving the sublimates, Cristobalite was found in the residu.
Cryobostryxite (TL)
Formula: KZnCl3 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Cryobostryxite, IMA 2014-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1247; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248.
Cryptochalcite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu5O(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Cryptochalcite, IMA 2014-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 530; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535. ;Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N. (2018): Cryptochalcite, K2Cu5O(SO4)5, and cesiodymite, CsKCu5O(SO4)5, two new isotypic minerals and the K-Cs isomorphism in this solid-solution series. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 593-607
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Kato, A. (2009) Explanation of distributed specimens at the ordinary meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November, 2009), 438-439.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Kyoto University collection
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Cuproiridsite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Cupromakovickyite
Formula: Cu4AgPb2Bi9S18
Reference: Yuya Izumino, Kazuo Nakashima, Mariko Nagashima (2013) Makovickyite and cupromakovickyite from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, #2 (April 2013), 94-100. ; Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Cupromolybdite (TL)
Formula: Cu3O(MoO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Polekhovsky, Yu.S. & Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2012): Cupromolybdite, Cu3O(MoO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 749-757.
Cupropavonite
Formula: Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Reference: 島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
Cuprorhodsite (TL)
Formula: (Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Cuprospinel
Formula: Cu2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia[i]. Minerals: 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14995
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1091.
Cuzticite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO6) · 3H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zelenski, M. E., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2012). Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2 (SO4) 3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 673-682.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Kikukawa, M., Kojiro, T. & Yamada, T. (1999): Carbonate-cyanotrichite and cyanotrichite from Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture. Chigaku Kenkyu 47, 241-244. (in Japanese)
Cylindrite
Formula: Pb3Sn4FeSb2S14
Reference: Narita, E. (1963). Geology and Ore Deposits of the Onikobe-Hosokura District, Northeastern Houshu, Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy= 北海道大學理學部紀要, 11(4), 651-681.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Matsubara, S. (1985) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 11, 37-95.; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
Dachiardite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 187-193.
Dachiardite-Na
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Reference: Yoshimura, T. & Wakabayashi, S. (1977): Na-dachiardite and associated high-silica zeolites from Tsugawa, northeast Japan. Science Reports of Niigata University, Ser. E, Geology and Mineralogy, 4, 49-65.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367; Tanaka, T. & Hamane, D. (2016) Epidote-(Sr) from Shiromaru mine, Tokyo prefecture, Japan. (conference presentation R1-P14)
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Description: Chromium rich variety.
Reference: American Mineralogist (1986): 71, 1022-1027.
Dawsonite var. Chromium-bearing Dawsonite
Formula: Na(Al,Cr)CO3(OH)2
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Dellaite
Formula: Ca6Si3O11(OH)2
Reference: Shimazaki, H., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., Bunno, M. (2008) Occurrence and new data of dellaite from the Akagane mine, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 103(6): 385-389. [https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/kobutsu/2005/0/2005_0_127/_article/-char/en]
Deltalumite (TL)
Formula: (Al0.670.33)Al2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Anikin, L.P., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Zubkova, N.V. (2016): Deltalumite, IMA 2016-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 919; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 915–922
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Hirama, T, Yamada, T., Shiobara, Y., Nakamura, H., Kosuge, Y., Fujiwara, T. (2011): "Pb-containing apatite supergroup minerals from Numata City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan." Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011(0), 146-146.; Yamada, T., Hirama, T., Shiobara, Y., Nakamura, H., Kosuge, Y., Ishibashi, T., and Fujiwara, T. (2019) Apatite supergroup minerals from Numata City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Quartz - Journal of the Friends of Mineral, Tokyo, 33, 5-19.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Shimizu, M., Kato, A,, Matsubara, S., Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J. (1993) Watanabeite, Cu4(As,Sb)2S5, a new mineral from the Teine mine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 643-649; 島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Gordeev, E. I., Karpov, G. A., Anikin, L. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Filatov, S. K., Antonov, A. V., & Ovsyannikov, A. A. (2014, January). Diamonds in lavas of the Tolbachik fissure eruption in Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, pp. 47-49). Pleiades Publishing.
Diamond var. Carbonado
Formula: C
Reference: Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Anikin, L. P., Morales, L., & Schreiber, A. (2016). Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Lithos, 265, 222-236.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]; Spiridonov, E. M., Ivanova, Y. N., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2014, September). Selenium-bearing goldfieldite and fischesserite AuAg^ sub 3^ Se^ sub 2^-petzite AuAg^ sub 3^ Te^ sub 2^ solid solutions in ores of the Ozernovskoe volcanogenic deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 458, No. 1, p. 1139). Springer Science & Business Media.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]; Spiridonov, E. M., Ivanova, Y. N., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2014, September). Selenium-bearing goldfieldite and fischesserite AuAg^ sub 3^ Se^ sub 2^-petzite AuAg^ sub 3^ Te^ sub 2^ solid solutions in ores of the Ozernovskoe volcanogenic deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 458, No. 1, p. 1139). Springer Science & Business Media.
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
Diopside var. Chromium-bearing Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Description: Occurs in host picrite phenocrysts.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.; Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Anikin, L. P., Morales, L., & Schreiber, A. (2016). Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Lithos, 265, 222-236.
Diopside var. Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Tokyo University collection (umdb.um.u-tokyo.ac.jp/DKoubutu/FShozou/FMPro?-db=9Keisan_.fp5&-format=F9Keisan/KeisanA.htm)
Diopside var. Salite
Reference: Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Anikin, L. P., Morales, L., & Schreiber, A. (2016). Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Lithos, 265, 222-236.
Diopside var. Schefferite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Si2O6
Reference: Pohwat, P. (2013) Rocks & Minerals, 88 (2), 168.
Dioskouriite (TL)
Formula: CaCu4Cl6(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Kasatkin, A.V., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Dioskouriite, IMA No. 2015-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp,229-236 (1987)
Dmisokolovite (TL)
Formula: K3Cu5AlO2(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Dmisokolovite, IMA 2013-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3253; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Dmisteinbergite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen confirmed by powder XRD; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Dobrovolskyite (TL)
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Shablinskii, A.P., Filatov, S.K., Vergasova, L.P., Moskaleva, S.V., Avdontseva, E.Y., Bubnova, R.S. (2020): Dobrovolskyite, IMA 2019-106; in: CNMNC Newsletter 54. Eur. J. Mineral.: 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-275-2020; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=16176
Dokuchaevite (TL)
Formula: Cu8O2(VO4)3Cl3
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Wenzel, T. and Spratt, J. (2018) Dokuchaevite, IMA 2018-012. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 783; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.
Dolerophanite
Formula: Cu2(SO4)O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.; Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Dolomite var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Obushkov, A. V., Struzhkov, S. F., Natalenko, M. V., Ryzhov, O. B., Kryazhev, S. G., & Radchenko, Y. I. (2010). Geology and mineralogy of ore at the hidden Engteri Au-Ag deposit, the Magadan Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(6), 459–478. doi:10.1134/s1075701510060036
Donpeacorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
Reference: http://kensou.shinshu-u.ac.jp/Profiles/0005/0001216/pblc1.html
Dravertite (TL)
Formula: CuMg(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Dravertite, IMA 2014-104. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 530; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017): Dravertite, CuMg(SO4)2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29: 323-330.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, Hiroshi Sakurai (2010) Bi-bearing secondary minerals from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (conf. abstr. available at: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jakoka/2010/0/2010_0_75/_pdf )
Dravite var. Chromium-bearing Dravite
Formula: Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, Hiroshi Sakurai (2010) Bi-bearing secondary minerals from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (conf. abstr. available at: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jakoka/2010/0/2010_0_75/_pdf ); Harada, Akira, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, and Hiroshi Sakurai. (2012) "Dukeite from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan." Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. C, 38, pp. 1–5, December 22, 2012
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
Dufrénoysite
Formula: Pb2As2S5
Reference: Matsubara, S, et al. (2000) Abstracts of the Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 91; Shimizu, M., Ishizaki, Y., Honma, T., Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R. (2005) Dufrenoysite and marumoite from the Okoppe mine, Japan. in Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial SGA Meeting Beijing, China, 18–21 August 2005. Session 6., Springer (Berlin) 695-697. [Poster #100]
Dukeite
Formula: Bi3+24Cr6+8O57(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, Hiroshi Sakurai (2010) Bi-bearing secondary minerals from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (conf. abstr. available at: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jakoka/2010/0/2010_0_75/_pdf ); Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima and Hiroshi Sakurai (2012) Dukeite from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. C, 38, 1–5, December 22, 2012.; Harada, Akira, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, and Hiroshi Sakurai. (2012) "Dukeite from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan." Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. C, 38, pp. 1–5, December 22, 2012
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Takahata, Hiroyuki; Uchiyama, Koji (1985) Dumortierite-Bearing Argillaceous Gneisses from the Abukuma Metamorphic Terrain, Northeast Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. IV, vol. 21, no. 3, Aug. 1985. pp. 465-481.
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Tolstykh, N. D., Vymazalová, A., Petrova, E. A., & Stenin, N. (2017). The Gaching Au mineralization in the Maletoivayam ore field, Kamchatka, Russia. In Materials 14th SGA Biennial Meeting Quebec Citi, Canada (Vol. 1, pp. 195-198).
Eastonite
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Need to be checked if it can be assigned to eckermannite according to the redefinition by IMA (IMA2013-136).
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Eclarite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Reference: Harada, S., Suzuki, Y., Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S. (2017) Bi-bearing minerals at the Jishakuyama ore deposit of the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan.
Edenite
Formula: NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Reference: Ishizuka (1980) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 75, 372-377.
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: Matsubara & Kato (1991): Ganseki-Kobutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 86, 273-277; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
Edtollite (TL)
Formula: K2NaCu5Fe3+O2(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016) Edtollite, IMA 2016-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 696; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 691–697.
Efremovite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
Eggletonite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2O
Reference: Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Tiba T, Imai H (2000) Tamaite, the Ca-analogue of ganophyllite, from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 95, 79-83; MinRec 32:419. ; Tanaka, T. & Hamane, D. (2016) Epidote-(Sr) from Shiromaru mine, Tokyo prefecture, Japan. (conference presentation R1-P14)
Elasmochloite (TL)
Formula: Na3Cu6BiO4(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. (2019) Elasmochloite, Na3Cu6BiO4(SO4)5, a new fumarolic mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 31(5-6): 1025–1032.; Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Vigasina, M.F. and Sidorov, E.G. (2018) Elasmochloite, IMA 2018-015. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 784; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Both pink and green varieties occur here.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Eleomelanite (TL)
Formula: (K2Pb)Cu4O2(SO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Eleomelanite, IMA 2015-118. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413
'Ellestadite'
Reference: Banno Y, Miyawaki R, Momma K, Bunno M (2014) CO3-bearing apatite-ellestadite series mineral from Japan. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 213
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., and Hashimoto, E. (1997) Elyite from the Mizuhiki Mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Series C: Geology and Paleontology: 23: 27-33.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Reference: 島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Yuya Izumino, Kazuo Nakashima, Mariko Nagashima (2013) Makovickyite and cupromakovickyite from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, #2 (April 2013), 94-100.; Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
Enstatite var. Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: M. Yamaguchi (1961) Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu University, Ser. D, Geology, 10, 2, 233-245.
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Epidote-(Sr)
Formula: {CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Tanaka, T. & Hamane, D. (2016) Epidote-(Sr) from Shiromaru mine, Tokyo prefecture, Japan. (conference presentation R1-P14)
'Epidote Supergroup'
Formula: A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Alfredo Petrov, field observations, May 2011.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Ericlaxmanite (TL)
Formula: Cu4O(AsO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Ericlaxmanite, IMA 2013-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2706; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. II. Ericlaxmanite and kozyrevskite, two natural modifications of Cu4O(AsO4)2. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1553–1569
'Ericssonite-2O'
Formula: BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Matsubara & Nagashima (1975) Mineralogical Journal, 7, 513-525.
Eriochalcite
Formula: CuCl2 · 2H2O
Reference: Diederik Visser List #39, July 2006
Erionite-Ca (TL)
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Mineral. 52, 1785; Can. Mineral. 35, 1571. RRUFF database- specimen I.D R061110
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Euchlorine
Formula: KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Keiichi Omori; Shuzo Hasegawa (1955) Chemical Compositions of the Mineral Belonging to Euxenite -Polycrase Series from the Nekonaki Pegmatites in Ishikawa Town, Fukushima Prefecture. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan; 2:268-274; (Japanese)
Evdokimovite (TL)
Formula: Tl4(VO)3(SO4)5(H2O)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O. I., Vergasova, L. P., Kretser, Y. L., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Filatov, S. K., & Krivovichev, S. V. (2014). Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. III. Evdokimovite, Tl4 (VO) 3 (SO4) 5 (H2O) 5. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1711-1724.
Evseevite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg(AsO4)F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2019): Evseevite, IMA 2019-064. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine, 83, https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Tolstykh, N. D., Palyanova, G. A., Bobrova, O. G. V., & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Mustard Gold of the Gaching Ore Deposit (Maletoyvayam Ore Field, Kamchatka, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 489.
'Famatinite-Luzonite Series'
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Excalibur Mineral company specimens; Sueno, S., Matsuura, S., Bunno, M., & Kurosawa, M. (2002). Occurrence and crystal chemical features of protoferro-anthophyllite and protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite from Cheyenne Canyon and Cheyenne Mountain, USA and Hirukawa-mura, Suisho-yama, and Yokone-yama, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 127-136.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series var. Knebelite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Fedotovite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu3(SO4)3O
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1988) 229, 961-964; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Feitknechtite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:59:216.
Felbertalite
Formula: Cu2Pb6Bi8S19
Reference: Yokoro, Y. and Nakashima, K. (2010): Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-S Minerals Newly Discovered from the Ohori Base Metal Deposit, Yamagata Prefecture, NE Japan: Implications for Bi-metallogenesis in the Green-Tuff Region. Resource Geology, 60, 1-17.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Feodosiyite (TL)
Formula: Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8 · 16H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Feodosiyite, IMA 2015-063. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1860; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1859–1864. ; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Khanin, D.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2018): Feodosiyite, Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 195, 27-39
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Nakamura, T. & Aikawa,N. (1973) Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 16, 1-10.
Ferberite var. Reinite (FRL)
Formula: FeWO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Harada, Zyunpéi (1954) Chemical Analyses of Japanese Minerals (III) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy = 北海道大學理學部紀要, 8(4):289-348
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Koji Koseki & Hanzo Gohara (1956) On the Pegmatite Deposits at Nekonaki Ishikawa Town, Fukushima Prefecture. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan
Fergusonite-(Y)-β
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Momma, K., Shigeoka, M., and Hashimoto, E. (2013) Pyrochlore and microlite in a pegmatite at Atagoyama, Koriyama City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Ser. C, 39, 1–6.
Feroxyhyte
Formula: Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Nambu & Yoshida (1997) Ganko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 161.
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Van King; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
'Ferrierite'
Reference: Takahisa Yoshimura & Yujin Ishizuka (1989) Ferrierite in a hydrothermal alteration zone around the murakami sericite deposit. Journal of the Clay Science Society of Japan (in Japanese); 29:179-186
Ferrierite-K
Formula: (K,Na)5(Si31Al5)O72 · 18H2O
Reference: Akira Harada specimens
Ferrierite-Mg
Formula: [Mg2(K,Na)2Ca0.5](Si29Al7)O72 · 18H2O
Reference: Yamada, T. (1997) Suisyou, 10, #1, 17-22.
Ferri-ghoseite
Formula: ◻[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Ferrisanidine (TL)
Formula: K[Fe3+Si3O8]
Type Locality:
Reference: Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.; Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Ferri-winchite
Formula: ◻(NaCa)(Mg4Fe3+)Si8O22(OH)2
Description: An analysis published as winchite by Nambu et al (1980)corresponds to the following formula: (K0.246Na0.234)0.48 (Ca1.29Na0.679Mn0.031)2(Mg4.437Fe3+0.276Mn0.193Al0.094)5 (Si7.829Al0.171)8 O22(OH)2, corresponding to a ferri-winchite compostion.
Reference: Nambu, Matsuo., Tanida, Katsutoshi., Kitamura, Tsuyoshi: (1980): Chemical Composition of Manganese Bearing Amphibole from Japan and its Classification. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, Vol 14, pp 98-128
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Etsuo Uchida (1986) Relation between Zonal Arrangements of Skarns and Temperatures of Formation at the Kamaishi Mine, Northeastern Japan. Mining Geology, 36(3),195-208.
Ferro-gedrite
Formula: ◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Reported as "aluminian ferroanthophyllite". Based on the chemical analysis given and the orthorhombic symmetry, the mineral is ferrogedrite according to the new amphibole nomenclature.
Reference: Seki, Y., and Yamasaki, M. (1957): American Mineralogist 42, 506-520.
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Ferronickelplatinum
Formula: Pt2FeNi
Reference: Dr Daisuke Nishio-Hamane, SEM analysis, University of Tokyo Electron Microprobe Section.
'Ferrorhodsite'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Ferrosaponite
Formula: Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: japanese specimen label dated 20-11-1994
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Kuno, H., 1954, Study of Orthopyroxenes from Volcanic Rocks, American Mineralogist, v 39, p. 30.
Fianelite
Formula: Mn2+2((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
Reference: Yamada et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 88.
Filatovite (TL)
Formula: K(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Britvin, S.N., Burns, P.C., and Ananiev, V.V. (2004) Filatovite, K[(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8], a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 16(3): 533-536.
Fingerite
Formula: Cu11(VO4)6O2
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Zelenski, M. E., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Fadeeva, O. A., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2 (VO4) 4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(1), 107-116.
Fischesserite
Formula: Ag3AuSe2
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Spiridonov, E. M., Ivanova, Y. N., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2014, September). Selenium-bearing goldfieldite and fischesserite AuAg^ sub 3^ Se^ sub 2^-petzite AuAg^ sub 3^ Te^ sub 2^ solid solutions in ores of the Ozernovskoe volcanogenic deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 458, No. 1, p. 1139). Springer Science & Business Media.
Fizélyite ?
Formula: Ag5Pb14Sb21S48
Description: (probably uchucchacuaite)
Reference: Forrest Cureton specimens; Handbook of Mineralogy
Flinteite (TL)
Formula: K2ZnCl4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Flinteite, IMA 2014-009. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 556; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens, from Yamamoto collection.
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Savelyev, D.P., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): Wulffite, K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4, and parawulffite, K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8, two new minerals from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 699-716.; Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Ksenofontov, D. A., Yapaskurt, V. O., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., & Sidorov, E. G. (2018, March). Arcanite from Fumarole Exhalations of the Tolbachik Volcano (Kamchatka, Russia) and Its Crystal Structure. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 479, pp. 339-341). Pleiades Publishing.; Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
Fluorapatite var. Strontium-bearing Apatite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Reference: Ishida, K. (1984): Strontium apatite from the Noda-Tamagawa mine, Iwate Prefecture. Ganseki Kobutsu Kosho Gakkaishi 79, 424-429 (in Japanese).
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Fluorcalciomicrolite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Reference: Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Momma, K., Shigeoka, M., and Hashimoto, E. (2013) Pyrochlore and microlite in a pegmatite at Atagoyama, Koriyama City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Ser. C, 39, 1–6.
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Fluorellestadite var. Wilkeite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pautov, L.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): Chubarrovite,KZn2(BO3)Cl2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 273-284.
Fluorite var. Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
'Fluornatroroméite'
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Sb2(O,OH)6F
Reference: Matsubara, S., Kato, A, Shimizu, M. S., Sekiuchi, K. & Suzuki, K. (1996): Romeite from Gozaisho mine, Iwaki, Japan. Mineralogical Journal. 18 (4): 155-160; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 673-698.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 1038–1041, 1997
Foitite
Formula: (◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Kato et al (1994) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 177.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., Sato, K. (1982) Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology: 32(172): 141-150.
Franciscanite
Formula: Mn2+6(V5+,◻)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Yamada et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 88
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia[i]. Minerals: 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14995
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p; Sidorov, A. A., & Eremin, R. A. (1994). Metallogeny and gold lode deposits of northeastern Russia. ICAM-94 proceedings, 247-256.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 19. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Reference: Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Nakata et al (1989) Mineralogical Magazine, 53, 387-388.; 井伊博行, & 岡田昭彦. (1991). 北海道札幌市小別沢鉱山産のテルル鉱物 (Poughite, Frohbergite, Melonite) について. 鉱物学雜誌, 20(3), 89-92.
Fukuchilite (TL)
Formula: Cu3FeS8
Reference: Min.Journ.Japan (1969) 5, 399-416; Bayliss, P. (1989) American Mineralogist: 74: 1168-1176.
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
Furutobeite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6PbS4
Reference: Sugaki, A., Kitakaze, A., Odashima, Y. (1981) Furutobeite, a new copper-silver-lead sulfide mineral. Bulletin de Minéralogie: 104: 737-741.; Nickel & Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Manual. p 72.
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Nagashima, K., Nakao, K., Wakita, H., & Kato, A. (1971). Chemical Studies of Minerals Containing Rarer Elements from the Far East District. LXIV. Abukumalite from Fusamata, Kawamata-machi, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 44, 867-869.
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Reference: K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2005) "Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan" (abs.); Nishikubo, K., Yamada, T., Harada, A., Takizawa, M., Tange, K., Kosuge, Y., Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S. (2009): Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series C (Geology & Paleontology), 35, 7-10.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: H. Yoshimura (1952)
Galeite
Formula: Na15(SO4)5F4Cl
Reference: Africano & Bernard (2000), Jour. Volcanology & Geothermal Research: 97: 475-495; Oskarsson (1981), Jour. Volcanology & Geothermal Research: 10: 93-111.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 187 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Galena var. Selenian Galena
Formula: Pb(S,Se)
Reference: Obushkov, A. V., Struzhkov, S. F., Natalenko, M. V., Ryzhov, O. B., Kryazhev, S. G., & Radchenko, Y. I. (2010). Geology and mineralogy of ore at the hidden Engteri Au-Ag deposit, the Magadan Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(6), 459–478. doi:10.1134/s1075701510060036
Galena var. Silver-bearing Galena
Formula: PbS with Ag
Reference: Takeo Kato (1928) The Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 6, #1-2, 31-48.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
Gamagarite
Formula: Ba2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Matsubara, S. et al (2004) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 99, 363-367.
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:419]; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367; photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
'Garnierite'
Reference: Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at Geological Survey museum, Japan)
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982). Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology, 32, 141-150
Geigerite
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Kato et al (1990) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 85, 184.; Matsubara, S., Kato, A., Shimizu, M., Sekiuchi, K., and Suzuki, M. (1996) Romeite from the Gozaisho mine, Iwaki, Japan. Mineralogical Journal 18, 155-160.
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Nedachi et al (1984) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 79, 200-213.
Genkinite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Matsukuma et al (1981) Zenkoku Chikashigen Kankei Gakukyokai Godo Shuki Taikai Bunka Kenkyuukai Shiryo (M) Kinginn no Fusonn Jotai, 20-23.
Georgbokiite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(SeO3)2O2Cl2
Reference: [Doklady Akad. Nauk, 364(4), 527–531; Zeits. Kristallogr., 214(3), 135– 138.; MinRec 31:201]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
'Germanite Group'
Reference: Imai, A., Matsueda, H., Yamada, R., Masuta, K. (1999): Polymetallic Mineralization at the Shin‐Ohtoyo Deposit, Harukayama District, Hokkaido, Japan. Resource Geology 49, 75-88.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Tauson, V., Lipko, S., Kravtsova, R., Smagunov, N., Belozerova, O., & Voronova, I. (2019). Distribution of “Invisible” Noble Metals between Pyrite and Arsenopyrite Exemplified by Minerals Coexisting in Orogenic Au Deposits of North-Eastern Russia. Minerals, 9(11), 660.
Getchellite
Formula: AsSbS3
Reference: Kato, A. (1970) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 25.; American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 621-624, 1982; Shimizu, M., Matsuyama, F., Shimizu, M. (1999) Hutchinsonite, TlPb(As,Sb)5S-9, chabourneite, Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S-17, and unnamed (Tl,Ag)2Pb6(As, Sb)16S-31 from the Toya-Takarada mine, Hokkaido, Japan - Tl mineralisation in the Kuroko deposits. Resource Geology (special issue #20), 31-37, in: The Japanese island arc: its hydrothermal and igneous activities. Eds: Naotatsu Shikazono, et al. The Society of Resource Geology
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Giessenite
Formula: Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Description: Is izoklakeite.
Reference: Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 4 pp 179-187
'Gismondine'
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Reference: Kato, A. (1991) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 17, 119-128.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Markov, Y.D., Mozherovskii, A.V., Derkachev, A.N., Barinov, N.N., and Sereda, N.A. (2002): Lithology and Mineral Resources 37(2), 121-129.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: H. Okada (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 23-38.
Glikinite (TL)
Formula: Zn3O(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Nazarchuk, E.V., Siidra, O.I., Nekrasova, D.O., Shilovskikh, V.V., Borisov, A.S., Avdontseva, E.Y. (2020) Glikinite, Zn3O(SO4)2, a new anhydrous zinc oxysulfate mineral structurally based on OZn4 tetrahedra. Mineralogical Magazine: 84(4): 563–567.; Nazarchuk, E.V., Siidra, O.I., Nekrasova, D.O., Borisov, A.S. and Shilovskikh, V.V. (2019) Glikinite, IMA 2018-119. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 202. European Journal of Mineralogy: 31: 199–204.
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Hiromi Yamasaki specimens
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Chiba et al (1995) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 21, 61-69.
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Yoshihide Shiga (1983) Fe-Ni(-Co)-S- minerals in the Hayachine ultramafic rocks of the Kamaishi mining district, Northeastern Japan. Mining Geology 33:23-38
Godovikovite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2
Reference: Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Reference: Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
Reference: Gordeev, E. I., Karpov, G. A., Anikin, L. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Filatov, S. K., Antonov, A. V., & Ovsyannikov, A. A. (2014, January). Diamonds in lavas of the Tolbachik fissure eruption in Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, pp. 47-49). Pleiades Publishing.
Gold var. Copper-bearing Gold
Formula: (Au,Cu)
Reference: 山岡一雄. (1982). 釜石鉱山日ぽう鉱床産自然金と Fe‐Co‐Ni‐As‐S 系鉱物について. 鉱山地質, 32(172), 95-106. Native gold and the minerals of the Fe-Co-Ni-As-S system from the Nippo ore deposit of the Kamaishi mine, Iwate Prefecture.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p; Sidorov, A. A., & Eremin, R. A. (1994). Metallogeny and gold lode deposits of northeastern Russia. ICAM-94 proceedings, 247-256.
Gold var. Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E.G., Laajoki, K.V.O., Krivenko, A.P., and Podlipskiy, M. (2000): Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu42)(Cu4Cu+2)Te4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]; Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Spiridonov, E. M., Ivanova, Y. N., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2014, September). Selenium-bearing goldfieldite and fischesserite AuAg^ sub 3^ Se^ sub 2^-petzite AuAg^ sub 3^ Te^ sub 2^ solid solutions in ores of the Ozernovskoe volcanogenic deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 458, No. 1, p. 1139). Springer Science & Business Media.
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.223.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan)
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Glavatskikh, S.F., Generalov, M.E., Trubkin, N.V., (1997) New data on natural tungsten carbide. Doklady Akademii Nauk. Earth Science Sections 352, 81–83.
Graţianite
Formula: MnBi2S4
Reference: Matsubara S., Miyawaki R., Momma K., Kato A., Shigeoka M., Shimizu M., Kyono Y., Ohara Y., Harada A. (2018) Graţianite in manganese ore from the Hagidaira mine, Gumma Prefecture, Japan. 2018 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R1-09.
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Reference: Shimizu, M., Miyawaki, R., Kato, A., Matsubara, S., Matsuyama, F. and Kiyota, K. (1998) Tsugaruite, Pb4As2S7, a new mineral species from the Yunosawa mine, Aomori Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine: 62(6): 793-799.; Minerals in Japan, p. 248 (Field Best Encyclopedia, vol. 15) .
'Gray copper ore'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M., Ivanova, Y. N., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2014, September). Selenium-bearing goldfieldite and fischesserite AuAg^ sub 3^ Se^ sub 2^-petzite AuAg^ sub 3^ Te^ sub 2^ solid solutions in ores of the Ozernovskoe volcanogenic deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 458, No. 1, p. 1139). Springer Science & Business Media.
Grayite
Formula: (Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Terada et al (1994) Chigaku Kenkyu, 43, 181-185.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Grigorievite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Fe3+2Al2(VO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Murashko, M.N., Yapaskurt , V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Kartashov, P.M. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Grigorievite, IMA 2012-047. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 15; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:419]; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Tiba T, Imai H (2000) Tamaite, the Ca-analogue of ganophyllite, from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 95, 79-83
Grossular var. Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Grossular var. Manganese-bearing Grossular
Formula: (Ca,Mn)3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 32:419]; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Tiba T, Imai H (2000) Tamaite, the Ca-analogue of ganophyllite, from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 95, 79-83
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
'Groundwater'
Reference: Seki, Y., Hirano, T., & Watanabe, K. (1987). Salt crystallization decay and water-rock interaction of rock-cliff Budda sculptures at Yakushido Temple of Odaka Town, Fukushima, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 82(7), 269-279.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Grunerite
Formula: ◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Excalibur Mineral company specimens
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Tolstykh, N. D., Vymazalová, A., Petrova, E. A., & Stenin, N. (2017). The Gaching Au mineralization in the Maletoivayam ore field, Kamchatka, Russia. In Materials 14th SGA Biennial Meeting Quebec Citi, Canada (Vol. 1, pp. 195-198).; Tolstykh, N. D., Palyanova, G. A., Bobrova, O. G. V., & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Mustard Gold of the Gaching Ore Deposit (Maletoyvayam Ore Field, Kamchatka, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 489.
'Gummite'
Reference: Van King specimen
'Gummite var. Yttrogummite'
Reference: Van King specimen
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Reference: Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Reference: Yokoro, Y. and Nakashima, K. (2010): Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-S Minerals Newly Discovered from the Ohori Base Metal Deposit, Yamagata Prefecture, NE Japan: Implications for Bi-metallogenesis in the Green-Tuff Region. Resource Geology, 60, 1-17.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 1038–1041, 1997
Gypsum var. Alabaster
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: Mizota (1969) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 62, 329-338.
Hakite-(Hg)
Formula: Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4Se12Se
Reference: 島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bull. Kanagawa pref. Mus. (Nat. Sci.), 22, 25-32 (1993)
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/conferences/kasp/JKASP04_circular2.pdf
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Reference: Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Haradaite
Formula: SrVSi2O7
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Watanabe T, Kato A, Ito J, Yoshimura T, Momoi H, Fukuda K (1982) Haradaite, Sr2V4+2[O2 Si4O12], from the Noda Tamagawa mine, Iwate Prefecture and the Yamato mine, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, Proceedings of the Japan Academy 58 B, 21-24
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection.
Hatertite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ca,Na)(Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)3
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Rybin, D.S., Krivovichev, S.V., Britvin, S.N. and Ananiev, V.V. (2013) Hatertite, IMA 2012-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 3; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Hauerite
Formula: MnS2
Reference: Aoki (1989) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 96.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Kitakaze, A. (1998) Sulfide minerals from the Horoman peridotite, Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 93, 369-379.; Kitakaze A (2008) Sugakiite, Cu(Fe,Ni)8S8, a new mineral from Hokkaido, Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist 46, 263-267
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: IMAI, N., & WATANABE, K. (1972). Tosudite-bearing Clay Associated with Fluorspar Deposits of the Igashima Mine, Niigata Prefecture, Northeastern Japan. Mining Geology, 22(111), 43-66.
Hedenbergite var. Ferrosalite
Reference: IMAI, N., & WATANABE, K. (1972). Tosudite-bearing Clay Associated with Fluorspar Deposits of the Igashima Mine, Niigata Prefecture, Northeastern Japan. Mining Geology, 22(111), 43-66.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsankoubutsu Gojuonhairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou, p 80.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Yamada, T., Hirama, T., Shiobara, Y., Nakamura, H., Kosuge, Y., Ishibashi, T., and Fujiwara, T. (2019) Apatite supergroup minerals from Numata City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Quartz - Journal of the Friends of Mineral, Tokyo, 33, 5-19.
Heideite
Formula: (Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Reference: Astakhov, A. S., Tiedemann, R., Murdmaa, I. O., Bogdanova, O. Y., Mozherovsky, A. V., & Sereda, N. A. (2006). Manganese carbonates in the upper Quaternary sediments of the Deryugin Basin (Sea of Okhotsk). Oceanology, 46(5), 716-729.
Hejtmanite
Formula: Ba2Mn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Matsubara, S., & Kato, A. (1980) Nagashimalite, Ba4 (V3+, Ti) 4 [(O, OH) 2| Cl| Si8B2O27], a new mineral from the Mogurazawa mine, Gumma prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 10(3), 122-130.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 87 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Hematite var. Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Michel Meder field collected specimens
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Hemusite
Formula: Cu6SnMoS8
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Anikin, L. P., Morales, L., & Schreiber, A. (2016). Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Lithos, 265, 222-236.
Hercynite var. Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Anikin, L. P., Morales, L., & Schreiber, A. (2016). Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Lithos, 265, 222-236.
Hermannjahnite (TL)
Formula: CuZn(SO4)2
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Lukina, E.A., Zaitsev, A.N., Turner, R., Filatov, S.K., Pekov, I.V., Karpov, G.A., Yapaskurt, V.O. (2018): Hermannjahnite, CuZn(SO4)2, a new mineral with chalcocyanite derivative structure from the Naboko scoria cone of the 2012–2013 fissure eruption at Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology: 112: 123-134.
Herzenbergite
Formula: SnS
Reference: Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.; Eijun Ohta (1991) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Toyoha Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology 41:279-295
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1415-1424
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Hetaerolite var. Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals (National Science Museum)
'Heulandite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Akira Harada specimens
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Harada et al (1969) Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 75, 551-552.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Pervukhina, N. V., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., Kuratieva, N. V., Mozgova, N. N. and Chaplygin, I. V. (2012) Re-determination of the crystal structure of heyrovskyite mineral Pb6Bi2S9 (Kudryavyi Volcano, Iturup Island, Kurils, Russia. Zhurnal Strukturnoi Khimii: 53 (3):593–597 [in Russian]
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Toshinori Kobayashi specimen.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals in Japan (Field Best Encyclopedia V. 15, 2003); Ohnishi, M., & Shimobayashi, N. (2011). Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(1), 51-56.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Hitachiite (TL)
Formula: Pb5Bi2Te2S6
Type Locality:
Reference: Kuribayashi, T., Nagase, T., Nozaki, T., Ishibashi, J., Shimada, K., Shimizu, M. and Momma, K. (2018) Hitachiite, IMA 2018-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxx–xxx.; Toshiro Nagase, Takahiro Kuribayashi, Tatsuo Nozaki, Jun-Ichiro Ishibashi, Kazuhiko Shimada, Koichi Momma, Masaaki Shimizu (2018) Crystal structure determination of an unknown mineral of tetradymite group from the Hitachi mine,Ibaraki prefecture, Japan. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 467
Hocartite
Formula: Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Reference: Kojima et al (1979) Kouzan Chishitsu, 29, 197-206.; Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.; Eijun Ohta (1991) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Toyoha Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology 41:279-295
Hodrušite
Formula: Cu8Bi12S22
Reference: Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Holtstamite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)2[◻(OH)4]
Reference: Nishio-Hamane D., Momma K., Harada A. (2019) Occurrence of holtstamite hydrogarnet from the Sekkaizawa and its high-pressure behavior. Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R1P-10.
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
Reference: Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E., Laajoki, K., Krivenko, A., Podlipskiy, M. (2000) The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Kato et al (1988) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 14, 87-96.
Horomanite (TL)
Formula: Fe6Ni3S8
Type Locality:
Reference: Kitakaze A, Itoh H, Komatsu R (2011) Horomanite, (Fe,Ni,Co,Cu)9S8, and samaniite, Cu2(Fe,Ni)7S8, new mineral species from the Horoman peridotite massif, Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 106, 204-210
Huangite
Formula: Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Matsubara et al (1998) Mineralogical Journal, 20, 1-8; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 1 pp 1-8
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Hureaulite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Matsubara & Kato (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 219-221
Hutchinsonite
Formula: TlPbAs5S9
Reference: Shimizu, M., Matsuyama, F. and Shimizu, M. (1999): Hutchinsonite, TlPb(As,Sb)5S9 chabournéite, Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17 and unnamed (Tl,Ag)2Pb6(As,Sb)16S31 from the Toya-Takarada mine, Hokkaido, Japan -Tl mineralisation in the Kuroko deposits. Resource Geology, Special Issue no. 20, 31-37.
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Hydroglauberite
Formula: Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Reference: Seki, Y., Hirano, T., & Watanabe, K. (1987). Salt crystallization decay and water-rock interaction of rock-cliff Budda sculptures at Yakushido Temple of Odaka Town, Fukushima, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 82(7), 269-279.
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3 · 4H2O
Reference: Tolstykh, N. D., Palyanova, G. A., Bobrova, O. G. V., & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Mustard Gold of the Gaching Ore Deposit (Maletoyvayam Ore Field, Kamchatka, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 489.
'Hydrohausmannite'
Reference: Watanabe, T. (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 6, 408-421
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Reference: Tsunoda & Shimizu (1995) Shigen-Chishitsu, 45, 111-120.
Hydrokenoelsmoreite var. Ferritungstite
Reference: Tsunoda & Shimizu (1995) Shigen-Chishitsu, 45, 111-120.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Vergasova, L. P., Filatov, S. K., & Dunin-Barkovskaya, V. V. (2007). Posteruptive activity on the First Cone of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption and recent volcanogenic generation of bauxites. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 1(2), 119-139.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kosuge, Y. et al (1997) 10, #1, 6-9.
'Hydromica'
Reference: Obushkov, A. V., Struzhkov, S. F., Natalenko, M. V., Ryzhov, O. B., Kryazhev, S. G., & Radchenko, Y. I. (2010). Geology and mineralogy of ore at the hidden Engteri Au-Ag deposit, the Magadan Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(6), 459–478. doi:10.1134/s1075701510060036
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
'Hydrophilite'
Reference: Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Starova G L, Matusevich Z L, Filosofova T M (1996) Vlodavetsite, AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl·4H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations, Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Earth science sections, 343, 173-176 abstract Am Min 81:768
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Habit: octahedral crystals or anhedral grains up to 10mm across
Colour: dark brown to amber yellow
Reference: Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Momma, K., Shigeoka, M., and Hashimoto, E. (2013) Pyrochlore and microlite in a pegmatite at Atagoyama, Koriyama City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Ser. C, 39, 1–6.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Banno Y, Miyawaki R, Momma K, Bunno M (2014) CO3-bearing apatite-ellestadite series mineral from Japan. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 213
'Hydroxylapatite-Hydroxylellestadite Series'
Formula: Ca5(PO4,SiO4,SO4)3(OH)
Reference: Banno, Y., Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Bunno, M. (2016): CO3-bearing member of the hydroxylapatite–hydroxylellestadite series from Tadano, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan: CO3-SO4 substitution in the apatite–ellestadite series. Mineralogical Magazine: 80 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12543 (2016)
Hydroxylellestadite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Habit: Anhedral, cleavable aggregates up to 100 kg. Individual cleavage pieces are up to 2 cm along the c axis
Description: Occurs in the Doshinkubo ore body.
Reference: Harda, K., Nagashima, K., Nakao, K., Kato, A. (1971) Hydroxylellestadite, a new apatite from Chichibu Mine, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. American Mineralogist: 56: 1507-1518 Am.Min.:67:90 (1982); Acta Cryst. B36(1980).
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals (National Science Museum)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Ohe Rikosha specimens
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Meteoritics, vol. 20, pages 275-283
Ice
Formula: H2O
Reference: http://www.answers.com/topic/avacha.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.
Iimoriite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2[SiO4][CO3]
Reference: Kato, A. & Nagashima, K. (1970): Introduction to Japanese Minerals. Geological Survey of Japan, 39: 85-86.
Ikaite
Formula: CaCO3 · 6H2O
Reference: Genko. 91(6). 209-219
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
Ilesite
Formula: (Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Ilinskite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)Cu5(SeO3)2O2Cl3
Reference: DAN,(1997) 353, n5, 641-644; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Mandarino, J. A. (2003). New minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 803-828.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Reference: (E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.) http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm; Yudovskaya, M. A., Distler, V. V., Chaplygin, I. V., Mokhov, A. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Gorbacheva, S. A. (2006). Gaseous transport and deposition of gold in magmatic fluid: evidence from the active Kudryavy volcano, Kurile Islands. Mineralium Deposita, 40(8), 828.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Kozo Takeda collection
Imogolite
Formula: Al2SiO3(OH)4
Localities: